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gistrates, upop the express, understandiog, at the magistrates while this address was being however, that their services should not be made, one of which struck the person who required except in case of actual necessity, was standing next to the Mayor, and knocked and tbe failure of the civil power to maintain off his hat. But the earnest desire of the the peace, the nagisirates immediately tock magistrates to abstaiu from using force until such measures as appeared to be necessary for the last possible moment, prevented them increasing ihe constabulary force.
from having recourse to it until some time l'pon application to the in babitaots of the had elapsed. About 5 o'clock, however, upon several wards, their returns were insufficient the approach of evening, the number of peofor the puniber required, and such deficiency ple appearing to be considerably increased, was immediately supplied by eugaging hired and their conduct becoining greatly moro constables for the purpose; the whule, with violent, the doors and windows of the Mansion. the sheriffs' officers, amounted to about 300 house having been attacked with stones, and men. On Thursday, the 27th, the magis- several of the constables having been hrought trales issued and published the address cou- in severely wounded, the Riot Act was read, tained in tbe Appendix, No. 1. On the 29th, the and this appearing to have no effect, an order Sheriffs met the Recorder at 10 in the furepouu, was sent tu the troops, who had been before (being mach earlier than the usual honr) directed to hold themselves in readiness, to at the distance of about one mile from the come at once to the scene of action. Guildhall, and much nearer to it than the In the interval of more than half an hour, usual place of meeting,
which took place before their arrival, the These precautivus, which were adopted in Mayor, and those who were with him in the the hope that they might lessed the difficulties Mansion-house, were in the greatest personal of Sir Charles coming in, had not altogether danger. The people on the outside bad the desired effect; the number of persons as- driven in the constables, toro up the ironsembled was much larger than upon former railing in front of the house, and with occasious, and considerable tumult and pres- stones aud large pieces of tin.ber battered sure took place. Sir Charles was assailed in the wiudows aud window-frames and the with violent groans, hisses, and other strong panels of the doors, and were with the greatest expressions of disapprobation, and occasion difficulty prevented from forcing a complete ally by stones thrown at bim, from the time entrance, by having the windows and doors of his being first received by the sheriffs to barricaded with beds and furniture; they had bis arrival at the Guildhall, and again in pro- entered into the dining-room and another ceediag from thence to the Mausiou-house, room on the ground floor, and destroyed the after haviog cumpleted the usual formalities contents, and liad made such a breach in the of readiog the charter and adjourning the larye street-door, as enabled them to rake and Court. Jo passing from one place to another, sweep the hall with stones and large bars of the copstables experienced great pressure and wood; and they had, as it appears, provided annoyance, and were frequently struck with and placed straw in the dining room for ihe stones, and several of thein were cousiderably apparent purpose of setting fire to the house. wounded.
Upon the appearance of the soldiers, the peoThey, however, performed the duty assigned ple withdrew from the attack, but did not disto them, and Sir Charles reached the Mansion perse; and directions were given to Colonel tonse ju perfect safety, about woon. The Brereton, who came to the magistrates for crowd assembled ju front of the Mansion orders, to get the streets cleared; they, howtouse consigued there for some bours, with ever, still continued to occupy the courts of out any indication of riot, except by expressing the adjoiping houses and the corners of the their disapprobation as they before had done, square, near the Mansion-house, in considerazod by occasional skirmishes which took place ble numbers, throwing stones at tbe windows when the constables endeavoured to apprehend and at the 14th Dragoons, two of whom were persons in the act of throwing stones, or to brought in wounded. Colouel Brereton came disperse those who showed a disposition to be in from