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ing in about thirty hours, the corn being might go on through the day, gathering in the ear, and without the husk, takes by the bushel, and overlookers standing all the moisture out of the cob; and at the receiving-bins to see that all the then the ears, in any quantity, may be work was properly done, and the cart, flung in a heap in a granary, and there as in the case of the hops, come and kept till you wish to have them shelled. carry home to the kiln the result of the
Now, I am to speak of taking in the day's work. In case of wet weather, ears and of the husking of them; but, you must hall, as in the case of hopit will be the best way for us to go re- picking : only that, in the case of the gularly to work, and to follow the pro- corn, the wet will be a matter of less cess all the way through. Suppose we consequence, seeing that it would only have a field of ten acres. To carry on have to lie a little longer upon the kiln our operations upon such a piece, we without receiving any damage, as the must have space to go between the hops do. This work comes, too, after rows with a cart. Plant the corn al- the hop-picking, and after all the sumways in rows from north to south, as mer and autumnal work for women and nearly, as possible. Put two rows to children is over, which, to all the other gether, a foot apart, and the plants at advantages of this crop, is one of no eight inches apart in the row, the plants small value to be added. of one row standing opposite the middle There only remains to speak of the of the intervals of the plants in the other shelling of the corn. In Chapter VIII. of row : then leave a clear interval of five the treatise, paragraph 136, I spoke of feet, plant another two rows in the same the rarious tedious methods of getting manner, and thus go on throughout the the corn off the cob; but at the same field; you have thus just as many plants time I said that I had written to Ameas if the rows were all three feet apart, rica for a thrasher, which would do the and all the plants will have more air and business with great celerity, and much more sun, and bear a greater crop and better than by hand. To write to my ripen sooner, and bear better corn, than friend at New York, was something if the rows were only three feet apart like Burdett's famous, profound, and throughout the field. This gives you, philosophical observation, namely, that too, fine room for inter-cultivation by “ to have was to have;" for here, to the plough. When the time for topping write was to have. I got it, gave it to and blading comes, have a light cart my neighbour, Mr. Judson, at Kensingwith wheels four feet apart from outside ton; he has made others by it, which to outside, with movable side ladders, he sells at a very reasonable price; and and head and tail laddlers : it goes along he has given me one, which I call a the interval, and you fill it from the rows thrasher, and not a machine, for reasons and the sides, and it brings in its load, best known to myself and my friends in as quickly as it will lucerne, tares, or the hard parishes. This thrasher, workany-thing else.
ing in company with a man and a boy, in Chapter VIII. I have recommended will knock you off ten sacks in a day, the palling off of the ears as they do in and give them time to sift it and meaAmerica, husk and all, and husking sure it. You have the corn in the them on a barn's floor or sone such ear lying in the granary, and there you place. I now recon)mend the stripping thrash it as you want it, either to use or of the husk downward, leaving it upon to sell ; and thus I conclude my inthe plant, screwing off the ear, tossing it structions with regard to the raising of into the cart, and bringing home the ears this corn and the bringing of it to marto the kiln at once. This work might ket, there only remaining now for me be done just in the same manner as hop- to prove, that, bushel for bushel, it is, in picking is. The gatherers, each fur- every family, worth more than wheat ; nished with a bushel-basket and a peck- and this I shall do in a manner, not to basket, the big one for the hard ears, leave the fact in dispute amongst any and the little one for the soft ears, but the most perverse of human beings.
The propositions I mean to maintain are corn; my own crop, I am not able to as follows:-1. That our crops of the state the amount of with accuracy. Cobbett-corn will be more than double Owing to my squeezed-up place, I have in amount than American crops, acre been compelled to gather by slow defor acre.
2. That, that the Cobbett- grees, and to apply by slow degrees. I corn is greatly superior to that of Ame- I began by sending three barrels of bags rica, both in weight and in quality ; of corn in the ear to Van Diemen’s Land. 3. That, in weight of grain, the Cob- What part of this world will there be bett-corn is, at the very least, three for which I shall not have done sometimes as great as that of wheat, acre for thing before I come to the close of my acre ; 4. That a bushel of Cobbett-corn labours ? The fleeing from Sidmouth's produces more flour than a bushel of dungeons (which dungeons he shall find wheat; 5. And lastly, that the four is, that I have not forgotten) carried the in the generality of families, of more culture of the Swedish turnip and value than the flour of wheat, pound for mangel wurzel to the United States of pound.
