Sivut kuvina
PDF

Adonis, while living, in groves she ador'd.
And dead in the groves and on mountains i!e-
plor'd. 40

If right my conjecture, F.ndymion, I ween.
List nvc too once tended his steers on the green;
Yet the M'«n in this neatherd took such a delight,
That see met him at Latmos, and kiss'd him all

night. £«'n Cybeie snourn'd for a herdsman; and Jove Soatti u a boy from hi» herd to be waiter above.

NOTES ON IDYLLIUM XX.

This Idvdiam has by Daniel Hcinsiut, and oihcr learned critics, been ascribed to Moschug, asd f.r that reason I published a translation of it soxe rice ago, along with a version of the other bcmU*l pieces of that, and of four other Greet pocti, viz. Anacrron, Sappho, Bion, and MusæUi; ba: a* in all probability Theocritus is the rex! author, I here insert it with several alterations and corrections, as I shall entirely omit it in the ucood edition of any work abovementioned, which w-.il shortly he published; the first having been very favourably received by the public

Ver. 5. The Greek is fctuMftfaxm atrvxa Vij?.i« t^im. "Didici urhana Ubra terere," which Virp. fcrcu to have had an rye to, when he fays, * iajtj tnvisse labellum :" on which Mr. Wartse «.4crsr», there is a fondness in mentioning tii» ecruBamce of " wearing his lip." The confurs afee ci playing on the " siltula," which is ■sad to this day in the Grecian iflands, is making (ac lips thick and callous. Mr. Dawkins assured sac he Lw several shepherds with such lips. Ver. 13. Virgil has something similar.

Taua dicratijn jamdudum aversa tuct»r,
H« iltuc volvens oculos, totumcjuc pererrat
Lieusibas tacitis. Æn. B. 4. 36a.

Ver. 14. The Greek is, caic Us Mi twrurt xc>.*»,iad should be rendered, " She thiiee spit into her bosom." Archbishop Potter observes, lee Archxol. ch. ivii. it was customary for the ancient Ct=uns to spit three times into their boloms at tie %ht of a madman, or one troubled with an eftsepfy; thi< they Aid in defiance, as it were, of uc uses: for spitting was a sign of the greatest CBcteapt and detestation, whence irtw, " to tssc," is put fer" to contemn."

Ver. 11. The poet here seems to allude to a ?sii;e in Hrmer's Odys. B. Ij. where Minerva tassges (Jl)sscs into the figure of an old beggar,

But tunica disdains me, nor lists to try vow; /• she better than Cynthia, or Cybeie, trow? Does she think that in bloom, and the beauty ot"

face She is equal to Venus' if that be the cafe, 30 May she never behold sweet Adonis again On the hill, in the vale, in the city or plain; And may the proud minx, for her crime to

atone, If she can, sleep contented—but always alone!

She spake, and touch'd him with her powerful

wand; The skin shrunk up, and wither'd at her hand: A swife old age o'er all his members spread; A sudden frost was sprinkled on his head; No longer in the heavy eye-ball ihin'd The glance divine, forth beaming from the mind.

soft.

Ver. 16. Theocritus seems to have^ Anacraoo, in view, Ode 18.

All thy art her eyes require,

Make her eyes of living sire,

Glowing with celestial sheen,

Like Minerva's, bright and keen;

On her lips, that sweerly swell,

Let divine pursuasion dwell. F. F.

Ver. 17. This is entirely taken from Solomon's Song, ch. iv. II. " Thy lips. O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb; honey and milk arc under thy tongue."

Ver. 40. See Bion's beautiful Idyllium on the death of Adonis.

Ver. 4T.
Latmius Endymion non est tibi, Luna, rubnri.

Ovid. Art. Amort. 3. 8j.

Ver. 5: Sappho, with the most elegant fimpb,city complains, that she is deserted aud left alone

A>;Svxi fit' « FsAava, *. T. A. Set bit Frar.

