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BIOGRAPHICAL

DICTIONARY;

CONTAINING

An Historical and Critical ACCOUNT

OF THE

L I VES and WRITINGS

OF THE

Most Eminent Persons

In every NATION;

Particularly the British and IRISH;

From the earliest Accounts of Time to the present Period.

WHEREIN

Their remarkable ACTIONS or SUFFERINGS,

their VIRTUES, PARTS, and LEARNING, are
particularly displayed ; with a CATALOGUE of their
LITERARY PRODUCTIONS.

VOL. III.

L ON DON:

Printed for T. OSBORNE, J. WHIston and B. WHITE,

W. STRAHAN, T. PAYNE, W. Owen, W. JOHNSTON,
S. CROWDER, B. Law, T. Field, T. DURHAM,
J. Robson, R. Goadby, and E. BAKER.

M DCC LXI.

2101 e.

CODLEIAN

4 NOVE4

OXFOR?

1

Α Ν

Universal, Historical,

and Literary

DICTIONARY.

C.

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ÆLIUS AURELIANUS, or, as some have called

him, Lucius Cælius Arianus, an ancient physician, and the only one of the sect of the methodifts, of

whom we have any remains, was of Sicca, a town of Numidia, in Africa. This we learn from the elder Pliny; and we might almost have collected it, without any information at all, from his stile, which is very barbarous, and much resembling that of the African writers. It is half Greek, half Latin, harsh, and difficult: yet strong, masculine, full of good sense, and valuable for the matter it contains. It is frequently very acute and smart, especially where he exposes the errors of other physicians; and always nervous.

What age Cælius Aurelianus Aourished in, we cannot determine, there being so profound a filence about it amongst the ancients : but it is very probable, that he lived before Galen, since it is not conceivable, that he should mention, as he does, all the physicians before him, great as well as small, and yet not make the least mention of Galen. He was not only a careful imitator of Soranus, but also a strenuous advocate for him. He had read over very diligently the ancient phyficians of all the fects; and we are obliged to him for the knowledge of many dogmas, which are not to be found but in his books Dé ccleribus & tardis passionibus. The best edition of these books is that published at AmsterVOL. I. B

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