Sivut kuvina

This thtat must be, because the sense is gone,
Bnuad up by fleep; for by the fense alone,
Fjncy'd from real, true from false it known.
Brfides, the mem'ry fleep*, and rest does seize
That ruling pow'r, and charms it into ease;
It lies unactive, dull, nor can controul
The errors of the mind, nor tell the foul [lieve,
That they are dead, whom her vain thoughts be-
From cheating images to fee alive. [seem
Besides, oo wonder that these forms should
To move; as often as in vig'rous dream 771
They seem to dance; for when the first is gone,")
And straight another rises, straight comes on, I
The farmer's site seemi chang'd, 'tis quickly f
donr. J
So swift, so num'rous are the forms tha* rife,
So quickly come, so vast the new supplies '.
A thousand weighty queries mure remain, ")
Ten thousand more, all which we must explain, >
Tea thousand more, or else our search is vain, j
First, then: 'tis asle'd, why men with so much
ease, . 780

C11 think on any object what they please?
For what? Are still th' obedient forms at hand,
And wait on our imperious w ill's command i
Am) straight present whate'erthe will desires,
Whether 'tis heiv'n, or earth, or sea, or fires,
Wars, senates, battles, fights, of pomp, and state?
Does nature these, as she commands, create i
Since fix'd in one, one constant place, the mind
Can think on various things of diss'rent kind.

And why the images, with wanton pace, 790 Can seem to move and dance? Why's ev'ry grace And measure kept i Why do they clasp their arms, And toss their legs, and fliow a thousand charms i What, have these wantons skill, they thus delight To ihow their fairy tricks, and dance by night.'

The reason is, each part, each single now Of running time, as reason seems to show, H«num'rous parts; and so, in shortest space, Ten thousand forms may fly through ev'ry place, IWf'rint and various; here and there may rove, So num'rous are t,hey,and so swift they move.

But since these form* are subtle and lefiu'd, 803 They are too thin to be pereciv'd by mind; Unless (he set herself to think and pry. Contracting dole, her intellectual tye. But this not done, the fleeting image«, I'ufcen, unthought on, and unheeded, cease: And when she seeks to know, contracted close, She pries upon the thing, and therefore knows. Thus when the curious eye designs to view 810 An object subtle, and refin'd, and new, Unless contracted close (be strictly pries; In vain she strives, the object 'scapes the eyes. Niy, cv'n in plainest things, unless the mind Takes heed, unless (he sets herself to find; T he thing no more is seen, no more belov'd, Than if the most obscure and far remov'd. What wonder, then, if-mind the rest should lose, And only what she strives to know she knows?

(Besides, the mind oft thinks small objects great, Acid thus she leads herself into a cheat). 8 21

And often too, a form of diss'rent kind from what it seem'd before, affects the mind,

And strikes the fancy. Thus the form that came
A man before, is chang'd; in dilf'rent frame
Presents a woman now to our embrace; ,
Or shows some other change in age or face.
Yet 'til not strange, that monstrous forms com-

In fancy, when soft fleep has lull'd the fense
AnJ mem'ry, so that neither can controul 830
The erring thoughts; neither direct the foul.

But now avoid their gross mistake, who teach
The limbs were made for work; a use for each.
The eyes design'd to fee, the tongue to talk,
The legs made strong, and knit to feet to walk;
The arms fram'd long and firm, the servile hands
To work, as health require', or life emmands;
And so of all the rest, whate'tr they feign,
Whate'er they teach is nonsense all, and vain.
For proper uses were design'd for none; 84O
But all the members fram'd, each made his ow n.
No light before the eye, no speech was found
Before the tongue, before the ears no found;
In short, the working seeds each limb create
Before its use, so 'tis not fram'd for that.
We knew to sight before the help cf art,
To bruise and wound before we fram'd a dart;
And nature taught us to avoid a wound.
Before the use of arms .and shields was found.
Before beds were, ev'n nature threw us down 850
To rest: we drar.k before a cup was known.
These various things convenience did produce.
We thought them sit, and made them for our use.
Thus these, and thus our limbs, and fenses too,
Were form'd before that any mind did know
What office 'twas that they were fit to do.
Therefore, 'tis fond to think that thes; began,
For proper usis made, bestow'd on man.

