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" without such dissolution, the Reform" gers, but in some formal document, “ Bill cannot be carried ! This, there- " signed with his name; and thus pre« fore, is now the business of the peo- "vent a repetition of the tricks that * ple. The King is legally endued with " were played lim in 1807. Then, in" à power of dissolving Parliament al " deed, he was not the PRISE MINISTER; “his pleasure; this prerogative, like all "he was merely a member of the Mi. " the rest which he possesses, has been “ nistry, and, in fact; he was under the “ given him for the good of his people ; " GRENVILLES, who, however provoked, “ the good of his people demand the haul, amongst them, sinecures to the “exercise of it at this time, and it is " amount of thirty thousand pounds a " therefore the right as well as the duty year. This was the power that kept “of his people earnestly to implore him him quiet under the load of obloquy, « to exercise that power. Hitherto il “cast on him by the transactions of that « has been sufficient to express grati." period. He is now Prime Minister “tude to him for having given his himself. He is weighed down by no “ sanction to this great measure; but “ Grenvilles nor by any.body else. The

now, when it is found that it is im-“ people know that the bill is his, and « possible to carry this measure with " solely his; and if the King will not 4 out a dissolution of the Parliament," let him use the only means by which it « duty to themselves as well as to the can be carried, it will be a duty to * King calls upon them to petition him “ the country as well as to himself to u to dissolve the Parliament.

slate the fact, in the fullest and most “ It is nonsense to talk of waiting to " authentic manner to the nation, quite « see what the House will do in the Com regardless of whom it may affect. The “ mittee. We are apprized beforehand “ nation must be told the truik now, « that there will be a great majority “ and the whole truth, let the telling of

against the material parts of the bill " it affect what and whom it may." « in the committee. To go into the com There, my Lord! Dr. Black now of mittee at all, under such circum- tells your Lordship, to let it be " stances, must be looked upon, in fact, known;" "that the time is arrived when

as an abandonment of the bill on the " there should be no longer any mystery " part of the Ministers. And, to aban- " or mystification on the subject." He "don it in this way would be a disgrace tells you that now; but I told it you on

not to be endured by any man with the 26th of March; and thus it is for a « English blood in his veins; and cer- man to have a head upon his shoulders, o tainly not to be endured by Lord Grey, and not to be rendered buffe-headed by “who has passed a whole long life any interests, and not to be shackled by “ amidst this turmoil of factions, and any communication whatever with any “ never get did a mean thing, never persons in power, or having communi66 abased himself in one single instance. cation with any persons in power: thus «-To be in place ut all, he can, at his it is for a sound mind to be left to its « age and after all that has passed, have free operations. After reading the bloody uno possible motive other than that of T'imes newspaper, and hearing the everce the good of his country; he has pro- lasting backbitings of the contemptible “posed the good, and in the most spe- creatures that you have heard gabble “cific and full and clear manner; and, about me for the last twenty years

, your “ if the King shall not permit him to do Lordship was, I dare say, astonished to « ihe good, the only thing left for him see a thousand persons in the Court “.to do is, to give up his post, and at the of King's Bench to witness my trial and

same time to declare, in the most full to hear them cheer the evidence of my " and clear manner, THE CAUSE OF Lord Radnor, and every heavy blow “HIS RESIGNATION OF THAT which I gave to your party. I dare say “POST! To do this, not in speech in you wondered what devil had raked “ Parliament, which may be disfigured them altogether ; especially as they were "at the pleasure of the boroughinon- well-dressed people, too, who had been,

many of them, obliged to pay money to and accoun: of the matter which he ni get admission. You must have been takes in hand. There is no servant that

astounded, indeeil, when you heard that conies into a house, whether, builer, the anxiety of many of them kept them housekeeper, cook, or in any other cain the Court during the whole of the pacity, who does not take care that the

bigbt. But, when you have read the employer shall know the state of the *** above-quoted extract, and have duly several things put into the charge of the

