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creasing revenue. (Hear, bear.) Did he there. / strengthen their own popularity, and enable fore say that the French were not right in re- them to coinmand an extent of that proportion sisting tyranny? No such thing. But lie said after the recess. I say pothing of the justice ; tbat ihe effect of all such changes iu Govern- but if it be ioteoded ultimately to concede, Í meat were to suspend commerce, to derange say give way at once. (Cheers.) While yet industry, tu put a stop to credit, and injure giving way has the merit of concession, i alm:st to death, all the manufacturing and repeat, as I said before, that I am most delabouring classes. He said that to show that cidedly opposed to the principles of this bill. any change in the constitution of a coun. I expected that the Ministers would briog in a try exposed tu hazard its dearest interests; Reform Bill on their acceptance of office; but and be said it because he was sure, if such a I believe, in my couscience, that the concesebaoge were made bere, property would be sions made by the Government have been far unjustly attacked, and the destruction of this too large, and that it was most averse to bring country would be sealed the instant its pro- in so large a measure of reform within six perty was not secure. He was afraid that the weeks after they had taken office, and while 101. housebolders would not pay the same re- the country was yet agitated by the events of spect to those institutions on which property the Freuch revolution. (Hear, hear.). It depeodeu ; be did not say that they would be must not be supposed, as I have stated, that I guilty of confiscation, but from Out respecting was really to support moderate reform-that I the institutions in the same degree, they would have listened to any insiulations, and am shake the public confidence, and lead to con- keeping back when I may find a time to bring sequences as bad as confiscation. (Ilear, forward a moderate plan of reform, and disbear.) cppose the bill, said the right hon possess the Goverinent. I may be obliged to Baronet, because I repel all participativo in submit hy necessity to a plan of reform I cannot tbe responsibility of such a measure; and I successfully oppose, but believing as I do that yote against the secoud reading, not that I the people of this country are grossly deceived expect to be successful in my opposition, but -grossly deluded in their expectations of the because I will enter my sulemn protest against practical benefits they will derive from reform, iucurring any responsibility in making one of I shall not be precluded from declaring my the greatest and most precipitate changes ever opinion, and opposing that reform as long as I marle in a constitution, which was so good, can. The right hou. Baropet theu adverted to that tbe change ought not to be made, because the sacrifice be was ready to nsake of office, that constitution was the best that ever existed and the impossibility that office could be of in the wonals of history. (Cheers.) You any advautage to bim, though he admitted to should well cousider the ultimate and imme- seek it was an object of honourable ambition ; diaie etf-els of the change you are about to and then went ou - I will continue my oppoaccomp'ich on the three paris of the empire. sition to the last, believing as I do that this Look weil to the proportious that were estab. is the first step, not directly to revolution, but lisbed at the Union. Ireland may be disturbed to a series of changes which will affect the from other causes; but the Reform Bill in its property, and alter ihe mixed constitution, of principles, and the course pursued by the Go. the country-believing that it will be fatal to verument in agitatjus, besides the question of the authority of the House of Lords, and will Cobcession, the question of relative proportions force on a series of further concessions. I will of the representation of the different parts of oppose it to the last, convinced that though my the empire, which was agitated by the Govern. opposition will be unavailing, it will not be ment altogether unvecessarily-(hear, hear), fruitless, because the opposition vow inade - bad disarranged-apart from the question will oppose a bar to further concessions hereof the uominativu boroughs—all the relations after. If the whole of the House were now to of the empire, was pregnant with mischief, join in giving way, it will have less power to and calculated, more direcıly and immediately resist fuiure changes. On this ground I stand, that any other cause, to produce extensive not upposed to any well-considered reform of dissatisfaction and discontent. It is not in the any of our justitutions which the well-being spirit of hostility, but from ille common inte of the country demapıs, but opposed to this rest which I take with the Ministers in the reform in our constitution, because that shatwelfare of the country, that I implore the Go. ters the feelings of respect towards it which vernment not to suffer this House to separate are founded in prejudice perhaps, or in higher for the recess without proclaiming the course reelings of veneration for all our institutions. they mean to pursue-out with respect to the I believe that resoro will do this, and I will deliberations on the Reform Bill, but with wielil all the power I possess to oppose the respect to the proportions they mean to pre- gradual progress of that spirit of democracy to serve as to the members for tlie diitereut paris which the hon, and learned Gentleman thinks: of the enspire. I say wuthing of the justice of we ought gradually to yield; for if we make the proceediog: bui l du fear that the course those concessions, it will only lead to establish pursued by the Government-though its pro- the supremacy of that principle. We may, I positions may assume the semblance of justice, koow, make it supreme ; we may be enabled and thougb' it may be perliaps resuíved at to establish a republic, full, I have no doubt, length to concede-may place an justrument of energy, slender, I have no doubt, with in the bauds of those wou may use it to talent, but fatal to our mixed form of Govern
ment, and ultimately destructive of all those | and let THE LIAR and the bloody old usages and practices which have long preserved Times, and let the Greys and the Lainbs to us a large share of peace and prosperity, and have made and preserved this the proudest and the Russells and the “ Broughams," kingdom in the annals of the world. [l'he chew the cud upon it, 100 ; only taking right hon. Gentleman sat down amidst long along with you the facts, that this report and loud cheering.]
