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Vol. 74.-No. 8.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, November 19TH, 1631.

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which has been a very honest and zealous
supporter of your Lordship and of the
Reform Bill, has, until of late, spoken
very confidently, not only of your inten-
tion to cause the bill to be carried, but
of your power to give effect to that in- -
tention. · Of all the fifieen, sixteen, or
seventeen millions of his Majesty's Eu-
ropean subjects, there is not one who is

more completely a stranger to all the
LETTER II.

persons belonging to the Government,
to all persons having any connexion or

acquaintanceship with persons belong-
TO LORD GREY,

ing to the Government; to all members

of Parliament of both Houses ; in short, On his present difficulties, on the causes who is more completely shut out; ve

of them, and on the means of extrical- luntarily, certainly; but who is mure ing himself from them.

completely cut off from all means of in

formation, direct or indirect, relative to Kensinglon, 161h November, 1831. matters of state and, of public policy,

than I am. I absolutely know nothing Is my last letter (Register, 12th in--but that which I see in print, relative to stan!), I addressed your Lordship on such matters; and, as to that, I am Lord BROUGHAM'S " readiness to recon-compelled to make up my opinion, not sider” the matter of the ten-pound suf- upon the statements I read, but upon ** frage ; and warned you against any and the indications which I think them to every proposition for altering the suf- convey. These indications have, within frage in the large towns, in any way a few days, been of a character to leave Whatever

, so as to lessen the number of no doubt at all in my minçi, that the obvalers in those towns. Fully confirmed stacle to the carrying of the Reform ia the correctness of my opinions on that Bill, which obstacle I have seen from important subject, I now, supposing you the very beginning, is now about to be not to be without some anxiety for the made apparent to every-body. Caration of your power, address you on The editor of the Morning Chronicle the subject, stated at the head of this has direct communication with one or

more of your Lordship's colleagues; he Every-body sees that you are in a state is not always right, and with regard to of great difficulty; but I have yet seen his abstract notions about the causes of ap pablication, in which the real causes the nation's distress, he is, like all other of your difficulties are frankly statel. I Scotchmen, always wrong; but long will presently state them with perfect observation on his conduct ; long attenfraskness, and thereby prepare my tion, or, at any rate, perusal of his realers, at any rate, for what may pro- paper, which is worth more than all the bably be the ultimate consequences of other daily papers put together kis

.. But I am convinced me that he is perfectly sincere interrupted by the arrival of the Morn- in his wishes for parliamentary tents

Caroxicie, which will spare me and that he would not, if he knew it, the trouble of describing the difficulties mistake any fact of public importance. Semselves

, which description is, how. With this preface, I will insert ils néticle er necessary, as a prelude to that of Monday last, and then his a role o£ which is to follow. This newspaper, this day.

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ARTICLE.OP Monday, 14th Nov.

employed, workmen throughout the

country.” **** Were the people to see any display " of porcer by the present Ministers,

ARTICLE OF WEDNESDAY, 16tu Nov. they might indulge in some hopes of their ability to carry the measure of A variety of reports of a change of "geform. But they cannot shut their " Ministry were yesterday circulated. "eyes to the circumstances that Minis- “ They must be bold men indeed, 'abo, "ters are without power. The Tories on the resignation of Earl Grey, beare everywhere in the strong-holds of

cause he is not allowed the means of " the country they are everywhere the carrying an efficient reform, would “delegates of the Royal authority, and "think of taking office. The resigna . I " the Government may be said to be in “ tion of Earl Grey would be a signal « their hands. The removal of Earl “ to the country of the triumph of the « Howe and Sir Byam MARTIN are too oligarchy; and if the people acqui“ trifling to be taken into account. The “ esced in the indignity offered to them, «.conclusion at which the people have they would thereby prove themselves “ arrived is, that Ministers have not the “ vile sordid slaves, and the very name “ power to do that which would enable “ of Englishman would stink in the nogThem to be of any use to the country

“ trils of the nations. that they have been retained till Heavy, indeed, would be the re« it suits the oligarchy to throw off “sponsibility OF THOSE who, by " the mask. We do not believe the compelling Earl Grey to resign, “ Ministers possess the power of “ would thereby drive a nation to de carrying reform, and it is of iin

