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which I afterwards did by Mr. Exos few have had some ground, and made a loaf DIDDAMS, sboemaker of Sutton Scotsey,
or two; they like it better than any other who was so kind as to be my agent in the substitute for wheaten flour, and they thiok
it would be a must excellent thing in times of business. Returning home my ideas ex- scarcity. Some of the specimeus which I send panded. In getting the parcel ready for have been grown under great disadvantages, Mr. Dıddams, it came ipto my head to being stuck under the shade of a tree, or send a number of ears to be distributed squeezed in between po toes or beans. Ano
ther by him to labourers in all the parishes rally in the labourers' gardens; they keep a
year we shall see it plauted pretty gene. round about. From that came the notion great quautity to distribute to their neigh. of sending corn to other persons for dis- bours ; vext year it will share the ground with tribution ; and hence the general spread dvulr, eventually supplant them, except as a
the potatoes, and will, I have not the least of the corn over so many counties. But vegetable. The answer I got from early next, after the hard parishes, came into every one that I questioned as to its principal my mind, the little town of Battle, in good was, ' log-fatting. A few of the small Sussex, and the good and true and 'vir- farmers intend trying it vext year. Even tuous people of its neighbourhood. Mr. your greatest enenies thiuk there is some
good in James GutsELL, at Battle, who is a
“ Your most obedient servaut, tailor, with a great deal more sense than
“ JAMES GUTSELL.” one-half of the law-makers that I have
I shall now insert the names of the ever known, was my agent in the distribution; and he has now sent me samples growers, observing that some of the tickets of corn, ticketed with the following names, not the means of making the collection so
appear to be rubbed off. Mr. Gutsell had which I record to his and their honour. extensive as he would have done if I had He sends me two ears from each grower. giren him time to send or go into all the But I must first insert his letter.
villages; but, short as the time was, the " To Mr. Wm. Cobhett.
reader will see that my endeavours hare “ Battle, Nov. 23, 1831.
been attended with great effects in this “Dear Sir,—The ears of Cohbett-Coru which quarter of this good, honest, spirited accompauy this are the produce of the seed county. The following is a list of the sent by you for distribution. They are not the very best that were grown, but may be taken names of the growers that Mr. Gutsell has as an average specimen of the crop in the been able to collect samples from. neighbourhood. In collecting the cars I made it a point to collect also the opinions of the John Archer, shoemaker, Seddlescomb. growers, as to its uses and advantages over James Plumb, labourer, Battle. other grain. There is but one opinion of the Mr. Gibson, Robert's-bridge. advantages wbich a cultivator of it would James Britt, labourer, Holliugtun. obtain in point of production, though there Henry Hades, labourer, Battle. is a difference respecting the probable ainount James Child, Battle. of an average crop. Some think that 100 Mr. Henry Reace, Seddlescomb. busbels to the acre would be a fair crop; others, Samuel Britt, labourer, Batile. particularly Messrs. Graw and Gibson, appear Mr. John Weller, farmer, Westry. confident of a bushel to the rod, that is, with John Waters, gardener, Robert's-bridge. skilsul management. The labourers are very Edward Cox, labourer, Battle. proud of it; they hang it up in their windows James Crowhurst, labourer, Battle.
I have otien thought of the Robert Parkes, farmer, Battle. “ fraud” when I have seen it. I beard yes- Spencer Tollhurst, lahourer, Brede.' terday, that Mr.Plurnley, of Pevensey, has this Mr. Biver, Sedulescomb. year grown 40 bushels on a quarter of an acre; John White, labourer, Battle. the land there is richer than it is here. I bave Mr. Pearsou, Battle. received wriiten opinious of some William White, labourer, Battle. growers, one of which (Mr. Gibson's, school- John Crouch, mlwright, Battle. master) I send you ; aud I must add, that Ransom, labourer, Batile. he is not the only one who thinks it would James Pepper, wheelwright, Seddlescomb. make good malt; the same thing had been Coishurst, labourer, Seddlescomb. stated to me before by men who are better ca. Samuel Siurock, shoemaker, Saddle.comb. pable of judging of the matter than I can pre-Growed in Battle Park, under the direction of tend to be. You ask what use thie labourers Lady Webster. moke of what ihey get.' They give a little of it to their bogs by way of experiment; and
Mr. Gutsell, it he had had time, would they tell me the dogs are crazy tur it. A have seat into the parishes more distant
as an ornament.
from Battle, to Burwash, Crowhurst, collect of the men gave it to last April. Most and all round about. However, through of them put the ticket to their own corn them
selves; as you will see. All the corn has his kindness, through his real goodness ripened excellently, and most of it was ga and public spirit, here is more good done thered by the lth of October. I planted than would be done in a whole lifetime about une rod of ground, and I have got nine of the great, gaping, stupid LIAR, if his gallops of shelled corn. Mr. Shrimpton of life were to begin again, and if his in- ground. He has three bushels of corn. Wil
Down Hurstbourne, planted three rods of tentions were as benevolent in the new liam Hunter, of Longparish, planted about life as they hare been malignant in this one rod; he is sure that he bas quite a bushel I shall keep this box of Battle corn, and or more of shelled corn to the rod of ground, the box from the hard parishes, to plant parish, planted seven or eight rods of ground.
And a man of the name of Froom, of Long, next year as seed. Generally speaking, He sent word to me, he had about one bushel it is not equal, in point of size of ear, to to the rod. He bad bis coru shelled and some of the corn that I have mentioned around, and then gave it to his pigs; and so before; but it is all perfectly sound and did Hunter, which is the reason I have not
seut you an ear or two of corn from them. good. I shall have bags made to hold these You will see two ears marked Francis Ray, samples of corn from the different coun- of Bullington, and Jacob Ray, of Suiton; both ties; and what a convenient thing one of of whonplanted about a rod of ground, and
You will see some corn these bags, when a third part full, would marked Thomas Bre, of Stoke Charity, who be to lay about the head of the great and planted about ope rod of ground, I think the stupid LIAR! He would take it quietly, best crop I ever saw. Mrs. Mason's corn is I will warrant him. Let him now gn and particularly good. I gave corn to about 70 or 80 show himself in any of these counties, let persons ; they generally planted a row or two
in their gardeus, except Lovelk and SMITH, him go to that“ estate," of which he told at Northington, who planted a considerable the poor Prestonians, the other day, that piece of ground each. When I saw them, some he had just received the rents !" Is weeks ago, they told me their crops were ex“ Charley” Pearson I's receiver I won- and Micheldever, but I have not had time to go
cellent. There was some planted at Stratton der ?
there; I hear it ripened well, and indeed in po I Dor come back to the hard parishes, ove instance have I heard it fail. You will see in the north of Hampshire, to which, as two ears marked Samuel Phillips, an old I related before, I sent a parcel of corn Chopstick, which I would wish particularly to to be distributed by Mr. Exos Diddams, up a large family by hard labour, and now
notice ; he is a good old man, having bred shoemaker, of Sutton Scotney, which is a his work is not quite done. He was the first hamlet, belonging to the parish of Wuns man I applied to for the coru. I told him my toa. Mr. DIDDAMS has not had time to instructious from you to give him 6d. for two collect samples from more than five or six i bave these bunches of fine ears. I have put
He said, "No, I planted 24 corns, and parishes out of perhaps twenty, in which some short ones by for seed and Mr. Cobbett, the corn bas been growed. I shall in. God bless him, he is welcome to the whole of sert the list of names, occupations, and them if he wishes it.' I will give you more parishes, as I did in the case of Battle. Please to write to nie as soon as convenient.
particulars about the coro when I write again. But I must first insert Mr. DIDDAMS'S letter. I saw Mr. Diddams's crop in the
“ I am, Sir, your obedient servant, month of August, I am sure that he had
“ ENOS DIDDAMS. not a rod and a quarter at the utmost ; “Wm. Cobbett, Esq. London." and he has, you see, nine gallons of skelled corn, which is at about the rate Enos Diddams, shoemaker, Suttou Scotney. of twenty quarters to the acre; and I am Thomas Malt, labonrer, Bulliugton. certain that this is to be done upon a whole ohn Diddams, carpenter, Bartou Stacey. field of good land with skilful cultivation. James Croucher, lahourer, Sutton Scotsey.
Thomas Bye, labourer, Stoke Charity. I insert the letter to Mr. Diddams's ho- George Forde, labourer, Bullington. Door, and the list to the honour of those James Dildams, shoemaker, Barton Stacey. who cultivated the corn.
William Shrimpton, Down-Husband.
Jacob Ray, lolwurer, Sutton Scotney. “ Sutton Scotney, Nov. 23, 1831. Isaac Farmer, labourer, Barton Stacey. Sir,-) sball geod off a bux to-morrow Widow Mason, Bullingion. morning with all the ears of your curu I could Authony Antliong', tailur, Barton Stacey.
Richard Withers, labourer, Sutton Scotney. who have sent me ticketed corn from John Hoar, Sutton Scotney.
other parts; but I trust that they will see Thomas Webb, bricklayer, Barton Stacey. Mrs. Tarrant, Barton Stacey.
the reasonableness of the motives from Thomas Melsom, Sutton Scotney.
which the distinction has arisen. Mr. Jacob Cutton, Barton Stacey.
Now, then, we have it incontestably John Basten, labuurer, Bullington. Samuel Phillips, an old worn-out chopstick, the soils and in every degree of climate in
proved, that this corn will flourish in all Sutton Scotney. George Ball, labourer, Barton Stacey.
this kingdom. I have samples from BunWilliam Bye, labourer, Sutton Scotney. gay, in Suffolk, to Berkeley, in GloucesFrancis Ray, labourer, Bullington.
tershire ; and from Pevensey Level to William Goodhall, labourer, Bartou Stacey. William Lock, labourer, Barton Stacey.
Paisley. I have it from all soils; marsh, Daniel Harmswood, Sutton Scotney.
loam, gravel, clay, sand, and chalk. Widow Ireland, Sutton Scorney.
The ears are longest and biggest upon John Twinney Cooper, Sutton Scotney. the fat land ; but there appears to be no Richard Cleverly, labourer, Barton Stacey. better, closer, or sounder corn than that
William Shrimpton writes me a letter grown in the hard parishes, which is a himself, and tells me that he sent me two thinty soil at top, and chalk at bottom, very fine ears by the guard of one of the
WILLIAM COBBETT. coaches, but that the guard told him he had lost them on the road! A very good hint never to trust to guards again; for, though they may be very good guards of
SECOND PART. other things, they do not seem to have much ability in guarding the ears of corn. EXPERIENCE has dictated to me to Shrimpton, who lives very near to the spot make this addition to my treatise on the where the Llar used once to swagger cultivation of the Cobbett-corn. This about as lord of the manor, relates, at addition will relate solely, as was stated the close of his letter, a very pretty fact in the advertisemnent, to the matter conconcerning Tue Liar; which fact he tained in Chapters VII. and VIII. Chapwill relate to the Liar's face, if he dare ter VII. gives instructions for the topto show that face in Hampshire again. ping of the corn, and with regard to the I hope that I have not omitted to notice mode of slacking the tops. The time any communication that I have received for topping is about the first week in upon this subject. I very much wished September. The tops and blades are to insert the whole of the details expressed full of juice : we never have sun at that on the tickets of the various parcels; but I time of the year, to dry i hem sufficiently found it impossible to do this within the for stacking, to be used as dry fodder. space that I have at my command. I I have found it impossible to do it; have done this in the cases of Battle, and and, what is more, I have found a more of the hard parishes, for several reasons : advantageous use, to which to apply the in the case of Battle, because the excellent tops and blades. I never had a fair oppeople of that town and neighbourhood portunity of making this experiment in acted so just and manly a part in the case a minute and exact manner, until this of Thomas Goodman, and, by acting summer of 1831. I had a hundred and that part, blowed to atoms that foul con- twenty-three rods of ground in corn. I spiracy against my liberty and life, in had two cows and a horse to keep. I which the bloody old Times was a con- began topping the corn (in the manner spicuous actor; in the case of the hard described in Chapter VII) on the thirtyparishes, because from them those two first of August. The horse had the excellert young men the Masons were corn-tops and blades instead of hay for taken and sent from their widowed mother one month from that time; and the two for life: and, in both cases, because the cows lived wholly upon the tops and cultivators of the corn have been almost blades for exactly two months. At the exclusively labouring men. I am equally end of that time, I got eight Somersetobliged by the kindness of those gentlemen shire ewes, and there were corn-lops
enough then left to feed them, in place unaccompanied with dry food for one of giving them hay, for fourteen days. meal in the day. We therefore were By this time the blades were become about to get some hay on the Monwithered. The ewes had other things day; but, somehow or another, people to eat; but this remnant of the corn- always, I think, put off purchases as tops served them instead of hay for a long as they can, when the article is to fortnight
. My horse increased in flesh, be got only with ready money: however, and ny cows in milk, when they were be the motive what it might, we missed fed upon these tops, the cows having the hay-day, and could get no hay till before been kept upon fine loaved cab- the Saturday. Having a great repugbages.
nance to the buying of hay by the single Now, then, look at the value of these truss, and yet valuing highly the health tops and blades. If the cows and horse of my cows, I told my man to go and had had hay instead of these tops and cut off a bundle of stalks with his knife, blades, the cows would have required and to toss them into the cow-crib. The four trusses a week each, and the horse work of topping and hlading is never two, at fifty-six pounds to the truss; so performed with such complete neatness that, reckoning forty trusses to the ton, as not to leave some few blades to withere would have been required two ther along with the stalk ; and I told tons and two hundred weight of hay, my man that the cows would pick off besides what would have been wanted those dead blades, and might get along for the ewes, which would have made in that way till Saturday. The bundle the whole not less than two tons and a sof stalks was tossed into the crib at their half. Meadows, on an average, do not full length, for they had been cut by a yield above a ton and a half to the acre. knife from the ground. I went into the A third part of the times, this is more yard in about an hour after, and saw the than half spoiled by the wet ; so that crib perfectly empty, and asked, what an acre of tops and blades, which never the stalks had been flung out for? In short, can be spoiled by the wet, are worth I found that the cows had eaten them more than the whole produce of the up every morsel! This was on Thursday, best meadow land in the kingdom, take the 3rd of November. Then I began to one year with another. The very best repent of what I had done ; for I had hay is not equal in quality to tops and gone on in this way: as fast as I gablades ; and such hay can no where be thered the corn, I had dug up the stalks bought under three pounds a ton of and brought them to bed the yard with; 9940lbs. weight: then they are worth so that I did not make this discovery seren pounds ten even at that rate. until I had thrown down, as yard-bedThey are brought into the yard as ding, more than three-fourths of my tares, lucerne, or any other green food stalks. The stalks become by the is. I will, by-and-by, speak of the dis- month of November, pretty dry. In tances whereat to plant the corn, in America they become dry enough to order to render the carting of the tops house, or to put up in great stacks; they not an inconvenient work.
