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command, however, was already in the low country, between the Sierra de Bufaco and the fea; and the whole of it, with the exception of the advanced guard, is this day on the left of the Mondego.
Although, from the unfortunate circumftance of the delay of Colonel Trant's arrival at Sardao, I am apprehensive that I fhall not fucceed in effecting the object which I had view in paffing the Mondego, and in occupying the Sierra de Bufaco, I do not regret my having done fo. This movement has afforded me a favourable opportunity of fhewing the enemy the defcription of troops of which this army is compofed; it has brought the Portuguese levies into action with the enemy for the first time in an advantageous fituation; and they have proved that the trouble which has been taken with them, has not been thrown away, and that they are worthy of contending in the fame ranks with British troops, in this interefting caufe, which they afford the best hopes of faving,
Throughout the contest upon the Sierra, and in all the previous marches, and in those which we have fince made, the whole army have conducted themselves in the most regular manner. Accordingly all the opera tions have been carried with eafe, the foldiers have fuffered no privations, have undergone no unneceffary fatigue, there has been no lofs of flores, and the army is in the higheft fpirits.
I have received throughout the service, the greatest affiftance from the general and
Lieutenant-General Sir Brent Spencer has given me the affiftance which his experience enables him to afford me; and I am particularly indebted to the Adjutant and the Quarter-Master-General, and the officers of their departments, and to Lieutenant-Colonel Bathurst, and the officers of my perfonal Staff; to Brigadier-General Howarth, and the artillery; and particularly to Lieutenant-Colonel Fletcher, Captain Chapman, and the officers of the royal engineers.
I muft likewife mention Mr Kennedy and the officers of the Commiffariat, which department has been carried on most fuccessfully.
I fhould not do juftice to the fervice, or to my own feelings, if I did not take this opportunity of drawing your Lordship's attention to the merits of Marshal Beresford. To him exclufively, under the Portuguese Government, is due the merit of having raised, formed, difciplined, and equipped the Portuguese army, which has now thewn
1ft Battalion 45th Foot-Major Smith, Captain Urquhart, and Lieutenant Oufely.
74th Foot-Enfign Williams.
ift Battalion 88th Foot-Lieut. Henry Johnfon.
Wounded. 1ft Batt. 52d Foot-Lieut. Col. Barclay, flightly.
70th Foot-Lieut. Col. C. Campbell, Affiftant Adjutant General, ditto.
43d Foot-Captain Lord Fitzroy Somerfet, Aid-de-camp to Lord Wellington, ditto.
lft Foot Guards-Captain Marquis of Tweeddale, Deputy Afliftant Q. Mafter General, ditto.
1ft Battalion 40th Foot-Captain George Prefton, Aid-de-camp to Sir B. Spencer, ditto.
1ft Battalion 7th Foot-Lieut. Marr, ditto.
1ft Battalion 9th Foot-Lieut. Lindfay, feverely.
2d Battalion 24th Foot-Capt. Meachan, flightly.
2d Battalion 38th Foot-Lieut. Miller, ditto.
1ft Battalion 45th Foot-Major Gwyn, feverely; Lieutenants Harris and Tyler, ditto; Lieutenant Anderson, flightly.
1ft Battalion 50th Foot-Major Napier, feverely.
1ft Battalion 52d Foot-Captain George Napier, lightly; Lieutenant C. Wood, ditto.
5th Battalion 60th Foot-Lieut. Col. Williams and Capt. Andrews, ditto; Lieutenants Jorie and Eberstein, severely; Lieut. Frankeine, flightly.
74th Foot-Lieut. Cargell, feverely. Ift Battalion 79th Foot-Capt. Douglas, ditto.
2d Battalion 83d Foot-Lieut. Colthurst, flightly.
Ift Battalion 88th Foot-Major Silver, feverely, fince dead; Major M'Gregor and Captain M'Dermott, feverely; Captains Daify and Bury, flightly; Lieutenants Fitzpatrick and Nickle, and Enfign Leonard, feverely.
Ift Battalion of the Line King's German Legion-Lieutenant During, flightly.
2d ditto ditto-Major Wurm, ditto. Detachment 2d Light ditto-Lieutenant Stolte, feverely.
