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MARK-LANE.--Friday, Sept. 30. MARK-LANE, CORN-EXCHANGE, SEPTEMBER The arrivals this week are large. The 26.-Supplies since this day se'nnight, of prices of the best samples the same as on English wheat, foreign rye, and foreiga lin- Monday, other sorts Is. to 28. cheaper, with a seed, have been rather great; of English malt, very dull market. beans, and flour, as also Irish oats, moderately good of foreiga wheat and flour, English, Scotch, and foreign oats and barley, with peas
THE FUNDS. and—with above exception-seeds from all
3 per cent.
Fri. Sat. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thyr quarters, limited.
There was, in this day's market, an early, Cons. Ann. 82 821 823 823 82 814 and rather strong assemblage of buyers, residing principally in London and its neighbourhood, who manifested a disposition to do business, on what they considered businesslike terms,” but, as the sellers were either
ARPENTER'S MAGA stiff to their former position, or stubborn in endeavouring to obtain au advance, the trade was, throughout, very dull, at but little, if anyContents -The Editor to his Readers
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Speech and of Verbs. BY P. F. MERLET,
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Printed for EFFINGHAM WILSON, 88, Royal SMITHFIELD—September 26. Exchange, London, or whom may be had, This day's market, as is usual on the ap-by the same Author, with full allowance to proach of Miehaelmas, on account of changes Schools, SYNOPSIS OF THE FRENCH in tenantry preparing for audits, &c., was,
LANGUAGE. 12mo. price 2s. 6d. bound in throughout, largely supplied, though it did cloth. A FRENCH GRAMMAR, divided not exhibit nearly so many beasts as appeared into Four Parts, the Pronunciation, the Aeci. in that of this day se'onight. The trade was, of which are sold separately, or in one thick
dence, the Syntax, and the Appendix. Each throughout, very dull, with mutton and lamb at a depression of full 2d. per stone, with beef, volume, 12mo, 10s. boards. veal, and pork, at barely Friday's quotations. Beasts, 3,156; sheep and lambs, 24,640; Printed by William Cobbett, Johnson's-court; and calves, 164; pigs, 190,
published by him, at II, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.
many Vol. 74.–No. 2) LONDON, SATURDAY, October Sth, 1831. [Price Is. 2d.
address their Lordships in nearly the following words :-My Lorus, In the course of a long political life, now extended-(Tbé noble Earl here agaiu paused, evidently overcome by enotion at the task that had devolved upon him for performance, and several noble Lords,' perceiving his momentary incapacity to proceed, exclaimed, “Sit down !-sit down !"
The poble Earl, adopting the suggestion, resumed his seat for a mioute, and then again rising and advaucing to the table to address
their Lordships, he was received with cheers REFORM BILL.
from both sides of the House.) My Lords, BEFORE this comes from the press, tended over pearly half a century, it has often
In a long 'political life, which bas now expertaps, the Lords will have passed or been my lot to propose to this House and to rejected this Bill. In either case, it is the other House of Parliament-in moments necessary that a record of the import- of great difficulty-in seasons of great poliest proceeding should be contained in the most vital importance to the political in,
tical contest and violence-many questions of this my Register, The Bill
Bill was terests of this country, as well as to the general brought into the House of Lords about well-doing of Europe. If at such times ten days ago, and read a first time under such circumstances--and with such ina' without any debate ; Monday, the 3rd pidation which the importance of those occa
terests at stake, I have felt that awe and treof Detober, being appointed for the sions must have naturally inspired, and which Second reading. Accordingly, the' se- were no more than becoming
to me, speaking cond reading was moved by the Prime as I did, conscious of my own inferiority, in Minister, Earl Grey, on the day ap- country has ever produced, and sensible of the
the presence of some of the greatest men this pointed. I shall here begin by insert- inportant duty which I had to discharge—if, ing a report of the speech made upon 1 say, on such occasions as those I felt awed, this occasion by this nobleman. I vill yer still were those sensations nothing in the make no remarks upon it here; but comparison to the feelings with which I am will commend it to the careful perusal to propose for your Lordships' consideration a
affected at the present moment; for I am about of my readers. They should read every question involving the dearest interests of the Statence of it with attention ; not only country-a question, for bringing forward en account of the very interesting matter which I more than any other individual am which it embraces, and the extraordi- personally responsible-a question which has
been designated as destructive of the Constimary talent which it displays, but for tution, as revolutionary in its spirit and prin- ? the purpose of forming those opinions ciple, and as tending to produce general conrelative to this great matter upon which usion and misgovernment throughout the their conduct is to be regulated, whe-country. Your Lordships will feel the weight
of these charges, against which it is necessary ther in consequence of the passing or that I should vindicate myself. My own bethe rejecting of the Bill. With this lief is, that the measure which I am about to preface I insert the speech, again re- lay before your Lordships is one of peace, qoeating my readers to go throuyh it prosperity and concord. Cheers.) i observe
that on this question depends on the one with the greatest care.
