Sivut kuvina

Conjecturing thus some grateful hero said,
A> I'or.i the rill refresh'd he rais'd hit head:

'Ye gods! though absent, great Alcides gives 1 These limpid streams; by him each hero lives. ■ Come,haste we now the country to exploie, 1 And the loll wanderer to our host restore.'

Instant to council rose th' associate band, Selecting heroes to explore the land. 17,50 For sightly winds dispersing o'er the plains The light loose sands no step impress'd remains. Boreas' fleet sons, who wing their airy flight, Sigvious Lynceus blcse'd with keenest sight, Eiphenus swift of foot, and Cantheus speed: Him hit brave spirit urg'd, and heaven decieed To ask Alcides, on what fatal coast He left his comrade, Polyphemus lost. When this bold chief had rear'd on My sian ground, And fene'd ft ith circling walls a city round, 1740 Wide t'er the country Argo's fate to learn, Heroun'd, with Argo anxious to return. Sam bad bis feet Calybian frontiers press'd, Ere sue con&gn'd him to eternal rest. Along the beech with stately poplars spread, They rear'd a tomb in honour of the dead. But Lynceus deems, that, o'er the distant lands Hu fight the long-lost Hercules commands. Thiii sees the clown, or thinks he can descry 1749 The new moon breaking through a cloudy sky. fiick to his comrades hastes the joyous chief, frtdodes their further search, and gives their

mind relief. Eaphcmus soon, and Boreas' sons his friends, Whose search in empty expectation ends, Rrjoin'd the host: but th*e, brave Canthus, slain item fate foredoom'd to press the Libyan plain. To feist his comrades with the grateful prey, He fore'd through scatter'd flocks his desperate way.

Sudden his flock to guard the shepherd flew.

And with a rock's huge fragment Canthus flew.

This sturdy villager, Capharus nam'd, 1761

His lofty lineage from Apollo claim'd,

And Acacallis: conscious of his might,

Hefeir'd no rival, nor declin'd the sight.

Minoi her sire, to Libya's coast reniov'd

Fiir ActcaUis, by the god belov'd.

To Phœbus here a hopeful son she gave,

Amphithemii or Garamans the brave.

Thy love, Amphithemis, Tritonis crown'd.

And grae'd thy bed with Nasamon renown'd,

And bold Caphaurus; whose decisive blow 1771

Transmitted Canthus to the shades below.

The bloody deed divulg'd to all the host,

sot long hi* conquest could Caphaurus boast.

They to its sepulchre the corse convey,

Weeping; and make the shepherd's flocks their

To Pluto's realms prophetic" Mopsus fled, And join'd on that fad day the mighty dead. With site's decrees must mortal man comply, And the wise seer in spite of prescience die. 178* For, Ihelter'd from the fierce meridian ray, Beneath a sandy bank a serpent lay. linsiiom till incens'd, he ne'er annoy'd But itove th' affrighted traveller to avoid.

But all whome'er the foodful earth contains,
Who feel his darted venom in their veins,
Nor long, nor distant deem the dreary road,
That leads direct to Pluto's dark abode.
His fangs infix'd when once the wretches feel,
In vain would medicine's god attempt to heal.
For when brave Perseus (this her godlike son 1791
His mother oftener nam'd Eurymedon)
O'er Libya flew, the Gorgon's head to bring,
Fresh slain and dripping, to th' expecting king,
From every drop that dyed the soil with blood,
A serpent sprung, and thus increas'd the brood.
The monster's spiry tail rash Mopsus press'd
With his unheeding foot: his tortur'd breast
Upward he turn'd, and writh'd his spires around,
Then with his venom'd fang infix'd a deadly

wound. l8co
Medea trembled and her female train:
Fearless he bathes the wound, nor heeds the pain.
But now, lost wretch! each sense is clos'd and

dead, [spread. And o'er his sinking eyes death's gloomy shade is Prone to the dust he falh: his cold remains Press with unwieldy weight the desert plains. His faithful friends, and Jason with the rest, Weep o'er the corse, with heart-felt grief im


His flesh all putrid from the taint within, 1809

And hanging round him loose his flabby skin,

The burning sun unable long to bear,

His busy comrades, with officious care,

Deep in the foil conceal their delving spade,

And soon a decent sepulchre was made.