The Pleiads now no more are seen,

Nor shines the silver moon serene.

In dark and dismal clouds o'ercast;

The love appointed hour is past;

Midnight ulurps her fable throne,

And yet, alas! I lie alone. F. F.

IDYLLIUM XXI.

THE FISHERMEN.

AROUMINT.

Ta.i piece is a dialogue between two fishermen; which for its fuifrolar simplicity rf sentiment, n «di a* character, ii peculiarly beautiful and regular: one of them relates hit dream; which w+t,.

that he had caught a large fish of solid gold, on which he resolves to follow his laborious occupation no longer, but live luxuriously: in the morning his fish and his hopes vanish, and necessity compels him to return to his accustomed labours. This Idyllium admonishes every one to rest content with his lot; and, under the shadow of a golden dream, beautifully displays the vanity of all human hopes and desires.

N<-ed, Diophantus, ready wit imparts,
Is labour's mistress, and the nurse of arts:
Corroding cares the toiling wretch infest,
And spoil the peaceful tenor of his breast;
And if soft slumbers on his eye-lids creep.
Some cursed care steals in, and murders sleep.

Two ancient fishers in a straw-thatch'd shed, Leaves were their walls, and sca-weed was their bed,

Rcdin'd their weary limbs: hard by were laid 9
Baskets, and all their implements of trade, [hairs,
Rods hooks, and lines, compos'd of stout horsc-
And nets of various forts, and various snares,
The seine, the cast-net, and the wicker maze,
To waste the watery tribes a thousand ways:
A crazy boat was drawn upon a plank;
Matts were their pillow, wove of osier dank;
Skins, cays, and tutrgrd coats, a covering made:
This was their wealth, their labour, and their
trade,

No pot to boil, no watch-dog to defend;
Yet blest they liv'd with penury tbeir friend. 20
None visited their shed,save every tide
The wanton waves that wafh'd its tottering side.
When half her course the moon's bright car had
speJ,

Joint labour rotis'd the tenants of the (bed.

The dews of slumber from their eyes they clear'd,

And thus their minds with pleasing parley cheer'd:

Asphalion.

I hold, my friend, that trite opinion wrong,
That summer-nights arc short when days are long.
Yets—I have seen a thousand dreams to-night,
And yet no morn appears, nor morning-light: 30
Sure on my mind some strange illusions play,
And make short nights wear heavily away.

Friend.

Fair summer seasons you unjustly blame,
Their bounds are etjual, and their pace the fame;
But cares, Asphalion, in a busy throng,
Break on your rest, and make the night seem long.
Aspbalhn.

Say, hast thou genius to interpret right
My dream? I've had a jolly one to-night, [wish,
Thou shalt go halves, and more thou can'si not
We'll share the vision as we share our fish. 40
) know thee shrewd, expert of dreams to spell;
Tic's the best judge who can conjecture well.

We've leisure time, which can't be better spent By wretched carles in w^ve-walb'd cabin pent, And lodg'd on leaves; yet why should we repine. While living lights in Prytancum shine?

Iricnd.

To thy fast friend each circumstance recite,
And let me hear this vision of the night.

Asphalion.

Last evening, weary with the toils of day,
Lull'd in the lap of rest secure I lay;
Full late we supp'd, and sparingly we eat;
No danger of a surfeit from our meat.
Mcthi ught I sat upon aslielfy steep.
And watch'd the filh that gambol'd in the deep:
Suspended by my rod, I gently shook
The bait fallacious, which a huge one took^
(Sleeping, we image what awake we wish;
Dogs dream of bones, and fishermen of tifh.)
Bent was my rod, and from his gills the blood
With crimson stream distain'd the silver flood. 6*
1 flretch'd my arm out, list the line should break;
The fish so vigorous, and my ho<>k so weak!
Anxious I gaz'd; he struggled to be gone:
'You're wounded— I'll bewith you,sriend,anon'—
'Still do you teaze me ?" for he plagu'd me fore;
At last, quite spent, 1 drew him safe on shore,
Then grasp'd him with my hand, for surer hold,
A noble prize, a fish of solid gold!
But fears suspicious in my bosom throng'd,
I.est to the god of ocean he belong'd; 71
Or, haply wandering in the azure main,
Some favourite fish of Amphitrite's train.
My prize I loos'd, and strictest caution took,
For fear some gold might stick about the hook;
Then safe secor'd him, anddevout'y swore
Never to venture on the ocean more;
But live on land as happy as a king:
At this I wak'd : what think you of the thing?
Speak free, for know I am extremely loth,
And greatly fear to violate my oath. 8*
Friend.

