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THE TVORKS OF MUSÆUS.

THE LOVES OF HERO AND LEANDER,

Oft, by the covert os night's shade,

Leander woo'd the Thracian maid;

Through foaming seas his passion bore,

Nor sear'd the ocean's thundering roar.
The conscious virgin, from the sea-girt tower,
Hung out the faithful tprch, to guide him to her bower.

DuDM.r.y'8 Misckll. Vol. iv. p. Jgs.

ADVERTISEMENT.

Tan celebrated poem on the Loves of Hero and Leander has been admired by the politest scholars m many agei: And though Mr. Waller, and several other writers of the finest taste, have conjee, tired it 10 be one of the stories

Which old Mufæus so divinely sun;,

?t mioy convincing arguments might be brought to prove it to have been the work of a later au, taor, a grammarian of that name, who lived in the fifth century.

Nor let the English reader look upon the title of grammarian as a term of reproach, though now fluently used as luch. 1 he profession styled by the ancients I"{i*it/««Ti*>i, was the fame with the klles lettres among the moderns: And the appellation of grammarian was particularly applied to We who excelled in every kind of polite writing.

The first English translation of the following poem appeared in the year 1647, by Sir Robert StaIT'toa. It has since that time been frequently attempted; but with what success, is left to the judgtot of others.

[Wio, muse'. the conscious torch, whose nightly n7

I'-l the bold lover through the wat'ry way,

lv Jure those joys which mutual faith hath Ical'd,

J°)i to divine Aurora uorcveal'd.

ijydot, Sestoj, ancient towns, proclaim,

^1 ere gentlest bosoms glow'd with purest flame.

I near Leander dash the foaming tide!

tVi high in air, 1 fee the glimmering guide!

Tac genial flame, the love-enkindling light,

'•Jtal of joy that burn'd serenely bright: 10

*ho(e beams, in fair essulgency display'd,

Aioro'd the nuptials of the Sestion maid:

*'tich Jove, its friendly office to repay,

Scold pl«nt, all.glorious in the realms of day,

Tsblue (or ever midst the stars above,

**i style it geDtJe harbinger of love:

; fore on earth it shone supremely kind,

1'tcth the asguiih of the love-lick, mind,

Tiil cloth'd in terrors rose the wint'ry blast,
Impetuous howling o'er the wat'ry waste: 3ft,
And, O! inspire me, goddess to resound
The torch cjtinguish'd, and the lover drown'd.

Against Abydos sea-beat Sestos stood,
Two neighb'ring towns, divided by the flood:
Here Cupid prov'd his bow's unerring art,
And gain'd two conquests with a single dart:
On two fond hearts the sweet infection prey'd,
A youth engaging,and a beauteous maid:
Of Sestos ssic, fair Hero was her name;
The youth, Leander, from Abydos came. 30
Their forms divine a bright resemblance bore,
Each was the radiant star of either shore.

Thou, whom the fates commission here 10
stray,

Awhile the turret's eminence survey;
Thence Hero held the blazing torch, to guide,
Her lover rolling on the boisterous tide;

The roaring Hellespont, whose wave-worn strait Still in loud murmurs mourns Leander's f»te. Say, hcav'nly ,muse, had Hem charms to move, And melt the Ahydinian into love? 40 Say, with what wiles the amorous youth inspir'd, Gbtain'd the virgin whom his (oul admir'd?

Fair Hero, priestess to th' idalian queen, Of birth illustrious, as of graceful mien, Dwelt on a high icqucster'd tower, that flood Firm on the ramparts, and overlook*d the flood: Chaste, and unconscious of love's pleasing pain, She leem'd a new-born Venus of the main; But, nice of conduct, prudently withdrew Far from the follies ol the female crew: 50 Blest in retreat, she lhunn'd the vain delight Of daily visits, and the dance at mght, Content in sweet tranquillity to screen Her blooming beauty from malignant spleen; For where superior beauty shines Cot,felt, It kindles envy in each female breast. To soften Venus oft with prayer she strove, Oft pour'd libations to the god of love; Taught by th' example of the heavenly dame,. To dread those arrows that were tipt with flame. Vain all her caution, fruitless prov'd her prayer; Love gains an ealy conquest o'er the fair. 62