hand, the peace, prosperity, and concord of the couutry; and, on the other, the continu
ance of a state of political disaffection, which Earl Grey then rose for the purpose of threatens all those cousequeuces that must maving the order of the day for the second read- arise when ill-feeling is engendered in the ng of the Reform Bill; and the House, which, people towards the Government of a conntry. during the discussion as to the future hour of (Hear, hear.) I have already stated that i, proceeding with the petitions, had been in more than any other individual, am personally some confusion, almost instantaneously sub-responsible for this measure; and it is therevided into the profoundest attention and si fore necessary, in the first place, that I should lace. The poble Earl paused a minute be- set myself right with your Lordships on this ere he commenced, and then proceeded to point. My opinion on this question of Par
liamentary Reform is well known to such of for the Monarchs of this country, shortly after your Lordships as have done me the honour to their accession, to pay to the great, toyal, and observe the course of my political conduct. opulent city of this empire. These things I have uniformly supported the principle of must be fresh in the miuds of your Lordships ; Reform.. I voted, soon after my introduction and you must also recollect in how great a into Parliament, in the year 1786, for ques. degree, at that very time, prevailed the desire tions of that description.' I voted with Mr. for the adoption of some measure of ParÞitt for the shortening of Parliaments. Il liameutary Reform, which tended still more voted for a measure of relurm introduced by to agitate the feelings of the couptry, and reMr. Flood at the commencement of the Re- curred to men's minds more strongly than volution, and before the beginning of that ever. My Lords, that was the revival of a war which led to such disastrous consequences. question which had at times slumbered, but I myself, on two different occasions, brought had never been extinct during a period of forward a proposition of this nature, believing, eighty years (hear, hear); that was a question as I then did, that some chaoge in the repre- which had always agitated the country; more sentation of the people was necessary to give especially in times of difficulty, by which the new vigour to the Constitution, and to make uecessity of its settlement was the more clearly the House of Commons in fact what it pro- evinced. (Hear, hear.) That measure, then, fessed to be in theory—a full, free, and effi- had begun to be felt as so necessary, that cient representation of the people. (Cheers.) when I arrived in town at that period, I found I stand, therefore, now before your Lordships many, ou whose opinions 1 most relied—who the advocate of principles from which I have had never, indeed, dissented from Parliamennever swerved. But it is not enough that a tary Reform, but who could not previously public man, pretending to any claim to the have been reckoned among its most energetic character of a Statesman, should be able to and savguine supporters-I found, I say, prove that be has been consistent in what he many such as these convinced that the time has done--that what he bas proposed is in bad at length arrived when that question must conformity with opinions long established iu be entertained, with the desire and intention his mind, and that it is from a couviction of bringing it to a close. That was my conforced upon bim through all the changes and viction also (hear bear), and your Lordships chances of a long political career that he will not forget that on the first day of that brings forward some measure of this descrip- Sessiou, I took an opportunity of discussing tion. He has a still further duty to perform. the general state of the country, in answer to He has to prove that he has not forced into a noble Earl whom I do not now see in his notice even a beneficial opinion, either rashly place; and who, after describing the situaor at an inopportune season, but that he has tion of the country, bad proceeded to insist on done it under a sincere conviction that it is the necessity of stroog measures such as essential to the well-being of the country, and arming and others. I then stated-using the that it could not be longer delayed with safety, familiar illustration of putting one's house in if it was his object to make it a measure that order for the coming storm-that Parliamenshould unite in affection towards the Govern- tary Reform was the best security that could ment and the Constitution a loyal and confid- be devised, as security was wanted ; that it ing people. (Cheers.) To show what my was the cheapest defence the Government course of conduct on this subject has been, a could adopt ; that it was the most certain short detail only will be necessary. Your shield that could be held out against any' at. Lordships cannot have forgotten what the tempts, either foreign or domestic (cheers); state of the country was at the commence that Reforin in the representation of the Comment of the last Session of Parliament. (Hear, mons' House of Parliament, with which the hear.) Your Lurdships caupot have forgotten people were no longer satisfied, and without the general doubt and anxiety that prevailed which there could be no reasonable hope of throughout the community-that suciety was reconciling them to the measures of Governalmost in a state of disorganization—that ment, would be all the things that were tumult had taken place in the manufacturing wauted, and would produce more safety than districts--that the influence of certain poli- any other scheme that could be developed. tical unions, which had growu out of the dis- These were the things that I stated on the content of the people, was spreading in every first day of that Session; and I am sure that direction—that there was the most alarming your Lordships cannot have forgotten the aninsurrection prevalent in the southern coun. swer that they received, any more than you ties, extending almost to the very gates of the can have forgotten the general consternation metropolis. Neither can your Lordships have produced by that answer when the noble forgotten how that situation of fear and de- Duke then at the head of his Majesty's Gostruction was exemplified by the remarkable vernment declared himself opposed iu princircumstauce of the then Ministers thinking ciple to all reform whatever (bear, bear, hear); it to be their duty to counsel bis Majesty not that the present constitution of the House of to expose them to the danger which must Commons was a thing so perfect in itself (hear, ensue-a danger which I most sincerely be- hear), a thing so upattainable by human lieve was groundless and unreal- from paying wisdom, that it onght to be unalterable; and that visit to the city which it has been usual that any change, even the slightest, would be
productive of danger to the country. The ef- which, if it receives the sanction of this House, 1 feet of that declaration all your Lordships will, i moit conscieuuously believe, prove a must have feltz (Mear, wear.) it was described measure of peace, tranquillity, and conciliations by Mr Drammoud in bis address to the elect to the whole country. (Cheers.) But there is ors of Surrey gentleman pot, I believe, still a further puiut to which t have to give an adverse to the late Administration, and cer- answer. It will; no doubt, be said, grant that: Stainly not favourable to the present. Mr. there is a general feeling in favour of reform Drummoid bad stated in that address that that-grant that there is a general admission of declarative of the noble Duke showed great the principle (ad admission (so general, that, ignorance of the public feeling, aud was cal. with the exception of the noble Duke, I believe enlated to drive tbe people to despair. A that there is not one of the late Administration Doble friend of mive also spoke of it in strong that does not feel that the measure has been terat, and stated that the dissolution of the brought to such a crisis that it must be seri, lite GaveroDent, and all the agitation that ously looked a)-grant all this-yet why gor bad tbsued, were owing to that imprudeut to the extent of the present weasure, which, and unfortunate declaration. (Hear, hear.), in the opinion of those who make this obser "Thus far, theo, i must stand acquitted with vations, is revolutionary in its principle, sub-1 your Lordstrips, that in proposing the measure versive io its spirit, and calculated to prove wliich I this night bave to propose to your fatal to the