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or the iron, but by a syndrome, or concourse of, is a word of Saxon extraction; but the Fier both of them : a coition always of their vigours, know it only by the name of " l'aimant," the and of their bodies likewise, if not obstructed by ver : And this modern name agrees with w their bulk, or some other impediment; and there. Orpheus sings in Claudian, Epig. iv. That fore those contrary adions, which flow from op- rushes to the loadstone, as a bride to the emotze posite poles or faces, are not so properly expullion of the bridegroom. and attraction, as “ sequela et fuga," a mutual

Pronuba fit natura Deis, ferrumque maritat following of, and flight from, each other.

Aura tenax. Moreover, the foregoing opinions are confirmed by several experiments: For, 1. If a piece of Flagrat anhela filex, et amicam faucia sentit iron be fastened to the side of a bowl, or bason of Jam gelidas rupes, vivoque carentia fenfu

Materiem ; placidosque chalybs cognofcit amord" water, a loadfone, swimming freely in a boat of Membra feris

: jam faxa cuis obnoxia telis, cork, will presently make to it. II. If a steel, or knife, untouched, be offered towards a needle that illecebris, &c.

Et lapides suus ardor agit, ferrumque tenctor is touched, the needle moves nimbly towards it, and strives to unite to the steel, that remains with Now Lucretius, the better to explain the * out motion. III. If a loadstone be filed very fine, tractive virtue of this stone, premises four haš. the powder, or dust of it, will adhere and cleave or chief positions, which, though he has pret to iron that was never touched, in like manner, them already, yet, because of the great as the powder of iron does likewise to the load. of the talk he is now going to undertak: ftone. And, IV. Lastly, if a loadstone and steel thinks fit to inculcate here again. I. That certa be placed in two skiffs, or small boats made of corpuscles are continually flowing out of all it cork, and within the orbs of their activities, nei in twenty-six verses. II. That no concrere in ther of them will move, while the other ftands is so solid, as not to contain some cmeye still; but both of them, if I may use the expres- spaces, in twenty-three verses. I. That she >> fion, hoist fail, and steer to each other; insomuch, puscles, that are emitted from things, do set that if the loadstone attrad, the steel too has its with all things alike, and in the same masses attraction; because, in this action, the alliciency produce not the same effects on them, in ta is reciprocal, and, being jointly felt, is the reason, verses. IV. That the void little spaces that they mutually approach, and run into each alike in all things, but differ in fize ander others arms. Thus, therefore, upon the whole and therefore cannot be fit for all bodies at matter, more moderate expressions than are often ently, in thirteen verses. This being prevsed, would more suitably express this action; he endeavours to tell the reason why, or the ser which, nevertheless, some of the ancients have de ner how, the loadstone attracts iron, or the is livered in the moft violent terms of their lan- conveyed to the loadstone, which confilha em guage. Thus St. Austin calls the loadftone,“ mi- Many particles flow from the loadftuac, Tabilem ferri raptorem ;” and Hippocrates, aidos pate the air all around it; and thus mart örı Tòv oidn por ágrážceso “ Lapis, qui ferrum ra liccle spaces are made : But when the incision pit :" Galen, disputing against Epicurus, uses the within the sphere of that dissipated air, ters ierm, inxêv, which seems likewise coo violent. ing a great deal of empty space between distin Aristotle alone among the ancients speaks more che loadstone, the corpuscles of the iron katt warily, and calls it, aídos osos còn giònesy zivã, the freely forward into thac void (for the fece ftone that moves the iron, and him, Aquinas, Sca- bodies fly forward on a sudden into empry for liger, Cufanus, and others have followed.

and for that reason are carried towards cher I retura now to Lucretius, and must first obstone: now they cannot tend that way, serve, that our translator has omitted the third and dragging along with them their coherent : fourth verses of this argument, in which the poet (for the seeds of iron are most intricately as explains how this stone came to be called the led, and ewined together), and consequests magnet: These verses run thus in the original: whole mass of iron, in seventeen verles. But

cause the iron moves any way, upwards, d** Quem magneta vocant patrio de nomine Graii;

wards, across, or in any obliquity, without Magnetum quia sit patriis in finibus ortus.

least distinction, according as it is placed i. e. which stone the Greeks call the Magnec, from load one, he teaches in five verses, that this the name of the country; because it is produced not be, but by reason of the empty fpace et and found in the country, inhabited by the Mag. made by corpuscles that flow from the mic