For now the sacred festival appear'J,
By pious Sestians annually rever'd.
At Venus' fane to pay the rites divine,
And offer incense at Adonis' shrine.
Vast crowds from all the sea girt isles npair,
The day to rev'rence, and the feast to share.
From flowery Cyprus, circled by the main,
And high Hccmcnia, hastes the youthful train;
Not one remain'd of all the female race 71

Thy towns, Cythera, and thy groves to grace;
Afar from spicy Libauus advance
The throngs uniiumbcr d, flcill'd to lead the dance;
From Phrygian plains they haste in lhoais away,
And all Ab) dot, celebrates the day.
To Sestos all the mirthful you'hs repair,
All that admire the gay, the young, the fair;
For amorous '.wains, when ruinour'd feasts invite,.
Joy at the news, and follow with delight, 8c
Dot to the gods to pay the rites divine,
Or offer incense at some sacred shrine;
Tew are their offerings, and concise their prayer,
Who give their whole devotion to the fair.

As through the temple pass'd the Sestian maid,
Her face a loften'd dignity displuy'J;
Thus silver Cynthia's milder glories rife,
To glad the pale dominion of the skin.
Her lovely cheeks a pure vermillion shed,
Like roses beautifully streak'd with red: 90
A flowery mead her well-turn'd limbs disclose,
Fraught with the blushing beauties of the rose:
But when she niov'd, in radiant mantle dicst.
Flowers half unveil'd adorn'd her flowing vest, J.
And numerous graces wanton'd on her bicast. J
The ancient sages made a false decree,
Who said, the graces were no more than three;
When Hero smiles, a thousand graces rife,
•Sport on her cheek, and revel in her eyes.
Such various beauties sure conspir'd to prove ICO
The priestess worthy of the queen of love.

Thus as she shone superior to the rest.
In the sweet bloom ot youth and beauty dreft,
Such softness uniper'd with majestic mien,
The earthly priestess match'd the heav'nly queen.
The wondering crowds the radiant nymph id-
mire,

And every bosom kindles with desire;
Eager each Icn^s, transported with her charms,
To clasp the lovely virgin in his arms;
Where'er she turns, their eyes, their though t
pursue, no
They sigh, and send their souls at every view.
Then thui some ardent youth bespoke the test,
Call a fond look, and open d all his breast:

"I oft at Sparta wondering have beheld "Young maids contending in the listed sicU, "Sparta, that boasts the emulated prize M Ot fairest virgin*, and of brightest eyes; "Yet ne'er till now beheld a nymph so fair, "Such beauty blended with such graceful air; "Perhaps (for lure immortal is her race) 123 "Beneath the priestess Venus hides a grace. "My dazzled eyes with constant gazing tire, M But my fond fancy ever could admire. "O! make me, Venus, partner of her bed, "Though fate that instant strike the lover dead: "Let but my love the heavenly Hero crown, w I on the gods will look superior down. "Should you this boon deny, O quern ' item, 41 To bless my day*, a uymph as fair as she'."

Thus spoke the general voice; the train span Conceal the wound deep rankling in the heart. But when Lcauder saw the blooming fair, 1J Love leiz'd his foul instead of dumb despair; Resolv'd the locky moments to improve, He sought occasion to reveal his love; The glorious pr ize dcterniin'd to obtain, Or perish for those joys he could not gain. Her sparkling eyes instilling fond desire, F.ntranc'd hi- foul, and kindled amorous fire. Such radiant beauty,»like the pointed dart, I< With piercing atiguilh stings th' unguarded hear For on the eye the" wound is first imprest, Till by degrees it rankles in the brealt. Now hope and confidence invade his foul; 1'hcn fear and shame alternately controul: For through his bosom thrill'd: a conscious still Confcss'd the passion which it scem'd to blame: Her beauties fix'd him in a wild amaze; Love made him bold, and not afraid tu gaze. With step ambiguous, and affected air, ) The youth advancing sae'd the charming fair: Jtach amorous glance he cast, though form'd art,

Yet sometimes spoke the language of his heart With nods and berks he kept the nymph in pi And tred all wiles to steal her foul away. Soon as she saw the sraudsul youth beguii'd, Fair Hero, conscious of her beauty, fmil'd; Oft in her veil conctat'd her glowing face, Sweetly verniillion'd with the rosy grace; Yet all in vain to hide her passion trie*, She owns it with her love-consenting eye*. I Joy tonch'd the bosom of the gentle swam, 1 To siud his love was not indulg'd in vain.