Men, matrons, all, as round the grave they flock,

Lamenting loud select the sacred lock:

His corse the bright-armM heroes thrice surround,

And raise in seemly form the hallow'd mound,

Then hasten to their ship: the southern breeze

Curl'd, as it blew, the surface of the seas. 1830

In fad suspense, still wishing to forsake,
And cross with savouring gales Tritonis" lake,
They loiter long, and waste the useful day
In idle contest, and in vain delay.

A serpent thus, long fcotch'd with summer'*

Winds to some secret chink, his cool retreat.

Enrag'd he hisses, rears his crest on high,

And furious darts his fire-emitting eye,

Till haply he the wifh'd-sor chink pervade,

And in its cool recess secure a shade. 1830

Uncertain thus, the ship explor'd in vain

The lake's wide mouth that open'd to the main.

With pious care, as Orpheus gives command,

They place Apollo's tripod on the strand;

That those auspicious powers the coast who guard,

Pleas'd with th' oblation, may their toils reward.

Clad like a youth, before them stood confefs'd

The mighty Triton: in his hands he press'd

The gather'd foil; this amicable sign

He to the heroes held, and spoke benign: 184O

'The hospitable pledge my hand extends, • The best I now can give, accept, my friends. ■ Would you o'er ocean's paths your course dis'cern, [learn, 'And learn the tracks which strangers wish to • He»r! from my sire, the monarch of the main,

* I boafl my science; o'er these leas I reij;n.

* Perchance ev'n you, though distant far you

'came, 1847

* May recognise Eurypylus's name, 'In Libya born.' He said: Euphrmus took The proffer'd soil, and thus responsive spoke! "If such thy knowledge, friendly chief, explain

* Where Atthis lies, where rolls the Cretan main. "Reluctant fail'd we towards the Libyan coast, "By angry heaven and adverse tempests tost: "By land, with Argo n'er our moulders cast, "We toil'd, and Iaunch'd her in this lake at last. "Nor can we yet our certain course devise, 1857 '* Where full in prospect Pelops' realms will rife."

He said : his hand out-stretching, Triton (how The lake's wide mouth, and sea expos'd to view. 'Where the lake blackens, and its waters sleep,

• Expect,' he cries, ' a passage to the deep.

• Observe the cliffs high towering on each side, 'And through the streight they form your vessel

1 guide. [Ikie6, 'There, above Crete, where, mingling with the

• Yon ocean spreads, the land of Pelops' lies. 'When to the right th' expanded lake ye leave,

• And the fate seas your mighty freight receive, 1 Still cautious coast along the winding strand, 1 Till you the cape's projecting sides command: 'Your course,' that cape once doubled, sale pur

'sue, 1871 'Your sliip unir.jur'd, and undaunted you. 'Thus gladdcn'd, go; nor let your vigorous arms 'Droop with fatigue, and lhake with vain alarms.'

Heartening he spoke : the decks they reafeend, And, rowing brisk, to cross the lake conrend. The proffer'd tripod friendly Triton takes, And hides his head beneath the dimpling lakes. Thus with the costly prile the god withdrew. Instant invisible to mortal view. 1880 Infpir'd with joy, that some superior f uest Had comfort given them, and wish counsel bkss'd, The choicest iheep they bade their leader slay, And to the power benign due honours nay. He to the galley's poop with speed convty'd 'she choicest Iheep, and, as he osser'd, pray'd:

'Dread deity, who late conspicuous stood 'On the clear margin of this rolling flood,

* Whether grcr.t Triton's name delight thine ear, 1 Triton, whom all the watery gods revere : IS90 ^Or ocean's daughters, as they found thy fame, 'Thee mighty Nercus, or thee Phorcuns name, 'Be bounteous still: bid all our labours cease, 'And reinstate u< in our native Greece.'

Thus pray'd the chief, as on the poop he stood, And funk the flaughter'd victim in the flood. His head above the billows Triton rear'd, And in his proper shape the god appear J.

