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In the daytime-1. Gun or other explosive signal fired at intervals of about a minute; 2. The International Code signal of distress indicated by N C; 3. The distant signal, consisting of a square flag, having either above or below it a ball of anything resembling a ball; 4. A continuous sounding with any fog-signai apparatus.

At night-1. Gun or other explosive signal fired at intervals of about a minute; 2. Flames on the vessel (as from burning tar-barrel, oilbarrel, etc.); 3. Rockets or shells, throwing stars of any colour or description, fired one at a time, at short intervals; 4. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus.

INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION OF COLLISION REGULATIONS.

By an Order in Council, dated October 13, 1910, the foregoing Collision Regulations and the Rules as to Signals of Distress are consolidated and made to apply to all British ships. Further, these Regulations and Rules, subject to qualifications mentioned in them and to the proviso in the case of Chinese ships that the Regulations and Rules will be applicable only to ships of foreign type, are made to apply to the ships of the under-mentioned countries, whether they are within British jurisdiction or not. and such ships, for the purpose of these Regulations and Rules, shall be treated as if they were Britis ships:

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Rules made by the Board of Trade under the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894 Section 427.

[Issued May 8, 1914; came into operation, July 1, 1914.] For the purposes of these Rules, ships shall be arranged in the following classes, under the headings Foreign-going" and

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Home

Trade.

FOREIGN-GOING.

CLASS I.-Foreign-going Passenger Steamers, including Emigrant

Ships.

Rule A.—(1) A ship of this class shall carry lifeboats in such number and of such aggregate capacity as shall be sufficient to accommodate the total number of persons carried, or which the ship is certified to carry, whichever number is greater. Provided that if the aggregate capacity of the lifeboats carried exceeds the capacity required by General Rule 2, the Board of Trade may allow one or more life-rafts conforming to the conditions laid down in that Rule to be carried in lieu of any of the remaining lifeboats which would otherwise be required by the present Rule. (2) The master or owner of a ship of this class

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claiming to carry on any voyage fewer lifeboats and life-rafts than will provide sufficient accommodation for all the persons for which the ship is certified, must declare before the Collector or other Officer of Customs, before the time of clearance, that the lifeboats and life-rafts actually carried will be sufficient to accommodate all persons carried at any time during the voyage to foreign ports and the voyage back to the United Kingdom.

Rule B.-A ship of this class shall, subject to the provisions of General Rule 20 (1), be provided, in accordance with its length, with the number of sets of davits specified in Column A of the Table in Appendix I. Provided that no ship shall be required to have a number of sets of davits greater than the number of boats required to accommodate the total number of persons which is carried, or which the ship is certified to carry, whichever number is the greater, and provided further that the Board of Trade may, where it appears to them necessary, having regard to the height at which the boats are carried above the centre of the load line disc, and to the other circumstances of the case, require a ship of this class to carry in lieu of, or in addition to, davits, some other approved form of launching appliances, or such arrangements for launching boats as may be, in their opinion effective.

Rule C.-(1) Each set of davits shall have a lifeboat of Class I attached to it, and of these lifeboats at least the minimum number specified in Column B of the Table in Appendix I shall be open boats. (2) Any additional lifeboats which may be required to make up the total lifeboat accommodation, may be boats of Class I or Class 2.

Rule D.-If the ship is under 400 ft. in length, at least twelve approved lifebuoys shall be carried; if of 400 ft. or over, but under 600 ft., at least eighteen approved lifebuoys shall be carried; if of 600 ft. or over, but under 800 ft., at least twenty-four approved lifebuoys shall be carried; and if of 800 ft. or over, at least thirty approved lifebuoys shall be carried.

Rule E.-One approved life-jacket shall be carried for each person on board, and in addition a sufficient number of approved life-jackets of a size suitable for children.

Rule F.-The Board of Trade may schedule certain voyages between specified ports or places outside the United Kingdom as being, for the purpose of these Rules, voyages of a nature similar to one or other of the classes of voyages within Home Trade limits provided for in the Rules. If a foreign-going passenger steamer is permitted by the terms of the passenger certificate to carry, between specified ports or places abroad, a number of passengers in addition to the number allowed when the ship is proceeding to sea from the United Kingdom, and such a voyage has been scheduled in accordance with the provisions of this Rule, that ship shall, so far as concerns the additional passengers carried between those ports or places, comply with the Rules applicable to the class of Home Trade voyage to which the voyage has been scheduled as similar.