Ift Battalion 79th Foot-Capt. A. Ca
Return of the number of Killed, Wounded,
and Miffing, of the Army under the command of Lieutenant-General Lord Viscount Wellington, K.B. in the Action
with the French Army, commanded by Marshal Massena, (Prince of Esslingen), in the position of Bufaco, on the 27th of September 1810.
Headquarters, Coimbra, Sept. 30, 1810. General Staff-2 lieutenant-colonels, 3 captains, wounded.
British Horfe Artillery-2 rank and file, wounded.
British Foot Artillery-1 rank and file, killed; 1 ferjeant, 4 rank and file, wounded. German Foot Artillery.-3 rank and file, wounded.
3d Battalion 1ft Foot-2 rank and file, wounded.
2d Battalion 5th Foot-1 rank and file, killed; 1 ferjeant, 6 rank and file, wounded.
1ft Battalion 7th Foot-1 rank and file, killed; 1 lieutenant, 22 rank and file, wounded,
1ft Battalion 9th Foot-5 rank and file, killed; lieutenant, 1 ferjeant, 17 rank and file, wounded.
2d Battalion 24th Foot -1 captain, wounded.
2d Battalion 38th Foot-1 ferjeant, 4 rank and file, killed; 1 lieutenant, 17 rank and file, wounded.
2d Battalion 42d Foot-2 ferjeants, 1 drummer, 3 rank and file, wounded,
1ft Battalion 43d Foot-1 ferjeant, 7 rank and file, wounded.
1ft Battalion 45th Foot-1 major, 1 cap tain, 1 lieutenant, 1 ferjeant. 21 rank and file, killed; 1 major, 3 lieutenants, 3 ferjeants, 106 rank and file, wounded; 12 rank and file, mifling.
1ft Battalion 50th Foot wounded.
1ft Battalion 52d Foot-3 rank and file, killed; 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 10 rank and file, wounded.
. 1 major,
5th Battalion 60th Foot-3 rank and file, killed; 1 lieuteuant-colonel, 1 captain, 3 lieutenants, 16 rank and file, wounded; 5 rank and file, miffing,
74th Foot-1 enfign, 6 rank and file, killed; 1 lieutenant, 1 ferjeant, 20 rank and file, wounded; 2 rank and file, miffing.
1st Battalion 79th Foot-7 rank and file, killed; 1 captain, 41 rank and file, wounded; 1 captain, 6 rank and file, miffing.
2d Battalion 83d Foot-1 lieutenant, 1 drummer, 3 rank and file, wounded.
Ift Battalion 88th Foot-1 lieutenant, 1 ferjeant, 29 rank and file, killed; 2 majors, 3 captains, 2 ieutenants, 1 enfign, 2 ferj ants, 92 rank and file, wounded; i rank and file, miffing.
Since the publication of the above Gazette, further difpatches have been received from Lord Wellington, dated 6th October. His Lordship's head-quarters were at Alcobaca, about 50 miles from Lifbon, while the French were at Leiria, not 20 miles diftant. It is faid to be the intention of the allies to retreat to Torres Vedras, about 20 miles from Lifbon, where the country is ftrong, and on this account favourable to defenfive operations.
Accounts have been received from Lifbon, announcing the discovery, about the piddle of September, of a confpiracy of
fome magnitude at
hat place, the objec of which was to overturn the Regency, and to give up the capital to the enemy, The difcovery was made to Lord Welling ton, and the mails and letters were immediately stopped and opened. In confequence of the information contained them, 200 perfons of diftinction were arrefted, and, it is added, immediately fent off to Africa. They were taken in the houfes where they were deliberating: 5000 ftand of arms, belong ing to the confpirators, had also been dif covered, together with an invitation to Maffena, and a proclamation to the people, inviting them to declare in favour of the French. A Portuguese lady, married to a French General, it is faid, made the difcovery; and fo particular was the informa tion received by Lord Wellington, that even the streets were named, and the numbers of the houses occupied by the traitors, and in which arms had been fecretly collected, for the purpose of arming their adherents for an infurrection in favour of the French,
Among the perfons taken up at Lifbon, as concerned in this confpiracy, are the following:
Mr Ratfon, a French merchant, and Member of the Board of Trade.
