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barously) Oceames: then Aëtos, or Aquila, and Equator. The river Nile cuts its way alon: Mela«, from its depth or profundity, because all through the middle of it, as it does chrong? deep waters secm black; or from Melas, the son Egypt. of Neptune : afterwards Ægyptus, either from Ægyptus, the son of Belus, or of Vulcan and Leu. cippes, who threw himself into it; or wapà OF THE ANNUAL INUNDATION OF THE aizes tivery, from fattening of goats; from

RIVER NILE. whence likewise the whole country of Egypt seeins to be so named. The Hebrews call it Ge The constant and annual increase of the 3: hon, and Schior, the last of which signifies black, has long and much employed the thoughe er or troublous, and from hence perhaps came its Nudious; and that too not without reason; ie Athiopian name, Siris. It was also called Nộs ; many things occurred that deservedly chaine or Nu, and Triton; and last of all Nilus, either their admiration. Among others, not tbe ir from what we said before, or from Nilus, the fon is this, that it constantly overflows aboc: of Cyclops, or Nileus, or Nilesius, Egyprian princes: middle of June, or rather a day or twr a or laitly, and rather than all the other, zapà to some posicively fix it to the time of super

::. viar la jo ayev, from bringing new mud or fime. the 19th of that month; besides, it give By the Latins it was particulary called Melo, as forehand such certain cokens, to what heigte is evident from the testimonies of Ennius, Feftus, | food will rise, that they, whose busineis 9" Servius, and Ausonius.

discover it, are never deceived in their con Ver. 723. He means Æthiopia, in the south cures, whether they weigh the land in a tom parts of which country the Nile arises. Manil. or measure the fucure inundacion by a lib. i. Jer. 44.

they call a Niloscope. The event is certa:

cause doubtful: For it is controverted, a. -Gentes, in quas et Nilus inundat. Qua myndus redit, et nigras superevolat urbes.

the swelling is occasioned by its mouets

stopped and choked up, or by the rains Ver. 725. This reason is mentioned likewise by in Ethiopia, and by the melted frows Pomponius Mela ; and that too with a seeming mountains of that country; or, lastly, byens approbation of it.

ter of the sea, driven into the channel 31 ** Ver. 730. There were three parties who favoured ver by the Etesian winds : And here we tal this opinion. 1. Democritus; who held that exha. omit an Egyptian erudition, which we i lations arise from the melted snows in the northern Horus Apollo, touching the symbols of the ! climates, and being driven by the Etefian winds “ Tres porro Hydrias, nec plures, nec porta into Æthiopia, they dash against the mountains, pingunt, qund triplex ex eorum sentenciata. where they stop and thicken into rain. This opi-dationis causa effe drix : vnam quidemt, ** nion Lucretius here aprroves. II. The philoso terræ ascribunt, quæ ex fefe aquam prou. phers of Memphis, now called Grand Cairo, who, ceram oceano, ex quo, inundationis tempos ** as Diodorus wiene ses, held that the Nile flows in Ægyptum exaltuat: tertiam imbribus. *** out of the temperate southern zone; and that, tempus, quo intumescit Nilus, ad auanzis since it is winter in those countries when it is piæ partes contingunt.” The Egyp:iasin a summer with us, that river swells by reason of make three water pocs, neither more nere the frequent rains that fall near its fountain, dur- cause in their opinion there are three of ing the winter of those southern regions. I. causes of the inundation : one of them Agatharchides, who, as the same Diodorus re ascribe to the land of Egypt, which ;roducere ports, held that the Nile is increased by the great ter out of itself; another to the ocean, fains that are continually falling all the summer which, at the time of the flood, the water :-* long in the mountains of Æthiopia. And to into Egypt; the third to the raics, which a strengthen the probability of this opinion, he time when the Nile swells, happen in the ! : urges, that during the whole summer, it rains ern parts of Ethiopia : As to the for about the river Hydaspes, fnows on Mount Cau- reasons, it is evidently false ; for the parches casus, and hails in many parts of India.

thirsty foil of Egypt gapes indeed for mact* Ver. 733. This opinion is ascribed to Anaxa. but in no part of the country does the lardo goras, who believed that the Nile swells by out water : Nor can we judge more la vorab! means of the snows that are melted during the che second, when we consider the discrepet summer in the mountains of Æthiopia. But tween the sea water, and that of the piece do that this belief is erroneous, Herodotus gives these And as for the rain, which they alige for reasons : becaule those countries are very warm, third cause, we will speak of that by and : and exempt from (nows; nay, even the very air Meanwhile we will observe, that those motan is always hot; besides, the sun is very remote land, with which they dam up the mea. from those regions, when the snows must be soon borne down, and washed away by the melted to fwell that river.