CLASS II.-Foreign-going Steamships not certified to carry Passengers.

Rule A.-A ship of this class shall carry on each side of the ship lifeboats of Class I in such number and of such aggregate capacity as will accommodate all persons on board; provided that if the total number of lifeboats required under this Rule exceeds two, a boat of Class 3 may be carried in lieu of one of them; and if the number exceeds

three, one or two boats of Class 3 may be carried in lieu of the same number of lifeboats.

Rule B.-The lifeboats, and boats of Class 3 carried in lieu of lifeboats, shall be attached to davits.

Rule C.-At least six approved lifebuoys shall be carried, together with one approved life-jacket for each person on board.

CLASS III.-Foreign-going Sailing Ships carrying more than twelve Passengers.

Rule A.-A ship of this class shall carry lifeboats in such number and of such aggregate capacity as shall be sufficient to accommodate all persons on board.

Rule B.-All the lifeboats shall be attached to davits so far as practicable in the opinion of a Board of Trade Surveyor.

Rule C.-At least six approved lifebuoys shall be carried, together with one approved life-jacket for each person on board, and, in addition, a sufficient number of approved life-jackets of a size suitable for children.

CLASS IV.—Foreign-going Sailing Ships not carrying more than twelve Passengers.

Rule A.—A ship of this class shall carry'a lifeboat or lifeboats of Class I, of such capacity as shall be sufficient to accommodate all persons on board; if only one lifeboat is required under this Rule, a boat of Class 3 shall be carried in addition, and if the number of lifeboats required under this Rule exceeds two a boat of Class 3 may be carried in lieu of one of them.

Rule B.-Two boats at least shall be attached to davits, one on each side of the ship.

Rule C.—At least four approved lifebuoys shall be carried, together with one approved life-jacket for each person on board.

HOME TRade.

CLASS I.-Steamships certified to carry Passengers anywhere within Home Trade Limits, i.e., between places in the British Islands (that is to say, the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man), or between the British Islands and the Continent of Europe between the River Elbe and Brest inclusive.

Rule A.-A ship of this class shall, subject to the provisions of General Rule 20 (1), be provided in accordance with its length with the number of sets of davits specified in Column A of the Table in Appendix I; each set of davits shall have a lifeboat attached to it. Provided that no ship shall be required to have a number of sets of davits greater than the number of boats required to accommodate the total number of persons carried, or which the ship is certified to carry whichever number is greater. The lifeboats attached to davits may be either open or pontoon lifeboats, but no ship shall carry attached to davits a number of open lifeboats less than that specified in accordance with its length in Column B of the Table in Appendix I.

Rule B.-In a ship of this class launched on or after the 1st March, 1913, if the lifeboats attached to davits do not provide the aggregate capacity specified in the Table in Appendix II, additional lifeboats.

shall be carried to make up that capacity. Provided that no ship at whatever date launched shall be required to carry lifeboats of an aggregate capacity greater than is required to accommodate the total number of persons carried.

Rule C.-Subject to the provisions of General Rule 20 (3), if the lifeboats carried do not provide sufficient accommodation for the total number of persons which the ship is allowed by her ordinary passenger certificate to carry, approved life-rafts, approved buoyant deck seats, or other approved buoyant apparatus shall be carried so that they, ́ together with the lifeboats, shall provide sufficient accommodation for the total number of persons for which the ship is so certified.

Rule D.-Where a ship of this class has a special passenger steamer's certificate allowing her, when engaged upon daylight voyages between the 20th March and the 30th September, inclusive, to carry a number of persons in excess of the total number of persons allowed by her ordinary passenger certificate, the lifeboats, approved life-rafts, approved buoyant deck seats, or other approved buoyant apparatus carried shall provide sufficient accommodation for 80 per cent. of the number allowed by such special passenger steamer's certificate, or for the total number of persons allowed by the ordinary passenger steamer's certificate, whichever number is the greater.