Fear not, old friend; you took no oath, for why I
You took no filh—your vision's all a lie.
Go search the shoals, not sleeping, but awake,
Hunger will soon discover your mistake;
Catch real fish; you need not sure be told
Those fools must starve who only dream of gold,

NOTES ON IDYLLIUM XXI.

Ver. 1. Thus Virgil, Turn varias vencre artea: labor omnia vincit Xmprobus, et duris urgent in-rebus egestas, '•• • 'Ceor. I. 145.

Then all those arts that polish life succeed;
What cannot ceaseless toil, and prilling need!

Wartn

And Persia*, ProL

(Tgis expedivit psittaco suum x*'iU
Picafqne docuit verba nostra conari?
Migi&er anis, ingecique largitor Venter.

Wno taagfct the parrot human notes to try,
8r with a mice endued the chattering pyc?
Tw*» wirry want, fierce hunger to appease:
Waal taagoc their mailers, and their masters these.

Dryd.
Ver. j.
Nee pladehon membris dat cura quietem. Virg.

Ver. j. Juvenal has,
Ne--e trevem si forte indulsit cura soporem.

S-t. 13,
Ver. 6.

Stb eofiem cura recursat. Vitg. -ÆV

Ver. :o> rhe Greek is » im, and is an emencaiioa nl the learned Johannes Auratus; before it ■ras read ir£ Im. Heinjivi.

Ver. 53. Here I entirely follow the emendation rf Heinuus; the text stands thus:

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

IDYLLIUM XXII.

CASTOR AND POLLUX.

THI ARGUMENT.

Trii is a hymn, after the manner of the ancient Arcadians, in praise of Castor and Pollux. The first fart describes the combat between Pollux and Amycus, the son of Neptune, and king of the EebryCbct-, who raining himself on his superiority in strength, and the art of boxing, used to compel every stranger that touched upon his coast to take up the i-vstus, and make trial of his (kill in the tBa^agrmest of that rude instrument of death; for so i: proved to many, till Pollux, who arrived there with the Argonauts, encountered him, and conquered: Apollonius fays he slew him; but this ia cezied by other authors.

[ocr errors]

served well of their country were maintained at the public charge j where also the fire consecrated to Vulcan was kept, as that sacred to Vesta was at Rome. Cicero de Orat. 1. 54. fays, " Ut ci victus quotidianus in Prytaneo publice prxberetur." If this be understood of the Prytaneum at Athens, Scaliger observes that there is great impropriety in Sicilian fishermen mentioning places so far remote from the scene of their labours; but from what follo»'s, it appears that there was a place in the neighbourhood, very commodious for Milling,, named Prytaneum, on which nocturnal lamps were fixed, as was customary, for the con. venience of fishing by night. Sannazarius was not ignorant of this custom, who in his second. Piscatory Eclogue says,

Dumque Alii notosque sinus, piscosaque circum
Æquora collustrant slammis.

While others on the well-known bay,
Or fishy seas, their lights display.
Ver. 35. Ovid has something similar,

Nunc in mole sedens moderabar arundine liroum.
Mel. B. 13. 913.
Ver. 57. There is something very beautiful ia
what Ovid makes Sappho fay to Phaon,

Tu mihi cura, Phaon; te somnia nostra reducunt«

Somnia formol'o candidiora die, &c.