As when, intent his fiery steed to train, The horseman leads him to the dusty plain, 190a His floating mane firm twisted in his hand, He runs, yet holds him subject to command: Superb he paces, by his matter led. Curvetting still, and tossing high his head. His bits, all white with gather'dfoam around, Crauncb d by hi; restless jaw, aloud resound;

Thus Triton's hands the vessel's head sustain,
And safely guide her to the seas again.
His every limb, down to his swelling loin,
Proclaims his likeness to the powers divine. 191a
Below his loin his tapering tail extends;
Arch'rt like a whale's, on either fide it bends.
Two pointed fins, projecting from his side,
Cleave, as he scuds along th' opposing tide.
Acute and tapering, these indented thorns
A semblance bear to Phœbe's budding horns.
His arm conducts her, till, from danger free,
She rides embofom'd in the open sea.
This ptodigy the shouting warriors law,
Imprels'd at once with gratitude and awe. I
Here (hatter'd ships Argous' port receives,
Here tokens of her voyage Argo leaves:
To Triton here, high-towering o'er the strand,
And here to Neptune stately altars stood.
For here they iinger'd out one useless day;
But with fresh breezes fail'd at morn away.
Far to the right they leave the desert land,
And the stretch'd canvass to the winds expand.
Gaining mid ocean with returning light, 19:9
The doubled cape diminish'd from their sight.
The zephyr's ceasing, rose the southern gale,
And cheer'd the shouting heroea as they faiL

} The evening star now lifts, as daylight ucte, 1 His golden circlet in the deepening ihadci; i Stretch'd at his ease the weary labourer tttfts I A sweet forgetfulness of human cares: } At once in silence sleep the sinking gales, i The mast - they drop, and furl th: flagf^I fails; 1939 1 All night, all day, they ply their bending oars 1 Towards Carpathus, and reach the rocky ihorei; t Thence Crete they view, emerging tram th: main,

{ The queen of isles; but Crete they view in vain. } There Tagus mountains hurls with all their woods;

i Whole seas roll back, and roffing swell in floods, f Amaz'd the towering monster they survey, i And trembling view the interdicted bay. } His bitih he drew from giants sprung from oak, t Or the hard entrails of the stubborn rock: ! Fierce guard of Crete! who thrice each year explores [st>0K>. I The trembling isle, and strides from (bores u t A form of living brass! one pait beneath JyjS f Alone he bears, a part to let in death, t Where o'er the ankle swells the turgid vein, t Soft to the stroke, and sensible of stain s Pining with want, and funk in deep dismay. From Crete far distant had they fail'd away, But the fair sorceress their speed repress'd. And thus the crew disconsolate address'd: 'Attend. This monster, ribb'd with brasi a'round, * 'My art, I ween, will level to the ground. 19&J 'Whate'er his name, his strength however great, 'Still, not immortal, must he yield to fate.

The Itnet thin marked \ are firoomts, nJ*'JJ tranJIateJ the fury tf Taiwt t »of witbnl Jtvtttt '"T \ji'jni, ■wbicL an bori softs M,

'Bu'from she far-thrown fragments fase retreat, 'sill prostrate tail the plant at my feet.'

She said: retiring at her sage command, They wait the movement ot her magic hand. Wide o'er her face her purple veil she spread, And dimb'd the lofty decks, by Jason led. | And cow her magic arts Medea tries; i Bids the red furies, dogs of Orcus, rife, 1970 j That, starting dreadful Irom th' infernal (hade, ) Ride heaven in storms, and all that breathes invade.

t Thrice she applies the power of magic pray'r, i Thrice, hdlward bending, mutters charms in

air; [fly, ) Thco, tarring towards the foe, bids mischief 1 And looks destruction, as she points her eye. t Then spectres, rising from Tartarean bow'rs, ) Howl round in air, or grin along the shores. \ r'juirr Supreme! what fears my breast anuoy, Since not disease alone can life destroy, 1980 Or wonnds inflicted fate's decrees fulfil, Bat magic's secret arts hare pow'r to kill t' For, by Medea's incantations plied. Enfeebled soon the brazen monster died, t While rending up the earth in wrath he throws : Rock after rock against th' aerial sues, t Lo! frantic as he strides, a sudden wound ; Bursts the life-vein, and blood o'crspreacU the


I As from a furnace, in a burning flood

| Pours melting lead, so pours in streams his

blood: >99° ! And now he staggers, as the spirit flies, : He faints, he sinks, he tumbles, and he dies. : As fame huge cedar on a mortmain's brow, I Pierc'd by the steel, expects a final blow, j Awhile it totters wirh alternate sway, ■ Till freshening breezes through the branches

play; [found, 1 Then tumbling downward with a thundering I Headlong it falls, and spreads a length of


t So, is the giant falls, the ocean roars,

t Omstretch'd he lies), and covers half the shores, f

Crete thus deliver'd from this baneful pest, The Minyans unmolested funk to rest. icox iooa as Aurora's orient beams appear, A temple they to Cretan Pallas rear. *ith water stnrM, once more the busy train iWsark, and lash the foamy brine again. Arduous all with equal ardour glow Want to leave Salmonis' lofty brow. As o'er the Cretan deep the galley flew, Arvonithem night her fable mantle threw;' Pernicious night, whole all-investing shade Not stars nor Phœbe's brighter rays pervade. Thick darkness, or from heaven or hell profound,

as it rose, its rueful shades around. Uncertain whether, on Jauge billows tost, s"hUmc they fail, or fink to Pluto's coast, Uncertain where the bursting wave may throw, They jo the sea commit their weal or woe. Jason iUud, with lifted hands, address'd tm god of day to succour the distxess'd. »OiO