We cannot believe that HIS “portance that the people should no “ MAJESTY would expose the people “ longer remain under the delusion that “ of this country to the calamity of “ they can carry it. He that is fore witnessing itself deceived in its fond“ warned is fore-armed. Believing, “ est hopes. HIS MAJESTY mast “ from a variety of circumstances, that surely have believed reform indispen" the Reforin Bill will be rejected a

" sable, or he would not hare be1 second time, what will then be the “ stowed his confidence on a Ministry “ state of the country? We agree with "" formed on the principle of reform. “ the Scotsman, that the object of the “ But whose wishes the end must wish “ selfish faction of anti-reformers, is " the means. To propose reform, and "* to make the Empire one universal yet refuse to consent to the means for " $ scene of turbulence and desolation. effecting it, would be a mere mockery The fearful scenes just acted in “ of the nation. « 5 Bristol are an image of what we " However, it is time that the nation 66 s shall by-and-by witness in erery should know who interposes the obsta"* corner of the three kingiloms, if more cles to the passing of reform. If his “ effectual means are not provided in “MaJesty is an anti-reformer, and 66's time to preserve the public peace.' |“ prefers the welfare of the borough« In fact, the rejection of the Reform" mongers to the welfare of the nation, “ Bill, as was to have been expected, “ LET IT BE KNOWN. The time “ has led to a want of confidence in the “ has arrived when there should be no “ manufacturing districts, and conse- " longer any mystery or mystification on

quently to the dismissal of a number" the subject. " of workmen. This process has been

“ That there is a hitch somewhere is " going on for some time, and has now beyond a doubt. If the course were “ attained to such a height as to inspire " clear, there could be no hesitation as “ thinking men with much alarm. Now" to the instantly removing the upprehen" let us suppose the bill rejected a se 6. sions of the people.• cond time, with the existence of a This was a pretty good breaking of “ number of discontented, because un- the ice. The word "Oligarchy" only

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of the people.

of the Parliament. I very much doubtfirmly believed that he would not; and," kings or shepherds. ed whether he would; or, rather, I/" change their minds, whether they bę in order that my readers, at any rate, should not be duped, I published on the mbject an address to them, dated at “ trust will not be the case) twice in his Kensington, on the 23rd of March, and life-time, have had to experience & March; an extract from which Register inserted in the Register of the 26th of I am about to insert here? and from this present volume of the Register,

serves the writer as a cover ; it is clear that extract my readers, at“ any rate, Shat when he wrote this in his paper of will see that I kitew a little andre about Monday, he knew all that he said in the the matter even tham your Lordship paper of to-day (Wednesday). Now, yourself appears to have knowo. After my Lord, please to look at the last pa? having stated that a dissolution of Parragraph of this article of Wednesday liament was absolutely necessary to The writer says that if the course were carry the Reform Bill, and that it was elear, there could be no hesitation as to your duty to

carry

the dissolution, instantly removing the apprehensions i proceeded thus

This is what I have " But, CAN he dissolve the Parliaalways said. You promised us a good

"ment? He can, if it be true that bill ; but you would not tell us what it “ the King wishes that this bill should was to be; and therefore I would not

“ be passed. To dissolve the Parliaexpress any confidence in you. It is ment, there must be the consent' of impossible to read this article of the the King ; and will the King refuse Chronicle without perceiving clearly

to give that consent ? This is the that this writer is firmly persuaded that question ; it is, indeert

, the only questhe King will not consent to give you

"'tion at present; and it is perhaps the the means of carrying

the Reform Bill.“ most important question, a question of It is possible that this may be an error,

“ the most fearful magnitude, that one but this is clearly the belief of a very “Englishınan ever put to another, in pradent man who has pretty constant any period of the history of our councommunication with some of your col-“ try! But, I may be asked, how I can leagues

, and who has manfully done his “ doubt of the King's readiness to give duty in communicating that belief to his “ his consent to the dissolution of the readers. In short, this is what he says " Parliament, that being so obviously, in substance, that the King refuses you

