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4 | And when the time was that Elkanah | Elkanah a Levite, having two wives, worshippeth offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and yearly

, at Shiloh. 4 He cherisheth Hannah, to all her sons and her daughters, portions : though barren, and provoked by Peninnah. 9 5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy Hannah in grief prayeth for a child., 12 Eli portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD first rebuking her, afterwards blesseth her. 19 Hannuh having born Samuel, stayeth at home till

had shut up her womb. he be weaned. 24 She presenteth him, according

6 And her adversary also 'provoked her to her row, to the LORD.

sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD

had shut up her womb. OW there 7 And as he did so year by year, 5when was a cer- she went up to the house of the LORD, SO tain man of she provoked her; therefore she wept, and Ramatha- did not eat. im-zophim, 8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, of mount Hannah, why weepest thou ? and why eatest Ephraim, thou not? and why is thy heart grieved ? and his am not I better to thee than ten sons?

ang q so Hannah rose up after they had Elkanah, eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. the son of Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a Jeroham, post of the temple of the Lord. the son of 10 And she was 'in bitterness of soul, Elihu, the and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore. son of To- 11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O hu, the son LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on of Zuph, the affliction of thine handmaid, and re

an Ephra- member me, and not forget thine handmaid, thite: but wilt give unto thine handmaid Sa man

2 And he child, then I will give him unto the LORD had

two all the days of his life, and othere shall no

wives; the razor come upon his head. name of the one was Hannah, and the name 12 And it came to pass, as she contiof the other Peninnah : and Peninnah had nued praying before the Lord, that Eli children, but Hannah had no children. marked her mouth. 3 And this man went up out of his city 13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart;

yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the only her lips moved, but her voice was not Lord of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons heard : therefore

heard : therefore Eli thought she had of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of been drunken. the LORD, were there.

14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt

1. Deut. 16. 16. 2 Heb. from year to year. Hels , from her guing tipo

7 Heb. bitter of soul.

3 Or, a double portion.

8 Heb, seed of men.

• Heb. angered her. 5 Or, from the time that she, &c.

Num. 6. 5. Judg. 13. 5. 10 Heb. multiplied to pray.

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168 Initial Letter

1 169 Desolation of Job. De Loutherbourg 3 170 Tomb at Petra. From Laborde

3 171 Interior of a Tomb at Petra From Laborde

3 172 Dying Lion. De Loutherbourg

4 173 A dry Valley in Idumea, Laborde 6 174 Job and his Friends. From a modern

French picture in the Lnxembourg · 7 1 5 Washing Hands, Oriental method of 9 176 Indian Stocks

13 177 Engraved Rocks in the Ouadi Mokatta. Laborde

19 178 Group — illustrating the use of the

style, &c. From Montfaucon, 'Pa-
læographia Græca'

19 179 Asp (Vipère Haje)

20 180 Viper (El Effah)

20 181 Vulture's Head

28 182 Coral

28 183 Fire-Worshipper

31 184 Wine-Cart; and manner of filling the

Amphora. From a Painting found
in Pompeii

32 185 Girl pouring wine from a Leathern Wine-bottle

32 186 Metal Mirrors

37 187 Crystals of Snow

37 188 Wild Asses

39 189 Head of Unicorn. From Campbell's • Travels in South Africa'

39 190 Stork

39 191 Ostrich

39 192 Horse's Head. From the Elgin Marbles 39 193 Eagle (Bearded Vulture)

39 194 Hippopotamus (Behemoth)

40 195 Crocodile

41 196 Egyptian Tumbler

41 197 Common Whale

41 198 Modern Utensils used in painting the Eyes

42 199 Ancient Vessel and Probe for ditto 42

202 Winnowing Corn. From an Egyptian Painting

1 203 Triumph of David. Raffaelle

18 204 Fortitude. Reynolds

27 205 Egyptian Concert. From Rosellini 206 Resignation. From a Monument by Chantrey

40 207 Hart (Antilope Arabica), Male, Females, and Young

42 208 Various Forms of the ancient Lyre 43 209 Apollo Musagetes, with an improved

form of Lyre, taken from a Grecian

43 210 Muse, with a Lyre of a further im

proved size and form, taken from a
Grecian Bas-relief .

43 211 Egyptian Lyres. From ancient Egyp

tiau Paintings, engraved hy Rosellini 43 212 Playing and tuning Lyres. Drawn

from Vases found at Herculaneum 43 213 Square Lyres. Drawn from Vases found at Herculaneum

43 214 Muse, with an early form of Lyre, taken from a Grecian Statue

43 215 Cassia 216 Lign Aloe

45 217 Desolation.-- An Arab sitting amidst

the Ruins of Palmyra. Cassas 46 218 Summit of Mount Zion, with the

Mosque of David. From an original

48 219 “Bloody and deceitful men shall not

live out half their days." Rubens 55 220 Indian Serpent Charmers

58 221 “They have cast fire into thy sanctuary." De Loutherbourg

74 222 David with the Head of Goliath. Guido 78 223 Abyssinian Wild Boar

80 224 Swallow of Palestine .