considered the esteem and respect that new comer : " This tureen is cracked, itou nerable writings, discovering the “ Ma'am ; here are half a dozen broken same extent of sagacity, penetration, " glasses. To be sure: . every one and foresight, which innumerable per- takes care not to be loaded with faults bons bare read from the same pen; committed by others; but you took to when you duly consider the predictions the concern as if it had been all as it on important subjects, and the invariable ought to be; not a cracked tureen in verification of those predictions; when the whole of the Wedgwood concern fou duly reflect on the inevitable im- did you find out. You even boasted of pression of these upon the minds of the state of the finances ; talked of naa very large part of the community, you tional faith as boldly as any of your will cease to wonder at the deep interest blundering predecessors, and would have which was felt and demonstrated upon made one believe that barracks, military that occasiwn, and upon the contemptible and naval academies, pension and sinefigure which not only your great law- cure lists, dead-weight and retired alofficer

, but which the whole of you, lowances, a thundering standing army, made

apon that memorable occasion ; and tithes held by pluralists and denor would you be surprised that the voured by them, were all of them inTrial has already been re-published in stitutions of the country," which no reNew York and returned to England, form was to shake. In addition to this, the editor loading his publication with which was quite enough of itself, you expressions of admiration of the man religiously refrained froin any-thing like whom you thought you could crush an attack upon your deadly, foes; and, with as little ceremony as one of your on the contrary, seemed to caress them underlings in office crushes a poor crea- with more than fraternal affection, and ture charged with something or other seemed to care about offending nobody against the customs or excise,

except them. Nay, so decided was your The extract which I have just quoted preference of them, that you could not leaves me little to say about the great even issue the special commissions cause of all your difficulties; namely, without having WELLINGTON and the not having obtained a message from Sturges Bourns on the bench with the the King at the beginning; and, besides judges, and without bringing the Duke that, a written document in the King's of Newcastle's steward from Notown hand-writing, sanctioning the mea- tinghamshire to be the official crownsure; or, at any rate, the measure should prosecutor in the counties of Hants, have coutained some words describing Wilts, Dorset, and Berks. the great principles of the bill. Your Another and most odious error was, Dext error was, that you did not make your prosecution of the press. Say that and publish in the most authentic man, the prosecution of Cartile and TAYLOR ner, hy resolutions in Parliament; by was a mere paving of the way for shutal address to the King, or in some au- ting me up for the remainder of thentic shape or other, a full exposition their names having been, by the bloody of the state in which you found the Old Times, and by the speakers in ParCountry. There is not a man who takes liament, constantly coupled with mine; a trusteeship, a stewardship, or who say this; it is but a poor apology; a takes to the management of any con- very good apology to your foes; but a dern who does not take care to be pro- very poor piece of policy; for there is víded -with an ioventory or statement your Attorney-General as odious as any

my life,

of his predecessors; and be you assured," the strait, or narow gate ; for wide that the name of Sir Charles WETHER. " is the gate and broad is the way that ELL and of Sir Joux Copley will be " leadeth to destruction ; but strait is pronounced with honour whenever their “ the gate and narrow is the way which conduct as Attorney-General is put in " leadeth unto life." March on, then, contrast with his. But the truth is, you my Lord, in the narrow way ; get not had not the courage necessary to a'into a way in which you can turn to the change of the system ; and, there- right or to the left ; if my forebodings fore, you were compelled to resort to of the 26th of March be now verified, the means to which your predecessors you have no other course to pursue, had resorted for carrying on that except that which is there recommendsystem. The mere name of reform ed; namely, to resign your post at was nothing; people wanted to see once, and to tell the nation, in the most proofs of sincerity in other acts. They distinct manner, in a paper signed by saw no such proofs : they saw you yourself and published by your authogoing on in just the same way that your rity, that you have resigned it because predecessors had gone on in. They the King will not give you the means saw, in the case of Mr. and Mrs. Deacle, necessary to carry the Reform Bill. It quite enough to convince them that it will not be sufficient that you make this had, in fact, been a mere change of men. statement in a speech in Parliament. They saw no change of intention as to Yoù did that in 1807 ; you got turned measures; the underlings in office were out of the county of Northun:berland retained because they were necessary to for your pains; and if you had been the carrying on of the system. They sent back to some populous towii, you have bred in the system, as mice breed would, like Mr. Roscoe, have got in a barley-mow. There are the grand- nearly knocked on the head in additior. father, the son, and the grandson, all To retire from office; to resign quietly; bred in the system. You had a choice, to go away home, and not to tell the between retaining the mice or tumbling real cause without any reserve, would dɔwn the mow ; and the rich mow you be disgrace such as never yet befell any wished to uphold.

