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received very great assistance in the ar- Union meant to follow. The effect of rangement of his plan from a gentleman the contemplated organisation will be, whom he named, and who is a banker that if riots should occur in Birmingham, at Wolverhampton.
ten or fifteen thousand men will, in the After Mr. Jones had submitted his short space of two hours or less, be plan to the consideration of the Council, prepared, irresistibly, to vindicate the a second plan, differing but little from law, and restore the peace and security the first, was proposed by Mr. Ed- of the town. Mr. Edmonds particularmonds. Neither of the plans was ly insisted upon the truth, that if the adopted, but both were referred to the Unions show their strength, they will consideration of a committee appointed never have to exert it. The contemfor the purpose.
The report of the plated measure will give additional committee will be brought up on Tues. credit to the Union. It will place the day next. We shall then lay the plan members more immediately under the adopted before the public.
eye of the appointed officers, and any Mr. Hipkiss very judiciously observ- violent, illegal, or seditious conduct will ed, that in the proposed organisation, the draw upon the man who exhibits it Union will have to steer clear of two immediate expulsion. Thus, in whatgreat difficulties. On the one hand, they ever light the measure is viewed,
whemust not trench upon the law, so as to ther as a conservative step to defend the be caught in its meshes; and on the peace when violated, whether as a supother, whilst they still act with, and for, port to the King and his Ministers, or the Government, they must not be os- whether as a means of enhancing the tensibly the tools of men who are in integral worth of the Union, it seems power, lest they thus cause a suspicion entitled to praise. Such is decidedly amongst the people that they are not the impression which exists among the firm, uncompromising friends of the Council. popular cause. The deliberations of Mr. Attwood gave his opinion upon the Council will be directed to the de- the subject in the most candid and fearvising of a plan which will secure the less manner. He did not hesitate to Union from either of these dilemmas. say that the bill was in danger. It had No time will be lost in completing the been rejected by the House of Lords, organisation. Mr. Attwood observed and he feared it would be rejected again. that no delay must be encouraged, for But there were other circumstances a week is important. Important, be- which he could not but consider. It cause circumstances may occur which was possible-he did not think it was will require the Union to preserve peace, probable, but it was possible—that our and defend the law, Government, and good and patriotic King may be induced, his Majesty. To convey some idea of by the wiles of those who surrounded him, the importance which the surrounding to withdraw his support from the Bill. Unions attach to the proceedings of the It was possible that the machinations of Union at Birmingham, we need only our powerful enemies may defeat the observe, that one member of the Coun- Ministers, and compel tliem to resiyt. cil stated that he, in his individual ca- And if, said Mr Attwood, the King, pacity, had received, during the week, army, and the navy, are transferred into three letters, inquiring what course the the power of the boroughmongers, why
in that : th, they al
i condante 0 erlies hus, in
rejectele partial risings, which never could favourable to the happiness of the peoble murderously, as they have done at poor man honest food for honest labour,
. lachinesplunder, and burn, and pull down soe found that the present measure would Dul, the spirit, act up to that clause in their something else. But he never' would
then I could not but feel the peculiar dan- would instigate to violence. No crowd, on the
ger of my situation. He knew that spies however powerful and determined in Sraiche
from the enemies' camp were in Bir- itself, can do any-thing effectual with2 llina
mingham; they might be then in the out a head. Not only would any petty room, and he hoped they were, in order effort fail, but those who made it would
that they might see the determination break the holy league which now exists and se** of the Union to go with the law in de- between the King, the people, and the
fence of the law. He cautioned the Is particus
peerage. He said the peerage, for it Union and the people, whose happiness must never be forgotten that all the old
was his being, end, and aim, not to be- peers were for the people, and none but The content
come the victims of the spies to whom the upstart peers were against them.
he had alloded; if the people did but That league must not be broken, for in ill plaer remain legally united respecting the law, it the hope of the country is anchored.