America, and also carried a breed of the The quantity of crop of the Cobbett- beautiful Sussex hogs. But as to my corn, compared with the American, the crop of corn, on my hundred and twentyformer growed in England and the latter seven rods of ground, Mr. Sapsford has in America, is settled at once ; because had four quarters and a half of shelled the fact is notorious, that twenty bushels corn ; so that here are five quarters of of shelled corn to the acre is the average shelled corn, including more than a sack, crop in the United States of America or coomb, that went to Van Diemen's If the reader will look into my Year's Land in the ear. Here would be crop Residence, he will there see the fact enough in all conscience; but I calcuincidentally stated, and he will see that late that I have more than nine quarters the statement was made upon the au- besides this. “To have is to have,” as thority of a well-known farnier of Penn- profound Burdett most convincingly resylvania, and as relative to the old and marks, and I have it not all; for the pigs well.cultivated farms. He states the and fowls have had some. However, average of corn to be twenty bushels, exclusively of a pretty large parcel eaten and the average of wheat to be sixteen by the rats, some upon the ground, and bushels : and it will be borne in mind some which they carried under a strawthat the Yeur's Residence was published rick, to the amount of four or five at New York, concurrently with the bushels of corn in the ear, I am conpublication of it in England. So that vinced that I have growed, upon the this fact relative to the American crops, hundred and twenty-three rods, fifteen is unquestionable ; and with regard to quarters of shelled corn. Mr. Diddams the amount of the crop of corn in Eng. speaks of several crops of a bushel of lanıl, leaving my crops out of the shelled corn to the rod; and that is at question, there is the testimony and ex- the rate of twenty quarters to the acre perience of Messrs. Clouting and Kent, of shelled corn. Mr. Diddams is a man that they are growing at the rate of ten of sound judgment, and of perfect vequarters to the acre; there is the testi- racity; but Mr. Diddams speaks of the mony of Mr. Isles, that he has growed at produce of small quantities of land. the rate of eight and a half quarters ; of Upon the whole, however, every man Mr. Blunt, that he has growed still more; must be convinced, that, upon the averand of Mr. Plumley, that he has growed age of fair corn. land, in good heart, twenty bushels of shelled corn upon and well cultivated, the average crop
of thirty rods of ground, which is a hundred Cobbett-corn in England will be ten and six bushels to the acre, which is quarters to the acre. Arthur Young, thirteen quarters and two bushels. Now, after an actual survey of the whole of these are all farmers ; they speak with the kingdoni, states the average wheatgreat caution, and are by no means dis- crop at three quarters to the acre; so posed to exaggerate in favour of the that here are three times as much in
bulk of corn as in wheat;, though corn
170 is only fve months upon the ground,
Waste, in grinding.
11 while the wheat occupies the ground the whole year, and in some parts of the
224 country is actually standing upon the ground more than a whole year. I have But let me not wrong the Yankees. frequently seen one piece of land with The American corn, of which this is the the wheat three inches high, whiie account, was bought at Mark-lane; and wheat was standing uncut in the ad- as it was the finest that Mr. Saps FORD joining piece.
could find there, it would not be doing But, besides the bulk of crop, there is Jonathan wrong if I were to let this the weight of the crop; and in this re- pass as his best corn; but, in order to spect the corn exceeds the wheat, bushel show him my determination to meet for bushel. Next, the corn exceeds the him fairly, I will give him an instance wheat weight for weight in produce of of his very best. In 1829, a merchant flour, which will appear, and indeed be of the city ordered from New York, for incontestably proved, by the following Mr. Sapstokd, fifty quarters of the finest statements, which I have from Mr. American corn that could be got. In Sapsford, and which relate to the order that it might come without any American corn as compared with the possible injury, it was put into oak Cobbett-corn, as well as to the Cobbett- casks that cost eleven shillings each in corn as compared with the wheat. America: I saw it after its arrival, and These statements come from a man who it was the finest sample of corn that I has been in the flour-trade and the had ever seen in my life. There was not baking-trade all his life-time; a man of a single defective grain to be seen great minuteness in his calculations and amongst it ; yet, you will see that it observations ; a man who understands fell, in point of flour, thirty pounds the whole of the matter, from the tran- short (in a sack of four bushels of the sactions at Mark-lane to those of the Cobbeit-corn), though it was ground by baker's shop, and his statements are as the same miller (Mr. Death), and dressed follows. Until this year, there was no in the same manner. The statement is Cobbett-corn that had been, except by this :myself, turned into four; and I, as well
Tbe sack weighed as Mr. Sapsford, had no idea that the
........ 232 corn growed here would be quite equal, Flour ..