man upon the face of this earth. But there was one capital blunder ; When, on Monday the 10th of Octothat was your taking of Brouauam for ber, your Lordship went to Windsor, a colleayue. He was your rival for and had, as I thought, prevailed upon what is called popularity. He was the King to make a short prorogation, sure to beat you with the dirty thing and to make such an addition to the called “the public press; for he would peers as would have seemed a carrying descend to what you would not. I saw of the bill, 1 expressed with regard to how he forced himself upon you, and I your conduct the highest admiration foresaw and foretold the consequences; that the words which I had at my and there he is, now, ready to reconsider command would enable me to express. that bill by which you have pledged I always thought, from the very outset

, ỹourself to stand or fall

. Great, how-that the King' was opposed to the bill, ever, as are the difficulties in which you and always recognised his right to be are involved, he is involved in still opposed to it, and by no means call that greater. How he is to retain place, and right in question now; but then I get the bill not to pass, is, I' think, a wanted the nation to know this, as I something that will puzzle even him; want it to know all truth which is inteand yet, retain place 'he will, or the resting to it. I thought that he was world is at an end with him, at any rate. opposed to the bill; every-thing that I

Such, my Lord, hastily sketched, are saw convinced me that he was opposed the causes which have led to your pre-l to it; and if I could have doubled sent difficulties, the way out of which before; could I possibly sloubt after is better described by the Bible than it seeing all the bishops but two vole cản be by my pen. "" Enter ye' in at against it? Every man with two grains

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of sense in his head must, the moment | most amply. I say that you acted be saw that vote, have been quite sure weakly too with regard to the good of that the King was opposed to the bill; the country, and particularly with rcOf, at the very least, that his Majesty gard to the ultimate success of the mechad expressed bis determination not to sure. If you had resigned at that time, make the necessary addition to the or told the real cause, as you must do at, House of Peers. There was quite last, the King would have seen the great enough in the circumstance of the King's instant impression produced upon the visiting and receiving some of the most whole kingdom; and I have not the conspicuous opponents of the bill; but, smallest doubt that a successor to you 10 hare doubted, after this vote of the would never have been appointed; and bishops

, would have been to give proofs that at this day the Reforin Bill would, of dowaright idiotcy. When, there have been passed; that we never should fore, your Lordship came back from have heard of combinations to refuse to Windsor on the Monday, the 10th of pay taxes, nor of any of those combina-, October, after the vote of Saturday, the tions for taking up arms, for arining the Sth of October, and when we were rich against the working people, which assured on the Wednesday following seein likely to end in the most sanguinary that you meant to retain your place, conflicts. However, you are now fairly and that the King was, to make use of tied to the stake; you have but one the expression of the Duke of Sussex to way out of the difficulty and disgrace; the deputation of which Mr. Fearow you are just going to exhibit to the was one, as“ firm as a rock," I thought world a memorable instance of the sucthat you had gone to Windsor, and had, cess which is the reward of resolution instead of resigning, and thereby throw- in a righteous cause ; or of the failure ing the responsibility upon the King, had and, indeed, the disgrace which seldom the real loyalty, the true patriotism, the fail to attend a want of resolution in astonishing self-command and magna- trying circumstances. That it may be nimity

, to patiently argue the matter the former, I, for the sake of my country, with the king, and had prevailed upon most sincerely wish. him to make the addition to the

I am, my Lord, House of Peers, or, in other words, to

Your most obedient give you the only means that existed of

humble servant, carrying the bill. Therefore it was

WM. COBBETT. that I so lauded your conduct; but it now appears, if these opinions of Dr.

PostScript. Thursday Morning. Black be correct, that you did not

so Since writing the above, 1 perceive the prerail. I do not say that you acted following article in the Morning Chrowickedly or dishonourably in not resign- nicle of this morning. I also am sure ing your place at once.

