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risk of producing intergal:wär and ge- sister, is also paid by the West Indies. neral bloodshed; and in the total ruin of This Mr. PRENTICE appears to know the ordy really valuable colonies which nothing at all about this matter, but hasbelong to this country. Sömuch for the stupid effrontery to say, that I have the first' falsehood of Mr. Prentice. called canters and hypocrites all who Sufficiently malignant that falsehood. think that Englishmen ought not to be But, gentlemen, how shall I express my taxed in order to enable West Indian contempt of the man who could have owners to keep-slaves. If the “ schoolput upon paper the second falsehood; master" really be " abroad,” it is evinamely, that I have branded also as dent that he has not yet called on Mr.
canters and hypocrites “ all who think Prentice, who might advantageously " that Englishmen ought not to be taxed, take a lesson on grammar as well as on « in order to enable the owners of es politics. The blacks may be Mr, Pren« tates in the West Indies to hold their tice's brethren, for any-thing that I < black brethren in thraldom?” There know or care ; but the West India is no answer to a falsehood like this, 'proprietors and occupiers are the breother than that of calling the utterers of thren of Englislönen ; and Englishmen the falsehood by a name which need not have stood by and seen them taxed be put upon paper, but which will sug- without mercy; but have never paid gest itself to every man. But, gentlemen, one farthing of tax for thein. In short, the thing to admire here is, the profound, Gentlemen, with regard to this Negro the gross, the worse than animal IGNO- question, this is what I have always RANCE of this Mr. Prentice, who sets said ; that I never employed a slave for: himself up as a teacher of politics to the a single moment in my life; that, in, enlightened people of Manchester. He the abstract, I hate slavery; that it is does not know, thên, that the old West an abomination to observe men to be India Islands have not taken from Eng. silent with regard to the sufferings of land, for ages and ages, one single penny the Irish, aye, and of the English too, in the way of tax; that, while millions while they are affecting to be shocked, on 'millions have been squandered on at the treatment of the Negroes, while, the worthless colonies of North Ame- it is notorious that there is no Negro rica, the West Indies have not only slave who is not better fed and more maintained their own internal govern- kindly treated, not only than the half-' ment and paid the troops stationed starred and hunted-down Irish i but: there, but have been loaded with enor- also than the far greater part of the mous charges in the shape of pensions weavers of Lancashire and Yorkshire;, and sinecures to the aristocracy of that the question of emancipation of the England. He'does not know, tlien, Negroes demands the decision of a that the great sinecures of the two previous question, namely, whether it be WYNDHAMS, in virtue of which they desirable for us to keep the West Indies have received nearly about a mil. or not? For that without Negro lion of money, have been paid by the slavery we cannot keep them. This is, West Indies. He does not know what I have always said upon the subthen that governors, deputy-governors, ject of Negro slavery, and we see that all sorts of law officers, whole tribes of the colonies are now threatening to lords and ladies that we see swaggering separate from us. But, Gentlemen, if about in England, draw their pensions any of you liappen to have a twist upon from the West Indies. He does not this subject, is it not wonderful that you know, then ; this great politician does never ask how it is that the United riot know, that even the two famous States are so happy and so free, while pensions of the dead Burke, which 1 Negro slavery, more rigid than that have so often mentionell, and which are which exists in our West Indies, is upstill paid, are paid by the West Indies; held in more than one-half of that, and that the famous pension to the two country? Let Mr. Prentice, that great Hunns, Canning's mother and half- doctor in politics, explain to you how
that is; and when he has done that, first, that possessed by those who, being and iccourited to you for his more than perfectly thoughtless, are carried away aniinal' ignorance with respect to our by mere sound; and the other part inbeios taxed for the West Indies, let habiting the heads of men full of prig
pursue his RESOLUTION ish conceit. If these two descriptions not to pass over the defects and omis- of persons want. a representative, whose sions of my Address.