This country a region of Lydia, and and into which all bodies, that otherwise test called Magnesia, whence the inhabitants had their ly downwards, are protruded indiscriminatele game. Aristotle, by way of excellence, calls it the {trokes and blows of other bodies. Apa barely, ailes, the stone : Some,“ Herculeus lapis,” | is in general what Lucretius teaches coacer" either because Hercules first discovered it; or the loadstone; we will examine his argumes from the city. Heraclea, where it is said to be part, in the order he has observed in the curs found : or, laitly, from its great strength, or won. tion of them. derful power. The Italians call it " pietra d'a Ver. 897. In these fix verses, he takes noce mante," the loving stone: the name of the load the first power and virtue of the loadstoot, . douc, by which it is commonly known among us, says that it draws five, or more ison rings,


hering one to another. This is the virtue of the , worthy of note ; yet it must be granted, thaf magnet, which is called the attractive; but of the he knew the use of the compass, his ships wi other, the directive, he says nothing ; nor indeed very low failers, fince they made a three yes do any of the ancients treat of this lant power of voyage of it from Eziongeber in the Red Sea the loadstone. The moderns alone have inquired Ophir, supposed to be Taprobana, or Malaca, i into that matter ; and that too, only fince the in the Indies, which is not many months lail; an vention of the magnetic needle; which, accordo since too in the same, or a less, time, Drake an ing to sonje, was firit discovered a lilele more than Cavendish performed their voyage round the ive ages ago, that is to say, A. D. 1200. At earth which time Guyotus, a native of Provence in Moreover, some are of opinion, that this dim france, writ a poem, which he called Marineta, rective power of the loadstone depends upon, and, n praise of this invention. And hence, lay the is derived from the two poles of the heavens : french authors, the Flower de Luce, which is the others from the Arctic pole only: Cardanus, irms of France, is every where, even among the from the tail of the Bear; Des Cartes from I know jarbarous nations, represented at one of the ends not what tra&orious point, as he calls it, and."

that needle. Petrus Peregrinus, another French- which he imagines to be I know not where too, dan, about three hundred years ago, wric a trea. beyond the heavens; Fracastorius, from certain ife of the Magnet, and of a perpetual motion to be magnetic mountains under the Arctic Pole: Gunade by it ; which treatise has been preserved by lielmus Gilbertus, from the carth itself, which, as allerus. Paulus Venetus, and Albertus Mag one huge loadstone, conforms and brings into its us, who flourished about five hundred years ago, native and natural fire, that is to say, towards the oth of them, mention this verticity of the load. north and south, the loadstone itself, as a small tone, and cite for it a book of Aristotle's, intitu. earth, and the iron as its offspring. In regard to ed, De Lapide; but Cabeus and others rather the attractive virtue of the load tone, the opinions udge that book to be the work of some Arabic likewise are different. Thales, Aristotle and Hipvriter

, who lived not many years before the days pias ascribed it to the soul, with which they held f Alberrus. And, indeed, it is very probable, it to be endowed. But it is not certain what var the knowledge of the loadstone's polary power hands, or what senses nature has given to this id direction to the north was unknown to the fone. Cardanus intimates that it is only a cericients; and Pancirollus justly places it among tain appetite, or desire of nutriment, that makes le modern inventions; though Levinus Lem the loadstone foatch the iron; and according ta ius, and Cælius Calcagninus are of another be. this opinion, Claudian Epig. 4. :f; bue their strongeit argumeat is only the fol. wing pallage in Plautus :

Ex ferro meruit vitam, ferrique rigore lic ventus jam secundus est; cape modo verso.

Vescitur : has dulces epulas, hæc pabula novit. riam.

And Diogenes Apolloniota, lib. ii. Nat. Quæl. Now the word " versoriam" they in:erpret to cap. 23. confirms the same opinion, when he says, : the compass; but, according to Pineda, who that there is humidity in iron, which the dryness as particularly discussed this natter, and to Tur. of the magnet feeds upon. Others fly to tym, ebus, Cabeus, and several others, it rather signi- pathy, and certain occult qualities. The opiniles the rope that helps to curn the Mip, or that ons of Democritus, Epicurus, and Lucretius, are takes it tack about ; for the compass ihows that explained in the following notes. he ship is turned, rather than contributes to its Ver. 903. In these four verses, the poet only onversion. As for the long expedicions and tells us, that to give a methodical account of the oyages of the ancients, which may seem to con attractive power of the loadttone, it will be nerm the antiquity of this invention, it is not im- cessary to take the matter higher, and to repeat robable, but they were performed by the help some of the maxims he has taught already. f the stars, by the flight of birds, or by keeping Ver. 907. In these thirteen verses, he premises, car the shore : for thus the Phænician naviga. 1. That corpuscles are perpetually flowing from ors, and Ulysses too, might fail about the Medi. all things : and this he has taught before, Books erranean ; and thus likewise might Hanno coart IV. ver. 47. et seqq. .bout Africa. And as to what is contended, that Ver. 9.9. This and the ten following verses his verticity of the loadfone was not unknown are repeated from B. IV. ver. 240. et seqq. Con., :0 Solomon, who is presumed to have had a uni. fult there the notes upon them. versality of knowledge, it may as well he averred, Ver. 920. In these twenty-three verses, he prethat he knew the art of typography, of niaking mises, ll. That no compound body is to folid, as guns and powder, or that he had the philosopher's not to consist of some void : that is to say, as noč fione, though he sent to Ophir for gold. It can. to contain some empty liccle spaces. And this the nne indeed be denied, but that, belides his politi- poet bas demonstrated at large. B. 1. ver. 402. cal wisdom, he was very knowing in philosophy; et seqq. and perhaps too, as some believe, from his philo Ver. 933. This, and the three next verses are Sophical writings, the ancient philosophers, espe- repeated word for word, from book i. ver. 335. cially Aristotle, who had the aflistance of the ac-though Lucretius varies them in the original quifitions of Alexander, collected many things but the tense indeed is the same.


ler. 939. This and the following verse run place to show the reason why, or manner how, s in the original,

the loadstone attracts the iron, and the iron, on

the other hand, is carried and moves towards the -Quin ferri

vim penetrare fuevit, quoque

loadstone. To this end, in these fourteen verler, ndique qua circum corpus lorica coërcit, Torbida vis quæcunque extrinfecus infinuatur.

he teaches, 1. That many corpuscles flow as well

from the loadstone as from the iron; but the This passage has puzzled the interpreters, and af greater quantity, and the more strong from th: ter all, they know not well what to make of it : magnet: whence it comes to pass, that the air in Creech in this tranflation has followed the opis always dispersed, and driven away to a greater nion of none of them, and indeed disapproves of distance round about the loadftone, and confe. them all in his Latin edition of Lucretius: for, quently, that fewer empty little spaces are made says he, what can Lucretius mean by a coat of around the iron. And because, when the iroa mail? No man ever believed, that the infe&ious is placed within the sphere, as they fay, of the air, power of disease ever pierced through a coat of that is removed and driven away, there must be mail. He dislikes also all the other explications a great deal of void space between that and the given by the several other annotators to this pas- loadstone; the corpuscles of the iron fly the more sage: which at length he correas, and instead of freely into that empty space, and therefore rece! “ morbida vis," reads " fervida vis;" which lec. sarily towards the magnet; but those corpuscles tion, says he, makes all things plain and easy : of the iron cannot hurry that way in a great quarfor often, when men armed from head to foor, 1 city, without dragging along with them the paro Scaled the walls of a city, the besieged poured ticles that adhere to them, and by consequence the down upon them melted pitch, fulphur, scalding whole mass of iron. water, &c. the heat of which pierced through Ver. 987. These five verses Gafsendus thus el. their armour,

and made them sensible of it. This plains : inasmuch as the iron tends indiscrimirateexposition seems the most natural of any that have ly upwards, downwards, across, in a word, any was, been given to this paisage, and agrees beft with according as it is placed above, below, on one like, the preceding part of the argument. But he is &c. of the magnet; the poet teaches, that it could evidently mistaken in the interpretation he gives not move in thar manner, but by reason of the irit in this translation, and this may serve for one duction of the void, into which the corpuscles of the of the many instances might be given, that he iron, that would otherwise move downwards only, had not studied his author fo thoroughly, when are carried indifferently, and without the least di. be rendered him into Englith, as afterwards, tinction. Chus Gafiendus believes, that these when he came to publish his Latin edition. five verses relate to the explication last above pro

Ver 943 In these fourteen verles, the poet posed; but I, says Creech, am of another opinion: premises, Ill That the corpuscles which flow for the whole matter there relates to the corpul. from things, do not agree wich all things, nor af. cles of the iron leaping forward into the road, fect them alike, or in one and the same manner. thar is made by the effluviums from the loadttore: This he has demonstrated in many places of the but here, in these verses, the little bodies are for preceding books; but chiefly in the fourth. truded into the void by blows: therefore they

Ver 057. In these thirteen verses, he premises, more properly belong to what follows. Crecho IV. That there are different little spaces, or in Edit. Lat. pores of various figures in all conipound bodies : Ver. 992. Lucretius labours hard to

prove, from whence it comes to pass, that all things can. the notion of the Itcel is helped forward by the air

, not be adapted to, nor fir, and agree wich, every because of its certain continual motion and agits one of them this he has proved before, in the tion. And first, in these ten verses, he says, it is second and fourth broks: and confirmus again in allifted by the exterior air, which, since it is al this place, by the same examples he there alleged ways driving forward, and that too with more in proof of this doctrine

force, the more there is of it, cannot but push ca Ver 970 In these three verses he concludes, the iron into that place where there is least air, and says that these thing: being premised, it is and conítquently most void : which must be tocasy to discover and understand, how, and for wards the loadstone. Then, in fix verses, by the what reafon the leadstone alıracts iron. And this interior air, which for the same reason, fince it is what he is going next to explain.

always agitates, moves, and drives forward, canVes 973 Epicurus explained two several ways noe but begin the murion cowards that place, the attractive virtue of the loadttone; and it is which is rendered most void and empty. Atrange Lucretius has omitted one of them : or Ver. 1008. Gaflendus here observes, that L." rather it has been loft vut of he text, fince what cretius fecmo to have feen that experiment

, in Lucretius has to carefully premised, seems more which the loadstone sometimes manifefly sepels, properly adapted to thar caute, than to the other or at least seems to repel, the iron. What he that remains If you are defir us to know more means is this : it is discovered, that there are ia of it, fec Gafsendus, tome ii. p. 129. where you the loadlone two oppofite parts (we now com. will find many things, by which this doctrine of monly call them poies; ore the northern, ebe Epicurus is illustrated, and fully explained But other the southern), to one of which, if one end to proceed : Lucretius huvitig premised the four of the iron needle be moved, it is drawo and a propofitions abovenientioued, undertakes in this traded by it; and if the fame end of the ocedie

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be afterwerds applied to the other pole, it leaps, Ver 1036. Oil and beavy pitcb.) Both of there. ; and seems to be repelled from it. But that great refuse to mix with water ; but differently for oil

man, says Creech, indulges himself too much in rises above the surface of the water; therefore his own opinion : for the poet proposes nothing Lucretius here calls it “ leve olivum ;” but pitch in these verses concerning the Alighi of the iron finks to the bottom. from the loadfone, nor do any of the following Ver 1037. The purple of the ancients was cxamples speak fully of it: but Lucretius had seen dyed with the blood of a thell-fith, called Purpura; licele rings, and filings or segments of iron, when it was found in a white vein, runni. through put into a vessel of brass, move and dance about, the middle of che mouih, which was cut out and if a load one were applied to the bottom of the boiled ard the blood, used in dying, produced vessel : and, perceiving this to be cauled by the the colour “ nigrantis rosæ luhlucentem" which interposition of the brafs (though the fame will Pliny says is the true puryle, though there were

happen if glass, wood, stone, or any other sub. other forre too of it, as the colour of violet, hya• Rance be interpofed), in these iwelve verses, he cynth, &c. Of this invention, see Plin. lib. ix. di gives this reason of it, That some corpuscles are cap. 38. and Pancirollus.

The greatest fishing casisted from ths brass into the filings, or litele for these purples was at lyre: and there wa, the bits of iron, and that these corpuicles so fill up the chief manufacure and trade of purple, as like wife

little void spaces of the iron, that the magnetic the first invention of it; which is attributed to Ć corpuscles, which come afterwards, and are trans- Hercules Tyrius, who, walking upon the shore, a mitted through the brass, finding these little saw his dog bite one of those fish, and observed

empty spaces already taken up, heave and drive his mouth all stained with that excellent colrur, forward the bits of iron with all the strength they which gave him the first hint of teaching the

Tyrians how to dye with it: from this invention Ver

. loro. Steel filings.) Locretino calls them of this colour, it is called in Greek daugyog be" Samothracia ferrea," which were hollow iron cause, says Aristotle, de color. it is, as it were des rings, made to open, and in which they wore gyor, the work of the sea; and Plato in Timæus their amulets: at first the “ Flamea Dialis" wore de fincs dasção, co be red mingled with white and them : " annulo, nifi pervio cafloque, ne utitor." black. Sec Guil Tyrensis, Pontif. lib. 13. Belli