So far from it, that the people can place reliance safely, I think you would have been perfectly only on themselves. Here is a total justified in resigning; and I go further, change of tone since yesterday : the Mifue I say, that it is what I myself would nistry appear to be tossed to and fro with have done, and that, too, without any every blast ; but before I go further, let expostulation

at all; for i should have me insert the article. upon myself as abandoned by the “ We have authority for contradicting King, and should have at once acted in the most positive terms the rumour, upon that feeling. Nor do I say that “i of Lord Grey's resiynalion. We are you acted wickedly or dishonourably in " assured that the rumour is wholly retaining your post after you found that “ false; that such a resignation has you could not prevail; but I am fully " never been contemplated; that the coarinced that you acted weakly: that “ cabinet are firmly' unilcd, and most you exposed yourself to all the suspicions “ friendly in all their intercourse with that have been afloat fron) that day to

one another. this, and in which I have particip:ited " While, however, we give this un




" qualified contradiction, we must own“ be disposed to do.

“ be disposed to do. But of one thing " that we are not surprised that the ex we arc sure, that the people can sufely 6 traordinary silence of Ministers on the “ place reliance only on theinselves. Le

subjects respecting which the people "them prepare, that if danger comes, « have so much reason for feeling an “ they may not be taken by surprise." "anxiety, should have given rise to fu There is no doubt that Dr. BLACK "mours of changes and resignations. has good authority; or, at any rate "Ministers, we know, express the most that he has been assured by some one

confident assurance of their ability to in office that Lord Grey has never ino

carry the bill; their language is, it tended to resign. He may intend to be

any-thing, more confident than ever ; put out, or turned out; and that would " but they cannot expect that the people, be as good as resigning, provided that " who do not possess the means of he published an explicit declaration of

kpowing on what their confidence is the cause of his being turned out, and છે

founded, should share it with them. called by his name the person who was • The people, hear the same anti-re the cause of it. It is enough for Dr. " formers who rejected the former bill Black to tell us that the Ministers are " threaten as loudly as ever the rejection confident of carrying the bill; and, in

of the next. They hear of intrigues deed, he does not appear himself to be "—they know that the powers of Go- satisfied with their expressing such con

vernment have, for half a century and fidence; the people have no confidence, more, been in the hands of the Tories at present; and hence the troubles that —that their creatures are in all offices, exist all over the country. The people

and wield all the power of the nation; want, as the Doctor says, some indicacc

- they see Ministers more anxious to tions of the mode in which the bill is to at

have the gove opinion of these Torics be carried. They see no such indicaat

than of the reformers—and, under such tions; and I, for my part, do not rely circumstances, is it wonderful, that on the authority on which Dr. BLACK they should feel aların ? Do they ask fouads his contradiction of the report.

too much when they wish to see some As very closely connected with this subindications of the mode in which the ject, I insert an account of the proceed“ bill is to be carried ? We have heard, ings at a meeting of the council of the

on good authority, of one great bo- Metropolitan Political Union. I beg

roughmonger of the North having my readers to pay attention to the whole declared, not that he has changed his of the report of these proceedings, par

opinion respecting the bill, but that it licularly to what is contained in the al

can no longer be resisted... Lord speech of Mr. Place, He there tells Wharncliffe, on the other hand, has us that he hears from good authority been travelling into the country in (and I believe his authority to be good), stage-coaches, to obtain evidence of that Parliament will not assemble very

re-action, and he proclaims that Ke speedily, and that he was sorry to say " has every-where found the strongest that the Ministers were uncommonly

evidence of it. There is really no anxious for its meeting at a distant day. of convincing some men. It would not Now, I believe Mr. Place to speak the o surprise us if Lord Tankerville, who truth here; and, if he do speak the

had such a narrow escape at Don- truth, this wish of the Ministers, indicaster, and who was obliged to travel cates one of two things; insincerity, or • all night with the ladies of his family want of power. Insincerity in being * in a coach greatly shattered and open determined to propose a bill not so good

to the rain, were not, after a few days for the people as the last ;, or want of intermission, also to proclaim that

the power to carry the bill that they intend “ re-action had cominenced. But these to propose : fear to face the people, are the animals, who have to decide fear to fuce the boroughmongers

. ihe fate of England. It would be ab- defy any man living, who is, at once “surd to calculate on what they may sensible and sincere, to come to any



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