ceasing course of the fream; and, what is Erbiopian.) Ethiopia is a vast region of Africa, to be considered, if any let or oppofition witz that borders upon Egypt: the country of the ever were the cause, that the Nilc, by retre, Alayslines. It lies beneath the torrid zone, ex fion, overflowed its banks, the water of the terded from the Tropic of Cancer to beyond the ver would be observed to nfe birit of them

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part of the country, that is to say, from the Me- winds, that arise in Greece, bear thither : This diterranean to Cairo, rather than on the contrary, Prosper Alpinus, who was himself an eye witness in the more inland parts of it ; but that it does fo, of it, relates in these words : “ Cayri, in toto fere is allowed by the unanimous consent of all. We augmenti fluminis tempore, Eteliæ, perflantes finmult therefore travel out of Egypt; for the cause gulis fere diebus ab orto fole, usque ad meridiem, of this inundacion. No doubt but a plenteous ac multas nubes nigras, crafías, pluviosas in altiflimos celion of waters swells the river, before it walhes usque Libyæ, Ethiopiæque montes, propellunt atthe land of Egypt: And this it was that persuaded que asportant: in quibus montibus hæc concresCome to believe (see the note on ver. 733.) that centes, in pluvias vertuntur, quæ, ab his in Nilum the Nile increases by means of the snows that melt cadentes, sunt caufæ ipsius augumenti. Observa. in Ethiopia. And indeed they are certainly mis tur quotidie Cayri, dum flumen hoc augetur, qua taken, who hold with Herodotus, that it never die multæ nubes supra fÆgyptum versus meridiem nows in that country: For they go contrary to à septentrionalibus iis ventis asportate transierint, Iperience and observation : Neither are those multùm flumen augeri; atque ex contrario, clara Others to be credited, who assert, that at the sea. apparente die, nullisque nubibus in co cælo apon when the Nile inundates the land of Egypt, parentibus, parùm crescere : Et hæc eos nunquam it is the depth of winter in Ethiopia. For who fallit observatio," Lib. 1. de Medic. Egypt. As can believe that the snow, which was congealed | Cairo, says he, during almost the whole time of by cold, can be diffolved by cold likewife? This the swelling of the river, the Etefias blow almost would be repugnant to the laws of nature, who every day, from sun-rising till noon, and bring, jas ordained, that things congealed by cold Mall and drive before them, many black, thick, and se melted by heat. The third cause is afligned to rainy clouds into the high mountains of Libya ain, (see the note on ver. 730.) and to tbis ad- and Ethiopia: In which mountains, these clouds bere the authors of greareft note, though it has gathering together, are turned into rains; which, been long and strenuously opposed by some of no falling from thence into the Nile, are the cause of mean reputation : They who call it in question, its increase: It is observed every day at Cairo, object the great heat of the country, and the that so long as this river is increasing, on what carcity of vapours; but there are several things, day foever many clouds are brought by those f which these persons ought not to be ignorant : northern winds, and carried over Egypt towards The first is, that in those countries there are the south, the river that day fweils very much;