is copied by me from The United States Gazetie, published at Philadel
POTA, and dated Oct 20, 1831; that TO THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL. that Gazette (as large a sheet as that of Boll-court, December 12, 1831.
the bloody old Times) contains, in this DENMAN,
single number of it, four hundred and In my last I told you that I would send three advertisements; and that the price you a present, for you and your right of the Gazette is Thirty-six shillinis a worthy brother Wilde, to comfort you year, or three hali-penee for a single on your way down to Bristol; and I paper ! Such, DANMAN, are the effects now fulfil my promise. The moment of CHEAP GOVERNMENT! And, I was apprised of that dirty Bill of In- so no inore, at this present writing, dictment which you caused to be pre- from him whom you attempted to desented at the Olil Bailey, amongst a stroy. usual arm-full of bills against thieves,
WM. COBBETT. robbers, and inuiderers; the moment I "Labourer, of the parish of saw that dirty bill, in which you called
Si. Dunstan in the West." me a LABOURER of the parish of Saint Dunstan in the West, though you knew me to be the author, publisher, and pro
WILLIAM COBBETT, prietor, of a periodical political work of AND THE LIBERTY OF THE PRESS. thirty years standing, and that, too, the
A meeting of the friends of Mr. Colbett, mosi celebrated work in the world, and of the liberty of the press, was held at the though, at the very least, you knew me County Court House, Philadelphia, on the to be, and to have long been, a freeman, 15th of October, 1831, when Thomas HUL.ME, a liveryman, and a bookseller, in the city of London; and though you also w. Heywood and Joun Scuol.Field, were
Esq. was called to the Chair, and CLAUDIUS knew me to resiile in a large private appointed Secretaries. After the meeting was house, with extensive gardens, in the village of Kensington; the moment setting forth the objects of the meeting, and
organized, Mr. Fisher presented an aldress, this low, premeditated, and Whig in- the circumstances which had called it together, sult met my eye, I told you, that you The following resolutions were then submitted and your masters had “ chosen to light to the meeting, and
were unanimously “ the candle, and that I would take care adopted. “ that it should not be put under, a Resolved, that this meeting has, for years “ bushel."
past, seen with leelings of great satisfaction, The following report of the proceed- the able and de!ermined opposition eviuced by ings of a public meeting, hell, in pur- William Colbeit against the acts of suance of public notice, on the 15th of
exercised lowards the people October, in the county-court house of of E:gland, by that band of oligarchs, justly the city of Philadelphia, will show you denominated boroughmongers; a band which and your : liberal nasters,” that your bas waged war against the liberties and rights candle has sent its light to a great dis- of man in almost every corner of the world, tance! There, their; take it, read it, and has sought the ruio of every man who you and your renowned brother chew dared to raise his voice in opposition to their the cud upon it ; and let the curate of Crowhurst, the REVEREND Rusů, and
That when we revert to the history of the let your Sussex magistrates, SCAWEX, past conduct of Blunt, and READCROFT, and let reminded of their persecutions, and, in nu. BLANDFORD, Trevor,Slapp and Wynne, merous cases, even un to death, of great num
bers of men, whose only crime was asserting | dering the consequences of goading a brave, tbeir audoubted rights of electing the meinbers virtuous, and industrious people to madness, of the House of Commons; and we consider by plundering them of their earnings, and by the late prosecution of William Cuhbett as a a system of ill-treatment such as never was continuation of tbe series of cruelties by which beard of in the world before. You have for these
and degraded the a long time waged war with this monstrous character of Esglishmen.