At leagth servants took upon them to wear them; Sacri, cap. 1. where he speaks of Tyre. The - and, in the age of Pliny they were laid over with purple of Africa, a country nearer to the sure, was,

gold : " servitia jam ferrum auro cingunt; alia as we are cold, for chat reafon, of a violet colour; per lese mero auro decorant : cujus licentia origo the ingredients of which conGift of much white, nomine ipfo in Samothrace, id institutam decla. | and a little red: but the common purple now-a. rat." Plin. Nat. Hift. lib. xxxiii. cap. I.

days is, as the best artifts tell us, a mixture of a Ver. 1020. It may be aked, why a load one great deal of red and a little black; yet the Tye does not make the filings of other bodies move in rian purple is generally held to have been more like manner? The poet teaches in these ten vesses, inclining to red, which is a certain mixeure of that the scafon is, because they are either too white and black, or rather to scarlet But this heary to be moved, or if they are light, they are sort of purple, ever Gnce the fishing for the pure then too rare ; insomuch that the corpuscles of pura, is by the taking of Tyre, come into the the magnet find a free and open passage through power of the Turks, has been totally Jolt: no: them.

for want of materials ; for the fifa is still to be Ver. 1030. Hitherto of the motion of the iron found: but because the true art of ordering it is towards the loadstone, or of its flight from it. no longer known. Pancirollus tells us, we may Now, as to its adhesion co it, he tells us in twenty guess at the colour of ic by the Italian July-fower; verses, that it ought cot to seem strange, because and that it was not, as some believed, like the there is a like consent and agreement between amethyst, but rather like the ruby, pyropus, or other things also, which refuse to be joined, or carbuncle. Some will have it to have refembled conneaed, except to one certain thing on!y. the colour of the elemental fire: and others, that Thus stones are cemented with plaster and lime : of what they never saw, the empyrean heaven, boards with glue; and that too so strongly, that But to guess what the color of this true purple The planks themselves will break, rather than the was, by the description, which the ancients have glue disjoin: water mingles with wine, but not left of it, we may call to mind, thae Juvenal calls with oil and pitch : wool is dyed with the blood it " ardens purpura,” flaming purple; and we of the purple 6th: and gold is foldered with Gl- find in Cicero, . Qui fulgent purpurâ," who shine ver, but not with lead; which nevertheless fol- in purple; which statius yet improves : ders brass to brass. And thus the adhefion of the Illius è rosso famimatur purpura vultu :" feel to the loadstone is made in this manner : on the surface of the magnet there are hooks, and on And many the like instances might be prodaced the surface of the feel little rings, which the from the ancients, of the refulgency of this colour. hooks catch hold of.

Some mention a'i extraordinary way of dyeing Ver. 1033. Lucret.“ glutine taurino :" for the the purple colour with the blood or apes: and the krongest glue was made of the ears and genitals Indians make trial of the best comen puri le, by of buils : * glutinum præstantıslimum fit ex au- dropping sume wil on a piece of purple liik, which, ribas taurorum, ct genitalibus." Plin. Nat. Hift. they fay, will not fan it, if the purple be good dib. xxviii. cap. 17.

but these two particulars I mention only for this

U a ij.

fake of their extravagancy. Whatever the purple Ver. 1040. Solder.] What the goldsmiths ole of the ancients was, our purple is made of what to folder gold, is called borax, a fort of chrysoco', the druggists call turnesol, which is a mixture of which is a kind of mineral, found like fand is vermilion and blue byfse, or cynnaber.

As to

mines of brass, silver, or gold. the ancient wearing of purple, Lemazzo, lib. iii. Ver. 1045. Here Lucretius tells us, that the cap. 14. observes. that the kings of Troy, and the junäure is most strong, and the union moft fire chief of the nobility, were wont to dress ehem- and latting, between things, whose parts exatly selves in deveral colours, on the several days of the correspond and square with one another : thole week, and wore a particular colour on each day: I things, says he, whole textures mutually answer and that the chief of them was the purple : thus to ope another, in such a manner, that the ea on Sunday they wore yellow, on Monday white, vities of chis thing agree with the plenitudes ni on Tuesday red, on Wednesday blue, on Thurf thac. and the cavities of that with the plenitudes day green, on Friday purple, and on Saturday of this, may be conjoined moft easily, and in the black. Now the reason, why they dressed them. ftrichest manner: and fome things may be fo selves in purple on Friday, may have been, be joined to others, as if they were fastened together cause that day was sacred to Venus, whole bulkins with hooks and rings: and in this maomer is is, are said to have been red, between which and that the loadfone seems connected to the steel. purple, there was but little difference, says the Thus our poet concludes his disputation consame Lomazzo, in the place above cited. He far. cerning this wonderfulltene : which is alone ful. ther observes, cap. 19. of the fame book, that they ficient to humble the towering arrogance of pry. wore likewise several colours on the festivals of ing nian, and to baflle and mock his vain pretence feveral months of the year : in those that hap to knowledge ; fince he never could attain to the pened in January, they wore white. in February | discovery of what it is, nor of the great power, ath colour, in March tawny, in April dark green, that che Divine Wildom has bestowed upon it: in May light-green, in June carnation, in July red, well may ic be ftyled Herculean, it being infoin August yellow, in September blue, in October perable on many accounts: the ancients knew violet, in November purple,' and in December fcarce any thing nf it; and the modern philclo. black. Now the month of November was under phers, that they might seem to be ignorant of nothe protection of Diana amongit the Romans, who thing, pretend to explain this hidden fecret of or derived themselves from the Trojans, and that ture ; but have failed in the attempt, and have og goddess, like Venus, wore red, or rather purple, 1 ly involved it in yet greater difficulties : for wha: bufkins: and therefore, for the like reason, it may is more absurd, or more repugnant to cominion be conjectured, that they wore purpile oo the hos observation, than to imagine to ourselves, that the lidays of that month. Besides, in November whole earth is compacted of folid jron, or than to their festival dedicated to Jupiter, and therefore call it the great loaditone, whose purer segmen's they might probably go then drelied in purple : do now and then by chance fall into our banda, for many of the Roman cuftoms, as well as their is ie thus that we philosophize, and think it der. pretended original, were derived from the Tro ter to pervert ihan fuffer things to lie hid in the jans : and lastly, that author takes notice, that in infcrutable majesty of nature? Doncretius extes succeeding ages, whenever the emperor himielf voured to discover the cause of a moft poreza went into the field, the Itandard was of a purple effect, viz. Why iron runs to the loadstone, ud colour. Thus wec see, that purple was anciently obftinately adheres to it? But letting fail improthe wear of princes : and therefore honelt Um- dently, was shipwrecked in the port

. His firi britius in Juven. Sat. 3 conceived 10 great indigo | affertion is, that the corpuscles of the loadhore nation, that the meaner sort of people began to Itrike and chale away the air : but this we know clothe themselves in that regal colour, that he ale by experience to be false : for the water is ns leges it as one of the reasons of his retiring moved, when a loadstone is put under the refc

! from Rome: “ Horum ego non fugiam conchy- that contains it : neither will you find the ait sa lia ?" ser 81. And Augustus, as we find in Sue be moved, if, for trial's fake, by the exhalation tonius, in his life, forbid the promiscuous use of that ileems from a censer, or the vapour of he? it : for which Tacitus commends that emperor, water, you render it so thick, that from perfpicuand at the same time gives the reason of that ous it become conspicuous ; for the smoke wil prohibition in these words : “ Præclarè vero pru. go alıke forward, whether you apply the load: dentérque Cæsar ordines civium velte discrimina- itone, or take it away: and if no force be offered vit, ut içilicet qui locis, ordinibus; dignationibus to the medium, the loadstone will til frongis aprestant, cultu quoque discernerenrur." Anna), 2. attrad the steel: therefore the place is not made Yet at length, liberty prevailed at Rome, and the empty, nor the air expelled : buc grant the space Ineaner fort, if their money could reach it, clothed to be void, whence proceeds that great sedality themselves in purplc; and lived as in the Spartan of the steel

, to fill immediately the vacant place? commonwealth, where, by the laws of Lycurgus, If it be answered, from the established order of it was forbid to all alike, that any one man ihould things, to the end, nothing in the upiverse mas go better dressed iban another.

be void of body; it may be replied, that it then i Ver 1038. Thus Waller :

overthrows their opinion, who hold the void co The fleece that has been by the dyer Itain'd,

be ihe second principle of natural things. Be. Never again its native wbitenels gain'd.

lides, corpuscles low no less from the iron, than

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