Sivut kuvina

the ass,



24 And when he was gone, a lion met of the man of God, and laid it

upon him by the way, and slew him : and his and brought it back : and the old prophet carcase was cast in the way, and the ass came to the city, to mourn and to bury stood by it, the lion also stood by the car- him.

30 And he laid his carcase in his own 25 And, behold, men passed by, and saw grave; and they mourned over him, saying, the carcase cast in the way, and the lion my

brother! standing by the carcase : and they came and 31 And it came to pass, after he had bu. told it in the city where the old prophet ried him, that he spake to his sons, saying, dwelt.

When I am dead, then bury me in the se26 And when the prophet that brought pulchre wherein the man of God is buried; him back from the way heard thereof, he lay my bones beside his bones: said, It is the man of God, who was disobe- 32 For the saying which he cried by the dient unto the word of the Lord: therefore word of the Lord against the altar in Beththe Lord hath delivered him unto the lion, el, and against all the houses of the high which hath 'torn him, and slain him, accord places which are in the cities of Samaria, ing to the word of the Lord, which he spake shall surely come to pass. unto him.

33 9 After this thing Jeroboam returned 27 And he spake to his sons, saying, not from his cvil way, but "made again of Saddle me the ass. And they saddled the lowest of the people priests of the high him.

places: whosoever would, he consecrated 28 And he went and found his carcase cast him, and he became one of the priests of the in the way, and the ass and the lion stand- high places. ing by the carcase: the lion had not eaten 34 And this thing became sin unto the the carcase, nor Storn the ass.

house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to 29 And the prophet took up the carcase destroy it from off the face of the earth.

8 Heb. filled his hand,

5 Heb. broken.

6 Heb. broken.

7 Heb, returned and made.

Verse 1. There came a man of God out of Judah.—There have been many conjectures as to who this was. It can sot te ascertained: but he certainly was not either Ahijah or Iddo, as some suppose, for both these prophets were alive after the circumstances recorded in this chapter.

2. “ Josiah by name.”—This clear, distinct, and remarkable prophecy, concerning what should be done by a man who Tas not born till 360 years later (Hales), and whose very name is mentioned, may be advantageously contrasted with the obscure, indeterminate, guarded, and equivocal predictions of the idle oracles of ancient paganism.

9. - Eal no bread, nor drink water."—We have already had occasion to explain that for persons to eat bread or drink water together was a symbol and seal of mutual friendship and peace; which sufficiently explains why the prophet vas forbidden to refresh himself in this evil city.

11. " An old prophet.”—The character of this person has been very largely discussed, but with no very satisfactory terult. The most likely conclusion is, that he was a true (perhaps unwillingly true) prophet, but a bad man.

We koy he prophesied truly; but we know also that his sons attended the worship of the golden calf, and that he told a premeditated falsehood, of a very awful character, to divert the stranger from a purpose which he knew that his duty ie quired from him. His ohject' looks kind towards the stranger, in the first instance--and we may suppose that he was not then aware of the terrible judgment which he was afterwards constrained to denounce—but as he must have known that a neglect of duty in a prophetic messenger could not pass unpunished, we may conclude that his object in xedacing back the strange prophet was to weaken any impression which his message might have produced on the mind of Jeroboam and others, by affording them room to suspect that he was not an authorised messenger, since he had himself neglected that which he had avowed to have been part of the Lord's command. This explanation will also show that the final judgment of the disobedient prophet was not merely a personal punishment of the messenger, but Fas necessary to vindicate the character of the message, which had been compromised by his disobedience. We may, upon the whole, conceive the “old propheť to have been much such another person as Balaam.

21. " A hon met him by the way.”—In 2 Kings ii. 2-1, we find that near Bethel there was a wood, out of which came two she-bears; and it is probable that this lion came from the same wood. All the circumstances of this transactionthat the lion did not devour the body, or rend the ass, or molest the passengers or the old prophet's sons—were calculated, in the most striking manner, to direct the attention of the people to that Divine power which thus authenticated its own message by the destruction of the messenger.


wicked reign. 25 Shishak spoileth Jerusalem.

29 Abijam succeedeth Rehoboam, Abrah being sick, Jeroboam sendeth his wife diskui sed, with presents to the prophet Ahijah at Shiloh. 5 Ahijah, forewarned by God, denounceth

At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam God's judgment.' 17 Abijuh dieth, and is buried. fell sick. 19 Nadub succeedeth Jeroboam. 21 Rehoboam's 2 And Jeroboam said to his wife, Arise,

(Iornel, 56-ASL


even now.



[B.C. Judah, 973 - 90 I pray thee, and disguise thyself, that thou , and bury him : for he only of Jeroboam be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam ; shall come to the grave, because in him and get thee to Shiloh: behold, there is there is found some good thing toward Ahijah the prophet, which told me that 'I the LORD God of Israel in the house of should be king over this people.

Jeroboam. 3 And take with thee ten loaves, and 14 Moreover the LORD shall raise him up scracknels, and a “cruse of honey, and


a king over Israel, who shall cut off the him: he shall tell thee what shall become of house of Jeroboam that day: but what? the child.