185 bashes for bushel, to the American corn, Offal... in produce of four. The statements
10 will show how completely and aggreeably we were disappointed in this respect; to these statements I now request the reader's particular attention.
The difference in the gross weight of the sack is only 12 lbs.; but here, you see, are thirty-seven pounds of offul, in
stead of twenty-one, and ten pounds of Sack of Cobbett-corn .
waste instead of eight. Besides which,
Mr. SAPSFORD says that the American Flour ...
215 corn will not make so much bread, Offal (sold at 38. 6d. a bushel, of
pound for pound, as the Cobbett-corn ;
21 Waste, in grinding.
that the former is, in fact, a coarser
thing than the latter; and that it is 244 like what is called steely wheat, com
pared with fine plump rich wheat.
We now come to a comparison of a
more important nature still ; namely,
sack of Cobbett-corn and the produce of obliging correspondents upon the suba sack of English wheat. Mr. SAPSFORD, ject of the corn, tells me, that a neighwishing to be very accurate as to this bour of his questions the accuracy of matter, applied to Mr. Symonds of the comparative statement lately pubReading, for an account of the produce lished in the Register, and that he inof some grindings of wheat, Mr. Sy- tends to furnish me with his observa. monds being a very celebrated dealer in tions upon the subject. He will now four. He got from him, il week or two have ample means of doing this, and ago, the following statements of two I shall be very happy to receive bis grindings; one of the very best white conmmunication. Mr. Kipping tells me wheat and one of red wheat. The that even his turkeys, fowls, and pigs, wheat was not ground until the month call, by their conduct, with regard to the of July last, so that it was old and dry; corn, THE LIAR by his proper name. and, as will be seen, the sack weighed When the pigs were thus sensibly actprecisely as much as my sack of Cob- ing, perhaps Mr. Kipping might have bett-corn. The statements are as fol- been reminded of his kind offer to give lows:
me a boar of that breed. When he
can do it, and a white one if convenient, White Wheat.-Weight of the sack
I shall be very much obliged to him.
Every-thing is now settled, except the Flour, including fine, seconds, and sharps 202 value of the corn flour compared with Offal, pollard and bran..
36 that of wheat, pound for pound; and I Waste
know well that the corn four is, in any 244 family of considerable size and of mode.
rate living, a great deal the more RED WHEAT.–Weight of the sack 228 valuable of the two. Of itself, it will Flour (including as above)
176 not conveniently make bread, because Offal (as above).
