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not to deliver up the fort and garrifon to the proper authorities.
By order of Major-General Gowdie,
T. H. S. CONWAY,
BENTENCE AS PASSED ON THE 9TH DEC. 1809.
The Court are of opinion, that the Prifoner, Lieutenant-Colonel John Bell, is guilty of the charge preferred against him, which being in violation of the articles of war, and fubverfive of good order and military difcipline, they do fentence the faid Lieutenant-Colonel John Bell to be cashiered, and do further declare him unworthy of ever ferving the Honourable Company in any military capacity whatfoever. (Signed) HENRY WARDE, Maj.-Gen. and Pres. W. ORMSBY, Dep. Judge-Advocate. The Officer commanding the Army, being diffatisfied with the fentence, ordered the Court to revife it, which revifion took place accordingly, on the 27th of February.
REVISED SENTENCE AS PASSED THE 27TH FEB. 1810.
The Court having confidered the evidence brought before them, adhere to their former opinion.
I perfectly agree with the Court, that the Prifoner, Lieutenant-Colonel John Bell, of the corps of artillery, is guilty of the crimes charged against him, and I do therefore confirm the fentence.
(Signed) F. GOWDIE, Maj. Gen. Commanding the Army in Chief. Although the Officer commanding the Army has confirmed the fentence of the General Court Martial, which has adjudged Lieutenant-Colonel John Bell to be cafh iered, and declared unworthy of ever ferving the Honourable Company in any mili tary capacity whatsoever,' he feels it a facred duty he owes to his King, his country, and the fervice to which he has now zealously devoted forty-three years of his life, to exprefs his pointed difapprobation of the punishment awarded the Prifoner, which, in his opinion, bears no proportion to the atrocity of the crimes fo clearly proved in evidence on the face of the proceedings. The Officer commanding in Myfore will be
pleafed to order Mr John Bell to proceed to the Prefidency immediately, for the purpofe of placing himself under the charge of the Town-Major.
COURT MARTIAL ON MAJOR STOREY.
Charges-1, For mutiny and fedition, in having placed his commanding officer, Liestenant Colonel Innes, in arreft and confinement, on the 25th day of June last.
2, For having mutinoufly and feditiously affumed the comn and of the garrifon of Mafulipatam; and for having iffued an order on or about the 2d of Auguft laft, for the Madras European regiment, and the 1ft battalion 19th regiment native infantry, to hold themf-lves in readiness for field fervice, and which faid order was iffued with a view to refift and oppofe the exifting government of Fort St George.
3, For having in conjunction with Cap, tain Andrews, of the Madras European regiment, affixed his name to a fcandalous and infamous paper, purporting to be an addrefs on behalf of the officers of the
garrison of Mafulipatam to the Right General, under date the 7th of Auguft last, Honourable his Excellency the Governorand which addrefs was tranfmitted by the two above named officers, to Major-General Paterson, for the purpose of being forwarded to the Governor-General.
By order of Major-General Gowdie, commanding the army.
(Signed) T. H. S. CONWAY.'
On Monday, the 22d day of January, the Court met purfuant to adjournment. The members were all prefent. The proceedings were read over
The Court are of opinion, that the Prifoner, Major Storey, is guilty of the first charge preferred against him; that he is guilty of the first part of the fecond charge, but not guilty of iffuing the order as alleged in the latter part of the fecond charge; and the Court are alfo of opinion that he is guilty of the third charge: all of which being in breach of the articles of war, and fubverfive of good order and military difcipline, they do fentence him, the faid Major Storey, to be cashiered.
HENRY WARDE, Major-General,
W. ORMSEY, Deputy Judge Ad
The Court adjourned till Friday morn ing, the 26th January,
TO MAJOR-GENERAL GOWDIE, COMMAND-
I have the honour to be, with very great-Having accepted the alternative allowed
HENRY WARDE, Major-General and
to them by the G. O. of the 25th Septem
ANSWER TO THE RECOMMENDATION OF
The Officer commanding the Army defires me to acknowledge his receipt of the letter addreffed by the Prefident of the Court, recommending Major Storey to his elemency. If this fentence had been fuch as the law has pointed out for the offences of which the prifoner is declared guilty, the recommendation of the Court might july have had great weight in his deci fion; but the fentiments already expreffed will fatisfy the Court, that the Officer commanding the Army cannot, without a departure from every motive he entertains of his public duty, confent to the remiffion of a fentence which he has already declared himself to confider as inadequate to the crime.