Vandelli, a principal houfe of trade, and Member of the fame Board.
Brenchamp, a merchant much refpected. Pelligrini, a painter not long fince in London,
Morelli, Eftaves, Jofeph Saldana, &c. All the accounts from Spain, reprefent the arms of the Patriots as successful in all quarters. A mail from Cadiz has been received, with difpatches from the Honoure able Henry Wellesley, announcing an ac tion in Catalonia, in which the French have been defeated by General O'Donnel, with the lofs of 1800 prifoners, 16 pieces of can non, with all their provifions, ftores, and booty. In this action, General O'Donnel received a wound in the foot, which, it is feared, will render amputation neceffary.
The Cortes met on the 28th of Septem ber. The objects to which their attention will be principally directed are
1. The establishment of a permanent Government during the abfence of the King, and his fucceffion to the Crown.
2. The Liberty of the Prefs.
FRANCE AND HOLLAND.
The fyftem for the exclufion of British commodities, is pursued with the utmost rigour and perfeverance, at every port on the Continent to which the influence of Bonaparte extends. In Holland, informers are entitled to one fifth of the confifcated colonial merchandize, and the country accordingly fwarms with thefe pefts of fociety, who perfecute the merchants with their vifits, in fearch of booty. In Italy, and the Weftphalian territory, the same severe measures are adopted; all English manufactures being placed under feal, for the purpofe of being confifcated and fold.
Bonaparte has iffed an order for the fequeftration of all Barbary veffels which may arrive at any of the ports of Italy, on the fuppofition that they may have loaded at Malta, and paid the duty of 20 per cent to the English. This order is confidered by many as equivalent to a declaration of war against the Dey of Algiers, and is hailed as the forerunner of the deftruction of all French privateers and cruizers as have taken, or may take, refuge in the ports of Barbary, on their return from their various cruizes in the Mediterranean feas.
A private letter from Paris, of the 9th inft. ftates, that the following explanations, on points which had previously been under difcuffion between France and the United States, were contained in a note fent to General Armstrong, by the Duc du Cadore
1. That all American fhips which fhould arrive in French ports, betwixt this and the Ift of November next, fhould be comprehended under the Berlin and Milan decrees, and not under any other exifting decree.
2. That the decree of the 23d of March 1810 was revoked, the moment the French Government heard of the fufpenfion of the Don-intercourse act.
3. That American fhips, which have not fuffered their flag to be dishonoured by fubmiffion to the British Orders in Council, fhall, without difficulty, be admitted into the ports of France, with the liberty of clearing out again.
4. That the Emperor will give licences to American fhips, this being the only foFeign flag favoured with them.
5. That American ships, loaded on French
789 or American account, will be admitted into French ports.
It further ftated, that the French Government had intimated its intention to reftore the American property fequestered in confequence of the decree of the 23d March 1810, as foon as it had officially been informed, that the veffels and other property detained in America had been restored to the lawful owners.
A copy of a French decree has been retration, all veffels failing with licences, from ceived, prohibiting, under pain of fequeftaking on board paffengers for England, or bringing paffengers from England to France, unless they are in poffeffion of passports figned by the Emperor.
On the 23d ult. Bonaparte iffued a decree for liquidating the arrears due by the Government of Holland for public fervices, and for the intereft of the national debt. The amount of the arrears under the
former head is stated at 24,000,000 f. up claimants under both heads are to receive to the year 1810, that under the latter at 36,000,000 f. to the present month. The debentures from a Board of 30 members, created by this decree, under the title of the Syndicate of Holland. The Syndicate are to expedite the levying of the taxes in difcharge of the bills granted for arrears of arrear, and to apply the produce to the January 1812, and paying them off at the public fervice, beginning with the lft of rate of 500,000 f. a month. Those granted for the arrears of intereft are to be taken be fold by auction. in payment for the purchase of national domains and tythes, which are ordered to A further debt of
6,600,000 f. confifting of bills of exchange, payable by the Dutch Treafury, is to be difcharged by the Commiflioners for the imburse the fund by the fale of 1,920,000 French Sinking Fund, who are weight of cloves, depofited in the Govern ment warehoufes in Holland.