What wonder is't that bodies ask for meat.' That nature prompts an animal to eat? 863 For I have taught before, how thousand ways Small parts fly off. and ev'ry thing decays: But more sn.m lab'ring animals retreat, More inward parts fly 1 fs in breath and sweat; And so the body wastes, and nature fails, The strength decay, and grief and pain prevails* And therefore, meat's requir'd, a new supply, To fill the places of the parts that die, Recruit the strength, allay the furious pain, And stop each gaping nerve, each hungry vein. The cooling drink to ev'ry part retreats, 871 That wants the moisture, and the num'rous heats That burn and fire the stomach, fly before The coming cold, and we are fcorch'd no more. Thus drinks descend, and thus they wash away Fierce thirst. Thus meats do hunger's force allay..

And next 1*11 sing, why men can move, can run
Whene'er they please ; what force the members an;
What move the dull unactive weight, and bear
The load about: you with attention hear. 88s
First then, the subtle form's extremely thin,
Pass through the limbs, and strike the mini

That makes the will; for none pretends to do,
None strives to act but what the mind does know j
Now what the mind perceives, ic only sect
By thin and very subtle images.

H h iij

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So when the active mind designs to move
From place to place, it gives the foul a shore
The soul spread o'er the limbs, ('tis quickly

done, 889
For foul and mind are join'd, and make up one
That strikes the limbs, so all is carry'd on
But more than this; the body then grows rare,
The pores are open, and the flitting air,
As 'tis in motion still, must enter there:
This spreads o'er all, and both these things com-


Force on the limbs, as ships both oars ard wind.
Nor is it strange such little parts mould shove
The heavy mass of limbs, and make them move,
And turn.them; for unseen and subtle gales 899
Drive forward heavy ships with lab'ring fails;
And yet, when these rush on with mighty force,
One hand may turn the helm and change the

And engines, pullies too, with ease can rear
The greatest weights, and shake them in the air.
Next, how soft sleep o'er all spreads thoughtless

And frees from anxious cares the troubleJ breast;
In few, but sweetest numbers, muse, rehearse,
My few shall fir exceed more num'rousverlc.
Thus dying swans, though short, yet tuneiul voice,
Is more delightful than a world of noise. 91s
You entertain my words with willing mind.
And list'ning ears; lest what my muse dtsign'4
Should seem absurd, impossible to be,
And truth be slighted, while the fault's in thee
And wilful blindness will not let thee fee.

When the divided foul flies part abroad,
And part oppress'd with an unusual load, 1
Retiring backward, closely lurki within,
Then sleep comes on, and fluml ers then begin:
For then the limbs grow weak, soft rest does seize
On all the nerves, they lie dislolv'd in cafe. 921
For since sense rises from the mind alone,
And all the senle is lost as sleep comes on:
Since heavy sleep can stop, dull rest contrcul
The sense, it must divide and break the soul.
Some parts must fly away, but seme must keep
Their feats within; else 'twould be death, not

For then no subtle atoms of the mind,

No little substance would be left behind;

As sparks in ashes, which might well compose, 950

The sense restor'd as flames arise from those,

But now I'll sing what 'tisthat breaks the foul, What spreads enfeebling rest o'er all the whole ( And why the bodies lie diiTolv'd in ease: Great things! You carefully attend to these.

First, then, the surfaces of things must bear
The constant impulse of the ncighb'ring air,
Still vex'd, still troubled with external blows,
And, therefore, shells, or rinds, or films encli
Or skin, or hair, on ev'ry body grows: 940
Besides, our breath when drawn in that short

Grates off some inward parts, and bears aw
In its return again, its concjutr'd prey.
Since, then, our limbs receive, and since they bear
Tliefe stroke* within, witheut, tnd ev'iy where;

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Since seme creep through the pore!, and urive 11 breed

Confusion there, and disunite the seed;
The I ody's strength must fail, by just degrees,
Its vigour weaken'd by enfeebling ease:
Some soulB they drive avtay, and some theypresi,
Drive deeper in, and shut in close recess: jjl
Some parts, spread o'er the limbs, no moie)
combine, f
Nor with the rest in friendly motion join: s
For nature stops the passages between. J
Now since the atoms diff'rent ways are tost,
And lose their usual course, their sense h lost:
And when that prop is gone, the lids must fall,
The limbi grow dull, and weaknels spread o'er all.