constitution ? My Lords, I hope: Lordships, I am doing nothing which is not that I shall be able to answer that consistent with the priuciples that I have al- question also; aud however easy it may ways maiotsiued; tbat I propose it in continu- be to declaim about revolution and subver. abre of that strong conviction which I ex. sion, I trust that I shall be able to show pressed at a moment when I could not bave that there is nothiug in the measure that is had the most remote idea of filling the situa not founded on the acknowledged principles tica which I now so unworthily hold; and that of the English constitution (cheers) -- nothing is has always been my uniform conviction that that is not consistent with the ancient system this measure ought no longer to be delayed. of representativo-and nothing that may not What followed is well known to your Lord be adopted with perfect safety to all the existe skips: I was called on most unexpectedly by ing privileges of the state, and more particu-my Sovereigo to form an Administration. On larly to that order to which we belong, and what principle was I to form it? (Hear, hear.) which it has been erroneously supposed this Os that of my predecessor--hoping to carry measure is inteoded to attack. (Hear, bear.) on the same system, but with greater success? The principle, then, being universally ad- ; My Lords, I could have no such presumptu- mitted, that something must be done, we na Buis hope or expectation. If that bad been turally come to the question--in what manner i possible, there would have been no reason or ought it to be done? I imagine that there is: motive for their removal. The question, then, not one of your Lordships, from the most disimply came to this, that they were to go on minutive bit-by-bit reformer up to the noble maintainiug the same system as heretofore, or Lord opposite, who some time ago took an that those who succeeded them were to act on opportunity of saying that whatever was done
prisciple more congenial to the general feel- on this subject must be vigorous and decisive ings of the country. (Hear, hear.) Under --who will be disposed to deny that it was nethese circumstances, I certainly did state to cessary for us to ask ourselves in what manmy Sovereigu, as a condition for my accepting ner is this reform to be effected? Whether office, that I must be allowed to bring forward it must be by doing as little as possible-such a measure of reform as a measure of the Go- as bringing something, that really meant verament. That condition was graciously notbing, in the name of reform, and so affectassented to by my indulgent Master; and ing to redeem our pledge or whether it must though that measure may be dissented from be by taking the noble Lord's plan, I was in this Hoase, at least we have the satisfaction going to say, but plan be never vouchsafed. of feeling that it has been met by the sanction (A laugh.) Shall I then rather say, by taking of the public ; and I therefore lost no time in the noble Lord's pripciple of doing something preparing, in conjunction with my colleagues, vigorous and effective: "If so, I would observe, a measure, the result of which is to form the that I think we have done that indeed (hear, subject of this night's deliberation. So far, hear, from the Opposition); for the principle thes, 1 bope your Lordships will
understand, of our measure is, that it should be effectual, that I am not chargeable with the introduction and such as to give confidence to the people of an unnecessary measure-that I had (cheers from the Ministerial side), at the same grounds for thinking that the state of public time enabling property and intelligence to take feeling absolutely required the introduction of their stand in that fair proportion which the the metsure, and tbat it could no longer be improvement of the age appears to require delayed with safety. Under these circuni- These, then, were the two ways of which we sances, I think that it cannot be charged had our choice: as to taking the first-hat against me as a crime, that I took the earliest of a bit-by-bit reform-that of keeping opportunity of carrying into effect my design, and of acquitting myself of the pledge which
_“ The word of promise to the ear, 1 bad given, by bringing forward a measure, And breaking it to the bope".