time to time to report to the magis. Hore forward than the others. This state of trates, and it appeared, from his statement, things having continued until wearly dusk, that the people were in very good humour, the numbers from time to time varying, and that he had been shaking hands with them their behaviour being occasionally more or uutil his own arm was tired, that their less tamultuous, aud it appearing suine of them number was lessening, and that he should lad, in the mean time, provided then selves disperse them by merely riding the trvops with stieks, the Mayor, accompanied by the about. It appeared, huwever, to the magismagistrates, went out in front of the Mansivu- trates, that their wunber was rather increasing bocse and addressed the people, remonstrating than diminishing, and that their conduct was ttbem on the impropriety of their conduct, tumultuous and violent, as they still continued presting vut to them the dauger of persisting to assail the house by throwing stones, aud
it, earnesily entreating them to disperse attempted to force their way into the kitchen sd go hunne quietly, and stating to them the and other parts of the building; and the maDécessity of the magistrates using stronger gistrates considered it necessary to have the Deures valess this recommendation should people dispéised. Colonel Brereton was asked bave the desired effect. Siodes were thrown is he had any directions which prevented him
from acting uniler the orders of the magis- slaughter. The Colonel said it would be het trates, and answered that his orders were to ter to keep the mub in temper until the next be under their directions; upon which he was inorning, when a reinforcement of troops told that the magistrates required him to clear might he expected.. Upon the arrival of the the streets. The people were soou after driven Mayor at the Guildball, a potice was issued, from the square, without any cut or wound apprising the citizens that the Riot Act had beiog inflicted; and they retreated to the been read, as stated in the Appendix, No. 2, neighbouring streets, in one of which the and also a notice, Appendix, No.3, requesting soldiers of the 14th Dragoons were exposed to a meeting of the citizens at the Guildhall, to great appoyance hy being pelted with stones, assist in restoring the peace of the city. The and being uvable to follow the people with ef. Mayır also gave notice that Sir Charles fect, as they retreated across the quay to the Weiherell had lelt the city, which circum. ships, the lamps having been put out, and it stance took place soon after the first attack being quite dark. Upon one of the officers or upon the Mansion-bouse, Sir Charles having the 14th Dragoons coming in to complain of retired from it to a house at some distance, this, and stating that the troops would be use. and, by the advice of the magistrates, withlessly sacrificed, and asking for permission to drawn from the city. fire, one of the special constables offered to go About 11 o'clock intelligence was brought with a party of 25 men, if they could be sup- to the Guildhall, that the inob were proceedported by the soldiers, and dislodge them: ing in considerable force to the city Bridewell
, but this was given up upon Colonel Breretou's with a declared purpose of setting at liberty suggesting that, in his opinion, they would some prisoners who had been taken into soon become quiet, and go to their homes, if custody and committed thereto on the Saturthey were uo molested, aud saying he would day. At this time the special constables (being be answerable for the peace of the city, aud priucipally tradesmen of the city) who had would patrol it during the night.
been on duty from 8 o'clock on the Saturday The magistrates recommended the sheriffs morning, had returned to their houses, and to call out the civil power of the county, and only a few of the citizens bad auswered the requested Captain Shute, of the Bedwinster Mayor's request by coming to the Guildball, troup of North Sumerset Yevmanry Cavalry, and those who did attegd expressed their to collect as many of his troops as be could in readiness to act if they were supported by the readiness by the next day,
troops, but at the same time their unwilling. It appears that, during the night, there had ness to risk their lives unless they could be so been soine further insult and violence towards supported. At this time Colonel Brereton apthe 14th Dragouns at some distance from the plied to the magistrales for their authority to square, which in ihe result led to a man being send the two troops of the 14th Dragoons out shot. Some few persons continued in the of town, stating that the mob were so exaspe. square all night: early in the morning they rated with them, in consequence of their began to collect rapidly, and by 1 o'clock there having fired, that the lives of every man of were many buudreds assembled. Colonel tbem would be sacrificed if they remained. Brereton called at the Mausion-house, and He was distiuctly told by the magistrates ordered bome the t'ew suldiers who remained that they could not authwrise or consert there ; shortly after which, the people com to this, and that if he sent them away, menced anviber attack upon the Mansiou. he must be personally responsible. He also house, and tore down the barricades which had stated that those troops, as well as the 34 been fixed during the night, and entered in Dragoon Guards, were barassed and fatigued, full force into the house. The Mayor and one as well meu as horses, and could not reader of the Sheriffs with difficulty escaped over the any assistance, or take any duty, for some rouf, aud got to the Guildball." The troops time. The magistrates remonstrated with him were recalled; and the people again with against ibis priposal, as the city would be left drew, but retained possession of the cellar, in a defenceless slate ; and as the Colonel still and drank the liquors. About half-past teo iusisted on the absolute necessity of the mea the 141h again relurued to their quarters, be sure, he requested the magistrates to point out ing followed by the mob, aud pelted with quarters for the inen, at the distapce of two or itunes, which they returued by firing several three miles froin the city, which the magistrates shots in College-green; out witbistanding therefore did, iufuriniog him, at the same which the mub continued to prlt and insult tine, they could not relieve him of bis rethem up to their very quarters. The Riot Act sponsibility in this respect, or be copsidered had been read three times by one of the alder: as sanctioning, in any manner, the proposed men, who remained on the spot, and addressed removal of the trvops. He insisted also on the mon, and entreated them to return to the necessity of refreshing the 3d Dragoon their houses; and soun afterwards the alder. Guards, and it is believed ordeceu must of man, in a couversation with Culonel Brereton, them to quariers for that purpose. In a short reque-ted the iroops might fire ; but the Co. time after this (the mob having carried BrideJouel said that the troops would not and should well by force, and liberated the prisoners, and not fire, it would be of vo avail, and the mob set it on fire, and being about, as was alleged. would be so infuriated that they might over w proceed to the city Jail for the like purpuse) come the troops, and the city be given up to several citizens having by this time assembled
at the Guildhall in pursuance of the Mayor's re- i culty passed through them: and the consta, quisition, aud being called upon to give their bles, who bail attenspted to secure some of assista:ice, stated in Colonel Brereton's pre- the mob, ou looking to the place where the seuce, that they would not act unless supported soldiers had been frosted, iu the hope of finde by the military. Colonel Brereton was again ing support, observed that the solliers were peremptorily desired to call out the truops im- gone, and finding theniselves deserted, got mediately, aud again gave for an answer thail away as they could, declaring that they would he could not do it, as their lives would be out again venture their lives. The Palace sacrificed, without being able to do any good. was immediately set ou fire and consumed. The mob proceeded as was expected, and This was followed by the firing of two com, succeeded in getting possession of thai prison: plete sides of Queen-square, containing two of the magistrales having gone down with nearly torty houses, including the Mane, sucb civil force as they could collect, were sion-house, the Custoin-house, and the driven back, the particulars of which, and the Excise-office. During all this time, it will conduct of such of the troups as were brought be seen that the magistrates were wbully out on that occasion, are detailed in ile without any sufficient means of protection or account furnished by the Sheriffs in the state- defence, the mob appearing iu have had comment which forms the Appendix, marked plete pissession of the city. There was no No. 4.
interval Juring which the Mayor and inagis. It appears that, with reference to sending trates were not at their post, except for a short the 11th Dragoons out of the city, the officers time after their being driven from the Bishop's and men were very uuwilling to go-that they Palace, and retiring to a private bouse in were by no means in a state wbich made them Berkeley-square, of which notice was almost quite unfit for service, and were anxious to be immediately given to Colonel Breretou, as actively employed: bút Culonel Brereton 1.0- stated in the Appendix, Nos, 5 and 6. About formed them that it was the order of the ma- | 4 o'clock, one of the magistrates, went to the gistrates they should go, and go they must. quarters of the 3d Dragoon Guards, and stated The woh having succeeded in liberaling all to the officer in commaud the situation of the the prisoners from the jail, proceeded for the square, saying, ibat the whole of it would be same purpose, and with the same object, to cousuined unless military assistance was in the primit of Lawford's gate, situated in ihe stanıly a furded. He expressed his readiness county of Gloucester, biit in the immediate 10 atteud, but said he could only furnish 24 vicinity of Bristol, where they effected the men. He mentioned, that a letier had been sawe work of demolition and liberation. received from the Mayor; this appeared to be The magistrates, by this time had established the leiter No. (i, in ibe Appeodix. The officer themselves as well as they could in the Coun- at the desire of the magistrates, went with bim cil-bouse, the Sheriff and a party of the citi to Colonel Brereton's lodgings, the door of the tens remaining at the Guildhall, between both military office having been before tried in vbich places a constaut commiwication was vain. The Colouel, upou heiug called upos ma ota ued, but no sufficient force either of and the circumstance stated, said it was of no citizens and special coustables could be ob- use to take out those jaded troops, they could taiveal to evalle the magistrates to engage in do no good-what could they do against such, furtber conflict after the result of the endea- a mub? He was, however, strvogly and reFour to relieve the jail. Ahout this time au peatedly urged, and consented to order out the attempt was made to set fire in the back of troops : in about ten minutes they were out, the Mansion-house, and there being six sol and ou proceeding to the square, haviug found diers in the square at the front, the circum- in Prince's street, a waremuse in flames, and Stance was comunicared to thein, with the a inob of about 600 or 700 persons in frout of request that they would show theinselves at it, which the troops dispersed by charging up the back iv order to preveut it, which they the street. On arriving in the square, the tefused, alleging that their orders were con muh, consisting of about 600 mwore, were just Boel to keeping the front of the Mansion commenciug an attack upon the first two house clear, 'frim Lawford's-gate the mob bouses on the third sile of the square, two, proceeded, in two divisious, to the Bishop's entire sides being ju Aames. The Rub hadi Palace, and the Mayor, with several persons entered the corner bouse with fire, aud were who bad with bim during the day, and follow- battering the windows and door of the next to ed ly as many citizeus as could be collected, it. The troops formed iu front of the two rept down to the sceue of action, having houses. The mob did uot disperse, but cona) Øren orders for all the troops which could be tinued round the soldiers. The fire in the brought out to be there. The first division of corner house was extiuguished and cleared, tbe noh having eutered, were followed by and from the arrival of the troops io the sady of the special constables and the soldiers, square, no attempt was made to atiаck or set
Bolormed iuside the court, and it was hoped fire to any house. be ringleaders might be secured; but just as About 6 o'clock the mob bad separated into the citizens came in contact with them, the small parties of 20 or 30, in different parts of Eain tudy of the mub were heard advancing the square, which the soldiers were occasion, The Mayor, and the few persons who were ally employed in dispersing. Upon oue of
ich lica between tbe two bodies, with diffi- chuse occasious a soldier was, wounded by a
shot fired by the mob; and hy a little activity
No. 3. on the part of the soldiers, the streets were The Magistrates most earnestly entreat the ultimately cleared. In the mean sime, having assistance of their fellow citizens to restore sent to Gloucester and other places for assist the peace of the city, by assembling immedie ance, aud the two troops of the 14th, having ately at ibe Guildhall. been brought into the city from their country Guildhall, Sunday Morning, I past 10. quarters, and Major Beckwith having arrived from Gloucester and taken the cuminand of
No. 4. them, aod received directions from the magis The Sheriffs of Bristol baving been called trates to disperse the mob wherever they were on hy the magistrates to report upon the cirfound to be assembled in force, they were cumstances of attack upon the jail, have insti. vigorously attacked. By these ineasures, and tuted an inquiry into those circumstauces, and the arrival of a considerable nurther of troops find that the governor having received iuforand yeomanry from different parts of the mation on Sunday afternoon, about 1 o'clock, country, the city was soon restored to a state that the mob had attacked Bridewell, imme: 2 of comparative peace and security.
diately resorted to the Mansion house, to I have laid before your Lordship, as simply inform the magistrates of the circumstances of and shortly as possible, au outline of the the case, and to require assistance, when be principal transactions which have taken place found that the mob lad obtained possessiva of in this city, wishing to avoid comment or ob- the house, and that the magistrates were gone servatiou upon them. I believe every fact up to the Guildhall. On his arrival there, detailed can be fully verified. If any part of two of the Aldermen, Mr. Hilhouse and Mr. the statement should appear to require expla- Savage, offered to accompany him back, and nation, I shall be most happy to atford it, as i baving collected about thirty of the citizens alsu suall be lo continue the detail at any sub- and constables, they proceeded to the jail, sequent period.