(Signed) J. LEITH, Judge Advocate General. Fort St. George, May 3, 1810.
The Court, having reconfidered the whole of the evidence before them, adhere to their former fentence.
(Signed) HENRY WARDE, Major-Gen.
Confirmed by me,
(Signed) FRANCIS GOWDIE, Majora
G. O. BY THE RIGHT HONOURABLE TEE
Fort St George, April 5.
T. F. De Haviland, Captain of Engineers,
James Patterson, Major 11th regiment N..
The following are the principal articles contained in the Bombay papers to the 25th May, which arrived on Monday, 8th Oc tober :
Ameer Khan continues his fucceffes a gainst his rivals. From Calcutta we learn, that authentic accounts had reached that city, fully confirming the intelligence te fpecting the complete victory obtained by this Chief over his rivals and opponents in the Court of Holkar. He had fucceed ed in bringing over the Byhe to his inte refts; and, at the date of the last accounts, was bufily occupied in devifing measures for the payment of arrears due to his troops As foon as this first work fhould be accom plished, it was fuppofed that the Khan would
would endeavour to get rid of the bands of Pindarees, whofe aid had fo much contributed to his fuccefs, by directing their force against Scindea, who was moving about with his army in the north-west parts of Malwa, anxious to avoid the impending vifitation. The Ukhbars for March mention preparations then going on in the Jaypore country for the reduction of a fort named Soojahtas, in which Suwa Juggut Sing, the Rajah, had undertaken to reinftate the Tacknors of the diftrict. For that purpose a small force had been fitted out, and provided with all the neceffary implements for battering the walls. Roy Chitter Bhoj had returned to his allegiance under the state of Jaypore, by the perfuafion of the Sirdars.
On the night of Sunday the 28th of May, departed this life, his Highness Bengal. Mobaker-u-Dowlah, Nawab The remains of his Highness were conveyed, on the following day, with due folemnity, from the palace at Moorfhedabad to the burial-place of his family at Jaffiergunge. The eldest fon of the deceafed Nawab fucceeds to the vacant Mufnud.
John Gould, a private foldier in his Majesty's 19th regiment of infantry, was tried by a Court Martial on a charge of mutiny. He was fentenced to death; which fentence was carried into execution, in prefence of the troops comprising the garrifon of Columbo, on the 24th of May.
The proceedings of the Court Martial at Bangalore, clofed with the trial of Major Kenny, whom the Court fentenced to be cafhiered.
Captain Gordon, of the Caroline frigate, has been brought to trial before a Naval Court Martial, on charges connected with the internal difcipline of his fhip. The Court have fentenced him to be reprimanded, and enjoined to be more circumfpect in his future conduct.
Captain Wilfon has fucceeded in expelling Gopaul Sing from his principal strong hold in the mountains, a place named Thughur. This fervice was effected on the 4th of April, after a march of uncommon difficulty, retarded equally by the ruggednefs and fleepnefs of the afcent, and by the artificial obftacles which the enemy had conftructed. The entrance of the fort, however, being once gained, no further refiftance was attempted. Gopaul and his people fled precipitately by the oppofite gate, and fought fhelter in the jungle. After razing all the works, and burning
the ftores, the detachment returned to Kokherette. It does not appear that either party sustained lofs in the course of this any affair
We are much gratified to find that feveral veffels from India are laden principally with cotton. The very cheap rate at which this article can be produced in India, renders it peculiarly defirable that the East India Company fhould encourage the cultivation and importation of fo important a material for the industry of Great Britain. It is well known, that although the cottons of Surat are, almost exclusively, thofe imported by the Eaft India Company, cotton of a very fuperior quality may be produced on the territory of the Company, and in quantity, amply adequate to the confumption of Great Britain. It would obviously be the interest of this country to encourage the importation of the raw material, rather than the manufactures of India,-and to that advantage would be added, the important confideration of becoming independent of America, for an article now become actually of the firft neceffity in our manufactures.