Which Mr. Pope has greatly improved upon,

Oh night more pleasing than the brightest day,
When fancy gives what absence takes away,
And, dressed in all its visionary charms,
Restores my fair deserter to my arms!

Ver. 77. The expression in the original is re« maskable, ry xv*f £*«■''•«"«>, " to reign in riches;" speaking of the happiness of the old Corycian lar. mer, Virgil fays,

Reguin zquabat opes animis. Car. 4. 132,

Ver. 81. Solve met us. Firgt

In strains repeated shall my muse resound
The Spartan twins with manly virtues crown'd s
Safeguards of men diflrest, and generous steeds,
When in the fields of death the battle bleeds;

Safeguard? of sailor*, who the Twins implore,
When on the d-xp the thundering tempelU roar.
These in the hollow vessel from the side, II

Or head or helm pour the high swelling tide:
Hurst arc the planki, the tackling torn, the mast
Knapt, the sail- rent before the furious blast:
Suspended showers obscure the cheerful light,
Fades the pale day before approaching night,
Rife the rough winds resounding storms prevail,
And the vext ocean roars beneath the scourging

hail.
Still you the wreck can save, the storm dispel,
And snatch the sailors from the jawt of hell. 20
The winds disperse, the roaring waves subside,
And smooth'd to stillness sleeps the lenient tide.
■When shine the Bears, and 'twixt the Asses seen,
Though faint their manger, ocean proves serene.
O, friends of human kind, in utmost need,
Fam'd for the song, the lyre, the gauntlet, and the

steed 1 'Whose praises first shall my rapt muse rehearse? Both claim my praise, but Pollux first my verse.

When Argo rcach'd (Cyaue's islands past) Cold Pontus harass'd by the northern blast, 30 Soon to Bcbrycia, with the sons of fame, A freight of chiefs and demigods, she came. Forth from her sides, the country to explore, The crew descended to the breezy shore: On the dry beach they raised the taffy bed, The fires they kindled,'and the tables spread.

Meanwhile the royal brothers devious stray'd Far from the shore, and sought the cooling (hade. Hard by, a hill with waving forests crown'd Their eyes attracted; in the dale they found 40 A spring perennial in a rocky cave, Full to the margin flow'd the lucid wave: Below small fountains gush'd, and murmuring

near,
Sparkled like silver, and as crystal clear:
Above tall pines and poplars quivering play'd.
And planes aud cypress in dark green array'd:
Around balm-breathing flowers of every hue,
The bee's ambrosia, in the meadows grew.
There fat a chief, tremendous to the eye,
His couch the reck, his canopy the sky: JO

The gauntlet's strokes, hischeeluand ears around,
Had mark'd his face with many a desp'ratc wound.
Round as a gltbe, and prominent his chest,
Broad was his back, hut broader was his breast;
Firm was his flesh, with iron siuews fraught,
Lil;e some Colossus, on an anvil wrought.
As rocks, that in the rapid streams abound,
Aie walh'd by rolling torrents smooth and round,
The ridges rife, in crystal streams beheld:
So on his brawny arms the rising muscles swell'd.
A lion's spoils around his loins he draws, 61

Beneath his chin suspended by the paws:
Victorious Pollux, with attentive look,
Vicw'd, aud complacent, thus the chief bespoke:

Pollux.
Peace, gentle friend ! to wandering strangers tell
What tribes, what nations in these regions dwell?

Amycut. What peace to me, while on my native shore, lice strange guests 1 never saw before i

Pollux.
Fear not; no foes, nor mean of birth are heir.

Amycut.
Thou hast no cause to bid me not to sear. ;•

Pollux.
Rude are your words, and wrongfully apply"d,
Your manners fierce, your bosom swoln with pridt.

Amycut.
Thou see'st me as I am : these Lands are mine;
I never yet have troubled thee or thine.