they would not long be slaves; but if That league will give to the country a they allowed faction to arise amongst boon far greater than Magna Charta them, they never could be free. He itself; for Magna Charta only destroyed illustrated this by the fable of the Bulls. the tyranny of a King, to erect that of
If the enemy could send spies to excite the barons ; but the bill of reform will viewed in the people to rise in petty, unorganised, destroy the tyranny of all, and erect on
undirected bodies, in order that those its ruins the liberty of the people at bodies might be cut down in detail, the large. He would say the same of the energy of the people would be damped, Bill of Rights, which only transferred they would argue from these numerous power from the hands of one faction failures of petty bodies to the failure of into the hands of another, which has all attempts, and the cause of reform scourged the people more severely than must fall to the ground; the borough- the former did. Mr. Attwood briefly mongers would triumph, and the rener- referred to the Lancashire reformers. able Earl Grey himself, whose life had He did not condemn annual Parliabeen devoted to reform, might be brought ments, vote by bullot, and universal 20 punishment for his patriotic efforis. suffrage; but really he could not say Again he conjured the people not to whether a bill, in which these were inlisten to men who urged them to these cluded, would or would not be more succeed. If by their spies the borongh- ple than the bill of Lord John Russell. mongers should induce the people to Mr. Attwood's sole object was to see a waste their strength wickedly, sillily, state of things which would give the Bristol, he for one should immediately and which would make the employer as can of themselves do nothing but employed upon the employer. If he their
beads. Therefore not lead to this happy and natural state the members of the Union should, with of things, why then he would go for
) to defels
enhamn ion, it
opinis indid 2012 ot hart Inger.
regulations, which instructs them to forego a certainly practicable and saluconsider as their enemy any man who tary measure for one which is at present
of an impracticable character. He He said the Union had always had diffi. again repeated, that no petty rising of culties to contend with ; those difficulthe populace could effect the triumph ties were daily, nay, hourly increasing. of the bill, unless they had with them The Union must be organised peace(as the Union has) the mind, the fully, efficiently, and legally. It is a muscle, and the mass of the people sacred duty which we owe to ourselves throughout the country. But when and our friends. Therefore, when the they have these, why, if ever the law plan is published, let every man act with should be violated-if ever Polignac promptitude ; let every petty jealousy should come—we stand upon an im- be forgotten, und the welfare of our pregnable rock to repel him, and defend country be the object, the only object the laws and liberties of our country. of all. The office which he held, he · It required no little energy and power held only for the benefit of the people. to oppose and defeat a sordid oligarchy. He hoped every little, low feeling Julius Cæsar, when he had conquered would be banished from the hearts of the world, did not venture to oppose the Unionists-that one closely-united the tyrants of Rome, until their conduct phalanx might be exhibited to meet any had condemned itself, and then he ex-coming emergency. The time was a claimed, “We will go where the gods hand when men's hearls would be tried. and justice call us." Here was an ex- In every society there must be leaders, T. ample for the people : let them adhere and the Union itself would have been : to the law, to the throne, and the Go- powerless without the Council. The vernment, and pat their trust in them Council would be placed in dangerous until they deceive them. When they circumstances if the boroughmongers have deceived us--but deceive us they should again triumph. Therefore her scarcely can--we must have a cure lest called upon the Union to take such 4 · they destroy us. If, indeed, the bo- steps as would enable them, if efforts roughmongers should throw out the were niade lo oppose the King or praisk bill a second time, they will destroy his Ministers, to arrest the hand of the Lord Grey, unless the people save him. destroyer, and vindicate the rights of The proposed organisation will enable Englishmen, the happiness of their us to do this with effect, and, therefore, homes, and the principles of law. it was very important that this should The above is a mere skeleton of Mr. be done whilst the present Ministry are Attwood's address. It is evident that · in power. The vile Stundard is labour- the project now under the consideration ing to prejudiče the mind of our excel- of the committee is one which must enlent King against the reformers. It is gage the attention of the public at large. said we caused the riots at Bristol; we, We shall lay before them the earliest who keep peace at home, go to excite information respecting it. The attendisturbance abroad! These wretched tion of the Council was then turned to insinuations may injure us; therefore let the late affair at Bristol, and to certain us make hay whilst the sun shines. Be facts connected with the Reform Bill. prompt and decisive. Mr. Attwood, in We shall report the whole to-morrow. the course of a long and powerful speech, One fact, however, we nust now no• repeatedly urged the necessity of a peace- tice:-Mr. Pare read froin a letter which ful demeanour on the part of the people. he had just received from Bristol, the
important fact, that one gentleman to what he means to do. He is only whose house was burot down has re- one, in number, of a Ministry; but, in cognised the person who fired it, and he the eyes of the people, he is the whole
Ministry; and the people ought, by proses to be one of the special constables some means or other, to be, as quickly sworn in by the magistrates to protect as possible, informed of what he is rethe entry of Sir Charles Wetherell. The solved upon. Two or three men, of writer of the letter states, that upon in- excellent understandings, have told me, qury being made into the whole of this
that they suspected it to be his intention
quietly to resign, and retire home to his unfortunate affair, some dark doings will estate, leaving his successors to do what be discovered.