Rule E.-At least ten approved lifebuoys shall be carried, together with one approved life-jacket for each person on board, and, in addition, a sufficient number of approved like-jackets of a size suitable for children.

CLASS II.—Steamships trading within Home Trade Limits, but

not certified to carry Passengers.

Rule A.—A ship of this class having a length of 100 ft. or over shall carry a boat or boats on each side of the ship of such capacity as shall be sufficient to accommodate all persons on board. Such boats shall

be attached to davits.

Rule B.-One of such boats may be a boat of Class 3. The remaining boats shall be lifeboats of Class I.

Rule C.-A ship of this class having a length under 100 ft. shall carry at least one open boat of Class 1, so stowed that it can be readily placed in the water on either side of the ship, and of sufficient capacity to accommodate all the persons on board.

Rule D.-A ship of this class if 100 ft. in length or over shall carry at least four approved lifebuoys, and if under 100 ft. at least two approved lifebuoys. One approved life-jacket shall be carried for each person on board.

CLASS III.-Sailing Ships carrying Passengers anywhere within

Home Trade Limits.

Rule A.-A ship of this class shall carry a lifeboat or lifeboats of sufficient aggregate capacity sufficient to accommodate all persons on board.

Rule B.-Such boats shall, as far as practicable, be attached to davits. Rule C.-At least four approved lifebuoys shall be carried, together with one approved life-jacket for each person on board, and, in addition, a sufficient number of approved life-jackets of a size suitable for children.

CLASS IV.-Sailing Ships, trading within Home Trade limits but

not carrying Passengers.

Rule A.-Subject to the provisions of Rule B, a ship of this class shall carry a boat or boats of such capacity as shall be sufficient to accommodate all persons on board. The boats shall be stowed in such a manner that they can readily be placed in the water on either side of the ship. At least one of the boats shall be an open boat of Class 1. Rule B.-A ship of this class having a length of under 100 ft, and engaged solely in the Coasting Trade shall comply with the requirements of Rule A, except that the boat or boats carried may be of Class 3.

Rule C.-A ship of this class if 100 ft. in length or over shall carry at least four approved lifebuoys, and if under 100 ft. at least two approved lifebuoys. One approved life-jacket shall be carried for each person on board.

CLASS V.-Steamships certified to carry Passengers on short specified passages along the coasts of the United Kingdom, or between Grea Britain and Ireland, or between Great Britain or Ireland and the Isle of Man.

Rule A.—A ship of this class shall, subject to the following proviso; comply with the provisions of Class I, Home Trade; Provided that a ship of this class, when engaged:-(a) on certain voyages near the coasts of the United Kingdom, specially scheduled by the Board of Trade for this purpose, or (b) on daylight excursions, specially scheduled by the Board of Trade for this purpose, between the 1st June and the 31st August, inclusive, shall not be required to carry more sets of davits or lifeboats of a greater aggregate cubic capacity than are respectively specified in the second columns of Tables A and B in Appendix III.

CLASS VI.-Steamships certified to carry Passengers on short excursions to sea, i.e., beyond partially smooth water limits, between 1st April and 31st October, inclusive, during daylight, and in fine weather. Rule A.-Subject to the provisions of General Rule 20 (1), a ship of this class shall be provided in accordance with its length with such number of sets of davits as is specified in the Table in Appendix IV; each set of davits shall have a lifeboat of Class I attached to it. Provided that no ship shall be required to have a larger number of sets of davits than the number of boats required to accommodate the total number of persons carried, or which the ship is certified to carry, whichever number is the greater.

Rule B.-Subject to the provisions of General Rule 20 (2) and (3), such further number of lifeboats, or such number of approved life-rafts, approved buoyant deck seats, or other approved buoyant apparatus shall be provided, as shall be sufficient (together with the lifeboats required by Rule A) for 70 per cent. of the total number of persons for which the ship is certified.

Rule C.-The boats carried shall be of such reasonable capacity, having regard to the size of the ship, as the Board of Trade may require. Provided that no ship shall be required to carry lifeboats of an aggregate capacity greater than is required to accommodate the total number of persons which the ship is certified to carry.

Rule D.-If the ship is under 200 ft. in length, at least four approved lifebuoys shall be carried, and if of 200 ft. in length or over, at least

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