“ necessary to the success of this meathe means of carrying the bill, and

I
may

be asked how I can that you are kept in office until it “ doubt of this, seeing that all the suits those who 'advised the King to

newspapers have assured us, over and turn you out of office.

over again, that the King was full as To this we are come, then, at last ;

inuch in favour of the thing as his and, now, is it too much for nie to ask " Ministers. I should rather disbelieve your Lordship to look back at some " than believe the fact, if we had no passage in the Register, published since “ better authority than that; but, the you brought in this bill, and pointing to “ Ministers themselves have declared in this very result? that you are a reader of the Register ; I am not to suppose “ Parliament, that they have brought

“ forward the measure with the entire bat it would not be too much to expect

sanction of the King. This is a great that now, in this second season of your

" deal ; there is no question of their difficulties as a statesman, to ask you

having spoken truth as to this matter; of the 26th of March last. At that jest to read one passage in the Register - there is no question of their having,

“ had the complete sanction of the King time, it was doubted whether the King

“ for the bringing forward of this meiconsent to a dissolution

But, alas, kings, though kings, are still but men; and men “ It would be curious indeed, if this very LORD Grey should (which I change of this sort in the mind a King. By turning to page 419 of

sure.

would give his

sare.

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where will be found No. 3, of the “ he had given his sanction, but in order History of George IV., the reader to defeat the measure to which he had " will find, in paragraphs from 7 to given his sanction; he dissolved it, " 82 inclusive, the whole history of the “ however, when the senseless and hy. “ change of the mind of George III. in “pocritical cry of no popey had “ 1807. He will there find that Earl placed at his back the unreflecting “ Grey, then LORD Howick, brought“ millions of England and Wales and si in the Catholic Bill with the King's “ Scotland, led on by the parsons and

approbation and sanction; that it was " the corporate bodies. In this laster " brought in and read a first time with."

respect, great indeed is the diference " out a division ; that it was afterwards" in the two cases. Tlien it was the o withdrawn by the Ministers them- " millions who wished the measure to “ selves, without opposition ; and that " be defeated : now it is the millions " the Ministry were turned out there-“ who wished the measure not to be

upon, and the Parliament dissolved. “ defeated : now it is the millions who

Upon that occasion LORD Grey de- “ wish the measure to be carried. Dise “ clared in thie House of Commons, that, “ solution was then necessary to defeat «i« before he attempted to submit the the measure; dissolution is now ne.

consideration of the measure.to the “ cessary to carry the ineasure. " • House, he laid before his Majesty all “With regard to the King having " the particulars with regard to it, ind“ giren his sanction to this measure, oblained his Majesty's approbation there can be no doubt; that must be of it'!

so; for, if that had not been the case, “'Yet, as I have observed before, the “ it would at once have been contra. King changed his mind, and turned “ dicted in both Houses of Parliament; "out Lord Grey and his colleagues. but, with regard to the King still cox• Therefore, though the Ministers have“ tinning in the same mind, we have no

brought forward the present measure “such authority to rest on. And now, " in like manner, with the approbation “ let me stop here just to indulge my “ of the King, you see, my friends, that “ vanity for a monient. Peel's father “ that does not make it amount to a “ had a presentiment, you know,

and positive certainty that the King will“ why should not I! In talking, many “ dissolve the Parliament for the sake “ times, with friends, about the way “ of carrying a measure to which he . " that I would go to work in making a “had given his sanction. I do not“ parliamentary reform, if I were Prime "doubt myself ; I do not suspect ; I do “ Minister, I have, on such occasions, not fear; but in truth I know nothing “ always said, that I never would accept "! of the matter, except, as I said before, “ of the ofiice, unless the King would " that kings are men, and that all men “ first put into my band, signed by him.