General Hewitt landed at Madras on the 10th April, and was to hold the chief command of the Madras army till Sir Samuel Auchmuty fhould arrive from England. General Hewitt kept very much aloof from thofe concerned in the late unhappy difputes.
On the 21ft, the enemy's advanced guard pushed on to St. Cambadao, at the junction of the rivers Criz and Dao; and BrigadierGeneral Pack retired across the former, and joined Brigadier-General Craufurd at Mortagoa, having deftroyed the bridges over thofe two rivers. The enemy's ad vanced guard croffed the Criz, having repaired the bridge on the 23d, and the whole of the 6th corps was collected on the other fide of the river; and I therefore withdrew the cavalry through the Sierra de Bufaco, with the exception of three fquadrons, as the ground was unfavourable for the operations of that arm.
On the 25th, the whole of the 6th and of the 2d corps croffed the Criz, in the neighbourhood of St. Cambadao; and Brigadier-General Craufurd's divifion, and Brigadier-General Pack's brigade, retired to the position which I had fixed upon for the army on the top of Sierra de Bufaco. Thefe troops were followed in this movement by the whole of the corps of Ney and Regrier (the 6th and 2d), but it was conducted by Brigadier-General Craufurd with great regularity, and the troops took their pofition without fuftaining any lofs of importance.
The 4th Portuguese Cacadores, which had retired on the right of the other troops, and the picquets of the 3d divifion of infantry, which were pofted at St. Antonio de Cantaro, under Major Smith, of the 45th, were engaged with the advance of Regnier's corps in the afternoon, and the former fhewed that steadiness and galJantry which others of the Portuguese troops have fince manifefted.
The Sierra de Busaco is a high ridge which extends from the Mondego in a northerly direction about eight miles.
At the highest point of the ridge, about two miles from its termination, is the convent and garden of Bufaco. The Sierra of Bufaco is connected by a mountainous tract of country with the Sierra de Caramula, which extends in a north-easterly direction beyond Vizeu, and feparates the valley of the Mondego from the valley of the Douro, on the left of the Mondego. Nearly in a line with the Sierra de Bulaco
is another ridge of the fame defcription, which is called the Sierra de Marcelia, covered by the river Alva, and conneЯed by other mountainous tracts with the Sierra
All the roads to Coimbra from the eaft ward lead over one or other of these Sierras. They are very difficult for the paffage of an army, the approach to the top of the ridge on both fides being mountainous. As the enemy's whole army was on the ridge of the Mondego, and as it was evident that he intended to force our pofition, Lieutenant General Hill croffed that river, by a fhort movement to his left, on the morning of the 26th, leaving Colonel le Cor with his brigade on the Sierra de Marcella to cover the right of the army; and Major General Fane with his divifion of Portuguese cavalry, and the 13th light dragoons, in front of the Al va, to obferve and check the movements of the enemy's cavalry on the Mondego. With this exception, the whole army was collected upon the Sierra de Bufaco, with the Britifh cavalry obferving the plain in the rear of its left, and the road leading from Mortagoa to Oporto, through the mountainous tract which connects the Sierra de Bufac with the Sierra de Caramula.
The eighth corps joined the enemy in our front on the 26th, but he did not make any ferious attack on that day. The light troops on both fides were engaged throughout the line.
At fix in the morning of the 27th, the enemy made two desperate attacks upon our pofition, the one on the right, the other on the left of the highest point of the Sierr The attack upon the right was made by two divifions of the 2d corps, on that part of the Sierra occupied by the 3d divifion of infantry. One divifion of French infantry arrived at the top of the ridge, when it was attacked in the moft gallant manner by the 88th regiment, under the command of the Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel Wallace; and the 45th regiment, under the command of the Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel Meade; and by the 8th Portuguese regiment, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Douglas, directed by Major-General Picton.
These three corps advanced with the bayonet, and drove the enemy's divien from the advantageous ground which they had obtained. The other divifion of the 2d corps attacked further on the right, by the road leading by St Antonia de Cantaro, alio in front of Major-General Picton's divifion. His divifion was repulfed before it could reach the top of the ridge, by the 74th regiment, under the command of the Hon, Lieutenant-Colonel French, and the brigade
of Portuguefe infantry, under the command 95th, and Barclay of the 52d, and the comof Colonel Champelmond, directed by Co-manding officers of the regiments engaged, lonel Mackinnon; Major-General Leith diftinguished themselves. alfo moved to his left, to the fupport of Major-General Picton, and aided in the defeat of the enemy on this poft, by the 3d battalion royals, the 1ft battalion, and the 2d battalion 38th regiment.