84 225 “ Mine eye mourneth by reason of affliction." Guido

88 226 “The days of our years are threescore years and ten." Canova

90 227 Stringed Instruments. From Herculaneum

92 228 Egyptian Instruments. From Rosellini 92 229 Grecian Trigonum

92 230 Figure, supposed to represent King

David. Engraved in Donius'' Lyra

92 231 Instrument and Plectrum of the preceding Figure

92 232 Cluster of Ripe Date


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PSALM PAGE 200 Initial Letter

535 201 Holy River (Nahr Quades), Lebanon. From Cassas

. i 536

621 622

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233 Trumpets or Funeral Pipes. From an

ancient Tomb at Troy, and from

98 234 Ancient Cornets. From Herculaneum, and from Calmet

98 235 Ancient Trumpet. From Calmet 98 236 Idea (not an ancient authority) of a

Levitical Trumpeter. From Van
Bleyswick's figure in Calmet

98 237 Pelican and Young

102 938 The Sea

. 107 239 Psaltery; the most simple figure. From Rosellini

108 240 Psalteries; other and more improved forms

108 241 Harper. From a Painting found in a Tomb at Thebes

108 242 “ Whither shall I go from thy spirit?

...If I ascend up into heaven, thou
art there." Guido

128 43 Egyptian Tambourine Players. From Rosellini,

149 241 Classical Tambourines, of Eastern Origin

149 245 Tambourine Players, From Hercula

149 246 Modern Oriental Instruments of the Drum kind

149 247 Pandean Pipes

149 248 Ancient Cymbals. From Hercula

neum 249 Dancing Figures with Castagnets. From Herculaneum

150 250 Ancient Sistrums

. 150 251 Sistrums. From Rosellini


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270 Initial Letter 271 Hall of Abencerrages, Alhambra 272 Rose of Sharon 273 “ Apple,” or Citron Tree 274 The J'Halledar, or State Palanquin of

Hindostan 275 Lebanon.-View of the Nahr Quades,

or Holy River. Cassas 276 Syrian Leopards. From Ehrenberg 277 Costume of the “Spouse” and Attend

ant. Collected from the State Dresses of Ancient Egypt


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278 Initial Letter

1 737 279 Isaiah. From the Frescoes in the Sistine Chapel. M. Angelo

1 739 280 Mole Rat

2 741 281 “ Cauls.” Lady adorned with the Sufa,

showing also the Turban or Bonnet 3 743 282 The Ckumarah

3 743 283 Ancient Egyptian Necklace

3 743 284 Various Forms of Drops or Pendant

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252 Initial Letter 253 “Take fast hold of instruction." Raf

faelle 254 Wormwood 255 Section of a Bank, showing the Nests

of the Mason Ant . 256 Nest of Termites in the Branch of a

Tree B7 Pyramidal Nests of the Termites 258 Turret Nests of the White Ant 259 Justice. Reynolds 260 Prudence. Reynolds 261 Oriental Gate 262 Egyptian House

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Ornaments, collected from ancient
Egyptian Sculptures

3 744
285 Forms of Earrings, from ancient Egyp-
tian Sculptures

3 744 286 Ancient Egyptian Necklace

3 744 287 The Ckoosah, or Jewelled Head-band of Modern Egypt .

3 7415 288 Hhegabs, or Amulets of Modern Egypt 3 745 289 The Khizam, or Nose-jewel of Modern Egypt

3 745 290 Lady of Modern Egypt, showing the

common Face-veil, with one Form of
the Walking Wrapper

• 3


12 16 17 21


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thou be drunken? put away thy wine from 20 Wherefore it came to pass, $when the thee.

time was come about after Hannah had con15 And Hannah answered and said, No, ceived, that she bare a son, and called his my lord, I am a woman "of a sorrowful spi- name ''Samuel, saying, Because I have asked rit : I have drunk neither wine nor strong him of the LORD. drink, but have poured out my soul before 21 And the man Elkanah, and all his the LORD.

house, went ир

to offer unto the LORD the 16 Count not thine handmaid for a daugh- yearly sacrifice, and his vow. ter of Belial: for out of the abundance of 22 But Hannah went not up; for she my complaint and grief have I spoken hi- said unto her husband, I will not go up until therto.

the child be weaned, and then I will bring 17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in him, that he may appear before the LORD, peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy and there abide for ever. petition that thou hast asked of him.

