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cient a one, where will be their con- and we shall have a House of Commons sistency?
unshackled by any restraint by the Peers Why go to the Lords at all? The which the Cominons always profess Commons profess on all occasions re- themselves to be, and at the new Parliaspecting election of their inembers, to ment the right of contested elections will be independent of the Peers, then why I be determined by the House of Com. go to them for their assent to any alter- mons as they now are, instead of apply. ation in the constituency, in which the ing to the House of Peers for numerous Peers have no interest or concern ? and other acts for amendments and alterawherein their lawful privileges are not tions of the law; which must be done in affected. But this matter concerns only every case, if carried into execution by the Commons and Common House of act of Parliament. Parliament.
Who is to object to this, but the 41 In proof of this there is a resolution Lords, who may enter their protests ? of the Commons entered on their Juur- No, they cannot even do that, as they nals at the commencenient of every will be no way concerned; but the King sessions, "That it is a high infringement and the Commons will accomplish the
upon the liberties and privileges of whole, with the unanimous voice of the “ the Commons of Great Britain, for people.
any Lord of Parliament, or any Lord Admitting (for argument's sake) that “ Lieutenant of any county, to concern the bill passed the Lords, and a question " themselves in the election of members arose as to the right of voting, as doubt. " to serve for the Commons in Parlia- less many will, and the Commons pro“ ment.''
ceed to try the right, may not the losing Notwithstanding this, the Commons party say, that he is entitled under an have taken their bill to the Lords who act of Parliament, which can only be dehave rejected it contrary to the advice termined by law? If so, and as all of Lord Grey, who told the Lords they law questions must be decided in a court might possibly have another measure of laiv, but the last resort is to the House less palatable.
of Peers by appeal, the Commous would Therefore in conformity with the be committing suicide on their own priabove resolution, and in order to verify vileges by doing that by act of Parliaour noble Premier's prophetic admo- ment which should be done by their own nition, let all our energies be centred in resolutions, and the King's writs in purpetitioning the House of Commons to suance of them, with the approbation of come to some resolutions founded on the people, testified in the nuost decided the rejected bill, and take them to our manner by petitions froin all populous gracious and patriotic King, to whom places. we will then send up petitions and ad. From the year 1973, during the reign dresses inploring him to exert liis royal of Edward the First (ihe greatest legispowers, by issuing (in accordance with lator of any English monarch since the ancient usage) his writs for a new House days of King Alfred), to that of 1684, in of Commons agreeable to those resolu. Charles the Second's reign, frequent altions, and thereby insure the only means terations took place, by discontinuing, of restoring Safety, Prace, and Har- restoring, and omitting different boMony, to this now suffering and troubled roughs in the representation, as may be kingdom, and which blessings we shall seen in Mr. Oldfield's Representative the more highly prize as being the work History, which shows the changes that of a Sovereign, endeared to us by every have taken place, being in all 69 botie that can bind to a gracious King a roughs which sent members to Parlialoyal, dutiful and grateful people. ment in different reigns, and which are
There will then be no occasion for now deprived of that right; among Lord Grey to truckle to the majority of which Alresford, Basingstoke, 41 peers and bishops, the Commons will Chelmsford, Doncaster, Ely, Farnham, be acting up to their own resolutions, Greenwich, Halifax, Kingston-on
Thames, Leeds, Manchester, Newbury. lers, and the body of the people lived Odiham, Pershore, Ross, Spalding, Tor- tax-free; whereas they now pay, in rington, and Wisbeach.
Customs, Excise, Stamps, Post-office, The borvugh proprietors are ever de and other taxes, more than forty milclaiming on the perils of change and lions a year, as under, besides the sums innovation, though there have, till with. we annually borrow and take up at inin the two last centuries, been both in- terest in Exchequer bills ; * while the novation and change by the King's writs; great barons or lords, and the bishops, which right, though not always used for enjoy their revenues free from all atthe benefit of the people, has never been tendance on the King in wars, are never abrogated. Then, surely, if the King called on for subsidies of tenths or fifhas this right, which formerly was ex- teenths, nor the latter for repair of caerted not always for the good of the thedrals or religious houses; and the people, he now has the same to exert it people return no more members to Parat the request of his people and the ma- liament than they did before the days of jority of the House of Commons; to Queen Anne; and many of those which which the two Attorney-Generals lately they are said to return, are in fact rereferred in different debates in the House turned by rotten boroughs, under the of Commons, and who probably would direction of the aristocracy, who now have supported their opinions had they refuse us any reform, though their burbeen upheld by the other members of dens are done away with and their revehis Majesty's Administration; but who nues remain. Well might a French pedid not support their Attorney-Generals riodical author remark, that the aristoin their well-founded opinions, possibly cracy of England have adopted the best from a recollection and apprehension of mode in the world of appropriating the falling into the same error as the late wealth and earnings of all the middle Honourable Mr. Fox did, by asserting, classes in the country to their own use; at the time of the regency, that the Heir and at the same time leaving each to Apparent was entitled to it; whereby he pursue his own mode of industry, when, had all the Tories, with Pitt at their by taxes of various descriptions, they head, against him, who then being in contrive to gather the fruits of their inhigh feather, outvoted him.
dustry, and divide them among themThough the Kings with their estates selves, their families, and dependents ; (now denominated crown lands), and as may be illustrated by the fable of the the great barons or lords, with the bees, whom they suffer to gather honey monks, abbots, now archbishops, bi-into their own stores without smotherstops, and other religious persons, up to ing or destroying them, though, to be the time of the reformation of our reli- sure, they leave them a bare sufficiency gion, between 1510 and 1550, wholly to subsist on through the winter : so paid the expenses of the Government, that the drones, being too indolent to with, perhaps, a very small addition from the Customs, and a few wealthy boroughs, the crown estates, in the time * A rough sketch of what is yearly paid in of William of Normandy, called the lieu of that paid by the barons and bishops, Conqueror, being 400,0001. a year, which formerly none of which in those days were col
lected of the people. The present yearly rehad, by our kings, from time to time venue, up to July, 1829, was as under, leaving been reduced to 132,000l. a year at the out odd hundred thousands. time of Queen Anne, in whose reign the
Customs. whole annual cost of government
Excise.. amounted only to half a million a year, Stamps including the above 132,000l., the pro
Assessed Taxes duce of the crown lands. Before this
Post-office time the religious houses almost wholly sustained the poor, and entertained at their mansions all strangers and travel Crown lands only 5,5001.
collect the honey, employ an army of patronage of two noble Earls differing wasps, who at low wages do it for widely in sentiments from those I prothem;
and these are Excise and Custom- fessed; and one of them with that libehouse officers, tax collectors, soldiers, rality and candour which did him great and police officers. The first class col- honour, conferred on me a place of lect the most, as they make the poor great irust and confidence, though at bees pay for every flower they taste or the very time we were adverse in our alight on to collect their winter store ; 'politics, and one of whom did me the the second class come to their hives honour of saying why he was so ; viz. and demand such a weight of honey ; that he thought our Parliament suffithe third class stand ready to en- ciently democratic already, and though force the demands made by this se- I am a native and inhabitant of one of cond class, while the poor industrious the above-named places, which have not bees give their honey and work hard for for some centuries sent any member of more, not considering the more they Parliament, yet having with a tithing make, the more will be demanded of thereto, adjoining and forming part of them, and when they stand up for re- the same town a population of 7,500, form in these matters, they are called while other towns in the same county mutinous and sad troublesome bees, possessing not half that number return whose ale and sugar must be heavily members, I should be without a vote had taxed, or they would get so much of I not freeholds in three adjoining counit as would render them unfit for fifteen ties, and therefore am or sixteen hours' labour in the day, Nov. 15th, 1931.
A Free OLDER. which is now required of them to fur [MAYO, PRINTER, NEWBULLY,] nish the drones and wasps with honey enough, although their grandfathers and grandmothers did not, fifty years
WAITHMAN AT LAST GASP. ago, work more than eight hours, and in the large manufacturing towns the This old backbiting enemy of mine cleverest of them used to celebrate four seems, at last, to have been fairly or five saint-days in the fore part of the brought down to the very dirt. The week, consuming sugar and ale heavily following is a report of proceedings taxed, so as to well aggrandise the which took place in the Court of Alderqueen bee and a numerous aristocracy men on Tuesday last. I beg the reader distributed among the drones and wasps. to go through it patiently: it is as com
Having stated what appears to be the plete an exhibition of mortification at best and only practical mode of bringing defeat as ever was seen in this world. that to pass, which is the almost unani- Waitaman sees that he never can be a mous wish of all not interested in the Member for the City again. His own continuation of abuses which have folly has brought him to this state, and brought this kingdom to the verge of he discovers his rage with more indisbankruptcy, I should without hesitation cretion than I hardly ever witnessed. subscribe my name did I imagine, that His rage makes him turn his back on in so doing it would confer any weight all decency; and I should not wonder on it, but, as that would neither diminish at all to see him openly join in repronor add to it, I shall only say, that having bating parliamentary reform. The Lord for fifty years been a strenuous advocate Mayor touched him very nicely by his for Parliamentary Reform, after having “ mixed feeling." However, this Cock read the late Judge Blackstone's Com- has had his day: he has doubled and mentaries, and De Lolme on the British twisted about for a long while; but, Constitution, and endured the names of having at last been compelled to show a republican during the first American himself openly, he has proved himself war, then that of Jacobin, and since of to be what I always said he was ; that radical and other similar names, and is to say, a conceited, a selfish, and an during those times had the honour and ignorant man.