Thus after meals we sleep, because the food,
spread through the veins, and m.nglcd with the
blood, 961
Does only what the air was wont to do;
For that does press the foul, and break it too.
So, after labour, or with toil oppress'd.
Or bellies full, we take the sounder rest:
For then the atoms of the mind retreat
The farther in, and take the deeper scat:
And more sty oss, more substance of the soul,
And those within to distant spaces roll
More scatter'd, and divided o'er the whole.
But more; what studies please, what moll
delight, 97c)
And fill niens thoughts, they dream them o'ets.

at night. I The lawyers plead, make laws, the soldiers fight/ The merchants dream of storms, they hear them roar.

And often shipwreck'd, leap or swim to shore:
I think of nature's pow'rn, my mind pursues
Her works; and, tv'n in sleep, invokes a muse:
And other studies too, which entertain [pn.
Mens waking thoughts, they dream them o'er*
Thu« they, who with continued sport and pby,
Make the dull troublesome time haste away, jto
The objects, though remov'd. yet leave behind j
Some secret tracts, and passage through

And sit for images of the fame kind:
Before their waking eyes those spurts appear;
They fee the wantons dance, and seem to hear J
The speaking strings breathe forth the softest air.)
The same companions still, the fame delight,
And the fame painted scenes still please the fight:
So strong is use, such custom's pow'r consefs'd;
And not in thoughtful man alone, but beast: 99°

For often sleeping racers pant and sweat,
Breathe short, as if they ran their second heat;
As if, the barrier down, with eager pace
They stretch'd, and were contending for the race:

Aud often hounds, when sleep has clos'd their eyes,

Will toss and tumble, and attempt to rife: They open often, often snuff the air, As if they prefs'd the footsteps of the deer; Aud, sometimes wak'd, pursue their fancyMI prey, 999s The sancy'd deer, that seems to ran away, I I Till quite awak'd, the sollow'd shapes decay. J

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ome. J

And softer enn, that lie and sleep at home, Vv'j., often t juse, anil walk about the room, And bark, as if they saw fume strangers come

But now from images, whose forms comprise
Rough principles, the frightful dreams arise:
Thus birds will start, and feck the woods by "j
night, /
Whene'er the fancy'd hawk appears in si^ht, s
Whene'er they fee his wing, or hear him fight. J
But feeds that raise heroic thoughts in men, loio
£vd such are often rais'd in dreams; for then
They 6ght, are taken captive, and rebel;
They shout and groan, as if the victor fell:
Some strive, some weep, some sigh; and oft a-

Pursu'd or torn by beasts, cry out for aid:
Some talk of state affairs, and some betray
The plots their treach'roos minds had form'd by

Some fly from following death; and others, thrown
From lofty pinnacles, sink headlong down;
But waking, though they know themselves a
bus'd, 1020
Yet art their pow'rs, tbeir spirits so confus'd,
They lie half-dead in deep amaze, remain
Thoughtless, and scarce recover sense again.

Others, when thirsty, fancy purling streams.
Sit dawn, and quaff the river off in dreams.

[The youth, by Morpheus chaio'd with vessels full,

Dreaminy he's near some sink, or lazy pool,
A bnny flood discharges from his veins.
And the rich Asian quilt and bedding stains.]

And those whose blood boils high, whom vip.
'rous age Iojo
Has sill'd with feed, and sir'd with Iufiful rage,
If pleasing dreams prclrnt a beauteous face,
Huwhot his blood, how tager to embrace;
Nay oft, as in the fury of the joy,
The flowing feed pollutes the am'rous boy.