Pollux.
Whene'er you come, you will a welcome find,
And presents, as befits a liberal mind.

Amycut.
Nor I thy welcome, nor thy gifts partake;
I gave no welcome, and no presents make.

Pollux.
May I not taste the stream that murmur* by?

Amy cm.
I'll solve that question when thy throat is dry. £•

Pollux.
Will gold, or other bribe the purchase gain?

Amycut.
Nought but to prove thy prowess on the plain;
Stand forth; let man oppos'd to man provoke,
With gauntlet-guarded arm, th' impending stroke;
Eye meeting eye, exert thy utmost might,
By feint or force to triumph in the fight. •

Pollux.
Whom must I fight? mine adversary who '.

Amycut.
Thou seest thy match, no despicable fae.

Pollux.
But what reward shall the stout victor have?

Amycut.
The conquer'd man shall be the conqueror's stave.

Pollux.
This is cock's play, and such the terms severe 91
In fight of scarlet-crested chanticleer.

Amycut.
Or be it cock's, or be it liori's play,
These are the six'd conditions of the fray.

This said, his hollow conch he instant blew. Quick through the coast the sounds alarming

flew;
The signal rous'd the stout Bebrycian train.
Who join'd their chief bcr.cath the shady plain.
Illustrious Castor from the neighbouring strand,
Call'd to the conflict Argo's chosen band. io«

Meanwhile the combatant', os mind elate.
Drew on their hands the dreadful gloves of fate;
The leathern thongs, that btae'd their shoulders

round,
Firm to their arms the ponderous gauntlets bound,
Amid the circle now the champions stood,
Breathing revenge, and vehement for blood.
Studious each strove the pierciuf light to shun.
And on his shoulders catch the gleaming fun i
You call'J, O Pollux, prudence to your aid;
In Amycus's eyes the snlar splendors play'd. JIC,
This did th' enormous cliieftan's rage provoke
Tq strike at once some death-denouncing stroke *,
But watchful Pollux dealt a weighty blovr
Full on tb: chsck of his advancing is*;

hceeVd more ardent lo the fight he came,
Au! forward bent tn tike the surer aim.
Riroagb the Bebrycian baud loud clamours run;
Nor less the Greeks encourag'd Lcda's son.
Yet rising sean their generous breasts appal,
Lefteethcirirtend the bulk of Amycus should fall:
Vain sean! for with both hands brave Pollux
ply'd lai

HU fori.ii Mows, and storm'd on every fide;
7 fir Clock repeated strokes his rival Dun,
Aud curb Lsc force of Neptune's lawless fin.
oiiidr with blows the tottering hero stood,
Aid inn hit mouth discharg'd the purple blood.
Load (booted the Greek warriors when they saw
3cbr?cia's champion's batter'd checks and jaw.
Ha. eyes, within their sockets deep impell'd,
Seca'dkEca'd, and his bruised visage swell'd. 130
Still tie prince ply'd his mighty rival hard,
Aad ian-Ji\ soon surpris'd him off his guard;
AoiiM .He stiggcr'd, full upon his brow
With all his force he drove the furious blow,
And crash'J his front; the giant with the wound
Fsil Sat. and stretch'd his bulk unwieldy on the

ground. kt {boa his vigour and hit strength return'd, at rose, and then again the battle burn'd: ViA iron hands their hollow fides they pound, Ar.j deal vindictive many a desperate wound. I40 tT3= ca hi* foe Bebrycia's monarch prest, AM wade rude ousets on his neck and breast: fc Jen\ unconciucr'd son far better sped, ■Waw aua'i bu thunder at his rival's head.

NOTES ON IDYLLIUM XXII.

Fast down their limbs the sweat iegan to flow.
And quickly lay the lofty champion low;
Yet Pollux firmer stood with nobler grace,
And fresher was the colour of his face.