0 winters, and as many sumniers, in the year; and, on the contrary, that in a clear day, when no hough of unlike effect indeed, if compared with clouds appear in the sky, it increases but little. urs. The winter is more severe with us; but And this observation never fails them. It is creHot (o mild with the Ethiopians, as not to pro- dible enough, that when the clouds are come inluce saows in the mountains, together with con to Africa, they are resolved into rain, not that, Lant rains, that continue for 40 days, as is affirm as Lucretius thought, it is squeezed out of them, d by the natives, as well as by travellers into those as water out of a sponge, but because, by reason arts. This truth Democritus has learned in his of the cold of the place, the included fire of the ravels, and, as by tradition, delivered it down to clouds flies away, or is extinguished ; and then pofterity, till at length it became known in Italy, the vapours grow thick, and return into their by the care of our Lucretius. Befides, in sum former nature. But on what day the rains begin mier, the sun is nearer to Ethiopia, than it is to to fall, and how much time the waters take up in us; and his rays, though troublesome to the in- | their course, while they are flowing into the Nile, habitants, yet suffer themselves to be overcast by has not been inquired into, or at least is doubta very thick mift, that hangs over a certain moun ful: But this in our age we know for certain, tain, which mariners call Serra Leone, perhaps that these things happen in the kingdom of Guyfrom the noise it makes; for it generally roars, oma, which is subject to the emperor of the Abysand from the dusky mist almost continually darts fines. Hence the great hospitality of the Egypout lightning, together with dreadful thunder, tians to the Abyslines, that come to fojourn anong that is heard 40 miles around. And a master them; not se- much out of gratitude, as for fear of a ship, as he was failing to the inland St. of a famine and general inundation : For the moThomas, observed, that all this happened when narch of Ethiopia, whom we commonly call the fun ftruck perpendicularly on Ethiopia. Let Prefter John, commands the catarads of the such then, as object the heat of the country, make Nile; for which reason the emperor of the Turks the most of that weak argument; nor will they pays him a yearly tribute, on condition, that he fare better, who deny vapours to that region. do not divert the waters of the Nile, nor suffer For they ought to reflea on the lakes and rivers them to come in too great a quantity, either of that Africa contains; and to have some regard to which would be the destruction of Egype. Hence the ocean that washes its coasts: all which may in the last age sprung up a cruel war, as Natalis furnish an immense quantity of matter for suture Comes relates. In the year 1570, says he, Sclini rain; and then especially, when the sun, retiring, emperor of Conftantinople, who was then at war permits the inferior elements to extend their own with the Venetians, received an unfortunare piece bound: The Mediterranean too conduccs fonie of news; for David, the great king of Ethiopia, thing to increase the store, by gratefully sending whose en pire extends from the equino&ial, almolo into Ethiopia a vast quantity of clouds, which the to cither tropic, since many kings are subject is

him, had begun to dellros, by an inuudation of , and from the weight, more or lefs increased, they the river Nile, the city of Cairo, and all the foreknow that the river will be more or less aug. neighbouring country of the Turks, together mented likewise : and from the knowledge of the with many other cities thereabouts : The reason exact increase of the weight, they know for cer. of this hoftility was, because Selim owed him tain before hand, how many cubies che river wil 400,000 crowns for cwo years tribute ; for he paid well that year: The cause whereof, says the same him 200,000 a year: Now the country of Egype Alpinus, I cannot conceive, can be discovered by has not rain enough to render the land fertile ; narural principles. His very words are as follows: for it rains there very seldom, and the foil is of Nam menfe Junio, ante solis ad propic un acceso all others the niof fruitful, and owes its fertility | fum, mulis diebus Egyptii terram illiufce fiuminis to the waters of the Nile, which are in the power toto integro anno adíervatam, eu ficcatam, areof the king of the Abyslines, who can send them factamque accipiuut, quam lance expendulic, fa down in what quantity he pleases, and either re ciuntque ut ponderum numerus, addenies, ac sub. fresh the thirsty land with a gentle food, or, by trahentes, drachmis sedulo refpondeat : ut exen. cutting certain dykes, pour in such an inundation, pli gratia, terra fit trium drachmarum pondere, as will lay walte the whole country. Now the quam in loco ficco, undique concluso reponunt, et Sultan, because he would not pay the rribute that conservant : quotidieque librantes, iptain obferwas due, levied a great army, and, invading Ara vant nihil auctam, nihilque imminuram pondere bia, put all to fire and sword. Thus Natales elle, usque ad diem decimam feprimam menfis ju. Comes, histor. lib. 23. But more prudently Osiris, nii, in aqua die au&am ipso pondere inveniunt; who, if we may give credit to Diodorus Siculus, ex cujus pondere, multùm vel parùm aucto, mul. lib. vi. cap. 2. when he was in the mountains of tùm vel parùm flumen illud auctum iri prændEthiopia, mounted up the banks on either side the cunt : à diligentique per aucti illius ponderis 10Nile, that the inundation night not be too great ; titia, quoties etiani cubilibus ipfam fic augendum, and made Nuices to let in only such a quantity of certo prænolcunt. Qanrum caufas naturalibus water, as would be necessary for the fertili:y principiis poffe cognofci, nullo niodo fitri posle of the land : The increase of the Nile, therefore, arbitror.” However, it is not forbid to inquise is more due to rains than melted snows; what into this matter : Now Seneca acquaints us, tha: ever Anaxagoras say to the contrary: Anj indeed in the tenth and eleventh year of queen Cleathe true cause of the overflowing of the Nile is patra, the Nile did not increase at all, which, he only the great rains that constantly fall in Ethio. allo tells us, on the authority of Callifthenes, had pia, from about the heginning of June, to the happened in former ages for nine years together; month of September : This is teftified by Aivarcz Of this Ovid was not ignorant, when he lung: Fernandus, and many others of late date: And, Dici:ur Egyprus caruille juvantibus arva in confirmation of their opinion, it is observed, that the river Niger (wells at the same time, and