they could with the troubled nation. · I In consequence of the increasing have always opposed this opinion ; for, anxiety manifested by the public to at
besides the impolicy of it; besides the tead the meetings of the Council, a of connivance on his part, Lord GREY
suspicion, the well-grounded suspicion, committee has been appointed to pro- would be justly chargeable with all the care a still larger room for their accom. horrible works which would inevitably modation.
succeed such a step taken by him. And what apology would he have for
such a step? That he found the Now, my rearlers may be well assur. obstacle, mentioned above ? That would ed, that Mr. Atwood did not say what be worse than saying at once that he had is here imputed to him, without being changed his mind, and was no longer thoroughly convinced of the danger, of for reform! No; he never can do this which he spoke! In short, I believe, thing: he never can devote his country that the existence of the danger had been to anarchy. His path is very simple : communicated to him in the most an- he has only to tell the people plainly, thentic manner; and that he had been that he is determined to propose toe chosen as the channel for conveying ihe Bill again, and to keep his place, in alarm to the whole country! Every man order to do it, unless he be put out of his of only plain common sense, who is at place. Let him plainly say that, and all all used 10 estimate the value of words will be well; the bill will be carried, made use of in such a case, must see and an end will be put to the turmoil, ichal is now the obstacle that Lord and the throne and the Peers and all will GREY has to contend with, and where be safe. The people are every-where that obstacle lies. Every such man ready to support him ; but they are in must also see that the fate of the king- the dark as to his intentions. I do hope dom, as far as regards its peace and that many days will not pass before safety, now depends UPON hin, and those intentions will be explicitly deupon him alone. If he had, if he found clured. the obstacle, on the 10th of October, re The following letter, which I take signed at once, and clearly stated the from the Courier of T'nesday last, bereasons, clearly described the obstacle, longs to this subject. It is a inost eloto the people, never should we have quent call on the people TO ARM. heard of the sad affair at Bristol, or of It is a piece of very able writing; but, any of the affairs in any other part of which is more, it comes from a paper the kingdom, which have so alarmed well known to be the inouth-piece of kod terrified people of property. It is the Ministry. the state of uncertainly in which the
Sir,- perceive you are averse from a gepeople are that is the real cause of all deral arming of the people. Allow me to the violence; the uncertainty in which state in a few words, for want of better arguthe people are, not with regard to the ments, why I am a clissentient from your docwill and wishes of Lord GREY, but with
I take it for granted, ours is, freo state. regard to his intentions ; with regard At all evenis, we may consider it tbeoretically
so, though, I believe, the ideas of 'Lord Cas- | shooting at a mark?'Do wé despise, in the tlereagh bad of it was, that it was.coastitu pride of our modern persection in the arts of tionally and essentially oligarchical, merely death, the simple but effective weapons of our checked and modified by the independent ancestors ? Were there not the conquering habits of the people ; for, in answer to the Times of Cressy and Agincourt, and these the Deputies froni Italy, he is reported to have sinewy instruments that illustrated them! said, that freedom here was verily a custom, And do the rays of those crowns of glory bean and not one of the best we had. Well, taking with less lustee than those of Blenheim and it to be free, (and if the presumption be in- Waterloo ? or do they pot rather, in their podeed an error, it is at least sanctioned by all litical consequences, throw a brighter refulconstitutional writers, without exception,) 1 gevce on the historical scroll than these ever defy you to select any other free state, either will ? ancient or modern, in which there exists an When incendiaries were hurling about the actual probibition from carrying arms; yet fiend-like brand of destruction, last winter, this I believe to be the case in this very pave- who, that is an Englishman, but felt conscious gyrized free state.