The following refolutions have been adopted for effecting the depofits at the Bank of Amfterdam :
1. The debtors of the duties of 40 or 50
fhall count it, and depofit it in their Bank,
3. The duty for the counting and depofit,
We are informed, by the French papers, that the long-threatened invafion of Sicily was attempted on the night of the 17th September, when a part of the enemy's troops landed at San Stephano. The attempt, however, failed; owing, they fay, to a dead calm coming on, which prevented the flotilla from landing all the troops defined for the fervice. Part of thofe which landed could not be brought back for want of boats, and, of course, fell into our hands. We have, as yet, received no official account of this affair from our Commander in Sicily, Sir John Stuart; but the fact of a part of Murat's forces having effected a landing, does not appear to be disputed; and it is a fact of confiderable importance, not only in the events which will fooner or later flow from it, but from the confequences which refult from its analogies, and from its contradicting all former reafonings and calculations; it being now determined, by actual experience, that, in the viciffitudes of winds and waves, a narrow channel may be croffed against any vigilance, or fuperiority of naval force.
The King of Sweden fet out from Orebro, on his return to Stockholm, on the 3d inftant; on which day a deputation proceeded to Helfinborg, to receive the new Crown Prince, and to congratulate him on his arrival, which was daily expected. The King of Denmark has iffued an order for receiving and entertaining the Prince of Ponte Corvo, wi h the higheft refped and attention, in any of the towns in his dominions, through which his Highness might pafs on his way to Sweden.
At the earnest and perfevering entreaty of the agents of Napoleon, the Danes have confented to a French army marching through Zealand to Sweden; who are to be admitted, progreffively, 500 at a time, till the whole force intended fhall have paffed through the island.
The fingular efcape of Lucien Bonaparte has given rife to a variety of conje&tures in this country. It is faid, that in confequence of a peremptory order from his brother, the Emperor Napoleon, to divorce his prefent wife, and ally himself to a perfon of higher rank, he formed the refolution of leaving Italy. Other accounts ftate, that his departure was well enough known to
Napoleon, who, it is flated, on account of Lucien conftantly refifting his arrangements, and refufing the Crown of Italy and Spain, both of which he had at differ ent times been offered, fignified to him the neceffity of his quitting the continent of Europe.
This illuftrious character embarked, about the beginning of Auguft, with his wife, children, and a retinue of about 40 persons, together with what part of his property he could conveniently remove, on board the American fhip Hercules, at a port in the Roman States, for the purpofe, it is faid, of proceeding to America. He was fallen in with, by the Pomon e frigate, off Cagli ari, in Sardinia, which, by the directions of our envoy, Mr Hill, conveyed him to Malta, where he arrived on the 23d Auguft, and was provided with accommodation in Fort Ricafoli, where he was to remain until directions from our Govern ment should be received concerning him. A letter from Malta, dated August 26, fpeaking of the arrival of Lucien, fays
"From the appearance of the arrange ments for the voyage, one might be inclined to fuppofe he fully intended to proceed to America; but he feems to have left his fate to fortune, and not to regret much that he has fallen into the hands British. Indeed, it is faid, that he made, fome time fince, advances on this head to Sir John Stuart; and, when he arrived in the island of Sardinia, there is little doubt but his capture was concerted there be tween him and our envoy, Mr Hill."
A letter from the Pomone frigate, dated at Malta, Auguft 31, ftates, that Lucien Bonaparte is coming to England in the Pomone, together with all his family and property. He is faid to have money in our funds, and bills of exchange on Paris to a great amount.
Her Royal Highness the Princess Amelia, who has been labouring under a heavy affliction for fuch a length of time, is we are forry to fay, given up by her phyticians, as paft all hopes of recovery. The deplorable ftate of the Princess has had a great impreffion on his Majefty, who has declined coming from Winder to London, to hold his ufual levee, for feveral weeks paft. Her Royal Highnes is daily vifited by their Majeflies the King and Queen, and all her Royal brothers and fillers, who have been unremitting in their attention to her during her illness. SCOTTISH