How Aniycus before Jove's offspring fell,
Sing, heaven-descended muse; lor you can tell:
Your mandates 1 implicitly obey, jjx

And gladly follow where you lead the way.

Resolv'd by one bold stroke to win renown,
He sciz'd on Pollux' left hand with his own;
Then bent oblique to guard against a blow,
And sped his right with vengeance on the foe,
In hopes to strike his royal rival dead,
Who 'scap'd the blow, declining back his head;
Then Pollux aim'd his weighty stroke lo well.
Full on the crest of Amycus it fell, 160

And gor'd hi* temples with airiron wound;
The black blood issuing flow'd ar.d trickled to the

ground.
Still with his left he maul'd his faultering foe,
Whose niast/d teeth crackled with each boisterous

blow;
With stiokes redoubled he desorm'd his face;
Bruis'd cheeks and jaws proclaim'd his foul disgrace
All on the ground he measur'd out his length,
Siunn'dwith hard thwacks, andrieftituteofstrcqgth,
And, hands up-rais'd, with death-presaging mind.
At once the fight and victory declin'd. 174s

Brave sun os Jove, though you the conquest gain'dj
With no bale deed the glorious day you stain'd j
The vanquished by his father Neptune swore,
l'hat he wuuld never, never injure strangers more.

Virgil, in his description of the contest between

I>ae> and Er tellus, has borrowed some circuni

tai-u, from this encounter between Amycus and

M~i, which shall be specified in their course:

Apca&siu< Rhodius, in his second book of the

-iTecaatic*. n** ',E£w'f<: described this last-men

ix.t.i contest but is, in the opinion of Casaubon,

fcrioraasled by Theocritus. Speaking of the first

part art" this Idyllium, he fays, " Porro qui contu

awa sriofcm partem, quæ Pollucir pugilalum

caass Aanyco delcribit, cum iis qua: habet Apollo

acam, restrict pri-fecto Theocritucn tantum cxccl

iert ApvUctiium,

Quantum knta solritt inter viburna cuprelTi.
A* Jssfry cypresses low fbrub> exceed. IVartm.
Asd yet Scaliger, in his dogmatical manner, gives
tat Reference to Apoliamus: "Splendnrc & ar-
re *i Apollocio Theocritus fuperatur." Poet.
B i C. 6. whose determination the ingenious
trsr.C^tcr M Virgil's Eclogues and Georgia has
aeW-,Ted; but I am inclined to think, that my
fri-t: Xt.- Warton, who perhaps admires Apol-
atrrtat 1 n «^r, and understands him better than any
■■ran a. 'he kingdom may he too partial to hit fa-
•wrsrs r »ul. 1 I (hill not take upon me to de-
eaic is rjjj» porat, bat aiicr the t\ i^rams ot 1 he-

ocritus, 1 propose to print a translation os the
combat between Pollox and Amycus from Apol-
Ionius, which I hope wol be acceptable to th«
curious reader, as it has never, that I know of,
been translated into English; he wijl then have
an opportunity of forming a comparison, and in
sr.me sort judging of the merits of the two ori-
ginals: I profess, without any kind of partiality,
I have endeavoured to do all the jus ice in my
power to them both. It is to be observed, that
Apollonitu flourished in the reign of Ptolemy
Evergttes, and, therefore, as he wrote after Ihc-
ocritus, he probably borrowed many things from
him.

Ver. 1. In the fame manner Horace,
Dt«am et Alcidem, puernique I.eHæ;
Huncequis, ii.um superarc pugnis
Nobilem. B. I. Ode Xt.

Ver. 3 •' The exstus, fays Gilbert West, Estj. cojiusieii < f man) thongs of Icathei, or raw hides of bulls, w.und about the hand aud arm up to the elbow: I must here observe that none of the three Greek poets, Homer II. B 13 Appolotirus, nor our author, who all have given us a dekription ot" the cxllus, make any mermen of plates of load; or iron;" as Virgil Us done,

« EdellinenJatka »