will not become dry enough for that in We now come to the staks, as fodder. this country, unless you let them stand In paragraph 117 of the book, there is a cut till the middle, or latter end of the plate representing the s:alk with the ears winter, and then they become mere left on. After the ears are taken off
, sticks; but they will be better than hay there remains merely the stalk; and all through the month of November and even the stalk is eaten by cattle in the half of December; and if you catch America. I had no idea that they could a dry day, and tie them up in small be applied to this use here. Aiter my sheaves, a small circular stack of them tops and blades were gone, my cows with a hole left in the middle, with were living upon the leaves and crowns some straw thrown over the top, and a of mangel wurzel; and these things never hole run down through the straw into should be given to cattle or to sleep the ground, I am persuaded this would
keep them fresh and good till spring. (morle of keeping the ears. We cannot, The correctness or incorrectuess of this in this country, keep the ears in any opinion I shall ascertain next March ; quantity without a KILN. Do not be for I have made a little stack of this sort frightened, farmer ; you cannot keep for the purpose.
hops without a kiln; and yet you often Here, then, is at least another thirty follow that gambling irade. The shillings an acre added to the value of Americans dry their hops in the sun. the fodder. But we have not all We cannot; and yet we grow hops, yet; for there are the husks. They will and better hops than they. But, oh! make paper, the finest part of them, and the expense of a kilo! Very heavy, to also excellent mattresses and beds. I be sure; yet it may be borne. I found should have made the fine parts of mine it necessary to have one upon my little into mattresses, or sold them to up- farm this year: I stuck it up in one holsterers, this year ; but in my little corner of a cart-shed. It cost me squeezed-up farm-yard I had no room 6!. 15s., to be sure ; but, unless friend for either sorting them or saving Swing, or the devil of carelessness, were them, and in they went to the cow-crib to assail it, it would last half-a-dozen also, and eaten they were like ali life-times like mine. My fuel has cost the rest of the plant. Ten shillings me fourteen shillings to dry more than worth of hay would make but a very two hundred and twenty bushels of poor figure if it had to face an acre of ears; and have not seed-growers kilns ? husks in the more than alderman-like and could they raise, on an average of presence of the mouth of a cow. Nor years, kidney-beans, and many other have we done yet with this affair of the seeds, without a kilo ? And do not the fodder; for having corn to thrash out farmers very frequently go upon their for Mr. Sapsford, and having no hole or knees to my Lords of the Treasury, to corner wherein to deposit the cobs, the get the permission of their highnesses common-council-like stoniachs of the to incur all the expenses of carrying cows here presented themselves as a last their wheat several miles to a malt resort. Two bushels at a time were kiln, there to have it dried, and then to flung into the crib, and they disappeared bring it home again? Is there any with all convenient dispatch. I bave farmer that would not, many times in said that an acre of corn fodder is worth his life-time, give his ears to have a eight pounds in any part of England ; kiln to dry his beans upon, instead of and if these facts, which I could verify letting them tumble out in the field, if necessary upon the oath of one or two and there lie growing on the top of the persons, be true, every farmer will say ground? And does not Mr. Tull tell that this fodder is worth more than ten us of a sensible farmer in Oxfordshire, pounds an acre ; so that even if the corn who built a kiln upon his farm, bought were not to ripen, this would be better cold wheat at the market, carried it than any other
crop that you can grow home and dried it, then sold it again, upon the ground; for, observe, if the and thus made a considerable fortune in corn ears were soft, they would make a very few years? And in this climate the fodder twice as good as it would be of everlasting drip, ought there to be if the ears were to be ripened and taken any considerable farm without a kiln ? away.
besides which, in the hop-growing counSo much for the alteration that es- ties of Kent, Sussex, Surrey, and Worcesperience has suggested with regard to ter, have they not the kilns already, in matter contained in Chapter VII.; and two cases out of three? The difference now for the alterations to be made in in the price between forty bushels of the matter contained in Chapter VIII.; dry wheat and forty bushels of cold namely, the harvesting of the ears, the wheat, would more than defray the anhusking of them, the mode of keeping nual expenses of the kiln. The heat them, and the separating of the grain ought never to be above eighty degrees from the cobb. I must first speak of the upon the cloth or the tiles ; twice turn