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versal church and the whole world shall deplore the ruin of a most celebrated city, the capital and the mistress of France. The altars of the temple shall be destroyed: the holy virgins razed out, shall fly from their convents, and the church shall be stripped of her temporal goods; but at length the Black Eagle and the Lion shall appear arriving from other countries-then misery be to thee, oppressed city of opulence! thou shalt at first rejoice, but thy end shall come. Misery be to thee, O city of philosophy! thou shalt be subjected. A captive king, humbled even to the dust, shall at last recover his crown, and shall destroy the children of impiety.
Both this and the first article afford ample scope for reflection, not only to the prince and the statesman, but to every individual of a state. It appears that the multitude of their military are not to be considered as the defenders of princes, when called into action against the opinion of their subjects; or France, at the period of the revolution, had ample ground to hug itself in its security. The folly, the idle bickerings, and exposure by their princes and nobles of each other's failings and vices, had alienated the affections of the people, and, according to this prediction, by their own blindness left them without defenders. The vassal who looked not on the noble as his natural protector and guardian, but
as an oppressor, rose against him; the soldier against the officer; the officer against the general, and the servant against the master. Chaos was again restored, the holy altars were overturned, the convents defiled and pillaged, nobles reduced to the rank of private citizens, to save even life itself, and the humblest of citizens and of menials rose to power and despotism; so dreadfully was this prophecy fulfilled. At length, even the Black Eagle, the ensign of the northern powers, and the Lion, that of Britain, gained possession of Paris, the self-dignified city of philosophy, stripped her of her ill-gotten spoil, and, as a punishment of her abuse of power over other states, raised again to reign over her a king that may have been truly said to have been humbled even to the dust.
Extracts from the celebrated prophetical Discourse on the Rise and Fall of Papacy. By Robert Fleming. A. D. 1701.
Revelations, Chap. 16.
1st, THAT the Revelation * contains the series of all the remarkable events and changes of the state of the Christian church to the end of the
See Rev. iv. 1, &c. x. 5, 6, 7.
world. 2d, That Mystical Babylon*, or the great Whore, described there, doth signify Rome in an Antichristian Church state. 3d, That, therefore, this cannot be Rome pagan properly, but Rome papal.
The verity of our holy religion is proved from two things principally, viz. miracles and prophecy and both these arguments have been excellently improved by learned men. But yet, as the first of these was perhaps the principal and most convincing topic to those that lived in our Saviour's days; so I look upon the second to be the most considerable to those who live in after ages.
It has been a very ancient opinion, that the world would last only six thousand years; that, according to the old traditional prophecy of the house of Elias, the world should stand as many millenaries as it was made in days; and that therefore, as there were two thousand years from the creation to Abraham, without a written directory of religion, and two thousand from thence to Christ, under the old economy of the law, so there would be two thousand years more under the Messiah. So that after the militant state of the christian church is run out, in the year 2000, it is to enter upon that glorious sabbatical millenary, when saints shall reign on the earth, in a peaceable manner, for a thousand years more. See Rev. xvii. 1, 5. 18.
And now I hope I have said enough of the future part of time, as to the general idea which I think the Revelation gives of it. But I must proceed one step farther with you, and consider under what revolution of time we are at present, that we may thence see what we are to expect.
Now, in order to this performance, I must premise this one thing, viz. That the seven seals, trumpets, and vials (in which is contained the order and series of the whole apocalyptical prophecy, and to the explication and illustration of which all the other particular visions are subservient), that I say these are joined together by the link of the seventh seal, doth, as it were, produce or include the seven trumpets, and the seventh trumpet the seven vials in the same manner.
And, 1st, as to the remaining part of this vial, (speaking of the fourth), I do humbly suppose that it will come to its highest pitch about A. D. 1717, and that it will run out about the year 1794. The reasons for the first conjecture are two. The first is, because I find that the papal kingdom got a considerable accession to its power upon the Roman Western empire's being destroyed, A.D. 475, to which the Heruli succeeded the year following, and the Ostro Goths afterward. Now if from this remarkable year we begin the calculation of the 1260 years, they lead us down to A. C. 1735, which, in prophetical account, is this very year 1717. The second is, because
(as I have many years ago observed) this year leads us down to a new centenary revolution; so that there is ground to hope, that about the beginning of another such century things may again alter for the better; for I cannot but hope, that some new mortification of the chief supporters of Antichrist will then happen, and perhaps the French Monarchy may begin to be considerably humbled about that time: that whereas the present French King takes the sun for his emblem, and this for his motto, Nec pluribus impar, he may at length, or rather his successors, and the Monarchy itself (at least before the year 1794) be forced to acknowledge, that (in respect to neighbouring potentates) he is even singulis impar.
But as to the expiration of this vial, I do fear it will not be till the year 1794. The reason of which conjecture is this, that I find the Pope got a new foundation of exaltation, when Justinian, upon his conquest of Italy, left it in a great measure to the Pope's management, being willing to eclipse his own authority to advance that of this haughty prelate. Now this being in the year 552; this, by the addition of the 1260 years, reaches down to the year 1811, which, according to prophetical account, is the year 1794. And then I do suppose the fourth vial will end, and the fifth commence by a new mortification of the Papacy, after this vial has lasted