Imbribus, atque annis ficca fuiile novem. never fails to increase when the Nile does : And Let this suffice for the inconstancy of its increase: that the rains, which fall in Echinpia, are the and as to the uncertainty of the time, there was cause of the swelling of the river Niger, is certain a remarkable delay of it in the reign of the enige beyond dispute : Nur was this unknown to ror Theodosius, which is recorded by Nicepharms Pliny, who, lib. v. cap. 8. fays, “ Nigro fluvio ea and Sozomen. Nor can that be imputed to the dem natura quz Nilo." Bulides, the reed papy. want of rain; for the Nile, not loug aftcr, (well, rus grows on the banks of both shole rivers, and ed to such a degree, that the highest parts they produce the same forts of animals. Sce Egypt were covered with the inundation i Now, Gaffer.dus, page 1084. on the tenth book of Dio. though these events happen bue seldom, ye: iher genes Laertius.

are fufficient, if not to destroy, at lcait to sender Prosper Alpinus proposes two problens con- suspected, that generally believed conttancy of cerning the Nile, bui despairs of the folution of time : Let us nevertheless grant Alpinus, what he either of them: 1. Why that river conftantly for seven years fucceflively observed with great Twells the 17th of June at 11:11-riling? 11. i low, diligence and seduliey : the rather, because it is hy weighing the earth, or fand of the river, the not civil to diftruit, or derogate from, the celti. inhabitants foretel the measure and degree of its mony of an eye-witness: The questiwn is, Whe increase? For, says he, in the month of June, the Nile begins every year to increase, for the several days before the sun's accession to the fro most part, at a certain day? The cause mult propic, they cake fome of the fand of the river, that ceed from the conllant and certain return of the has been kept and dried for a whole year before ; season, which the invariable constitution and rethey weigh this fand in scales, and, by adding or volution of the heavens have prescribed them: Tuberading, make the number of the weights ali For, since the sun is at chat time at his remotel Twer exactly to the drachms of the land : For ex distance from Ethiopia, nothing can hinder the ample, let us lui pose the sand to weigh three vapours from coming to a contistency, nor from drachms, which they lay by, and kecp in a dry condensing into rain, because the ambient air is place, close shut up on all sides : this they weigh changed from hot into cold, at least has lost its every day, and observe it nothing increased or effer vescency. And the winds, thac blow from diminished in weight, till the 17th day of June ; | the north, cannot there, as they frequently do 20 which day they find its weight augnienced : with us, haften the winter; for in that scorching

slimate, the matter of the winds is soon diffolved, , to prove that the exhalations that flow from ma and their piercing nature qualifizd immediately. ny things, are hurtful and deadly to many things. And so much for the solution of the first problem : Having premised this, he comes to the question, The other is not so difficult, though at first sight and says, that a noxious vapour breathes from the he cause of it seem obscure. For the sand that Averni, and either that poisonous steams arike las been long kept for the sake of making the ex with sudden death the birds that fly over them, eriment, being grown thorough dry, and, as I or that the rising exhalation attenuates and drives nay say, thirsty, does, when it is exposed to the away the air to that degree, that the birds canurrounding air, attract to itself the moisture, not support themselves, nor sustain their flight in nith which that air is newly grown damp, and so void and empty a space, and that, falling inJe weight of the dry body is increased in propor to that void, they forth with expire. This is on to the degrees of its dampness : And that the contained in ninety-six verses. car approaching waters of the Nile taint the air Ver. 737. In these seven verses, the poct pre. ith humidicy, the fagacity of the birds in Egypt mises the etymology of the word Averni, or raa pregnant and convincing proof : For they ne. ther the reason why these places were so called. er lay their eggs, except in such a place, as they | Virgil too gives the same reason of the name, erceive before hand, will not be covered by the and has imitated this passage of Lucretius in his lundation. Men, indeed, who enjoy a perfect fixth Æneid, v. 237. in these verles. are of health, are less sensible of such small mutions of the air, as nevertheless brute animals scrupea, tuta lacu nigro, nemorumque tenebris ;