Tun, while he chid the tedious lingering day,
Duwn to the west declin'd the solir ray;
And dewy Hesper (hone serenely bright,
hseidowy silence leading on the night.
S»n as he saw the dark involving Ihade, t
TV etnbolden'd youth approach'd the blooming
maid,

Her lily hand he seiz'd, and gently prest, 170
And si ftiy figh'd the passion of h.s breast:
Jo; touch'd the damsel, though she scem'd dis-
pleas'd,

And so a wi'hdrew the lily hand he seiz'd.

The jouth perceiv'd, through well dissembled

wiles,

A taart jutt yielding by consenting smiles;

I hen to the temple's last recess convey'd

unresisting maid: Hrrloitly feet, that seem'd to lag behind, BsTiUroriccal'd her voluntary mind. SWrijo'd resi n'mcnt with an angry look, 180 Add, sweetly chiding, thus indignant (poke: "Stranger, what madness has possess'd thy "brain,

"To drag me thu» along the sacred fane?

■ Gn—to your native habitation go

"Tis quite unkind to pull my garments so."

"Rich ar; my parents—urge not here your fate,

II 1*11 their just vengeance you repent too late: u if ant of me, of Venus stand afraid,

■ In her own fane soliciting a maid:

'Hence speed your flight; and Venus' anger "dread; lyo "'Tit bold aspiring to a virgin's bed."

Thus chid the maid, as maids are wont to do, And (how'd her anger, and her s>ndncss too: The wily ontb, as thus the fair complain'd, T o well perceiv'd the victory was gain'd: rorriymphs enrag'd the 1 ore complying prove, And chiding* are the harhingrrs of love. He ki(»'d her snowy neck, her fragrant breast: Ard thus the transport ol his foul eiprest: 199

u 0 lovely fair, in whom comhin'd are seen "The charms of Venus, and Minerva's mien! "for sure uo virgin of terrestrial race R Cin vie with Hero in the blooms of face: L I deem your lineage from the gods above, "And style you daughter of Saturnian Jove.

* B'est is the father Irom whose loins you sprung, 'Blest is the mother at whose breast you hung,

* Bieft, doubly blest, the fruitful womb that bore "This heavenly form for mortals to adore.

"Yet, beauteous Hero, grant a lover's prayer, "And to my wishes prove as kind as fair: 211

* At Venus' priestess just to Vcnu- prove, 'Nor shun the gentie offices of love.

* 0 let ue, while the happy hour invites, "Propitious, celebrate the nuptial rites.

"Nil maid can serve in Cytherea's fane j "Her eyes delight not in the virgin train. "But would fair Hero secret ri:es explore, fc The laws of Venus, and her pleasing lore, 1 Those rites are practis'd in the bridal bed, J20 And thtre must Hero, yet a maid, be led t

* Then as you fear the goddess to offend,

* 1cm behold jour husband and your friend,

"Ordain'd by Cupid, greatest god above,
"To teach you all the mysteries of love:
"As winged Mercury, with golden wand,
"Made Hercules, with distaff in his hand, ,
"To every talk of Omphale submit;
"Thus love, more powerful than the god of wit,
"Sent me to you. 'Tis needless to relate 230
"The chaste Arcadian Atalama's fate;
"Who from th' embraces of Milanion fled,
"Her faithful lover, and the nuptial bed:
"But vcngelul Venus caus'd the nymph to burn
,' With equal flame, and languish in her turn.
"O let example warn you to revere
"The wrathful goddess, and your lover hear!"
Thus spoke the youth—his magic words con-
trotil