very simple business would be to keep We now come to the cavil before on crying ballot, ballot, ballot, from the alluded to; namely, that my Address first of January to the thirty-first of said nothing about universal suffrage, December, with an occasional intermiscnnual Parliaments, and voting by bal- ture of the cry of universal suffrage, lot. And, what was I to talk about annual parliament's, and no Negro slathem for in this Address ? I was not very: If this be what they want, I canwriting on the subject of the nature of not serve thein; but, to save them the reform : I was talking about the mea- trouble, I will undertake to find them sures which I would endeavour to 'cause one that shall. I will catch them à to be adopted if I were chosen as a jackdaw, in my neighbour Lord HolMember of a Parliament called toge- land's new gingerbrearl church, that shall ther under the bill which is now before squall ballot, lallot, ballot, and deal the House of Lords, and to which bill forth the rest of the monotonous eloI was willing, and'am willing, to give'a quence, to their heart's content, I war fait trial ; and 'I say further, that if a rant them; and having a sort of, frill Parliament, constituted according to round his neck, and his head being that 511, will give as the thirteen mea- slightly powdered, he may serve them sures that I have described in my Ad in the double capacity of Member of dress, No.'), 'I shall be quite content Parliament and parson. This is the with such a sort of Parliament; but if Member for them! In his diet, he will it will not give us those measures, then be very sparing; half a handful of soaked I shall be for a further change. peas, with now and then a small bit of
As to this matter, Mr. Prentice lean meat, will suffice.' In his journies to chines in precisely with my friend, Mr. Manchester and back again, he will be Perce, of Upton-on-Serern, who seems nearly as swift 'as the wind; and being a to be really in pain, to be absolutely constant.comfort, a constant source of sick, for the want of the sight of 'the hope to Mr. PRENTICE, while at Man word ballot everlastingly recurring in chester, he may, in his journies up and the Register, forgetting, apparently, down, fly off and pass an hour in con wholly forgetting, that he worked like soling my friend, Mr. Price, at Upton. a horse to get Captain Spencer in for Say no more about it, then : the thing the county, of Worcester, upon the is done :' he will be ready for the day of pledge given by the Captain, that he election, and I will warrant the thoughtwould support the bill, the whole bill, less and the prigs, that the opening and nothing but the bill, which bill said speech that he will make shall be such not a word about the ballot!
as to merit their cordial support. Gentlemen, electors of Manchester, Now, gentlemen, having dispatched in so great a number of persons, how this preliminary matter, and hereby erer enlightened, the mass 'taken as a promising you that nothing shall induce whole, there will probably be some few me again to notice, in my addresses to who are an easy prey to noisy, profes- you, any-thing that Mr: Prentice can sional men, who are as insincere as say, I now proceed to maintain, the they are noisy. These few persons are justice, the expediency and the practicathe depository of the nonsense of Man-bility of my thirteen measures, the first chester. It is the sense of Manchester, of which was described in the following and not its nonsense, of which I am words :ambitious of being the representative. 1. To put put an end to all pensions, sine, The nonsense consists of two parts ; cures, grants, allowances, half-pay, and all
gether, Bextraoftlindrigobar luck, TO THE ELECTORS OY MANCHESTER. other emolumente now paid out of the taxes, them in their old age. We know that except for sach publie services as, uponea very the law senids'a than to fall who to Hard scrupulous examination shall be found fully about and bodily ptinishithert enke
salaries, to the American itandard, reduce
most dégrading kind if he wilf Hoe work *** 911 9w isd: bis ai 1901-to maintain his wife and children. We any one will look into the Pensiön toighit ask how a Taboaring max is to list and the list of sinecures, he will play by any thing, when the magistrates find that, generally speaking, they have in Hampshire and Wiltshire'do natalbeen granted to persons who it is hn-flow him enough barely to find Brena for possible can ever have rendered any himself and his family. The magistrates public service whatsoever. A great of Hampshire, of whick si "TOWAS part of them are females and Whole BARING was onė, fixed at scale of wages families of them, male as well as Peindle I which would not give half enough of stand on the Pension List.: bord Abtead for the maintenance of X tabourer THORP, some time ago, said that these fana mi family, to say nothing of meat pensions
were gifts of charūpe Chaladt elbthing and lodging and Church made its institutions of Charity Biella hele langes which, this in this country, it'acted on the principle state of things, ehables a man to get tothat it was men's duty to give to the combited with almost more tirant mortal needy ; but to give out of their own exertion, some little bit of property, a property, and even out of their bron Wit of groting of a cottage, how does the earnings; for, says he, "We worked law deal with him and with his property? “with our oun hands, that we might have Let me ferate 8 fact. An old man, ari