A very unusual scene took place in this been most unjustly deprived of them; and he Court on Tuesday last. The reporter was not should never cease to regret that they had not permitted to enter, but he collected the fol. coutiuued firm in their opposition to such an lowing particulars from various impartial unjust aggression. He felt ashamed of him. sources :
self for not having continued his opposition, Abuut one o'clock the Lord Mayor entered, by voting again at the last election in opposiaccompanied by Aldermen Thorp, Thompson, tion to his Lordship; but (and he blushed Kelly, Wilson, and Cowan, who were followed when he stated it) he dared not. He was in a short time by Aldermen Garratt and afraid to vote as he wished. His property and Copeland. Although there was much busi- bis person had been threatened if he did. He Dess, as well as inquests, waiting, and brokers had therefore kept away from voting: but to be sworn, a Court was not formed till past now he would enter his protest against the two.
vote of thanks to the Lord' Mayur, not out of It is usual, at the first Court of the new any personal disrespect to his Lordship, for he Mayoralty, to move a vote of thanks to the bad the highest respect for him on all accounts, late Lord Mayor ; but, as the brokers had except that of bis having allowed himself to been detained upwards of an hour before the deprive him and his brethren of their just Court was made, they were first called in. rights. His Worship concluded by moving
Alderman THORP then saiu, that he had the previous question. great pleasure in moving a vote of thanks to Alderman WAITHMAN rose to second the ibe Lord Mayor for his conduct during the amendment. He was astonished that Alderpast year. His Lordship was fully entitled to man Thorp had introduced the motion of their tbanks, and be trusted that any bicker-thauks to ao jodividual who, instead of atings or unpleasant feelings which might have tending entirely (as he ought to have attende occurred from difference of views during the ed) to the magisterial duties of the office, had late election, would be entirely obliterated, and lent himself to all manner of schemes only for ibat friendship and good feeling would again the purpose of gaining popularity, and who, reigo amougst the members of that Court. by prostrating all the influence of his office to He felt satisfied that the resolution would be support the political views of himself and passed unanimously, as it cautiously avoided party, had reudered the office altogether a all allusion to politics, which might have political office. When he (Alderman Waithcaused some difference of opiuion, as mauy of man) was Lord Mayor, he would have nothing his brethren were opposed to the political to do with politics, and he had performed the views of tbe Lord Mayor. He then moved whole of the duties of the office without subthe vote of thanks usaal upon occasions of the jeeting bimself to reproach. The Lord Mayor kind.
had grossly insulted that Court in his letter of Alderman THOMPSON had the greatest plea- the 28th of September, wherein be stated, that sure in seconding the motion, in every senti- if the system of rotation were adhered to, the ment of which he most cordially agreed. elective franchise would be a mere farce, and Wisbiog, as he did, that the vote should pass the election would lie in the Court of Alderunanimously, he rejoiced that all political men. He, for one, would declare boldly, that allusions had been avoided, and be felt per. any other body had no right to deprive the fectly satisfied that the motion which had been Court of Aldermen of their rights. As a body, made would be unanimously passed, as there that Court had eternally disgraced themselves Fas Rot one word contained in it in which all by giving way in so cowardly a maover to an could not fully joio, however politically op- attempt to vindicate them. For himself, he posed they might be to Sir Joho Key.
should never cease to regret the vote they had Alderman COPELAND said, tbat he never come to on the first election. The Livery of me with greater difficulty than be rose on the Loudon, by re-electing, and the Court of Alpresent occasion ; for although be fully agreed dermen, hy foolishly giving way, had held out with the mover and seconder that the vote did to the world that the Lord Mayor possessed Bot contain one word in which all could not more talent than any of the other members of fally agree, yet an imperative sepse of duty to the Court, and that he had fulfilled the duties bimself, and the respect he felt for the high of his station more honourably than ever and responsible station he held as a member before had been the case. Now he (Ald. W.) of that Court, compelled him to perform the would nohesitatingly state that there was not painful daty of opposing the motion of thanks. a single duty of any kind or sort to wbich the He would never consent, while he held a Lord Mayor had ever attended; and while a place there, that the rights and privileges of set of individuals had re-elected the Lord ibt Court should be friitered away. They had Mayor, who had vever performed one duty, been deprived of their just rights and privileges they had insulted himself, who had served them by the result of the late election. Much had for forty years most faithfully. In common been said about the rights and privileges of the justice they ought to have elected him, who Livery, and of the determination of that body had done so much, instead of the Lord Mayor, to stand up for them resolutely. But had the who had dupe less than nothing. With regard Coast of Aldermen no rights and privileges, to the Court of Aldermen, the Lord Mayor, if and were they to make no struggle to main he had not himself insulted the Court, had tain those rights and privileges ? They had done the same thing, by carrying one person
about in his carriage who had abused them, ing to one worthy Aldermau's statement, the and hy joining himself to a set of persons who | Lord Mayor did not possess oue good quality were in the habit of abusing that Court, wbich of any kind or sort whatever. He really was consisted of men who performed their duties, astonished bow men of honourable feelings as he had always stareil, with as muci taleut, could so far forget themselves, as to suffer honour, and character, as any set of men in any disappointment to induce them to adopt the kingdom; and who, however grossly they such a course. His Lordsbip bad also been had been insulted, were the ornaments of the accused of attending to politics, instead of his station they filled.