23 And Elkanah her husband said unto 18 And she said, Let thine handmaid her, Do what seemeth thee good ; tarry until find grace in thy sight. So the woman went thou have weaned him; only the LORD her way, and did eat, and her countenance establish his word. So the woman abode, was no more sad.

her son suck until she weaned 19 And they rose up in the morning him. early, and worshipped before the Lord, and 24 | And when she had weaned him, returned, and came to their house to Ra- she took him up with her, with three mah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a and the Lord remembered her.


bottle of wine, and brought him unto the 1 Heb. hard of spirit. "? Or, meditation. 13 Heb. in revolution of days. 14 That is, asked u Gud.

house of the Lord in Shiloh : and the child 27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD was young:

hath given me my petition which I asked 25 And they slew a bullock, and brought of him: the child to Eli.

28 Therefore also I have 15lent him to 26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul the LORD; as long as he liveth the shall be liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood | lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the by thee here, praying unto the LORD. | LORD there.

15 Or, returned him whom I have ebtained by petition to the LORD. 16 Or, he whom I have obtained by petition sha l be returned.

1 SAMUEL.—This and the following book make but one in the Jewish canon of Scripture, which is called after Samuel, as in our own and the Oriental versions. In the Septuagint they are denominated the first and second books of Kings, or of the Kingdoms ; and they are called the first and second books of Kings also in the Vulgate. They may very properly be thus called, as they give an account of the rise of the kingdom of Israel with the history of the two first kings. The present book, at least, is with equal propriety called the book of Samuel, from the particular aceount which it gives of that prophet's history, and of transactions in which he bore a very prominent part. It is also the general opinion that he was the author of the first twenty-four chapters, and that the remainder of this book and the whole of the next, were written by the prophets Gad and Nathan. This opinion, which seems in itself highly probable, appears to be confirmed by 1 Chron. xxix. 29, where it is said, “ Now the acts of David, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the Seer, and the book of Nathan the Prophet, and the book of Gad the Seer.” The two books of Samuel answer to this reference, as they contain the history of David, and the prophets named were all of them his contemporaries. Samuel lived before and after David was born ; and Nathan, if not Gad, before and after his death. The history contained in the present book extends over a space of nearly eighty years (from A.m. 2869 to 2949) according to the received chronology ; but Dr. Hales makes it ninety-four years (8.c. 1164 to 1070).

Verse 11. “ There shall no razor come upon his head.”—This was vowing to make him a Nazarite. See the note on Num. vi. 2 Samuel, as a Levite, was bound to the service of the tabernacle by the mere circumstance of birth ; the tffect of the vow therefore was only to make his service begin at an earlier age than usual, and to subject him to the restrictions of Nazariteship.

24. “ Three bullocks.”—The Septuagint and Oriental versions have, “a bullock of three years old,” which is probably right, as one only is mentioned in the next verse.


7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh 1 Hannah's song in thankfulness. 12 The sin of rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up. Eli s sons. 18 Samuel's ministry. 20 By Eli's

8 He 'raiseth


poor out of the dust, blessing Hannah is more fruitful. 22 Eli re- and lifteth up the beggar from the dung1 proreth his sons. 27 A prophecy against Eli's hill, to set them among princes, and to make house.

them inherit the throne of glory : for the AND Hanrah prayed, and said, My heart pillars of the earth are the Lord's, and he rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted hath set the world upon them. in the LORD; my mouth is enlarged over 9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy sal- the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for vation.

by strength shall no man prevail. 2 There is none holy as the LORD: for 10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be there is none beside thee: neither is there broken to pieces ; 'out of heaven shall he any rock like our God.

thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge 3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; the ends of the earth; and he shall give let not 'arrogancy come out of your mouth: strength unto his king, and exalt the horn for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and of his anointed. by him actions are weighed.

11 And Elkanah went to Ramah to his 4 The bows of the mighty men are broken, house. And the child did minister unto the and they that stumbled are girded with Lord before Eli the priest. strength

12 | Now, the sons of Eli were sons of 5 They that were full have hired out them- Belial; they knew not the Lord. selves for bread; and they that were hungry 13 And the priest's custom with the peoceased : so that the barren hath born seven ; ple was, that, when any man offered sacriand she that hath many children is waxed fice, the priest's servant came, while the feeble.

flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of 6 'The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he three teeth in his hand; bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. 14 And he struck it into the pan, or

• Heb. hard.

? Deut. 32. 39. Tob. 12. 2. Wisd, 16. 13,

S Psalm 113.7.

• Chap.:. 10.

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