The tears fast trickling down his sorrowing face,
He vow'd with gilts the Delphic shrine to grace,
He vow'd with choicest gifts, an ample store,
To load Aniyclx and Ortygia's shore.
Attentive to his tears and meek request,
Phœbus from heaven descends, and stands con-


Where, frowning hideous o'er the deeps below,

1'ho rocks of Melans lift their shaggy btow.

Awhile on one os these he takes his stand,

His golden bow high lifting in his hand; - . 3 9

Aflilred by whose far-reflected light.

An isle of small extent attracts their sight,

Amid the Sporadcs; against it stood

Hippuris, circled by the rolling flood.

Their anchor* here they drop. Aurora's ray

(Jlimmer'd, and funk before the light of day.

A temple here o'er-arch'd with woods, they raise,

And bid an altar to Apollo blaze,

On wh'.ru the name Ægletc they bestow;

For here the god display'd his bearuy bow. 2Q40

Here, since on Argo's crew all bright he shone,

By the name Anaphe the isle is known.

The scanty produce of this barren isle

To Phœlius they on humble altars pile.

Each fair Phatacian in Medea's train.

Who oft had seen the fatted oxen slain

In king Alcinoiis' court, in laughter joins)

At sight 01 waters pour'd on burning pines.

With well disi'embled wrath the chiefs reprove

The laughing damsels, and the mirth they lore.

A wordy altercation soon began, jejr

And pleasant raillery through the circle ran.

Hence, to Æglete, on this festive day,

All who in Anaphe due honours pay,

Maidens and men, a mix'd assembly, join

hi friendly contests and debates benign.

The halicrs now were loolen'd from their hold.
And untrltxain'd in ocean Argo rolj'd,
When thus the dream of night, yet uneffae'd,
Revering Maia's son, Euphemus trae'd. 2060
How, with close grasp the sacred clod compresVd,
Stream'd with a milky current at hfs breast.
And from this clod, though small, his wondering

Beheld a lovely female form arise.
Charm'd with the beauteous fair, he soon rcligr/d.
To nuptial joys his love-<lcvoted mind,
Lamenting still that he the maid should wed,
Whom at his fostering breast with milk he fed.

"Thy children's nurse am I," (the fair began. Accosting mild the disconcerted man); ao;o "But not thy daughter: I from Triton came; "(Triton and Libya my parents' name) "He fix'd near Anaphe my watery cell, [dwell. "And bade me here with Nereus" daughters M But now I hasten towards the fun's bright ray, 41 And to thy race the choicest boon convey."

This dream recurring to his mind agaiir, He told the leader of the gallant train, Who. long revolving, thus at length revcal'd Those mystic truths the Pythic shrine conceal'd*: 'Ye gods! what glory waits thy valorous 'deeds,

'VVlut laaif, Eupbemus, to thy toil succeed*!: ■ For, when in ocean's bed this earth you fling,

■ Thence (so the gods ordain) an isle shall spring; 'Here shall thy children's children late repose.

• Triton this hospitable gift bestows:

• He tore from Afric's coast the treasur'd soil;

• To him, of all the gods, ascribe the isle.'
Thus spoke he prescient, nor in vain divin'd!

Euphemus heard him with attentive mind: lego
Transported with the presage, forth he sprung,
And the mysteriousxlod in ocean flung.
Instant emerging from the refluent tides,
Calliste's isle display'd its wave-wafli'd sides,
Nurse of Euphemus' race: in days of yore,
They dwelt on Sintian Lemnos' sooty shore.
F.xil'd from Lemnos by Etrurian force,
To Sparta's friendly walls they bent their course:
Ejected thence, Theras, Autcsion's heir,
Bade him to fam'd Calliste's isle repair; 1IOO
His name it took: th' events we now display
Were unaccustom'd in Euphemius' day.