Her wavering breast, and soften all her soul.
Silent she stood, and, rapt in thought profound,
Her modest eyes were fix'd upon the ground:
Her cheeks (he hid, in rosy blushes drest, 243
And vcil'd her lily shoulders with her vest:
On the rich floor, with Parian marble laid,
Her nimble foot involuntary play'd.
By secret sie'ns a yielding mind is meant;
\nd silence speaks the willing maid's consent.
Now had the wily god's cnvcnnni'd dart
Diffus'd the pleasing p lison to her heart;
Leandcr's form, insii.'iing soft desire, 250
Woo'd her pltas'd eyes, and set her soul on fire.
While on the ground fair Hero fix'd her sight, ~~i
Leander view'd, with exquisite delight, J-
Her swelling breast, and neek as ivory white. J
At length her face with lovely blushes spread
She tais'd, and thus in sweet confusion said:
"Stranger, thy words such magic sounds con-
vey

"With soft compassion rocks would melt away.
"Who fnrni'd thy tongue with such persuasive
"art

"To pour delightful ruin on the heart? 260 "Ah 1 tell me, who thus taught thee to explore "My lone retirement on the Thracian shore? "Thy speech, though pleasing, fluw'd to me in "vain:

"How can a stranger Hero's love obtain £ u Should I in public give to thee my hand, u My parents would iorbia the nuptial band; "And fhould'st thou here in close concealment "Our secret passion would itself betray: [fay "For soon the w.ice of scandal-spreading same "The deed of silence would aloud proclaim 270 "But. gentle youth, thy name, thy country tell; "For mine, alas! !>y thee are known too well. "In yon high tower, which close to Sestos stands, "And all the roaring Hellespont commands, • "With one attending damsel I remain; "For so my parents and the fates ordain! "No nymphs coeval to sweet music's found "Lead the- smooth dance, or lightly beat the

"ground; "But stormy winds eternal discord keep, "And blustering bellow through the boundless

"deep." 289 Thus spoke the priestess; and with modest grace, Conccal'd the new-born beauties of her face;

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For on her cheeks the roseate blush that hung Secm'd to condemn the language of her tongue.

Meanwhile JLeander feeds the hidd«n fire, GlovA in each vein, and burns with fierce desire: But anxious doubt his musing breast alarms; How shall he gain admittance to her charms? Nor long he paus'd, for love in wile* abounds, Well pleas'd to heal the bosoms which he wounds; Twashe, whose arrows men and gods controul, That heal'd^eander's love-afflicted foul: Who thus, while sighs upheav'd his anxious breast, The nymph with artful eloquence addrest:

"For thee, dear object of my f ind desire, ** I'll cross the ocean th»ugh it flame with fire: "Nor would I fear the billow's loud alarms, "While every billow bore me to thy arms; f Uncheck'd, undaunted by the boisterous main, "Tempestuous winds fhonld round me roar in "vain: 300 "But ofr as night her fable pinions spread, "1 through the dorm would swim to Hero's bed: "For rich Abydos is the home I boast, ** Not far divided from the Thracim coast, "Let but my fair a kindly torch display, "From the high turret to direct my way; "Then shall thy daring swain securely glide, "The bark of Cupid o'er the yielding "Thyself my haven, and thy torch my gu "And while I view the genial blaze afar, 320 "I'll swim regardless of BocStes* car, "Of fell Orion, and the Northern Wain "That never bathes his brightness in the main: "Thy star, more eminently bright than they, "Shall lead the lover to his blissful bay. "But let the torth, O nymph divinely fair! "My only safety be thy only care! "Guard well its light when wint'ry tempests roar, "And hoarse waves break tumultuous on the "shore,

* Lest the dire storms that blacken all the sky, "The flame extinguish, and the lover die. 341 "More would'st thou know ? Leander ismy name, "The happiest husband of the fairest dame."

Thus mutual vow'cl the lovers to employ The nights in raptures of mysterious joy; Her task, secure th' emended torch to keep, And his, to cross th' unfathomable deep: On promis'd bliss their fruitful fancies fed, Ecstatic pleasures of the nuptial bed; Till the fond nymph, when decency requir'd, 3*1 Back to her tower unwillingly retir'd; Leander ere he left his lovely bride, ~\ Mark'd well the station of the blazing guide, > Then sought Abydos cross the sounding tide.. J

What now but amorous scenes their thoughts employ,

Consus'd ideas of the genial joy?
Slow rose on leaden wings the morning light,
Slow noon came on—the lovers wish'd it night.
At length dark gloom a dulky mantle spread;
Sleep o'er the world his balmy influence shed. 340
All but Leander lay difsolv'd in rest,
Love kept a ceaseless vigil in his breast,
iilent he wander'd on the winding shore,
The deep resounded with treruenduous roar:

Wide o'er the foaming waves his anxious fight'
Explor'd the torch's love-proclaiming light:
He little deem'd, alas! its flame would prove
The blaze of death, though meant the torch of
love.