Befides thefe attacks, the light troops of the two armies were engaged throughout the 27th, and the 4th Portuguese caçadores, and the 1st and 16th regiments, directed by Brigadier-General Pack, and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel de Rego Bonito, Lieutenant-Colonel Hill, and Major Arms ftrong, fhewed great fteadiness and gallantry.
The lofs fuftained by the enemy in his attack on the 27th, has been enormous.
In these attacks, Major-Generals Leith and Picton, Colonels Mackinnon and Champelmond of the Portuguese fervice, who was wounded, Lieutenant-Colonel Wallace, the Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel Meade, Lieutenant-Colonel Sutton of the 9th Portuguese regiment, Major Smith of the 45th regiment, who was unfortunately killed, Lieutenant-Colonel Douglas, and Major Birmingham of the 8th Portuguese regiment, diftinguished themselves. Major General Picton reports of the 9th and 21ft Portuguese regiments, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Sutton, and by Lieutenant Colonel de Arouje Bacellar, and of the Portuguese artillery, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Arentchild.
I understand that the General of divifion Merle, and General Maucum are wound ed, and General Simon was taken prisoner by the 52d regiment, and three Colonels, 33 officers, and 250 men.
The enemy left 2000 killed upon the field of battle; and I understand, from the prifoners and deferters, that the lofs wounded is immense.
The enemy did not renew his attack, excepting by the fire of his light troops on the 28th, but he moved a large body of infantry and cavalry from the left of his centre to the rear, from whence I faw his cavalry in march on the road which leads from Mortagoa over the mountains towards Oporto.
I have alfo to mention in a particular manner, the conduct of Captain Dansey of the 88th regiment. Major-General Leith reports the good conduct of the Royals, 1ft battalion 9th, and 2d battalion 38th regiment; and I beg to affure your Lordship, that I never witneffed a more gallant attack than that made by the 38th, 45th, and 8th Portuguese regiments, on the enemy's divifion which had reached the ridge of the Sierra.
On the left, the enemy attacked, with three divifions of infantry of the 6th corps, that part of the Sierra occupied by the left divifion, commanded by Brigadier-General Craufurd, and by the brigade of Portuguese infantry, commanded by Brigadier-General Pack.
One divifion of infantry only made any progress towards the top of the hill, and they were immediately charged with the bayonet by Brigadier-General Craufurd, with the 48th, 52d, and 95th regiments, and the 3d Portuguese caçadores, and driven down with immenfe lofs,
Brigadier-General Cleman's brigade of Portuguese infantry, which was in referve, was moved up to fupport the right of Brigadier-General Craufurd's divifion, and a battalion of the 19th Portuguese regiment, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Macbean, made a gallant and fuccefsful charge upon a body of another divifion of the enemy, which was endeavouring to penetrate in that quarter.
In this attack, Brigadier-General Craus furd, Lieutenant-Colonels Beckwith of the October, 1810.
Having thought it probable that he would endeavour to turn our left by that road, I had directed Colonel Trant, with his divia fion of militia, to march to Sardao, with the intention that he fhould occupy thofe mountains, but, unfortunately, he was fent round by Oporto by the General Officer commanding in the north, in confequence of a fmall detachment of the enemy being in poffeffion of St Pedro de Sul; and, notwithstanding the efforts which he made to ar rive in time, he did not reach Sardan till the 28th at night, after the enemy was in poffeffion of the ground.
As it was probable that, in the course of the night of the 28th, the enemy would throw his whole army upon that road, by which he could avoid the Sierra de Buraco, and reach Coimbra by the high road to Oporto, and thus the army would have been expofed to be cut off from that town, or to a general action on lefs favourable ground; and as I had reinforcements in my rear, I was induced to withdraw from the Sierra de Bufaco. The enemy did break up in the mountains at eleven at night of the 28th, and he made the march expected. His advanced guard was at Avelans, in the road from Oporto to Coimbra, yester day; and the whole army was seen in march through the mountains; that under my command,