[Then first our feed begins its busy rage, When strength confirms our limbs with rip'ning age:

for other matters other things do move;

But human feed, the object which we love:

This, when prepar'd, at first does bear fresti

grace 1040 Fromev'ry limb, as it the whole docs trace, To certain fibres, still it does obtain About the procreative parts to reign: Enrag'd the region swells; a will d.-c» breed. Where lust directs, there to project the feed: The mind provokes the turgid nerves to move Tow'rds that dear idol, whence stie drank her love: for mostly all receive the wound; and there The blood beats high, from whence our smart

we bear,

And rosy streams gush on the charming foe, if
near.] 1050
Love rises then, when, from a beauteous face,
Some pleasing forms provoke us to embrace;
Those bawds to lust, when with a tickling art
'fhey gather turgent feed from ev'ry part,
And then provoke it: Then rife fierce desires;
Tht layer burns with strong, but pleasing sires;

Which often are pursu'd by following care,
Distracting thoughts, and often deep despair.

Nay, though the pleasing object is remov'd,
Though we no longer view the thirg bclov'd, 1060
Yet forms attend: or if we chance to hear
Her name, love enters with it at the ear.

Hut 'twill be wife and prudent to remove And banish all incentives unto love: And let thy age, thy vig'rous youth, be thrown On all in common, not refcrv'd for one: For that breeds cares and fears; that fond disease,

Those raging pains, if nonrifh'd, will increase:

Unless you fancy ev'ry one you view,

Revel in love, and cure old wounds by new. I070

Nor do they miss the joy who love disdain, Bur rather take the sweet without the pain: Nay, they have greater sweets, while lovers amis Shall clasp their dears, while they behold their charms., [ploy'd. Straight doubts arise, their careless mind's cmWhich sweets must first be rifl'd, which enjoy'd: What they desir'd they hurt, and 'midst the bliss Raise pain; and often, with a furious kiss, They wound the balmy lip: this they endure, Because the joy's not perfect, 'tis not pure. 1080 But still some sting remains, some fierce desire To hurt whatever 'twas that rais'd the fire: But yet the pains are few, they quickly cease; The mix'd delight does make the hurt the less.

Perhaps they hope that fbe that struck, the fame Can heal; that she that rais'd, can stop the flame. Fond fancy this ill love! We ne'er give o'er; The more we know and have, we wish the more.

Tis true, because the'.meat and drink's cotu vey'd

To proper vclTels; thirst stid hunger's stay'd. 1090
But now from beauty, now from forms that please.
What comes, but thin and empty images?
Ev'n such as he enjoys, that drinks in dreams;
His thirst increases 'midst the fancy'd streams.
So love deludes poor men; their cov'tous eye,
What long, what frequent fights can satisfy *
What from the tender limbs, with wanton play,
And am'rous touch, poor lovers bring away i

Nay, ev'n in the embrace, whilst both employ Their strength; aud bodies feel the coming joy; Though then they twine, and bill like loving

doves, IIOI Though ardent breathings sire each other's loves; In vain! fond fools, they cannot mix their fouls, Although they seem to try, in am'rous rolls; So strictly twin'd, till all their pow'rs decay, Aud the loose airy pleaAire slips away: Then a short pause between, and then returns The fame fierce lust, the fame fierce fury burns; Whilst they both seek, whilst they both wish to


Whate'er their wanton fancies, wanton wishes crave; I HO

For this no cure, for this no help is sound;

They waste and perish by a secret wound.

Besides, they waste their strength, their vigour kill.

And live poor slaves unto another's wills ti h uij

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Debts they contract apace, their money flies;
Their fame, their houour too, grows sick, and diet.
Rich shoes, and jewels, set in gold, adorn
The feet: the richest purple vests are worn.
The wealth,their fatherstoil'd, and fought to gain,
Mow buys a coat, a mitre, or a chain. 1110
Great shows and sports are made, and royal feasts,
Where choicest meats and wines provoke the

Where gawdy tapestry, and odours spread
O'er all the room, and crowns grace ev'ry head:
In vain: for still some bitter thought destroys
His fancy'd mirth, and poisons all his joys.

[First, guilty conscience does the mirror bring; Then sharp remorse shoots out her angry sting; Aud anxious thoughts, within themselves at strife, Upbraid the long mis-spent luxurious life.] 1130 l'erhaps some doubtful word torments his mind, Sinks deep, and wound's, and leaves a sting behind.

Tcrhaps he thinks his mistress' wanton eyes Gloat on his friend, perhaps faint smiles he spies.