Vast tracts of ocean pau'd, the joyous host
Steer'd towards, and anchor'd on Ægina's coast.
They here propose a trial of their skill;
What chief cau first the weighty bucket sill,

And, ere his fellows intercept his way,
First to the ship the watery store convey.
For parching thirst, and winds that tiriflclyblew.
To the fleet course inclin'd the gallant crew, aiio
His bucket now, replenifh'd at the springs,
Each stout Thessalian on his shoulder brings;
Intent the palm of conquest to obtain,
He scours with speedy foot across the plain.

Hail, happy race of heroes, and repay
With tributary praise my tuneful lay!
With pleasure still may distant times rehearse
And added years on years exalt my verse!
For here I Gi the period of your woes, in j
And with your glorious toils my numbers dolt
Your galley loosen'd from Ægina's shore,
Waves discompos'd, aud winds detain'd no mart.
Serene he sail'd beside th' Achaian strand,
Where Cecrops' towers the subject main com-

Where opposite Eubcea Aulis lies,
And where the Locrian cities lofty rife,
Till Pagasx her friendly port display'd.
Where rode triumphant Argo sale embay'd.,


Ver. I. The first and second books contain, as we have seen, the voyage of the Argonauts to Colchis. In the book we are now entering upon, the poet has given us an account of the route they took on their return. And, in order to throw the utmost variety into hia poem, he has conducted them to Greece by a way altogether new and unknown. He makes them fail up the Ister, and by an arm of that river, to the Eridanus, and from thence to the Rhone. Apollonius's geography is, in many instances, very exceptionable. The licence which poets are allowed, quidlilct avdfndi, is his best excuse for inaccuracies of this kind. Scaliger, who seldom spares our author, does not scruple to assert, that, " quod attinet ad "situm otbis terrarum, fane imperitus regionum "suit Apollonius. Dc Istro, dii bonii! quas nu*' gas." But let it be remembered, that not only poets have trifled in their descriptions of this river, but that historians and geographers, who have attempted to explain its course, have given very different and inconsistent accounts of it. Many curiom traditions, and entertaining pieces of ancient Greek history are interspersed throughout thii b' V The speeches of Medea can never be enough admired. Her sentiments are admirably suited to her condition; they are simple, unaffected, and calculated to raise our pity. Ojr poet has displayed a luxuriant fancy in his description of the nuptials of Jason and Medea; and he has painted the distresses of his Argonauts, on the coast

of Africa, in the most glowing colours. This boni appears, indeed, in every view of it, equal, if no: superior, to any of the foregoing. We meet vn:i some obscurities. The translator confesses his u ability to ascertain the true sense of every intii cate passage. Let it, however, be some allsv; tion of his errors, that his guides have been:. few, and they not always the most intelligent and that no part of this book, except only tl story of Talus, has appeared in an English drei before the present version was published.

Ver. 3i. The custom of kissing beds, coltrna and doors, before they were obliged to quit the: occurs frequently in the Greek tragediansVer. 33. It was customary for young wome before the nuptial ceremony was performed, present their hair to some deity, to whom ih< had particular obligations. Medea, therefore, pr vious to her departure and marriage with JaJ'1 presents a lock of hair to her mother, to be dry sited by her in the temple of some deity to who it was consecrated.

Ver. 64. JLatmos was a mountain in Caria, whose cave the moon was said by the po<:'.' visit Endyniiun. Thus, in Valerius Flaccm,wi stems to have had this passage in bis eye, s read;

Latmius xstivi residet venator in umbra, Dignus amorc dga;; velatis cornibus et jam Luna venit. Lib. via >

Ver. 9;. Several parts of the body were consider*! by the ancients as the seats of virtues and Tires, of good and bad qualities. M-jdctly was aSigned to the eyes, sagacity and derision to the Dole, pride and disdain to the eyebrows, and pity tntbe knees; which, it was customary for suppliants, when they made their requests, to touch ajid embrace with reverence.

Ver. 113. Xcnophon, de Venations, makes the fame observation, ijjiw exire Jiiiuuh. The

sune remark is made by Oppian and others.

Ver. I43. This noble hyperbole was copied by Virgil, B. vii. v. 51.5. where, speaking of Alccto, he sayi,

With her full force a mighty horn she winds;
TV infernal strain alarms the gathering hinds,
The dreadful summons the deep forest took;
The moduli thunder'd, and the mountains (hook.
Tie lake of Trivia heard the note profound;
The V'eline fountains trembled at the sound;
The thick sulphureous floods of hoary Nar
Shook at the blast that blew the flames of war:
his at the piercing call, the mothers prest
With shritki their starting infants to the breast.