it is not adhesive to the degree that Waste
8 wheat flour is ; but mixeil, one third
with wheat or one-third with rye fiour, 223 and it makes better bread than wheat
Aour or rye flour will make of itself. So that you see the Cobbett-corn exceeds Mr. Sapsford makes and sells the bread, even this finest white English wheat, one-tourth corn four and the rest 131bs. upon the sack in produce of flour; wheaten. He sells it at the same price and the red wheat exceeds it by 391bs. as the wheaten brend, I believe; and, upon the sack in produce of flour ; and, the only thing he has to complain of is, observe this, that the offal of the corn is that he cannot get corn four enough. worth 3s. 6d. the bushel. Mr. Death, I buy the bread, in preference to the who is a farmer as well as a miller, takes wheaten bread; and every one firds, it at that from Mr. SAPSFORD, and I after eating ihe Cobbetc-bread for some should be very glad to have it; for time, that the return to the wheaten having seen a sample of it, which, by- bread is unpleasant. In puddings it is the-by, I carried wiih me to Winchester better than ihe wheaten four; it is as when I went to meet Jephthall Marsh good without eggs as the wheaten four and the Barings, to show to the far-is with, and then it admits of all the mers, I would give more for it than variety of uses mentioned in my treafor any barley-meal that I ever saw, tise, and to which I beg to refer the bushel for bushel. I forgot to state reader. that Mr. Symonds's grindings of wheat I have mn:le this addition to my bock were in great parcels, and that, there much longer than lintended; but I could fore, they had the advantage over the not well make it shorter. 'It remains single sack of Cobbett-corn, particularly for me still to say something to those in the article of waste. Mr. Kipping, gentlemen who intend to plant corv, rewhom I have mentioned amongst my lative to the procuring of the seed. The
best way is to get it in the ear from those out persons enough of whom it may be which the planter has seen grow it. bought. It ought to be kept in the ear, Then you cannot be deceived. Not to until you are ready for planting. This purchase of a seedsman on any account; is not absolutely necessary, but it is best: for, without any impeachment of his in- the corn comes up quicker and stronger, tegrity, there is his ignorance of the and so it would be with wheat and a!! mailer
. There are fifty sorts of corn, jother grain. and more too; and it is impossible that I now quit the subject with no intenbe should know one from the other. tion of ever writing upon it again, with Yet if you get a wrong sort of corn you a view to urge people to cultivate the have no crop; and this has been the corn: I look upon the thing as done; [ case in hundreds of instances. I have anticipate the general cultivation of it, sased a great part of my this year's crop, and the abolition of corn bills for ever to sell for seed ; and I have it hung up and ever. I look upon England as the in the rooms at Boli-court, being a sight | best country in the world even for this worth riding a thousand miles to see, corn. Arthur Young, in his Travels in and which may be seen by any gentle- France, says, that the growth of corn is man for nothing. I have had it tied up the characteristic of good living and in bunches of ears four in a bunch; and well-being in that country. He says I sell it according to the following that the cultivation of it is a sure mark table
that the people are well off, as far as COBBETT-CORN.
nature is concerned : and he deeply laIf planted in rows 3 feet apart, and the plants ments that it wiil not ripen in England, 8 iuches in the row,
but still he recommends it to be planted
for the purposes of fodder. Poor Arthur 1 Ear will plant nearly TWO RODS O Ö 34 Young turned Methodist before he died; 1 Bapeb will plant inore than seven
and niost likely repented of having sug
0 1 gested the ineans of sustaining the body, 6 burches will plant more than 40
ronds, or a quarter of an acre.. o 5 6 deeming that detrimental to the suste12 Bunches will plant more thau 80
nance of the soul; a principle upon rods, or half an acre
0 10 6 which the pious teachers of that sect al3 Budebes will plaut more than
ways proceed ; and they, finding their 160 rods, or au acre
1 0 0
followers difficult to be restrained Mr. Diddams tells me that he has six from indulging their fleshly appetites, hundred and sixty-five sound ears. be- and failing in assistance from any other sides fifty soft ones, upon his rod and a source, to make short and sure of it, little more of ground, so that here are they get into their houses and eat up the one hundred and forty-one bunches, victuals themselves. My last words which, at my price, would bring Mr. upon this corn subject I address to the Diddams seven pounds one shilling! A labourers, and they are these :—God preity money-making concern, the has sent you this corn for you to eat, as greeily loanmongers will exclaim: and the reward of your labour in raising it: what must mine be, then, who have give it to the devil, rather than to a thousands of bunches ! Faith, I must canting thief, who would make you betake care, or the Barings will begin to lieve that it is God's pleasure that you think me their rivals. The truth is, should be half starveci, while that lazy bowever, that I do not care a straw thief is as fat and as sleek as a buck in whether I sell it or do not, except that July.
Wa. COBBETT. the sale of it would be a proof that a Kensington, ?5th November, 1831. good many persons are going to plant it. After all, even at my most extravagant price, it is cheaper seed-corn than wheat, acre for acre; after this next year, it will be to be gotten in every part of the kingdom; and I have now, indeed, pointed