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himself against Antichrist, and prove a professed adversary unto him, and joining his forces with the German troops, and others of his neighbours, shall pull down the Spanish diadem. In those days shall the Swede be very successful against the enemy, both by sea and land.*

Extracts from Dr. Hartley's Observations on Man; Printed 1749.

How near the dissolution of the present governments, generally or particularly, may be, would be great rashness to affirm. Christ will come in this sense also " as a thief in the night." Qur duty is therefore to watch and to pray; to be faithful stewards; to give meat, and all other requisites, in due season, to those under our care; and to endeavour by these, and all other

I greatly lament I cannot give the reader the late learned Dr. Lort's notes on this ancient prophecy, after he had taken a copy from the original MSS. It was in my possession about three years ago, bound up at the end of a book, entitled, "Monarchy or no Monarchy.”— Should this ever reach the eye of the purchaser, be would confer a particular favour by indulging me with a sight of it. The copy I now print from was published in 1682.

lawful means, to preserve the government, under whose protection we live, from dissolution, seeking the peace of it, and submitting to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake. No prayers, no endeavours of this kind can fail of having some good effect, public or private, for the preservation of ourselves and others. The great dispensations of Providence are conducted by means that are either secret, or, if they appear, that are judged feeble and inefficacious. No man can tell, however private his station may be, but his fervent prayer may avail to the salvation of much people. But it is the duty of magistrates thus to watch over their subjects; to pray for them; and to set about the reformation of all matters, civil and ecclesiastical, to the utmost of their power, p. 368.

to

There are many prophecies which declare the fall of the ecclesiastical powers of the Christian world. And though each church seems flatter itself with the hopes of being exempted; yet it is very plain that the prophetical characters may belong to all. They have all left the pure, true, and simple religion, and teach for doctrines the commandments of men. 'Tis very true that the church of Rome is " Babylon the great and the mother of harlots," and of the "abominations of the earth." But all the rest have copied her example more or less. They have all received money like Gehazi; and therefore the leprosy of

for ever.

Naaman will cleave to them, and to their seed And this impurity may be considered, not only as justifying the application of the prophecies to the christian churches, but as a natural cause for their fall. The corrupt go vernors of the several churches will ever oppose the true gospel, and in so doing will bring ruin upon themselves, p. 371.

As the downfal of the Jewish state, under Titus, was the occasion of the publication of the gospel to us Gentiles, so our downfal may contribute to the restoration of the Jews, and both together bring on the final publication and prevalence of the true religion. Thus the type and the thing typified will coincide. The first fruits and the lump are made holy together, p. 375. The downfal of the civil and ecclesiastical. powers must be both attended with such public calamities as will make men serious, and also drive them from the countries of Christendom into the remote parts of the world, particularly into the East and West Indies, &c. whither consequently they will carry their religion purified from its present errors and superstitions, p. 377.

The degeneracy of the court of Rome, and secular bishops abroad, are too notorious to be mentioned. They almost cease to give offence, as they scarce pretend to any function or authority besides what is temporal. Yet still there is great mockery of God in their external pomp,

165.

and profanation of sacred titles; which, sooner or later, will bring down vengeance upon them. And as the court of Rome has been at the head of the great apostacy, and corruption of the christian church, and seems evidently marked out in various places of the Scriptures, the severest judgments are probably reserved for her, p. 450.

But I rather choose to speak to what falls under the observation of all serious attentive persons in this kingdom, (Britain). The superior clergy are in general ambitious, and eager in the pursuit of riches; flatterers of the great, and subservient to party-interest; negligent of their own immediate charges, and also of the inferior clergy, and what ought to be their immediate charges.

The inferior clergy imitate their superiors, and in general take little more care of their parishes than barely what is necessary to avoid the censure of the law. And the clergy of all ranks are in general either ignorant, or, if they do apply, it is rather to profane learning, to philosophical or political matters, than to the study of the Scriptures, of the oriental languages of the fathers and ecclesiastical authors, and of the writings of devout men in different ages of the church.

I say this is in general the case; i. e. far the greater part of the clergy are of this stamp : but there are some quite of a different character

men eminent for piety, sacred learning, and the faithful discharge of their duty; and who, it is not to be doubted, mourn in secret for the crying sins of this and other nations.

The clergy in general are also far more free from open and gross vices than any other denomination of men amongst us :-Physicians, Lawyers, Merchants, Soldiers, &c., however this may be otherwise hereafter; for it is said that in some foreign countries the superior clergy, in others the inferior, are as corrupt and abandoned, or more so, than any other order of

- men.

(The clergy in this kingdom seem to be what one might expect from the mixture of good and bad influences that affect them. But then, if we make this candid allowance for them, we must and should also make it for persons in the high ranks of life, for their infidelity, lewdness, and sordid self-interest: and although it becomes an humble, charitable, and impartial man to make all these allowances, yet he cannot but see that the judgments of God are ready to fall upon us all for these things, and that they may fall first, and with the greatest weight, upon those, who, having the highest offices in the spiritual kingdom of Christ committed to them, neglect it, and are become mere merchants of the earth, and shepherds that feed themselves, and not their flocks, seems no unjust nor unreasonable supposition.

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