votes of an immense portion of the inhabitants of raising their constituency, alue purpose
elco! p380100) ? that of introducing a half measure as a step they recollect the scenes that take place at
d'corruption i at isa riod—it had this fundamental objections that pek bibited on all sidesthe opet date of seats, it would have satisfied nobody (cheers) : those the seturu of Members ta the open fate of who
were iq seality the opponents of allvefur day wader alle bomination of the proprietors 1 though they talked about supportiog a systein of bopuuglio, while the
people look vu abu see? which no one could understand and which it while alt wriders vt the constitutitur, afil! assumed no material sbape, would, on finding epineut English tawyers, have stated to be s ** that the ground, had been taken from ander incompatible with the rights of represeätation, their feet, have been discontevted; while, on daily made the subject of profit to uümitees, the other hands the people who were lowking in pefiance both at justice and of law? On for a substantial and effectiveldroasures
would these grounds, therefore, we proceeded to dT certainly not have been satisfied and cause consider what boroughs ought to be abolished, this ministerial measuré, instead slogs2
giniag and in 180 duiug we found that many were so satisfaction, woull. be exposed to tre fuada situated as to be incapable, uudet any circum. mental objection, that it didi stotbing towards stances, of li possessing the elective franchise appeasing that agitation and excitement which it being impossible to extend the constitueucy » had so alarmingly prevailedLookingy chany i thaso bortughs that only possessed the name at the question in this puiat of view, it wouhr und anvient site of places which formerly sent utterly have failed;) and necessarily came to representativen Parliament. Uuder these® the conclusion, that the most prudduty the circumstaticosts we thought that they could most safe measure that I could propose would oulye balconbiderodias gravirgetenes, which defied be a bold oue (bear, shear) raud this the all cure buol that of oxaision kud we thererather, because I felt, that looking to the fore deleruniked to dispaadise Burirely the safety of the country, wbich was the true po-: borouglas mentionel txt setreu ute Az"taking as licy, 1 could introduce such a measure as our criteriun a certain rate of population, as would satisfy the general desire of the peuplez' found in the deosus of 1821400tihat we sapun on reasonable terins, without going froin the posed that there was any particular yirtue in position on which I was determined to stand ibe number we selected, but because it enahled - 1 -that of defending the true principles of the us to draw wliat mighi beldeemed a fair and constitution. (Hear, beat.) w It was ou tlris impartial line, auu helped us to conclude what principle, then, that I and my colleagues.com- boroughs existed in to which it was'impossible sidered the plan of reform ; and on looking at to di&use a new or vigorous constituency. the various causes that had given rise tu the These boroughs, therefore, we determined to complaints of the people on this subject, it was proposes to Parliainent to abolish altogether. impossible not to find our attention attracted. There then presented itself to our notice to the nomination borouglas, as they are called another class of boroughs, having a higher Against these the public feeling has long been population, and which we thought might be directed, and I think with good reason 3 for as allowed, to a certaiu extent, to return their long as these boroughs, ia which the public franchise, by the admission of regulations, had no interest, were sufficient to outweigh the which will be found in the bill, for
depriving of this country, it ought to be no matter of each borough of this class of one of its Mein surprise to hear the exclamation, that it would bers. I know that it will be alleged against be better to have no representation at all than this measure that there are'anomalies in this suffer so gross
an abuse to continue. And is bill; and I admit that if it was altogether a it unuatural that the people should have im new scheme, such an accusativn' would be a bibed a disgust for that nominative system, just one; but still is 'certuibly does appear to 114. when we come to consider what is the charac- be a little inconsistent that sueh a change ter of these boroughs ? The claim set up for should be urged by those who think that the them is that of sending Members to the House measure is already too extensive (hear, hear), of Commons without the least pretence to more especially after ham fain to admit that the character of being the real representatives this second class of boroughs bas been retainof the people, though tbey are returned under ed for the purpose of conciliating those who the insulting title of representatives, when in are most ready to deprecate too exteusive a fact they are the nominees of Peers, or of other change; but, at all events, it will be well for wealthy individuals, who have couverted that your Lordships to consider that these anoma. into property which was originally a trust, and lies could only be remediable by a geueral who dispose of it for their own particular ad- division of the population and the counties into vantage, without any view to the general districts, and so establishing a more equable benefit of the community. These are the partition. The framers of the bill then profeelings that prevail among the people, and ceeded with the disfranchisement of the bo"how it is possible to convert them into those roughs contained in Schedule A, and to limit
of affection and conciliation towards the Go- those contained in Schedule B to the return vernment or the constitution, without remove of one Member each. The extent, then, to ing those boroughs, I must confess I am not which the House of Commous was reduced by able to see. Is it, again I ask, to be wondered the disfranchisensent of the boroughs in the at that the people should feel dissatisfied, when first class, was 111; those in the second class