Spelunca alta fuit, vastoque immanis hiatu, om to have some foreknowledge of, and of Quam super haud ullæ poterant impunè volantes bich even inanimate bodies give foreboding Tendere irer pennis; talis sese halitus atris ts. The geese, we know, ofren gaggle, and Faucibus effundens supera ad convexa ferebat; frogs croak in uncertain weather, but not in

Unde locum Graii dixerunt nomine Avernum. ttled fair, which cinders sticking to the tongs reshow: The very stuff of lamps give bodings Which Dryden thus interprets:

Tais, and that too so visible, that even our | Deep was the cave, and downward as it went idging maids perceive them : Virg. Georg. 1. From the wide mouth, a rocky, rough descent : : 390.

And here th' access a gloomy grove defends, cno&urna quidem carpentes pensa puellæ And here th' unnavigable lake extends, scivere hyemem, testa cum ardente viderent O'er whose unhappy waters, void of light, atillare oleum, et putres concrescere fungos. No bird presumes to steer his airy flight; : of this see Aratus, lib. ii. var. lect. cap. 21.

Such deadly stenches from the depth arise,

And freaming sulphur, that iofects the skies. -chiefy Theophrastus, in his book “ de indi.

From hence the Grecian bards their legends make, Ventorum, Serenitatis, et Pluviæ,” who first of

And give the name Averous to the lake. i says P. Victorius, fully adorned this subject. d no doubt the dried dirt, and flime of which For the Greeks called it "Angvos, from the privawere speaking, would have imbibed some por- tive particles, and öqvos, a bird, because the 1 of the humidity, the day before the Nile noxious vapours that exhaled from the Averni, flowed, had it not been kept so clole: but were so pilonous, that they truck dead the ag once released from that custody, ie forthwith birds that flew over them. Thus Homer, Odysi hes into the embraces of the desired moisture, owing the natural propensity of dry

Τη μίν τ' αδέ ποτητα παρέρχεται, έδε σίλειαι.

I 2.

i. e.


. 735. Lucretius does not acknowledge a eficent, but flatly denies an angry God: and

Where neither dove, nor other bird can fly. he takes from the gods above the phenome. | And so much for the reason of the name Aver. 13 of the hcavens and of the air, fo does he too


which extends to all places, whose deadly m the powers below some noxious things that exhalations kill the birds that fly over them. s for prodigies upon earth. For, says he,

Ver. 741. Lucretius: re are certain places, which we call Averni, and t are fatal to birds that fly over them, and to Reniigii oblitæ pennarum vela remittunt. er animals that chance to pass by them. One For the wings do the same office to birds, as oars Ehese Avcrni is at Cumæ, another near Miner. and fails to ships, which are said to fly with sails, $ temple in Athens, and a third in Syria. as with wings. Virg. Æn. iii. v. 520. ese places men believe to be the entrances of - Velorum pandimus alas. roads that lead to hell, to the palace of Pluto, and, on the contrary, birds are said to swim

that the manes, or souls of the dead, pals thac ! to the subterranean abodes. Now the poet, Virg. Æn. vi. v. 15. speaking of Dædalus, at he may more fully and distinctly explain the Præpetibus pennis aufus se credere cælo, ce and nature of these places, teaches, firit, Insuetum per iter gelidos enavit ad Arcos." t the earth contains many seeds, as well and in the same book, ver. 19. we find the very zious as wholesome, both to inen and other expresion of Lucretius, “ Remigium alarum :" mals; and then be brings a heap of examples, And Æn, i. ver. 304. Speaking of Yercury,


v. 61.

-Volat ille per aëra magnum

EN & Athenæis in manibus, arcis in ipso Remigio alarum.