■ Soon as fair Hero from her tower survey'd
Th' horizon darken'd in the sable (hade, 35SJ
The torch on high she fix'd: its flames inspire
Leamler's bosom with the kindred fire:
Quick through his frame the bright contagion ran.
And with the glowing signal glow'd th' enamour'J
man.

But when he heard the hoarse-resounding roar Of thundering billows breaking on the shore, Aghast he stood, he shrunk, and thus addrest These words of courage to his trembling breast: "Ah cruel love ! whose woe the waves conspire! "The waves are water, but I burn wich fire; "Be bold my heart, the foaming billows brave, "Nor fear the thrcat'nings of the wint'ry wave. "Fair Venus rose propitious from the main; "She calms the ocean's rage, and sooths the lo11 ver's pain.11 He spoke, and straight his lovely limbs undrelt, And folded round his head the various vest; Then, dauntless, plunging in the foaming tide, Djfh'd with his arms th' intruding waves aside: Full in his view he kept the shining mark, Himself the pilot, passenger, and bark. While faithful Hero, to her promise true, Watch'd on the turret every wind that blew; Oft with her robe she sercen'd the torch'* blaze From dangerous blasts that blew a thousand ways: Till the tir'd youth, on rolling; surges tost, Securely landed on the Scstian coast. Soon as she law her lover safe on (bore, Eager she ran, and led him to her tower, Welcom'd with open arms her panting guest, And, sweetly smiling, to her bosum prest: 380 Then dumb with joy the shivering1 youth she led, Still wet and weary to the genial bed, Wip'd his fair limbs, and fragrant oils apply'd, To cleanse his body from the oozy tide; Then clasp'd him close, still panting, to her breast, And thus with fond endearing words addrest: "My life, my lover, thou hast sufser'd more "Than fondest bridegroom e'er endur'd before". "Dcstin'd, alas ! dread troubles to sustain "On the rough bosom os the hriny main; 49* "Now let sweet joy succeed in sorrow's place, "And lull thy labours in my warm embrace."

She spoke: He loos'd her virgin zone to prove The sacred rites and mysteries of love [crown'd, No youths with measur'd dance the nuptials Nor tuneful Hymen's congratulating found: No bard invok'd the heavenly queen with prayer, T» smile propitious on the wedded pair: No nuptial torch its golden lustre shed,' Bright torch of love to grace the bridal bed! 400 No 16 Pxans musically rung; No greeting parents Hymeneal* fung: But all was gloom, and silence all around, Instead of music's love-inspiring found. Beneath the covert of the night conceal'd. They tasted pleasures mutual faith had seal'J;

ft dose errASraeca aW entranc'd they lay,
b raptures never ufher'd to the day:
TUi the fond youth reluctant left his bride,
Still breathing love, and crosi'd the foaming tide.
Thus Hero Hv'd utuiotted, unbetray'd, 411
Each night a woman, and each day a maid.
Both wisti'd the hours on swiftest wings would fly,
And hail'd the evening, not the morning sky.

Thus rapt in hidden j- Its, each blissful night
They past in ecstacies of full delight:
Est soon, alas! those dear-bought pleasures fled,
And Ihrirt the transports of that bridal bed!

For now relentless winter, that deforms
With frost the sot est, and the sea with storms, 4CO
Bade the wild winds o'er all the ocean reign,
And raise the r .p J whirlpools of the main;
The hcaife wild winds obey, and, with harsh sound,
Boar c er the surface of the vast profound,
Rome from their beds the scatter'd storms that
sleep

so the dark caverns of the dreary deep:
The trembling sailor hears the dreadful roar,
Nor dares the wint'ry turbulence eiplore,
Bat drags his vessel to the safer shore.