“thing," and in a manner surprising even to That being sensible of the advautage of the those who know you; and you have, if we freedom of the press, this meeting bas heard may judge by its writhings, pierced it in the with pleasure of the defeat aud disgrace of vital part. Would to God that it had perished
of the boroughmongers, in the English before so many villages had been made wretchCourt of King's Bench, on the trial of William el, so many wives bad been made widows, Cobbert, for the publication of what they and so many children had been made fathercalled a “ false, scandalous, and malicious less, before poor Cook had been put to death, libel;” and resolve, that the thauks of this for a blow given without bodily harm to that meeting, and an address expressive of those most impudent fellow Bariog; who, it appears, feelings, be presented to him for bis able, in the case of Mr. and Mrs. Deacle, dares to maoly, and convincing defence of himself and of the liberty of the press.
with impunity, and then takes his Rewolved, That a committee, consisting of seat in the honourable House. three persons be appointed to draft an ad We cannot find words to express our indigdress to William Cobbett, Esq., agreeably to nation at these things, but we console ourthe third resolution: when Messrs. Wood, selves under the idea that they cannot last, Brothers, and Heywood, were unanimously and that you are destined to restore your noble appoicted of the said committee.
country to its ancient rigbts and liberties, and After a short abseuce, the Chairman of the above all things to a “cheap Government;' Committee, Mr. Wood, reported the fullowing the good effects of which are so obvious to us, address:
in this must happy Republic, TO WM. CORBETT, ESQ.
We sec tiat the people are no longer deSIR,-We, who adınire your firin, undaunt- luded hy the foolish nonsense of Whig and ed, and consistent conduct, in advocating the Tory, but are inclined to manage their own cause of the poor, the oppressed, and the help- affairs themselves ; that they are fast adopting less, have just received the report of your late your opinions, which we hope and trust will trial in the Court of King's Bench, and of your soon become general. Then we shall bear no glorijus victory over your country's enemies, more of “rural wars,” but of the restoration the "false, scandaluus, aud malicious Whigs." of that rural couteatment for which your 110They have ploiteil, contrived, and meditated happy country was once famned all over the your destruction, and have attempted to deprive world. Englaad, at this momentous crisis, of the ser It gives us pleasure to hear of your excelvices of the coly man who appears capable of lent hea'th; and that you may continue to be sasing the ill-managed vessel of state l'rom the thus blessed for many years to come is the rocks that she is evideutly approaching. sincere wish of,
Sir, For this victory, Sir, we began to tender you
your devoted friend, our most gratelul thanks.- We kuow that
'Thos. HULME. Lothiaz but talents of the highest order cau It was then nuanimously save your country from anarchy and blood Resolved, That the said address be signed shed, and in you we place the strongest hopes by the officers of the meeting. and reliance. Your all powerful peo has en Resolved unanimously, That Messrs. Bro. lightened the whole nation, and prepared it thers, Heywood, and Jeffery, be a committee for the grand forthcoming siruggle for the to forward the same to Mr. Cobbett. rights of man. The errors and the
Dr. John M. Burrell then ofrered the fol. of that blind and perverse boroughinongering lowing, which war unanimously ad: pted :oligarchy have produced the eltects which you Resolved, That, as Americans, we embrace have so luog since foretold. They sought this opportunity for expressing the higha opintheir own individual interest, without cousi- ions we entertain of the character of William
Cobbett, and would congratulate the old world be obtained : other matters press it on the possession of so worthy and patriotic a aside for the present; but it must be citizen.
revived, and be justly settled. Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be given to the editors of the papers iv which the call for this nreeting was inserted. The Mechanics' Free Press did not publish it, FRENCH FINANCES. though the editors were applied to first. They had not an opportunity of seeing what others
(Concluded from p. 766, last Register.) would do, or they would have been free ebongh
TgE CONSEQUENCES OF ARRESTING to have done the same.-We will not censure THE REVOLUTION OF JULY are now be. them for this, being aware that they have coming apparent, even to the men of Deither talents nor courage to manage their the juste-miliert system: an individual little skiff, and it is therefore better to make afflicted with a malady may be appait fast to (in order that it may follow in the rently cured by the sudden application wake) something more substantial.
of violet remedies; but if the disease Resolved, that the thanks of this meeting be not rooted out of the system, it will be given to the officers of the same.
be sure to show itself very shortly in Resolved, That the proceedings of this another and a more dangerous form. - meeting be published in the Philadelphia So it is with France. Instead of march. papers.-Adjourned.
ing towards the natural results, and, (Sigued) Tujos. HULME, Chairman. therefore, the natural termination of C. W. HEYWOOD,
her revolution, she has been checked, Susco Scholeret, } Secs.