4 And Jeroboam's wife did so, and arose, 15 For the LORD shall smite Israel, as a and went to Shiloh, and came to the house reed is shaken in the water, and he shall of Ahijah. But Ahijah could not see; for root up Israel out of this good land, which his eyes 'were set by reason of his age.

he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter 5 | And the LORD said unto Ahijah, them beyond the river, because they have Behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to ask made their groves, provoking the Lord to a thing of thee for her son; for he is sick: anger. thus and thus shalt thou say unto her: for it 16 And he shall give Israel up

because of shall be, when she cometh in, that she shall the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who feign herself to be another woman.

made Israel to sin. 6 And it was so, when Ahijah heard the 17 | And Jeroboam's wife arose, and de. sound of her feet, as she came in at the parted, and came to Tirzah: and when she door, that he said, Come in, thou wife of came to the threshold of the door, the child Jeroboam ; why feignest thou thyself to be died; another? for I am sent to thee with heavy 18 And they buried him; and all Israel tidings.

mourned for him, according to the word of 7 Go, tell Jeroboam, Thus saith the LORD the LORD, which he spake by the hand of God of Israel, Forasmuch as I exalted thee his servant Ahijah the prophet. from among the people, and made thee 19 And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, prince over my people Israel,

how he warred, and how he reigned, behold, 8 And rent the kingdom away from the they are written in the book of the chronihouse of David, and gave it thee: and yet cles of the kings of Israel. thou hast not been as my servant David, 20 And the days which Jeroboam reigned who kept my commandments, and who fol- were two and twenty years: and he slept lowed me with all his heart, to do that only with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned which was right in mine eyes;

in his stead. 9 But hast done evil above all that were 21 And Rehoboam the son of Solomon before thee: for thou hast gone and made reigned in Judah.

reigned in Judah. °Rehoboam was forty thee other gods, and molten images, to pro- and one years old when he began to reign, voke me to anger, and hast cast me behind and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusathy back:

lem, the city which the LORD did choose out 10 Therefore, behold, 'I will bring evil of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut there. And his mother's name was Naamah off from Jeroboam ®him that pisseth against an Ammonitess. the wall, and him that is shut up and left in 22 And Judah did evil in the sight of the Israel, and will take away the remnant of LORD, and they provoked him to jealousy the house of Jeroboam, as a man taketh with their sins which they had committed, away dung, till it be all gone.

above all that their fathers had done. il Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the 23 For they also built them high places, city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth and "'images, and groves, on every high hill, in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: for and under every green tree. . the Lord hath spoken it.

24 And there were also sodomites in the 12 Arise thou therefore, get thee to thine land: and they did according to all the own house: and when thy feet enter into abominations of the nations which the LORD the city, the child shall die.

cast out before the children of Israel. 13 And all Israel shall mourn for him, 25 T And came to pass in the fifth

1 Chop. 11. 31. 2 Heb, in thine hand. 3 Or, cakes. • Or, botlle.

8 Chap. 21.21. 2 Kings 9.8. Heb. lay dowon.

5 Heb. stood for his hoariness. 6 Heb hard. 7 Chap 15, 99, 10 2 Chron. 12. 13. 11 Or, standing images or, stalues.

year of king Rehoboam, that Shishak king them, and brought them back into the guard of Egypt came up against Jerusalem : chamber.

26 And he took away the treasures of 29 q Now the rest of the acts of Rehothe house of the Lord, and the treasures of boam, and all that he did, are they not writthe king's house; he even took away all: ten in the book of the chronicles of the kings and he took away all the shields of gold of Judah? Awhich Solomon had made.

30 And there was war between Reho27 And king Rehoboam made in their boam and Jeroboam all their days. stead brasen shields, and committed them 31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, unto the hands of the chief of the 13guard, and was buried with his fathers in the city which kept the door of the king's house. of David. And his mother's name was Naa28 And it was so, when the king went into mah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son the house of the LORD, that the guard bare reigned in his stead

13 Chap. 10, 16.

13 Hel, runners.

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Verse 3.

Take with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey."-See the note on 1 Sam. ix. 7. This does est prove, as Bishop Patrick conjectures, that the queen had disguised herself as a poor countrywoman; for presents of parisions are still made, in the East, by persons in good circumstances to others whom they respect. We need not Suppose that the queen thought the affectation of a very low condition necessary to her purpose. The word


translated " cracknels" (O'Tp), nikkulim) doubtless means some kind of small cake or biscuit ; and as the word suggests the idea of something spotted. Harmer fairly enough conjectures that they were some such sort of biscuit, sprinkled with seeds, as are still much used in the East. We use caraway-seeds for this purpose: porpy-seeds are usually employed by the Orientals, who often also sprinkle thus their ordinary kinds of bread.

10. Him that is shut up and left in Israel.”—This is the literal Hebrew, which has been differently understood. We believe Boothroyd's version, “bond or free,” is too restricted. It probably means that all Jeroboam's family should perish-not one escaping, however carefully shut up and hidden from calamity-till the last remaining fragment of the family should be extirpated.-We adopt the opinion, that the clause immediately preceding this does not refer to the human male, but to a dog, and for this reason, that the custom of the East prevents its application to any but the canine species. This frequently-recurring expression will therefore mean, that not even a dog Lelonging to the condemned family should escape destruction. This is a stong metaphor, expressing utter extirpation.