to give to him who needed.” Our Go- his life-time a hard' labourer, and then vernınent has proceedeď upon exactly at an age toaching four-score, possessed the contrary principle; for it has taken two tenements' worth fifteen pounds a the bread out of the mouth of the year or thereabouts. "Upon the reint of working man, to give it to persons who Yinese Cottages, and upon the labour that did not need, in order to keep them in the was able to perform, he, at'that'exluxury and without work. He who treme age, kept himself from the parish, will not work shall not ear," says the and hoped to do so for the remainder of Bible; but our Government says, by its his life. Now mark,
3, he had had a son acts, He that will not work shall eat, who had had several children, ani vrho and have plenty, and he that will work was deadt, leaving the widow and these shall be half starved. Upon 'the Pen-children. The poor fatherless children sion-list there are two women of the were able to work and did work for the pame of RicketTS: there is, besides, a farmers of the parish, and their earnings RICKETTS who is the Collector-General were sufficient to maintain them. SNorv, for the county of Hants, with a large pray mark the farmers gave them a salary. I want to know why we should certain portion of their wages in the keep these two women of the name of shape of wages, but, according to the Ricketts ; and can discover no reason Custom which has fong prevailed in the other than that they are related to Lady South of England, gave them part of Nortoesk and to Lady MILDMAY, 'their u'tekly pay vut of the poor-rares: whose son has married one of the BA- which, according to the law, måde'them RINGS, and one of whose sons is a Mem-paupers. Being paupers, the law comber for Winchester. Lord ALTHORP pelled the grandfather to maintain them says that these are gifts of charity. Let lif he had the means! And the parishus see, then, how this principle is ob- officers, by order of the "magistrales, served in the treatment of the working went and demanded from the poor old classes. They are everlastingly re- grandfather a repayment of that money proached for not laying by something which they paid the children weekly of the earnings of their youth to keep out of the poor-rates. This money as
wengan sell the te when about
mounted to a great deal more than the many as are actually, in employ! How semount of the ment of the poor grand=fcomes it that we have about four-score magistrates
but you s rementslida bo Yes," said the grand- ber is all that we have in employ, and 1
osfat beraz " but then I must, at last.gume.whisk quarter part it is perfectly evident sate, the parish myself,"
Frida We cannot ito me receive ten times as much money - help. Last, said the magistrates! and as they ought to receive for their serTothey were right enoughroo The law au- Ivices, Upon what principle is it that
thotized ihem to do this thing the law, men are to be paid for life for having zantbotized them evento strip the old served, for an adequate salary at the
grandfather of his last stick of property least, during a part of their life? When is to keep even his grand-children but a commissioner, a clerk, an officer in
the law has not prevented our Govern any service, ceases to be employed in ment from keepingo the families of the shat, servicese
and when a common Juaristocracy, and their relations, and de soldier ceases to be a soldier, why is he
pendents out of taxes imposed Leyen still to be paid, If, indeed, he have, in z upon this poor grandfather and his mil hazardous service, been deprived of his serable grandchildren agaids to atstall
sight, or of any of his limbs, or have devith regard. 19 lhis class of persons, suffered any permanent grievous bodily Lunet anotheton werd geed be said in the harm, this is the last nation upon earth
poslice of compelling the people at that would withhold from him the proSilarge to maintain them
monstrous, due to his crippled state. But, especially while the working classes are otherwise, what
pretensions has he to a nghus.dealt with; it is so magstrous, that single shilling of pay after his services texery thought of it really half
de have censed Where, in the practice of b prives, one of senses. If such a men in general, do we find any analogy s thing, Wera proposed, ing the United to justify this species of expenditure of States of merica, even in one single the public money? When a merchant,
untry, would be a manufacturer, any tradesman or farin an uproar inandes attempted to be mera no longer requires the services of acted upon it would tear up the go- an individual, he ceases to pay him. If, zo verament, root and branch, in a Meek. indeed, these public servants were commuch
pensions, sinecures, pelled to become such; were compelled money, given to
people to give up pursuits of life in which they savilha notorious, want of any sex
were engaged, and to go into this new whateves to recommend themeblich But pursuit by the imperative commands of there are what are called allowances and the law, then it would not only be just half-pay, whetheri fiyy, military. or