Such mischiefs happen ev'n in profy'rous love: But those, that cross and adverse passion prove, Those wretched loverB met ten thousand more, Ten thousand scarce can measure the vast store, So obvious all, that with the strictest care 'sis good to keep my rules, and shun the snare 'l is easier to avoid, than break the chain, 1141 When once entrapp'd, or be redeem'd again The nets are strong, 3nd we may strive in vain

Vet, though securely caught, you may be free
Again, unless you are resolv'd to be
A trifling slave; and front your thoughts remove
The faults in mind and face of her you love 1
For often men, quite blind by fond desire.
First think their lovetj great beauties, then ad-

Their pow'rful working fancy still supplies Iijo"j
With borrow'd shape-, and flattering disguise, >
'I he meaner beauties great necessities. J
Hence 'til, that ngly things, in fancy'd dress,
Seem gay, look fair to lovers eyes, and please.
The black seems brown, the nasty, negligent;
Owl-ey'd, like Pallas, and my heart's content 1
The little dwarf U pretty, grace all o'er;
The vast, surprising; and we must adore; 1158
The stamm'ring lisps; the lover thinks he hears
The broken founds breath'd forth in softest airs:
She's modest if she's dumb, and nought can fay;
The fierce and prattling thing is briik and gay;
She's thin, if hectic, aud bvt one remove
from death; the meagre is my slender love:
The great and swelling breast like Ceres is;
The big and hanging lip, a very kiss.

Ten thousand such: Bot grant the sweetest face,
Grant each part lovely, grant each part a grace,
Yet others equal beauties do enjoy.
Yet we have liy'd before without this toy; 1170
Yet she is base; yet she perfumes, to hide
Her nat'ral smell, her maids on ev'ry side
Stand off, and smile, and waggishly deride.

Nay, though a lover, when deny'd the Miss, Stands long, and waits, and warms with soft'ninjj


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The less obdurate gate; though then he ptren His ointments on, and crowns the gites wrA flow'rs;

Yet, when admitted; when no longer coy,
The Miss provokes the eager fool to joy:
Then ev'ry thing offends, he fancies none;
But fecks some sit excuses to be gone:
Then he foigets the stories he defign'd
Nor tells how much her coldness

Nor sighs, and why, my dear,
Then grieves he gave to her that awful love,
He only vow'd to the great pow'rs above.

And this our Misses know, and strive to hide Their faults from those (the cov'ring's decat pride)

Whom they would cheat, and bind to an aramr;'

Though foul behind, they look all blight before; lip

In vain; for thou canst understand the cheat,

Discover, know their wiles and gross deceit.

Nay, if she's free, if not designs to vex, 1

Nor cross thy courtship,or thy thoughts perplex,?

She'll (how the common failures of her sex. J [Nor always do they feign the sweets of love,

When round the panting youth their pliant limbs they move;

And cling,and heave, and moisten ev'ry;

They often share,and more than share the bliss;

From ev'ry part, even to their inmost foul, IW3

They feel the trickling joys, and run with tignr to the goal,

Stirr'd with the fame impetuous desire,

Birds, beasts, and herds, and marcs their males rt» sjuire;

Because the throbbing nature in their veins
Provokes them to assuage their kindly pains:
The lusty leap th' expecting female stands,
By mutual heat compell'd to mutual bands.
Thus dogs with lolling tongues by love are t;'<:
Nor stiouiing boys, nor blows, their union «a

At cither end they strive the link to loose; 1:1'
In vain; for stronger Venus holds the noose.
Which never would those wretched lovers do, T
But that the common heats of love they know;{
The pleasure therefore must be fbar'd io com-s

mon too,] J The child still bears the form, whose seed ft


If mother's, her's, if father's, then the male's:
But those,
Are made
When r.eithi
And oft with joy indulgent father's view'd M>°
The grandsire's image in their sons renew'd:
Because the little mass of feed remains
Entire, and whole within the father's vein),
Which from the grandCre fell •• this Ycnui takeij
Of this a likeness in the shapes she makes;
She imitates the grandsire's voice, or hair,
His smile or some peculiar grace, and air:
For these on proper seeds depeod, and rife
From rrorei shaj-cs, at wcU. at bands ot cycjj


The male's.and female's feed agree to make 1130 The tender young, of both the young partake; But yet that sex the young resembles most, That has more pow'rful feed, more vig'rous lust.