This circumstance of the mothers clasping their irfinti to their breasts, is a very tender and affect13? one. The poets seem particularly fond of it. We meet with it in the Troades of Euripides; uJ Camoens, in his imitation of these striking pissages in Apullonius and Virgil, was too sensible 'f its beauty to omit it.

'u:h was the tempest of the dread alarms,
The babes that prattled in their nurses' arms
Suiek'dat the sounds: with sudden cold imprest,
The mothers strain'd the infants to the breast,
Aid shook with horror.—

the LtistaJ, B. iv. p. 114

Ver. ioi. Mr. Warton is of opinion, that Vir(rS rad this beautiful passage in his eye in the solIwng lines:

Erfleri nequit, atque oculis per singula voluit,
Miraturque, interque manus et brachia versat.

Æn. viii. v. 613.
And thus Spenser, in his FaeryiQuecne:
E'Jt Tristram then despoiling that dead knight
Of all those goodly ornaments of praise,
kmg fed his greedy eyes with the fair light
Of the bright metal, shining like sun-rays;
Handling and turning them a thousand ways.

B. vi. c. 2. st. 39. Ver. 191. By Selene, and Selenia, is meant the •A. of which the moon was only an emblem; "id from thence the Arcades, or Arkites, had the 'PpeUation of Sclenitæ. When, therefore, it is said A" the Arcades were prior to the moon, it ^a"» only, that they were constituted into a nation htfort the worship of the ark prevailed, and Wort the first war upon earth commenced, tiry"*■ This boast of the Arcadians, that they were * n«ti<m before the moon gave light to the world, "thus accounted for by some ingenious wri

ters: the Greeks generally ordered their affairs according to the appearance of the moon, especially those two of the new and full moon. The Spartans held it criminal to begin any great design till after they had considered the moon, as she appeared when new and at the full. The Arcadians, contrary to this general custom of the Greeks, transacted all their business of importance before the appearance of the new moon, or that of the full; and were, therefore, called in derision, tvp*riX«M>. for their neglect of this religious ceremony. Which term of reproach the Arcadians applied to their commendation, and shrewdly affirmed, that they were entitled to this epithet, because their nation was more ancient than the, moon.

Ver. 301. Sesostris not only overran the countries which Alexander afterwards invaded; but crossed boch the Indus and the Ganges; and thence penetrated into the eastern ocean. He then turned to the north, and attacked the nations of Scythia; till he at last arrived at the Tanais, which divides Europe and Asia. Here he founded a colony; leaving behind him some of his people, as he had just before done at Colchis. He subdued ASa Minor, and all the regions of Europe; where he erected pillars with hieroglyphic al inscriptions, denoting, that these parts of the world had been subdued by the great Sesostris or Sesoosis. Diodarut. Sic L. i. p. 49. Apullonius Khodiu«, who is thought to have been a nnive of Egypt, speaks of the exploits of this prince, but mentions no name : not knowing, perhaps, by which properly to distinguish him, as be was represented under so many. He represents him as conquering all Asia and Europe ; and this in times so remote, that many of the cities which he built, were in ruins before the era of the Argonauts. Bryant.

Ver. 311. The Colchians, fays the Scholiast, still retain the laws and customs of their forefathers; and they have pillars of stone, upon which arc engraved maps of the continent and of the ocean. The poet calls these pillars Xvcjmc; which, we are told, were of a square figure, like obelisks. These delineations had been made of old, and transmitted to the Colchians by their forefathers; which forefathers were from Egypt. The Egyptians were very famous for geometrical knowledge. All the flat part of' this country being overflowed, it is reasonable to suppose, that they made use of this science to determine their lands, and to make out their several claims at the retreat of the waters. Biyxnt.

Ver. 451. Thus Dido, in a fit of despondency and rage, threatens Æneas:

Et cum frigida mors anima sedtucrit artus, Omnibus umbra lacis adero. Æn. iv. 385.

Ver. 516. Our poet, whenever he introduces moral sentences, which is but seldom, takes care to do it with the titmust propriety; at a time vvhcu the occasion warrants the use of them, and gives additional force and lustre to the truths which they convey. Virgil has adopted this sentiment of Apollonius on a similar occasion;

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