or to make them an allowance when their naval. We have a prodigious army, a services were no longer wanted in their great nayy, monstrous faxing and other new state of life ; but it would be unjust civil establishments; but I
ut I very much not to make an ample provision for them question whether all the officers of thes for the rest of their lives. But, observe, army and navy, and of those establish-I these persons have not only voluntarily ments, who are in employ, take so much entered into the several services; but money in the year as those who have have sought for the services, and have been in those services or offices, and obtained them in general by means not haye retired from them, or have ceased of the brightest description. What how to be in them in
Otherwise, how claim have they, therefore, to any alcome we with three generals to every lowance, or any half-pay, or any penTegiment of foot and of horse, with two sion, when their services are no longer admirals to every ship of the line, and required? They have lost, it will with, perhaps, four times as many com- be said, their habits and their fitness missioners and clerks now in pay, at for the ordinary pursuits of life; but some rate or aņother four times as that is not the fault of the public:
they knew that they must lose those thing like this were to be made by any. habits and that fitness before they en- man iu the United States of America, he tered into the service ; and the answer. must, instantly flee the country. But, to them is, that they should now set to Gentlemen, eleetors of Manchester, work to re-acquire the necessary habits, when we have taken a view of the milor, that they should have saved, out of. lians 4, year which this dead-weight their salaries and pay, a sufficiency to swallows up; twice as many millions, maintain them during the rest of their observe, as are required to carry on the lives; or, at any rate, to give them a start whole of the twenty governments of the in some useful pursuit.
to United States of America, including their Mark, I beseech you, what is said to army and militia , including their great the working people. They are ever- navy, and including also the interest of lastingly told to lay by, in the days of their remaining debt, which they have their youth and strength, the means of recluced to a mere nothing because they. sustaining them'; aye, and even their, hast, non i'm dead-weight; besides the children and grand-children, when that money which this costs, besides the youth and that strength shall have been intolerable burden which this imposes supplanted by age and by feebleness, upon us in the present day, do pray To induce the working classes to do consider the scourge which it is providthis, what bales of Acts of Parliament, ing for our children that are now in the have
been passed to encourage cradle, “ Friendly Societies," parochial and This " dead-weight;" these allow. even county Friendly Societies; to in- ances, half-pay, and other things of the duce them to put even their farthings sort, have, since the peace was made, into that precious place of deposit called cost us nearly about one hundred and a Savings' Bank. Handbills, dirty fifty millions of money; and unless we be tracts, even sermons, have been poured resolved legally to put an end to this out upon them to induce them to put by system, this particular department must their pennies, at the expense of both continue to cost us at this rate. Montheir bellies and their backs; to the strous as this is, however, in this imconstant pioching of the former, and the mense cost, and in the oppressions that constant exposure of the latter to the arise from it, we see but a part of the cold. What audacious insolence is this ! evil. The persons who are maintained With what contempt must these ads in this manner amount in number to visers view the intellects of the working more than twenty thousand. They have people; while their earnings are taken been encouraged to marry by a provision from them to furnish allowances and having been made beforehand for their half-pay to those who have lived like wives and children ; and with regard to lords during the days of their active the army, there the half-pay people employment, and in order to furnish have been allowed to sell their half-pay, them with those means of living in their and thus to perpetuate the burden by old age which they ought to have saved continually putting young men in the out of their salaries and pay.
place of old men. All these people are This class of persons is that to which at work breeding gentlemen and ladies Castlereagh gave the name of the for us to keep; for as to work, that one “dead-weight;" but far is this weight soul of them never will. See what a from stopping with the officers them- burden here is preparing for this devoted selves : it extends to their widows and nation! Three times twenty thousand their children, who are also maintained widows and children, perhaps, at this out of the sweat of the people; and very moment! At a hundred a year upon thus, while everlasting efforts are made an average, here is six millions a year to check the breeding of the working in store for us to pay ; besides the pay classes, here is a high premium tendered to the officers themselves. Nay, the for the breeding of swarms of gentlemen evil by no means stops here ; for, byand ladies. If a proposition to do a and-by, there will arise a necessity, an