The Former Soviet Union in Transition

Etukansi
The Soviet-Russian Ruble: The Past, Present and Future of Convertibility -- Ruble Convertibility and External and Internal Equilibrium -- U.S. Commercial Relations with Russia and the Other Successor States: Opportunities and Obstacles -- Volume 2 -- III. Key Sectoral Developments -- Overview -- A. Energy -- The Petroleum Resources of Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States -- Republic Energy Sectors and Inter-State Dependencies of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Georgia -- B. Agriculture -- Distribution Problems in the Food Economy of the Former Soviet Union
 

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Sisältö

PostSoviet Economic Reforms in Perspective
13
Reflections on the Gorbachev Economic Record
23
Summary
35
Relative Consumer Prices in East and West Germany 1989
43
Unemployment in Russia in 199192
51
Summary
58
SUMMARY
67
What Is To Be Done?
69
A Summary Report
506
Summary
507
Differences in Food Production and Food Consumption
514
at the joint request of the Soviet government and
520
U S Agricultural Exports and Assistance to the Former Soviet Union
541
ENVIRONMENT
567
Widespread and Costly
577
SCIENCE AND TRANSPORTATION
597

Conclusions
76
SUMMARY
82
Results of the Revisions on Industrial Performance by Republic
85
Official Measures of Gross Value of Total Industrial Output
96
ë Measure of Value Added in Industry by Republic and
112
and the Disintegration of the Soviet Union
121
The New East and Its Preferred Trade Regime
146
Whos Feeding Whom? An Analysis of Soviet Interrepublic Trade
163
Heritage of the Gorbachev
184
A Tough Road Ahead
196
A Baltic Case Study
218
The Gains from Privatization
240
Measuring the Private Sector in Russia
273
The Political Economy of Unemployment Benefits and Indexation
290
Social Security in Transition in the Soviet Union 19851991
311
Is There a Basis for Free Enterprise?
330
INTEGRATION INTO THE WORLD ECONOMY
341
Prospects for CommerceA German Perspective
353
Summary
354
International Financial Institutions and the Restructuring
360
The Role of Export Credit Agencies in the New East
377
The Past Present and Future of Convertibility
405
Ruble Convertibility and External and Internal Equilibrium
422
U S Commercial Relations with Russia and the Other
439
VOLUME 2
447
KEY SECTORAL DEVELOPMENTS
455
A ENERGY
461
Republic Energy Sectors and InterState Dependencies
477
REPUBLIC ENERGY SECTORS AND INTERSTATE DEPEND
478
B AGRICULTURE
491
Capabilities and Needs
610
The PostSoviet Space Program
629
Scientific and Technical Collaboration with Former Soviet Countries
648
Toward a CIS Protection System for Inventions
665
DEFENSE AND CONVERSION
681
Russian Defense
704
Conversion of Military Industries in the Successor States
717
Defense Conversion in the Former U S S R
730
Summary
731
Learning to Market Products
737
Chinas Unheralded Defense Conversion
739
Russian Defense Conversion Under Old Management
754
Conversion Regional Economies and Direct Foreign Investment in Russia
767
lics that are seeking to convert to civil production in the nascent
779
The Defense Industries of the Newly Independent States of Eurasia
783
Overview James Voorhees
791
A Note on the Emigration of Russias Technical Intelligentsia
820
Continuing Negative Health Trends in the Former U S S
840
The Current Conditions and Reform in the Housing Sector
873
Science Technology and Education in the Former U S S
889
POLITICALECONOMIC PROFILES
909
CONTENTS
951
Conclusion
958
FIGURE
1055
Energy Output in the Soviet Union and Russia 19851991 479
1063
SUMMARY
1077
Intelligence Agency
1123
CIA Synthetic Measures of Value of Output by Branch
1140
Index
1189
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