which is a building surrounded by a wall of i have the honour to he, my Lord, your very considerable circumference, and although Lordship's obedient humblc servaut, bigh, exposed to be scaled in every direction,
Charles Pinney, Mayor. The party, on arrival, fuund upwards of 15,00) To the Rt. Hon. Lord Visct. Melbourue. persons surrounding the jail, and in front of
the portal or eutrance, and, on comiog round APPENDIX.-No. 1.
towards the porta!, they were attacked by Council. House, l’ristol, Oct. 27, 1231. stones and misiles of every description; It being apprebended, from information several of the party severely hurt; Mr. Little, received through various chanuels, that some the Under-Sheriff's partner, dangerously indiscreet persons may be incliued to promote wounded with a sledge-bammer; and the feeliogs of irritation and excitement on the whole division scattered ; and an entrance arrival of ihe Recorder in this city, the Mayor was thereon effected at the portal by the mob, and Aldermen most earnestly hope that all who were provided with tools they had obclasses of their fellow-citizens, however i hey tained on their way to the jail, by breaking may differ on political subjects, will see the open an ironmonger and anchor-seniih's shop. propriety of cordially co operating to maintain That immediately after the mub entered, about peace and good order ; and that they will twenty-four of the 3d Dragoon Guards came abstain froni manifestiug auy declaration of towards the spot, at a slow pace, and, as the their opinions on so solemn and importaut an troops approached, ibe mob'fled in all direc. occasion as the delivery of his Majesty's jail, tions. The troops moved to the front of the in cases affectiog the lives of the persous to be jail; but, as they took no offensive measures, tried for offences against the laws of their the populace agaia drew near to it, there being country. The magistrates confidently trust then about 100 persons of the mob within the that they may rely on the good sense and dis- walls. cretiou of the inhabitants not to depart from The governor, who had taken shelter from that orderly conduct which has hitherto pre. the attack of the mob, at a house immediately vailed in the city ; but should any disposition close to the jail wall, saw the guards ap. be shown, tending to create disturbance, they proach, and went towards them, wheo he saw feel it will become their imperative duty to them returning, without stopping at all, or inuse all lawful means for the apprehendiuaud terfering with ile moh, and the people cheering bringing to punishment all persons who may thein, and some of the soldiery waviug their be found committing any breach of the peace gloves in returu. The mol then obtained or other illegal act.
complete possession of the jail, liberated the By order of the Mayor and Aldermen, prisovers, set fire to the governor's house, LUDLOW, Town Clerk. which is cousuined, and retained possession of
the remainder of the jail until Monday mornNo. 2.
ing, when the cavalry having dispersed the Council-House, Bristol, Sunday, Oct. 30. people io the adjoining square, the possession The Rise Act has been read three tinies of the building was recovered. The sheriffs All persous tumultuously assembling are have also to report that the damage done to the guilty of capital felony,
jail itself is incousiderable, with ihe exception By Order of
The Mayor. of the destructiou of the governor's house.
which had accompanied Sir Charles having The Mayor of Bristol desires Colonel Bre- continued in front of the Mansion-house, and reton to consider bimself fully authorised to occasionally thrown stones at the windows, take whatever steps, and give whatever orders, and having been in other respects poisy and be, as
as the military commander of the troops in violent. About 5 o'clock, the coustables have this city, may think fit to restore and preserve, ing gone to the assistance of a man who was as far as possible, the public peace. The Riot in danger at the distance of a few doors, two Act has been read three times tu-day. Col. of them being brought in considerably woundBrereton will have the goodness to consider ed, and being ultimately driven into the this order to apply not only to the troops at Mansion-house, a violent attack was made by present under his command, but to any which the mob, upon the building; the iron railing may subsequently arrive in the city.