are liable to change their minds; and “ self, à MESSAGE to both Houses of " that Lord Grey's twenty-four years' “ l'arliament, recommending them to " exile from that political power of " make a parliamentary reform, and " which nature formed him for always "containing some words describing the “ having a large share, is a striking in- “ great principle of such reform. I

stance of the effects of the change " always said that . Put not your trust in the mind of a King. Upon the “ in princes' was a precept that never

occasion here referred !o, the King “should be disobeyed by me ; a precept “I was ready enough to dissolve the lar- “ implanted in my mind by that which “ liament, and did dissolve it, when it occurred to LORD GRRY in 1607.

was only four monihs old; but, oba" How much better would it hare been

serve, he dissolved it to keep in his " if Lord Grey had proceeded by message “ new Minister, and to keep out the one " in this case ! Then all would have “ that had brought in the bill; he dis-“ been straightforward work; then there “ solved it, not for the purpose of caus- " would have been no idle rumours, no “ing to be carried the measure to which suspicions among the people, nu ia-,

* Jeliberate mo:iner.

e trigues at court, no cabals of any oort." against the second reading, the King " lo short, the measure would have “ would not dissolve the Parliament. " been carried long ago; and the nation, “ Now, my friends, I do not say that "all the people being in perfect har-“ the thing is so because they believed "mony and good humour, would have it to be so; but, at the same time, " been preparing for the election of a “ here are three hundred and one men i reformed parliament.

“ all acting upon this one and same " But to what does all this tend ? Do " belief; and there are amongst them a " I saspect that the King has changed " considerable number who know very " bis mjad ? I suspect nothing; but, at " well what is passing at the court and " the same time, I know nothing. I can amongst all those who are likely to

only judge from appearances and cir." possess interest with the King. Pray " cumstances; and I cannot help put observe, too, that in 1807, the King " ting to myself this question : Is it " was defended against his Ministers by " possible that the three hundred and“ an assertion that, though they had his

one men, who voted against the second " sanction to a vill in favour of the Ca" realing of the bill, could believe that " lics, they had not clearly explained to " the king would dissolve the P:urlia- him the full extent of that bill! This

ment unless this bill were carried by" was a very ugly assertion, because it " this Parliament? This is the question " did not admit of disproof: there was " which I put to myself; and I beg you, no calling upon the King to give evi" my friends, to put the same question "dence in the case : the Ministers, there" w yourselves, in a very serious and “ fore, had no defence against this; and,

If these three " if the King should listen to advice such " handre:) and one men believed that “ as would prevent his consent to a disso"the Parliament would be dissolved, “lution of Parliament, Lord Grey would " and they sent to face the people if " find himself, as far as relates to this

they roted against this bill, would " point, just in the situation in which they hace voted against it? Would " he found himself in 1807. Remark, I " they have voted against it if they had “ pray you, that the opposers of the bill " believed that such vote would have “ have already laid the ground for this

sent thein packing? Look well at the accusation against hiin. They have * walter, my friends; take time to con repeatedly said, that the bill, in its "sider, and then answer that question present shape, was not agreed upon "* to yourselves. These men are, to be " by the cabinet until the eleventh sure, neither Solomons' nor Solons; "hour : they have repeatedly insinuated " but they are not madmen ; they are " that the King's name ought not to a so far from being regardless of their “ have been mentioned as connected

owo interests and safety, that these with the bill; and you can see that. are objects which always appear to be “ they have been constantly endeavouruppermost in their minds. Would " ing to cause it to be believed that the they, then, have voted' thus, purely “King has not been given clearly to

for the pleasure and honour attend-“ understand the extent and drift of the "ing the publication of their names “ bill. This is a very ugly circumstance;. * thronghout the country; they knew " and, though I repeat that these men.

to a certainly that, if the King dis “are neither Solomons nor Solons, they " solved the Parliament after that vote, “ are not downright fools or idiots. scarcely a man of them would ever “ These observations, my friends, enter the House again. They could " would be useless if they pointed at no i have no hope in out-voting the Mi- practical result; if they afforded no "nistry; because a dissolution of the “ lesson to the people to teach them * Parliamen: would render their vote of “ how to act. The question is not, now," no use. It is, therefore, CERTAIN - whether this Reförin Bill ought to be " that these three hundred and one men carried; but whether the Parliament "believed that, if there were a majority " ought to be dissolved, seeing that,

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