Vertice, Palladis ad templum Tritonidis almz. But not only Virgil after Lucretius; for all the of Athens, see the note on the fire verse of ancient poets used this metaphor. Ovid, in his book. Epiftles, applies it to mens arms:

Ibid. Minerva.] She was the same with Par: -Remis ego corporis utar.

who was called Minerva, either frem miru I'll use the bodies oars.

to threaten, because she is painted in 20 See more, book v. ver. 315.

or from memini, I remember, because the r Lucret. “Molli cervice profufæ :" A fine old word minervo, I admonish, because the ;

to be the goddess of memory; or rather frez : image of a fainting, dying bird; and not unhap- good advice to men, as being the godde: pily rendered by our translator.

wisdom and of arts. She was called Pallas, Ver. 743. This verse runs thus in the original: the Greek word aállo, I shake, because : Qualis apud Cumas locus eft, montemque Vese- / frigned to be born out of the brain of J** Oppleti calidis ubi fumant fontibus auctus. (vum, and armed, and brandishing a spear. She In which two verses the poet teaches, that there

to be the first who invented building, and -

to have built herself the tower at Athens, a is such a place at Cumæ, and on the mountain Vesuvius. Cumæ was a city of Campania, not

was called 'Axpérsih, because it tood: far from Puteoli

, now called Puzzuolo, in the highest place of the city. Hence Virg. .. kingdom of Naples : but of Cumæ there are no footsteps remaining. The lake Avernus is to

-Pallas, quas condidit arces, this day called Lago d'Averno, and lies between Ipsa colat.Baia and Puzzuolo. Near this lake there are She refused to marry with Vulcan, and now to be seen the remains of two caves; one on virginity. Whence the fame Virgil, E the south side of it, still called Grotta di Sibylla,

ver. 31. calls her innupta Minerva. Se where dwelt the Cumxan Sibyl, and seems to be likewise called Tritonis, or Tritonia, eitten the mouth of that paffage under ground, which the Greek apirn, which fignifies a head, is led from Avernus to Cumz, but is now stopt as we said before, she was produced ett up by the falling in of the earth; the other is head of Jupiter; or because, in the timen is, that which to this day leads from Puzzuolo to Ogygius, she was first seen in the habit dit Naples, being dug through the mountain Pausia gin, on the banks of the river Triton. T.!! lypun, now known by the names of Antignana confirmed by Pomponius Mela, lib. i. * and Conocchia. Now the true nature of the lake where, speaking of Triton, the name is Avernus was this : The waters of it were very and river in Africa, not far from the Seas clear and deep : whence Herodotus, lib. 4. calls nor, he says, that Minerva was called IS them cerulean, that is to say, black; for all deep because, as the inhabitants believe, there waters seem of that colour. Thiç lake was sur- there; and that they celebrate her birer ** sounded with Keep rocky hills, covered with ludicrous sports, of virgins contending thick woods, that rendered it inaccessible, except another. “ Unde," says he, “ Mipers in one place only. This we learn from Strabo, men indicum eft, ut incolæ arbitrantur, lib. v. And Pliny, lib. xxxi. cap. 2. acquaints tæ: faciuntque ei fabula aliquam fides us, that all that traở of land abounded with in

qucm natalem ejus putant, ludicris virge numerable springs of hot water, mixed with sul ter se decertantium celebrant." Thas to be phur, alum, salt, nitre, and brimstone. But that

lib. ix. ver. 347. the vapours which steam from this lake are fatal Torpentem Tritonos adit illæsa paludem : to birds, is by Strabo, in the place above cited, Hanc & Pallas amat: patrio quz vertice sa deemed a fable, because of the clearness and

Terrarum primam Libyen, (nam presina transparency of the water : of which Aristotle

elt, too takes notice. Vesevus, or Vesuvius, is a

Ut probat ipfe calor) tetigit : ftagnique mountain of Campania, not far from Naples, and

Vultus vidit aquâ, posuitque in margine psa that vomits out fame and smoke, like Ætna in

Et se dilecta Tritonida dixit ab unda. Sicily. Sir R. Blackmore describes it chus:

Or perhaps the Latin authors allude to the As high Vesuvius, when the occan laves

epithet of Pallas, who, Iliad. ii. ver. 15* His fiery roots with subterranean waves,

elsewhere, is said to be deputés, untament, Disturb'd within, does in convullions roar,

of fear, from privative , and spēv, to tra And casts on high his undigested oar,

Ver. 746. The raven, fays Lucretius, Discharges mafiy surfeit on the plains, And empties all his rich metallic veins,

an averfion to that place, that, although fara His ruddy entrails: cinders, pitchy smoke,

are offered there, he will not even theatr And intermingled flames the sun-beams choke.

near it, though the smell of the tempting

seem to invite his hunger to cafte. Ver. 744. In these seven verses the poet says, Ver. 748. Lucretius alludes to the koors there is such another place at Athens, at the ble of the nymph Coronis, who, lying very top of the tower, near the temple of Pallas. Neptune, who would have offered vialer

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