But thee, bold youth, no wint'ry storms restrain
Nor all the deathful danger- of the main. 431
For when thou saw'st the torch's blaze from far,
(Of nuptial bliss the bright prophetic star)
Thee not the furious tempest could controul,
Nor calm the glowing raptures of the foul.
Yet sure fair Hero, when the gfeomy sky
With gathering clouds proclaim'd rough winter
nigh,

Without her lover should have pass'd the night, Nor from the tower, ill-omen'd, shown 'he light, Bat she, ah hapless! burns with fond desire, 440 Tis love inflames her while the fates conspire: The torch of death now glimnser'd from above, No more the gentle harbinger of love.

'Twas night, and ang:y Æolus had hurl'd The winds tempestuous o'er the wat'ry world; The bellowing winds with rage impetuous roar, And dastt the fuaming billows on the shore: EVn then the youth, with pleasing vifitmt fed, Glows with remembrance of the bridal bed j

And while fierce tempests howl on every fide,
Float on the bosom of the btiny tide. 45s!
Waves roll'd on waves, in hideous heaps are driven,
Swell'd into mountains, and upheav'd to heaven t
Bleak-blasts, loud roaring, the vex'd ocean sweep,
Foam the daih'd billows, and resounds the deep.
From every part the blustering terrors fly,
Rage o'er the main, and battle in the sky.
The growling thunder of the vast profound
The rocks rebellow, and the shores rebound-
Amidst the wat'ry war, with toils opprefs'd 46*
O'erwhclm'd with billows, and in gulfs distrefs'd,
Leinder oft with suppliant prayer implor'd
The sea sprung goddess, and old ocean's lord:
1 hee, Boreas, too; he summon'd to his aid,
Nor was unmindful of th' Athenian maid;
But prayers aie fi uitlef>, and petitions vain;
Love mult submit to what the fates ordaii.
From wave to wave the hapless youth is tost,
Now heav'd on high, and now in whirlpools lost;
His weary'd feet 110 mire hi> wtil obey, 47s)
His arms bang useless, and forget co play.
Borne on the surge supine, and void of I'reath
He drinks the briny wave, and draws in death.

1 hus while in Ij'al rage each wind conspires, Extinct at once the flame, and lovers sires, Fainting he sinks, and with the torch expires.

While on the turret Hero tiourn'd his stay, And fondly sighing, chid his lmg delay, Perplexing anguish in her bosom rose, Nor knew her eyes the blessings of repefe. 48*

Now rose the morn, in russet vest array'd, Still from th' impatient fair the lever stay'd: Watchful (he stood, and cast her eye* around O'er the wide beach,and o'er the dep rtsprofounds Haply to spy her lover should he stray, The light extinguifh'd 'midst the wat'ry way: But when she saw him breathless on th, sand, Stretch'd, ghastly pale, by death's relentless band, She fbriek'd aloud; and from her tl.roLL.ing breast Rent the gay honours of her flowery veil; • ;s> Then from the tower her beauteous body cast, And on her lover's bosom breath'd her last: Nor could the fates this faithful pair divide They liv'd united, and united died.

NOTES ON HERO AND LEANDER.

▼er. aj. Abydos was a dry of Asia, situated on the Heljefpont, over-against Sestos, a city in the Thracian Chersonnefus. Geographers are of opinion, that the castles of the Dardanelles were ba3t on the ruins of these two places: But they we manifestly mistaken; for there are no remains sariojsuty to be seen near those castles, but very 'soarkable ones three miles farther, where the Oamei is considerably narrower. Le Brun asfees os, that the strait at these ruins is only half 'siile ever, Iftft that one of them is still called *sioi, and the other Abydos er Avido. Pliny

I and Herodotus fay, the narrowest part of the channel is about seven stadia or furlongs.

Ver. 60. In the first Idyllium of Mofchus, Venus complains of Cupid, that His darts and arrows are all tipp'd with Same.

Ver. 144. Virgil finely describes the conflict of various passions in the breait of 1 nrnus, Æneid, book 11. ver. 666.

aestuat ingens

Imo in cordepudor, nnxtoque infaaia luctu.
Et furiu agkacus actor, et confeia vistas.

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