13. In him there is found some good thing.”—The Jews say that this good thing was, that he disapproved of the golden calves; and that he had persuaded his father to withdraw the guards and sentinels which he had posted along the frontier to prevent those from going to Jerusalem, at the three great annual festivals, who still felt inclined tu

do so.

15. “ Shall smite Israel as a reed is shaken in the waler.”—Instead of shall smite (172171), the Arabic reads shall shake (737)), which if correct, agrees better with the comparison.

29. The book of the chronicles."— Not the books of that name, but the current annals of the kingdom, from which the canonical books of Kings and Chronicles seem to have been compiled. See the note on Esther vi. 1.


9 | And in the twentieth year of Jero1 Abijam's wicked reign. 7 Asa succeedeth him. boam king of Israel reigned Asa over

9 Asa's good reign. 16 The war between Baasha Judah. and him causeth him to make a league with

10 And forty and one years reigned he Benhadad. 23 Jehoshaphat succeedeth Asa. 25 Nadal's wicked reign. 27 Baasha conspiring

in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was against him executeth Ahijah's prophecy. 31 Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. Nadab's acts and death. 33 Baasha's wicked 11 And Asa did that which was right in reign.

the eyes of the Lord, as did David his father. Now in the eighteenth year of king 'Jero- 12 And he took away the sodomites out boam the son of Nabat reigned Abijam over of the land, and removed all the idols that Judah.

his fathers had made. 2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. 13 And also "Maachah his mother, even And his mother's name was Maachah, the her he removed from being queen, because daughter of Abishalom.

she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa 3°And he walked in all the sins of his fa- destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the ther, which he had done before him: and brook Kidron. his heart was not perfect with the Lord his 14 But the high places were not removed: God, as the heart of David his father, nevertheless Asa's heart was perfect with

4 Nevertheless for David's sake did the the LORD all his days. Lord his God give him a 'lamp in Jerusa- 15 And he brought in the 'things which lem, to set up his son after him, and to esta- his father had dedicated, and the things blish Jerusalem :

which himself had dedicated, into the house 5 Because David did that which was right of the LORD, silver, and gold, and vessels. in the eyes of the Lord, and turned not 16 9 And there was war between Asa aside from any thing that he commanded and Baasha king of Israel all their days. him all the days of his life, 'save only in the 17 And "Baasha king of Israel went up matter of Uriah the Hittite.

against Judah, and built Ramah, that he 6 And there was war between Rehoboam might not suffer any to go out or come in and Jeroboam all the days of his life. to Asa

king of Judah. 7

18 Then Asa took all the silver and the all that he did, are they not written in the gold that were left in the treasures of the ‘book of the chronicles of the kings of house of the Lord, and the treasures of the Judah? And there was war between Abi- king's house, and delivered them into the jam and Jeroboam.

hand of his servants: and king Asa sent 8 And Abijam slept with his fathers; and them to "Ben-hadad, the son of Tabrimon, they buried him in the city of David : and the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt 'Asa his son reigned in his stead.

at Damascus, saying, 12 Chron. 13. 1. 32 Sam. 11 4, and 12. 9.

52 Chron. 14. 1. & That is, grandmother's.

Heb. holy.

% Or, candie.
79 Chron. 15. 16.

8 Heb, cut of.

4 2 Chron. 13. 3.

10 2 Chron, 16.1.

11 9 Chron. 16. 2.

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19 There is a league between me and was buried with his fathers in the city of thee, and between my father and thy father : David his father : and "Jehoshaphat his son behold, I have sent unto thee a present of reigned in his stead. silver and gold; come and break thy league 23 | And Nadab the son of Jeroboam with Baasha king of Israel, that he may began to reign over Israel in the second *depart from me.

year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over 20 So Ben-hadad hearkened unto king Israel two years. Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which 26 And he did evil in the sight of the he had against the cities of Israel, and smote LORD, and walked in the way of his father, ljon, and Dan, and Abel-beth-maachah, and and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to all Cinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali. sin.

21 And it came to pass, when Baasha 27 | And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of heard thereof, that he left off building of the house of Issachar, conspired against Ramah, and dwelt in Tirzah.

him ; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, 22 Then king Asa made a proclamation which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab throughout all Judah; none was exempted: and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethori. and they took away the stones of Ramah, 28 Even in the third year of Asa king of and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in had builded ; and king Asa built with them his stead. Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.

29 And it came to pass, when he reigned, 23 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and that he smote all the house of Jeroboam ; all his might, and all that he did, and the he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, cities which he built, are they not written until he had destroyed him, according unto in the book of the chronicles of the kings of the saying of the LORD, which he spake by Judah ?

Nevertheless in the time of his his servant Ahijah the Shilonite: old age he was diseased in his feet.

30 Because of the sins of Jeroboam which 24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by 19 Heb. go up. 18 Heb. free. 14 Matth. 1.8, called Josaphat.

15 Heb. reigned. 10 Chap 14. 10,

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