Nor do the gods decree, nor thoughts em-

Which mortal (hall, which shall not get a boy,
Ai some believe; and therefore sacrifice.
While clouds of incense from the altars rife;
Mike Tows, and pray'rs, temples and altars build,
To please the angry gods, and beg a child:
Fond fooling this, to court the pow'rs above, 1240
They fit at ease, and never mind our love.
Bat male and female, though they oft em-

It vain endeavour to increase their race,
If either'a seeds too subtle, thin, and fine;
Or else too gross, and dull for that design;
For if too thin, the vessels ne'er retain T
The feed receiv'd; it straight flows out again, V
Ar.d all the kind endeavour is in vain. j
1st if too gross and dull, it moves but slow,
And little pores refuse to let it through: iajo
Ot it lies sullen there, unfit to breed.
Nor kindly mixes with the female feed;
For all not fit with all: Thus some do prove
Unfruitful, aster many years of love;
Though they have often prov'd the nuptial joy,
And strove but all in vain to get a boy:
Yet by a second husband's apt embrace,
They quickly bear a fair and nurn'rous race,
And the decaying families increase.
They see their sons grow strong with youthful
rage, 1 i6a

The joy and comfort of their feeble age.

[So much it docs impart, that feed with feed Should of the kindly mixture make the breed;

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And thick with thin, and thin with thick should join,

So to produce and propagate the line.

Of such concernment too is drink and food,

T' incraffate or attenuate the blood.

Of like importance is the posture too,
In which the genial feat of love we do:
For as the females of the four-foot kind H70
Receive the leapings of their males behind,
So the good wives with loins uplifted hi^h,
And leaning on their hands, the fruitful stroke
may try:

For in that posture they will best conceive;
Not when, supinely laid, they_frislc and heave:
For active motions only break the blow,
And more of strumpets than of wives they s

show: [liquors flow, fj

When answ'ring stroke with stroke the mingled j
Endearments eager, and too brisk a bound
Throw off the ploughshare from the furrow'd

ground: liSo
But common harlots in conjunction heave.
Because 'tis less their business to conceive,
Than to delight, and to provoke the deed;
A trick which honest wives but little need.

Nor is it from the gods, or Cupid's dart, That many S homely woman takes the heart; But wives, well-humour'd, dutiful and chaste, And clean, will hold their wand'i


Such arc the links of love, and such:
For Vhat remains, long habitude and use 1100
Will kindness in domestic bands produce:
For custom ,will a strong impreflV n leaves
Hard bodies, which the lightest strokas/ecelve.
In length of time will moulder and decay j
And stones with drops of rain are wash'd away.

Kes tne neart; sul and chaste, ~> d'ring husbands I [last, r such a love will I


Ver.« first twenty-nine verses of this book, in which the poet invites the attention of his Memmius, or any other reader, are in Book f. * where you may consult our notes upon ■htm. Some blame Lucretius for this long repetition: Nor indeed have we one single instance cf the like battology in any of the ancient poets. -Moreover, we may observe, that our translator hi* employed the two whole verses, which begin this book, to render only these four words of his author: "Avia pieridum peragro loca:" Now the muses were called Pierides, either from Pierius, a mountain of Thessalia, in which they are said to be born of Jupiter and Mnemosyne: or from the victory ihey gained over the nine daughters of Pieros the Macedonian, who had challenged the muses to fing with them, and being overcome, were by the fame muses changed into so many magpies. TWi fable is related at large by Ovid, Metaxnsr.

j. v. 677. where, speaking of them after their transformation, he fays,

Nunc quoque in ali^ibus sacundia prisca remansir, Raucaqu* garrulitas, studiumque iinmane loquendi.

Ver. 19. " Deceptaque, non capiarur," fays Lucretius. The rhetoricians call this an oxymoron; a figure frequently used by the Latin poets: Of the like nature it this in Terence:

At enim cave, ne priufquam acceperis,amitta».

Thus too Ennius, wittily enough, speaking of the
Pergama.the castle of Troy, upon mount Ida:

Quse neque Dardaniis campis potuere perirc,
Nec cum capta, capi, nec cum combusta cremari

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