arrested, and despoiled. What is the consequence? We have had what has
been called “a rebellion " at Lyons: My answer to this shall go in MA- at another city ile Carlists are triumNUSCRIPT ; for that which suits the phant ; at a third the taxes are not climate of the United States, might not paid ; at a fourth the National Guards be too high-relished for the climate of aire dissolved; at a fifth the orders of England just yet. The reader, and the Government are not obeyed by the particularly in Hampshire, will laugh civic troops. The Press is labouring to at perceiving that the DeacLes and overthrow the Government. The triThe Barings have been this brought bunals acquit political offenders of all face to face again within a few hundred parties as fast as they are brought up for yards of the very spot where the real irial; and there is no harmony, no hap,
Original SUPERCARGO-BINGHAM piness, no satisfaction in France. ! formerly resided, and on which Mrs. predicted all this. I foretold that all Alexander Baring and Mrs. Henry this would and must happen. And now Baring were born; and where their hus- the nation is beginning to rise to shake bands first saw them ; and very beauti- off this night-mare, which is oppressing ful girls they were : but neither more it in the form of a Casimir Perrier Admibeautiful nor more delicate than that nistration. Mirs. Deacle, on whose wrists the The King of England's Speech has sons, or son, of one of them ordered the not attracted much attention! We iròn bandcuffs to be put: let that be wish well to Loru Grey, well to Reform, borne in mind. For acts of violence vell to Great Britain, and well to the committed on men, fear, anger, passion, working classes. We desire a good may form an apology (though, as the understanding between France and Barings should recollect, they formed England, and we hope that the Bonone in the case of poor Cook of Mi- roughmongers will be triumphantly decheldever); but they form no apology feated. But we look upon Reform as for violences committed on the person certain, and we consider that it is at this of a wonan, and by men too. This af- moment a mere question of time. We fair never can be dropped until justice regret that the Speech was silent as to
Poland; we cannot forgive the British burning, and who can entertain a scheme Government for its inattention to this for restoring prosperity to the country subject; and the last Proclamation by sending the working people out of which we have received from Warsawe it and keeping the idlers in it, I have which requires the Poles to wear th, no hope. But that shall not prevent Russian cockade ! has filled us with in- me from addressing to you my essay on dignation and horror. Something must the Two Cabbages. These cabbages be done for Poland, or Europe will not are the richest of all the cabbage kind; rejoice at the triumph of the British and, if you calculate, you will find, that, Government.
thus bought of the retailer, the price of 0. P.Q. them is 31s. for a ton, or 2240 pounds
weight. The market-gardener must
have sold his ton for less than 20s., and, THE TWO CABBAGES.
to bring the ton to the market (only
from Fulham), must have cost him for TO LORD GREY, PRIME MINISTER.
man, horse, cart, and turnpike, 8s. 6d.
at the very least; leaving the gardener, Bolt-Courl, 12th Dec. 1931.
for seed, raising plants, digging ground, MY LORD,
manure, after-cultivation, rent of Jand Being, like Addington, “ in every (iol. a statute acre), taxes and rates, thing equally wise," and having your and interest of capital, 11s. 6d. Is it mind filled with schemes for getting the any wonder that the gardeners are working people out of the country, or, ruined ? Every article of garden-stuff for catching them by the legs, together is low, perhaps, in proportion; but, with deep-laid plans relating to gen- cauliflowers last June, were sold at twodarmerie, and for causing the parsons pence each, which used to sell for 9d. or in Ireland to be better paid, and thereby 1s. at the same time of the year. No making the tithe-payers belter satisfied; wonder that we see, all round London, haring your great mind filled, absolutely market-garden land covered with darks cramined, with schemes so sublime, you thistles and couch-grass. will, I dare say, iuro up your nose at the Take another view of the matter. A very sound of the words“ TwoCabbages," | milch-cow will eat about 60 pounds of supposing it to be some fable. You will these white-loaved cabbages in a day ; find them, however, to constitute a very then her cost will be 10, d. a day,or 6s.11d. serious matter; and if you attend to what a week; and, in return for that, she I have to say on the subject, you will will give, on an average, 10 quarts of acquire more knowledge appercaining to milk, making 5lb. of butter per week, the duties that you have now to perform, all the year round. The butter is worth you will see deeper into the true causes 6s., and the skim milk is worth a penny of all the difficulties that surround you, a quart for pigs; making 11s. 10d. a and which are daily increasing, than you week at the lowest rate of valuing. ever before possessed and ever before These cabbages may now be bought seen.
from the green-stalls by retail as most To-day, my man having forgotten to profitable feed for cows. If bought of bring in cabbages froin Kensington, the ihe gardeners, they are only half the maid servant went out to buy some, and price. Meat and bread are necessaries she brought in two Savoys, for which, of life ; butter and milk are nearly so; to a woman who retailed them, she but leguminous substances are not ; gave three half-pence. They weighed and, therefore, they are depressed first; nine pounds. Then, as Solomon says, and nothing can more clearly show the “I looked upon and considered it well"; sinking state of the people in this Wen, and I had, for a inoment, the vain hope, than this falling down of the price of that you might be induced to consider garden-stuff. it too. No! of him who can propose a I have, for the last ten years past, mar-trap law to prevent rick and barn- been warning the gardeners (many of