magisterial duties, and of treating the latter Alderman GARRATT deeply deplored that, with inattention, in his anxiety to support his although no man could bave a higher respect principles. Now be (Alderman Wilson) felt for the Lord Mayor's character than be bad, bound to state that he frequently had occasion or felt a more sincere regard towards his to attend the Justice-room, and he never witLordship, yet, as he bad made the office a nessed the magisterial duties performed more political one, instead of wbat it ought to be ably, more creditably, or more attentively, purely magisterial-he (Alderman Garratt) than they had been performed by his Lordcould not conscientiously give a vote of thanks ship, whose attention to the distressed objects on that ground alove, and not out of dis- who appeared before him did great honour to respect. He, ther<fore, would not vote at all, his heart. and he hoped the bouonrable mover would not Alderman Cowan did not intend to have press his motion.
said a word; but after what had passed, he Alderman Heygate would bear testimony could not give a silent vote. He fully cone that the splendour and hospitaliiy of the Man- curred in what had fallen from Alderman Wil. sion-House bad never been surpassed by any son, and must bear testimony to the able and former Mayoralty. The kindness which he, attentive manner in which his Lordsbip had as well as every other member of the Court, performed the duties of his office. bad invariably received from the Lord Mayor, The LORD MAYor said, that the time of the must endear him privately to all of them; but Court and of the public having already been he (Alderman Heygate) sincerely regretted wasted nearly three hours, he hoped they that the Lord Mayor bad made the office po- would decide one way or the other, and not litical. He did not blame the Lord Mayor for postpone the motion further. With regard to holding the political sentiments to which his 'the remarks which had been made by those Lordship had given utterance. No doubt the whose political feelings were opposed to bis, Lord Mayor gloried very much in having he felt the same respect as if they had juined rendered such essential service, as all must in the vote; but as for the paltry feeling wbich admit he had rendered, to the side of the ques- arose from an e.rasperated disappointment, he tion he espoused. He (Alderman Heygate) certainly entertained a mixed feeling, one part agreed very fully in every word of the vote of of which was compassion. In fine, he hoped thanks; but, as it did not say that the Court the decision would be as speedly as possible. of Aldermen disapproved of the introduction Alderman WAITHMAN denied that he had of political matter into the business of the any wish to be Lord Mayor again. He declared Mayoralty, he could not vote at all. He must that if the motion were persisted iv, he should say that he agreed with Alderman Garratt in count the Court. hoping that the motion would not be perse. Aldermau Wilson was surprised to hear vered in.
the threat to count the Court, when there was Alderman Wilson stated, that being a no chance of success for the amendment. stranger to that Court, be had been perfectly There were not thirteen present, and of course, astonished at what had fallen from some of if the Court were counted, the motion must his brethren. He had expected to have wit- rali to the ground. The Court had been broken nessed kind and friendly feeling; but, cer- up, on Saturday last, by the same worthy taiply, what he had that day wituessed was of Alderman; and if the same plan were now a very opposite tendency, and he was sur- adopred, the public business would suffer prised to find any of his brethren so far suf- considerable impediment. fering the mortification of a defeat as to get Alderman Thorp avd THOMPSON pressed the better of their honourable feelings. The the vote, but Alderman Walthman counte! vote proposed was to thank the Lord Mayor the Court, which of course broke up. for his splevdid hospitality, his liberal charity, and the urbanity and kindness of his manner, As to his Lordship's hospitality, from all he bad heard or seen, it had never been sur. passed, if it ever had been equalled. As to the
Mr. Bingham Baring, if I do not, in charities of the Lord Mayor, all the charitable a few days, give you a decent as drilling institutions in London would bear complete testimony that in that also he had never been as ever was laid on with a pen, I will excelled; and with regard to his urbanity and suffer thc jailor, Becket, to bring me kindness of manner, there was not an individual who had the pleasure of his aquaintauce out, and have me hanged as poor Coox who would not bear testimony to it. Accord. was. Your lying, shufiling, whining