in front was torn up, the panels of the doors Mr. Daniel Fripp's, No. 30, Berkeley.quare, were forced, and the window frames broken Sunday night, 12 o'clock, 30th Oct., 1831. possession of the hall, in consequence of the
in. The constables being unable to maintain
brick-bats, stones, and picces of timber by The Mayor of Bristol begs to inform Col. which it was raked, the inob effected an enBrereton, ihat if be should have occasion for trance, destroyed all the furniture in the rooms the orders of a magistrate, either the Mayor an the ground Avor, and, as it appears, had or some other magistrate will be found at No. provided and placed a quantity of straw in one, 30, Berkeley-square, Mr. Daniel Fripp's, the of the ruums. Three dispatches were sent for second house on the right hand on turning into the troops, who arrived about forty minutes the square from Park.street.
after they bad been sent for, and relieved the Berkeley-square, 12 o'clock, Sunday night. persons in the Mansion house from their This communication is made to Colonel critical situation. On the arrival of the Brereton in consequence of Lieutenant Mac- troops, the mob retired from the door, but clesfield calling at the Council-house and re- continued to occupy the ground in front in çuesting to see a magistrate. Colonel Brere- great numbers, at a very short distance; and ten was gone out when a call was made at the as soon as the troops had passed the street, staff-station to iuform bim as above.
the mob returned again close under the win
dows of the Mansion-house, but without reNo. 6.
newing any attempt to force an entrance.
Colonel Brereton was directed by the magisBristol, 3 o'clock, Monday morning, Oct. 31. tratès to clear the streets, disperse the inob,
Sir,- 1 direct you, as commaodiog-officer and preserve the peace of the city. The troops of his Majesty's troops, to take the most under bis direction continued at a slow trot to vigorous, effective, and decisive means in your march round the square, in which the Manpower to quell the existing rivt, and to prevent sion-bouse is situate, and the commuvicating ferther destruction of property.
streets. The mob cheered the soldiers, and I am, &c.
sung“God save the King"; and it appears
CHARLES PINNEY. tbai Colonel Brereton addressed them, and To Col. Brereton, or the Commanding shook hands with many of them. The mob officer of bis Majesty's troops.
continued at intervals to throw stones at the Nr. Goldoey.
windows of the Mansion-house in different Mr. W. Harris, jun,
directions; and in a short time, two soldiers of the 141h Dragoons were brought in wound
ed, one of them considerably. The Riot Act, Council-house, Bristol, Nov. 4.
had been read at least two hours before ; and My Lord, I feel it to be my duty, as Mayor upon these acts of violence continuing, the and Chief Magistrate of the city of Bristol, to magistrates urged Colonel Brereton to proceed by before your Lordship a statement of a few with more effect in getting peace restored. He Izets relatiog to the unbappy transactions dissuaded the magistrates from directing a szeb have lately taken place in this city. greater degree of force to be used, expressing Three troops of cavalry bad been, upon the his opinion that the men appeared to be very application of the magistrates, sent to the good humoured, and that he hoped and exseighbourhood, before the 29th of Octuber, in pected very shortly to get them away. In ceder to assist in maintaining the public consequence of the disinclination he manipeace, on the occasion of Sir Chas. Weinerell fested, he was asked if he had any directions a Recorder) coming bere to hold the jail from your Lordship which prevented him from Stavery on that day. The public entry of acting upder the magistrates' orders. To Sz Charles into the city, the reading of the which he answered, “My orders are to take the duarter at the Guildball, and Sir Charles's directions of the magistrates.” And, in reply to, miral at the Mansion-bouse, had been effected this, it was stated to him that the magistrates' by baut 12 o'clock without having had redirectious were to clear the streets, and to get carse to the troops ; and Colonel Brereton, the city into a state of quiet. ; pre his application suon afterwards for A charge in the interior of the square was cas, was wld to keep them in readiness for made, which in a few minutes dispersed the, i ciate service wben called upon; the mob mub, and they retreated to a place called the