that a moral degradation, proceed from what Now I confess I am an advocate for teaching cause soever it might, had reduced to an in. the people the use of arms. No nation can furiated Lazzaroni the British peasantry? possess bigh moral qualities without courage. When the leaders of itinerant mobs were That courage must be exercised according to seized without difficulty, and abandoned by the fashion that the changing modes of war their dastardly followers without a struggle, fare may suggest, or it will grow obtuse and who but confessed that the sturdy character of rusty. It was remarked (by Lord Wellington, ibat most useful class of our countrymen had I think, but my memory is a porous one) as becoine deteriorated and lost? ( own, I would a proof of a very bad state of society in France, rather they had made an obstinate old Eug. that the people there were obliged each to lish opposition, even in a bad cause, than carry a musket in one hand, and his imple- resembled the boors of Russia, and the seris ments of industry in the other. This, which of Hungary, in their vengeance and their he regarded as a very had state of society, 1 cowardice. The conduct of the men of regard as the very best. Let one haud guard, Merthyr-Tydvil refreshed and consoled me, I I say, the productions of the other. Woe tó approve heartily of the energy of the Govero: the state of which the sole defenders are mer ment on that occasion ; but I beg also to cenaries ! I see no reason, either physical sympathise with the undaunted bearing of or moral, why the sword should not be laid these iron-men. tipon the looni, and the same nerves clench Jo short, begging pardon for my diffusethe spear which welded the iron for its formia ness, I think the exercise of arms would tend tion. Freemen should never give up the noble much to give a bolder tune to society; to prerogative of self-defence
inspirit tiie milk-and-water courtesies, dow With hearts resolved, and hands prepared, leemed polite, which are as pithless as they The blessings they enjoy to guard. are specious; to inspire a manly resolution
and consistency, and to preserve effectually Arts and manufactures, and the sedeutary not only from the actual contact of barbarian habits of life which they heyet, are naturally tyranny, but even from the more distant
, bu enervating; and the only way to counteract withering, ivfluence of a Holy Alliance, a and neutralize their influence in this respect influence which, I fear, has already tarnished is, by the exercise of arms, and of the livlier the balls, or blasted the strawberry leaves, ol passions which they bring into play. Bring more thav one English coronet. me an instance of an industrions people who Besides, somebody, and not a friend, bæ have been wholly kept from the use of war- coutemplated an appeal tu arms; else wby tbt like instrumeuts, who have not fallen a prey. Tower-another citadel of another Antwerp either to foreign invasion or domestic tyraliny. put into a state of defence? Why Fori Ao Is there a people more industrious, allowing gustiis, or some other fort in Scotland, vi for climate, that the Hindoos or the Chinese, Tualled? Charles XII. instinctively put bi in spite of it? Yet, the one nation has time hand to bis sword in his dying moment; * immemorial been the spoil and slave of every corruption too, in her guilty aguny, poistet subjogator ; and the latter has long beeii to stronger circumvallations than Gatton and under the gentle, and therefore politic yoke Sarum, The anti-reformers have troops of the Tartars, 'who easily subdued it--and They regard (though I am sure those inde why? Because the former confined the nse pencient fellows would soou belie their expec of arms to a particular caste; and the latter tations, were they called upon to act again: neglected it altogether, trusting rather to stone the patiou)-they regaril tbe yeomaory a walls and inawiinate fortresses, than to living their armed feudál 'followers. On the broke ramparts aud iudonitable spirits.
principle of political exp: diency, I say, to aru Besides, in tbe good old times of England, one portion of the populativu ayainst the other was not every man a soldier? Was not a is most wicked, most tyrannous, and, in its mulct inflicted upon every one who did not ultimate consequences, as (relaud bas proved, keep his trusty yew bow, and who was not, at most anti-social. All should be arined, or least weekly, instructed in the practice of wone. I know the reimbodying of the yeo