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within the veil the ark of the testimony: and the veil shall divide unto you between the holy [place] and the most holy. 34 And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the tes35 timony in the most holy [place.] And thou shalt set the ta
ble without the veil, and the candlestick over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south and thou 36 shalt put the table on the north side. And thou shalt make
an hanging for the door of the tent, [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needle work. 37 And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars [of] shittim [wood,] and overlay them with gold, [and] their hooks. [shall be of] gold, and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them.
Contains an account of the altar of burnt offering, with the vessels the court of the tabernacle; and the oil for the lamp.
ND thou shalt make an altar [of] shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare, and the height thereof, [shall be] three cubits, 2 five feet and a half. And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof:* his horns shall be of the 3 same and thou shalt overlay it with brass. And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons, and his flesh hooks, and his fire pans : all the vessels 4 thereof thou shalt make [of] brass. And thou shalt make for it a grate of net work [of] brass; and upon the net, or grate, shalt thou make four brazen rings in the four corners 5 thereof. And thou shalt put it under the compass of the al
tar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar. 6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves [of] shittim 7 wood, and overlay them with brass. And the staves shall be
put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides 8 of the altar, to bear it. Hollow with boards shalt thou make it as it was showed thee in the mount, so shall they make [it.]
9 And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle for the south side, southward [there shall be] hangings for the court [of] fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long, almost sixty 10 one yards, for one side: And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets [shall be of] brass; the hooks of the 11 pillars and their fillets [shall be of] silver. And likewise for
That is, the four risings, one at each corner, in the shape of horns, either for ornament, or to fasten the sacrifice unto,
the north side in length [there shall be] hangings of an hun dred [cubits] long, and his twenty pillars, and their twenty sockets [of] brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets 12 [of] silver. And [for] the breadth of the court, on the west
side [shall be] hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten, and 13 their sockets ten. And the breadth of the court on the east 14 side eastward [shall be] fifty cubits. The hangings of one
side [of the gate shall be] fifteen cubits: their pillars three, 15 and their sockets three. And on the other side [shall be]
hangings fifteen [cubits :] their pillars three, and their sock16 ets three. And for the gate of the court [shall be] an hang
ing of twenty cubits, [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needle work: [and] their 17 pillars [shall be] four, and their sockets four. All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks 18 [shall be of] silver, and their sockets [of] brass. The length
of the court [shall be] an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height fire cubits [of] fine twined 19 linen, and their sockets [of] brass. All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, [shall be of] brass.
And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the 21 lamp to burn always. In the tabernacle of the congregation, where the people used to meet, not only one with another, but with God also; and where the priests, levites, and people assembled, according to their several degrees of approach; without the veil, that is, the second veil in the holy place, which [is] before the ark of the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: [it shall be] a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.
Contains an account of Aaron and his sons being separated for the priest's office; the ephod; the Urim and Thummim.
ND take thou unto thee, solemnly set apart for this of fice, Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, [even] Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazer and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.
And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, to be used only in holy ministrations, for glory and for beauty, 3 glorious and beautiful. And thou shalt speak unto all [that are] wise hearted, skilful artists, whom I have filled with the spirit
of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. 4 And these [are] the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister 5 unto me in the priest's office. And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen.
And they shall make the ephod [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, [of] scarlet, and fine twined linen, with 7 cunning work. It shall have the two shoulder pieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and [so] it shall be joined 8 together. And the curious girdle of the ephod, which [is] upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; [even of] gold, [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine 9 twined linen. And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and 10 grave on them the names of the children of Israel: Six of their names on one stone, and [the other] six names of the 11 rest on the other stone, according to their birth. With the
work of an engraver in stone, [like] the engravings of a sig net, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches 12 of gold, hollow places in which the stones were set fast. And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod [for] stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: And Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial; that God, seeing their names presented before him by the high priest, might graciously remember 13 them, and show mercy unto them. And thou shalt make ouches 14 or sockets, [of] gold; And two chains [of] pure gold at the ends; [of] wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches.
And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment, whereby answers of judgment in all weighty matters were given to the people, when they consulted God for direction, with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of] scarlet, and [of] 16 fine twined linen, thou shalt make it. Foursquare it shall be, [being] doubled; a span [shall be] the length thereof, and a 17 span [shall be] the breadth thereof. And thou shalt set in
it settings of stones, [even] four rows of stones: [the first] row [shall be] a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle : [this shall 18 be] the first row. And the second row [shall be] an emerald, 19 a sapphire, and a diamond. And the third row a ligure, an 20 agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth row a beryl, and an
onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their enclos21 ings. And the stones shall be with the names of the chil dren of Israel, twelve, according to their names, [like] the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they VOL. I.
22 be according to the twelve tribes. And thou shalt make upon the breastplate chains at the ends [of] wreathen work 23 [of] pure gold. And thou shalt make upon the breastplate
two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends 24 of the breastplate. And thou shalt put the two wreathen
[chains] of gold in the two rings [which are] on the ends of 25 the breastplate. And [the other] two ends of the two wreath
en [chains] thou shalt fasten in the two ouches, and put 26 [them] on the shoulder pieces of the ephod before it. And
thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate in the border thereof, 27 which [is] in the side of the ephod inward. And two [other] rings of gold thou shalt make, and shalt put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart thereof, over against the [other] coupling thereof, above the curious 28 girdle of the ephod. And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that [it] may be above the curious girdle of the ephod, 29 and that the breastplate be not loosed from the ephod. And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy [place,] for a memorial before the LORD continually.
And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim ;* and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.
31 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all [of] blue. 32 And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, or breastfilate, 33 that it be not rent. And [beneath] upon the hem of it thou shalt make the figure of pomegranates [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of] scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about, by the sound of which the people might be reminded of the work the high priest was engaged in, and excited to join their affections and devo34 tions with his : A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden
bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round 35 about. And it shall be upon Aaron to minister and his
sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy [place] before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die not, for his disobedience or carelessness.
What the Urim and Thummim were, is uncertain. Witsius supposes it was some singular piece of workmanship made immediately by Ged himself, because there is no mention of the making of it, as there is of every thing else. Others think that the stones themselves were called so, as being a pledge of those oracular answers which God would give, of which, the integrity and lustre of the jewels, might seem a kind of emblem. Those who wish to see more on this subject, and various other particulars relating to the priests, the tabernale, &c. may consult Ashworth's and Jenning's Jewish Antiquities, Spencer, Witsius, Pri deaux, &c.
36 And thou shalt make a plate [of] pure gold, like an half coronet, and grave upon it, [like] the engraving of a signet, 37 HOLINESS TO THE LORD. And thou shalt put it on
a blue lace, that it may be upon the mitre; upon the fore38 front of the mitre it shall be. And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, obtain pardon of God for the imperfections of their best duties and services, and which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts, shall separate or consecrate to God in all their offerings or gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, at all times of his solemn appearance before God, that they may be accepted before the LORD.
And thou shalt embroider the coat of fine linen, and thou shalt make the mitre [of fine linen, and thou shalt make the girdle [of] needle work.
And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, 41 for glory and for beauty. And thou shalt put them upon
Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may 42 minister unto me in the priest's office. And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the 43 loins even unto the thighs they shall reach; And they shall
be upon Aaron and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy [place ;] that they bear not iniquity, and die, as a punishment for it: [it shall be] a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him.
We have here an account of the sacrifice and ceremonies of consecrating the priests, and the continual burnt offering.
ND this [is] the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office : 2 Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish, And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened, tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened, anointed with oil: [of] wheaten flour 3 shalt thou make them. And thou shalt put them into one
basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the 4 two rams. And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.
And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod: