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ation for seven years, and this punish- for selling their bodies to be cut up like ment may be inflicted, too, and has those of the most heinous malefactors! been, and is, frequently inflicted without A labouring man, James Ives, who the sanction of a judge, and at the sole worked constantly for me some time discretion and pleasure of the justices in ago, came to me, with tears in his eyes, quarter-sessions, who, as you well know, to get 12s. in advance of his wages, to are the game-preservers themselves. pay (that being the price) for watching Yet those who could, and 'so recently, the grave of his daughter, who was just too, pass over this last-mentioned law, then about to be buried! Why, genand those new and “ liberal” members tlemen, what government-protection who have been able to sit quietly, and could this man discover ? What had say not a word about this law for trans- this man to make him willing to be obeporting men for making free with the dient to the laws ? Great care is taken of bodies of wild animals, which, accord- the property of the rich ; the law hunts it ing to Blackstone, are the property of with inflexible eagerness go whither it no man, and which belong in common may; here the law has grown harder and to all men ; those who could make and harder, till it has made the receiving of so vigilantly enforce this law, cannot, stolen goods a felonious offence, punishfor the lives and souls of them, find out able with transportation. But those the means of passing a law to protect who passed and have enforced so rigidly the bodies, alive or dead, of the work- this law, have not been able to find out ing-people; other than that of making any means whatever to punish the REit lawful to sell their bodies when dead, CEIVERS OF STOLEN BODIES; to be cut up and cast away like the bo- though they MUST of necessity KNOW dies of murderers or traitors.
them to have been stolen, if not murGentlemen, from every-thing that I dered as well as stolen! Common jushave ever heard here in the North, and tice, even natural justice, would make it particularly in this town, I believe, that felony, punishable with death, in any one if the horrible bill to which I have just to have in his possession a dead body, or alladed had become a law, that law a part of a dead body, unless able to would have never been acted upon by produce proof that he obtained it in conthe parochial authorities of Manchester. sequence of a sentence of a court of jusI hope that the same would generally tice, or in virtue of the last will of the have been the case; but I have no party. scruple to say, that an attempt to en This is what the people have a right force the law in any of the agricultural to demand from the Parliament. For Counties would have produced open and the want of it, even the horrid murders desperate rebellion. "Judge you, gen- recently come to light in London, are tlernen, of the feelings of the country manifestly to be ascribed ; and, if the people on this subject, when I tell you working people find no better protecthat there are clubs in the country pa- tion from a reformed Parliament; if rishes in Sussex, Kent, Surrey, Hamp- such Parliament still show that it values shire, and, I suppose, in all the southern the dead body of a hare above that of counties, which clubs are for the purpose the dead body of the working man, his of forming a fund for defraying the ex- wife, or his child; if this be the case, pense of watching the graves of the rela- far better would it have been never to tions of the members of the club, if any of have brought in the bill. If Irishmen them should die, or the graves of the be still to be treated as they have been; members themselves if they should die! if they, whenever the Government How honourable to the feelings of the pleases, be to be shut up in their houses working people, and how disgraceful to from sun-set to sun-rise, on pain of the Parliament is this fact ! Judge you, transportation for seven years if absent gentlemen, what would have been the for more than fifteen minutes; and if consequences of an attempt to enforce that punishment be still to be inflicted amongst such a people the atrocious bill without judge or jury, at the sole dis
cretion of two justices of the peace and fore wish to see no change in the form a barrister, all appointed hy, und re- of the government; and while I express moveable at, the pleasure of Governo a wish to see it made a cheap government; if these things be to remain ; ment, and express my determination to and if the bloody tithe battles be still to have nothing to do with its affairs, undisfigure Ireland and fill the world less I see a fair prospect to give effect
. to with wonder and with horror; if, in that wish, I am clearly of opinion, ard, short, the reform of Parliament, be still indeed, I know the fact, that it can be to provide heaps of luxuries for the idle rendered, without injustice to anybody, tens of thousands, and to leave the la- even a cheaper government than that of bouring millions in misery, then we the United States of America. But, to want no reform; then to talk of reform arrive at this end, I can see nothing is to insult the suffering people. short of the adoption, the hearty and
But, gentlemen, if we do want a re- cheerful adoption, of the fourteen proform, we want a real one, and not a positions which you have had the inpretended one. We want a great change dulgence to permit me to lay before for the better; not merely a change, you, but a great change. The propositions I am sorry to say that I do not discowhich I have been permitted to read to ver in any of the acts of the present you, have been said to aim at the de- Ministers, any disposition, nor even any struction of the institutions of the coun: thought, to make that great change of try, I shall, in the future proposed which I have been speaking. I say not lectures, prove clearly that they aim this in hostility to them. I have not not only not at the destruction, but not the smallest desire to see them removed at the impairing, of any one institution from their places, or to see them fall of the country, properly so called, un-into discredit with the nation. If I less to take money away from the in- could have my wish, my Lord GREY dustrious and to give it to the idle be would remain in office until he had ac
an institution of the country.” We complished all the good which would want no change in the form of the go- arise from the adoption of these propovernment; we want, indeed, to make sitions. Nothing would please me betthis same government a great deal ter than to see this take place. But at cheaper than it is; and, by so doing, we the same time, it is iny duty to state take the only sure course of preserving to you, that I have not been able to disit; for it is utterly impossible that the cover, either in the words or the acts of millions can love it, while it is so very his lordship, any thing that encourages costly as it now is. We have, or at me to hope that he has any intentions least, I have, no quarrel with the form at all of making so great a change as of government. I know that our coun- that which I hold to be absolutely ne
try has been the greatest, the most recessary. nowned, and the happiest in the world, He who undertakes the great task under this form of government; I know which is now imposed upon the man that all its famous institutions have who would set the affairs of this great risen up, and that it was the cradle of kingdom to rights, must be prepared for real liberty, while there were a king, exertions such as scarcely ever before lords, and commons: I know that it is were imposed upon any man. The thing, not republican government alone that to be done well, and to make this reform can be cheap government; for I know really satisfactory to the nation, must that England knew nothing of an inter- be set about in right earnest ; must be nal tax for century after century, while begun, as men begin to plough a field, it still bad this same kingly government ; or to weave a piece of cloin, and be to which [I might have added] that the pursued on from the beginning to the end, first time that it was cursed with an without relaxation, and with a resolulexcise-tax, was during the short period tion to finish the work in the manner in that it was called a republic. I there which it has been begun. What, then,
is the sort of men, to whom the people, chosen to serve in Parliament or not, who will now enjoy the right of voting, by this great town. I should, indeed, and especially in those great hives in be an insensible clod, did no desire exthe north; what is the sort of men ist in my mind to have the great glory whom they ought to choose to encoun- of being the representative of that ter this arduous undertaking? First, town, the name of which is, throughout they should be stored with a great and the whole world, synonimous with experfect knowledge relative to the whole cellence in ingenuity and industry. But, of the affairs of the nation. Next, they justice to myself calls upon me to say, should possess the talent sufficient to that I am not here for the low purpose enable them to state with clearness, and of CANVASSING for a seat in Parliament. to argue conclusively, and to the pro- It has, for years, been my resolution, ducing of conviction, the matters, which never to ask a man for his vote upour they have the disposition to impress any occasion, a resolution from which upon the minds of others. Next, they nothing shall ever make me depart. should possess resolution to speak what My sentiments with regard to this they think, in spite of every effort to matter have been put in print, and the damp or overawe them. Possessing promulgation of them in that manner all these endowments, however, still did not take place until I thought it was there would be wanting that prime necessary to the public good, and until, quality of all; steadiness of purpose, indeed, it was called for by the circumand indefatigable industry, without stances which I am now about to state. which not all the virtues, and all the The PROPOSITIons which I have read to genius in the world, could do any- you haci been published some time bething effectual, in the renovating a fore that discussion in the House of country, corroded with abuses of all Lords on the late Reform Bill, which sorts, embarrassed and entangled as the ended in the rejection of that bill. affairs of this country, and the country During that discussion four of the Lords, itself
, now are. Even endowed with all FalMOUTH, WYNFORD (old Serjeant these qualities, with perfect disinter- Best), Carnarvox, and LYNDHURST, alestedness, with zeal, with devotion to luded to the propositions, expressing, at country, all into the bargain, there the same time, their great alarm lest the would still be wanting a mind, not to ten-pound suffrage, as it stood in that be made to swerve from its point for bill, should lead to so disastrons an occurone single moment by the blandish- rence as that of putting me into Parliaments of a court, or the still more dan-ment. The great alarm of their Lordgerous blandishments of the aristocracy. ships made them less delicate and re
Whether I have been drawing my served upon this occasion than upon own picture, and thereby saying indi- foriner occasions, it having, for a great rectly that I am the man to he chosen many years, been their practice, in for this great town of Manchester, speaking of opinions or of matters conwhose bounden duty it is to set an ex- nected with me, to content themselves ample to all the other towns in the with distant allusion, abstaining with all north; whether I have been doing this possible dignity from mentioning tire or not, I must leave for you yourselves name. Now, however, this reserve was to decide ; but, lest you should come thrown aside : Cobhett and Manchester to a conclusion in the affirmative, it is were too much for dignity to endure in necessary that I should now address silence; and out came the names tummyself to you more particularly upon bling together. With regard to Falthe personal interest that I take in this mouth and WYNFORD, my dignity would affair as connected with the town of certainly have prevented me from beManchester. Gentlemen, if I were ca- stowing a moment's thought on what pable of affectation, I could not carry it they said; and with regard to CARNARto the point of saying, that it is a matter von, he being a HERBERT, could, I of indifference with ine, whether I be well knew, from my long familiarity
with the name, have but one single point " they now receive out of those taxes. in view; a HERBERT always sticking to " They saw, for instance, that the tenthat point, as a needle to the pole. But " pound suffrage would, if I chose it, my Lord LYNDHURS'r was another sort put me into Parliament, where they of man: to what he said I paid great
" well know that I never would be, attention, having great respect as well “ without making the most strenuous for his talents as for his character, and “ efforts to cause this object to be acalways remembering his wise and good " complished. I am fully warranted in conduct while he was Attorney-Ge-“ believing that the certainty, or nearly NERAL. But nothing said by Lord “the certainty, that the ten-pound sufLYNDHURST tended to convince any
im frage would put me into Parliament, partial man that Mr. COBBETT ought was one of the reasons for their reject. not to be elected for Manchester, while ing the bill. I am fully warranted in it had a very strong tendency the con “ believing this, because, while almost trary way.
“every one of them who spoke against However, “ COBBett and MANCAES- “ the bill made allusion to me and to TER" having been made one of the great Manchester, no less than four of them arguments against the Reform Bill, it " wamed me and that town, and cited became me to be more explicit than I “ the intention of that town to choose had theretofore been, with regard to my me, as an instance of the great danger own desires and my owo views relative to be apprehended from the ten-pound to a seat in the reformed Parliament. suffrage in great towns; and, my Therefore, in a published letter, addressed “ Lord, I would not take my oath that to my Lord Grey, soon after the rejection |“ it was not Cobbett and Manchester of the Reform Bill, I, in the frankest “ that convinced your colleague Lord manner, and with the most perfect sin- “ Brov ham, of the propriety of being cerity, fully stated to his Lordship, and," ready to re-consider his opinions through him, to the nation in general, “relative to that part of the bill! and to the people of this great town in “ To be plain, I do verily believe, particular, those desires and those views. “ that Coblett and Manchester had
And, gentlemen, as this paper was great weight in the rejection of the written after the maturest deliberation ; bill, and also great weight with most and as it is my determination to abide “ of your colleagues, if not with your by every sentence contained in it, I will, “Lordship, in forming that design, with your permission, now take the li- " which I believe to have been enterberty of reading it to you, begging you “ tained, if it be not still entertained, to to be pleased to consider it as addressed" alter the bill in this respect, and to to yourselves, and to receive it as ten " raise the suffrage and thereby diminish dered to you with the greatest respect.
“the number of voters in the great “ But, my Lord, the peers who op “ towns; and I further believe, that this
pose the bill seem to have thought of " is the conviction of every well-inform“ nothing but the present moment. They “ed man in the whole kingdom.
saw, as I saw, that the members com “ Such a thing as this never before
ing from the great towns, and chosen disgraced any body of rulers upon the “ by the working people, would never “ face of the earth! What a surprising " suffer that working people to be borne "thing that a man, literally bred up at “ down to the earth as they now are ; “ the plough tail; never having been " and they clearly saw that there was " put to a school; never having had a “no possible way of relieving the work-" patron of any description; having
ing people, other than that of taking “ had to work all his life like a horse, “ off the taxes to a very great extent; “ to maintain and breed up a numerous “ and they knew that this could not be “ family; having bad no one contin“ done without beginning by taking “gency that bas favoured his progress “ from them and their families and de“ in life ; having had no one earthly “pendents the enormous sums which * resource out of himself ; never having
“ written a line to catch the thoughtless, " that he had lost, and therefore could “or to flatter any description of persons," not read them to the House, and “high or low; having preferred living " which I will subjoin to this letter, that
on a crust to riches and ease obtained “ the late Serjeant may have them " by any of those means by which lite." another time; I know, my Lord, that
rary men usually obtain wealth and “ these thirteen propositions must be exaltation :
: what a surprising thing “ adopted to the very letter, or that the " that such a man, leading such a life,“ discontent after the reform will be “ should become so formidable to two even greater than it is at this moment. “ great parties, dividing between them“ And am I, of all men in the world, so " the whole of the powers of the Go- " stupid as not to perceive the great “ vernment of the greatest and richest “ difficulties attending that adoption ?
country in the world, as to make “ Am I so short-sighted as not to fore“ those two parties (waging eternal see the turmoil which will arise in " strife as to every-thing else) unite“. consequence? Do I know so little “ like children from the same mother, “ of mankind as not to be aware, that “ in efforts of every description, to keep “ lie who inflicts present evil on a com“ that man down! Yet, surprising as parative few, is sure to find but weak “it is, it is not less true than it is “apologists in the many, on whom he “surprising. Before the Reform Bill" is bestowing future and permanent “ was brought in, and when we were
good ? Do I not know, that re" all on the tiptoe of expectation, 11" proaches follow the knife of the sur“ said to a friend, who was sitting geon, though it be necessary to the “ talking with me on
on the subject, saving of life? Can I behold in pros" 'What sort of reform do you think“ pect, as I do, as clearly as I behold “' they mean to give us ?' His answer “the paper on which I am writing,
was: “I think they will give just as swarms of clamorous pensioners, si«' much as will enable em to keep necure people, retired-allowance peo
you out of Parliament.' I told him “ple, discarded commissioners, dead" that I made no doubt, that that would " weight people, by thousands upon “ be the wish; but that if they gave so “thousands, growling fundholders, and “ little as that, they would soon become dependents of all these, swarming like
more odious than their predecessors ; “locusts upon the banks of the Nile, “and that they could not very well ex “and all directing a good share, at least, “clude me by name, as they had very “ of their reproaches towards me: can “ nearly done in the SIX ACTS, two of " I behold all this, and behold, at the “ which might as well have had the same time, the delivered, the freed, " name ; for every man in the kingdoni “ the benefited, the happy nation, leav
saw that the Acts were intended solely “ing me to bear the reproaches as well 66 for the man.
as I can : can I behold all this, and, “ What adds to the curiosity of the “ still possessing my senses, embark in
thing is, that I never have wished to “ the perilous concern as on a party of “ possess any public power of any sort, pleasure ? Can I, who have lived all
except that of being in Parliament, “my life as free as a bird in the woods ; “and ihat wish arose from a desire to " who have never been thwarted in my “ assist in effecting a Parliamentary Re- " will by any-body, and who have never “ form. I cannot but know the prodi “ had on my shoulders responsibility to “gious difficulties that must surround" any living soul; who value not wealth;
a man who shall now undertake to “ who cannot gain a particle of fame; “ assist in putting the affairs of this “ who despise the very thought of posa
great and troubled country to rights. “sessing what are called honours and “I know well that my thirteen proposi dignities, and who would not pass one “ tions, which Lord WYNFORD (I think evening amongst the guttlers and “they call him), who was once the “ gossippers and spitters and belchers “ renowned SERJEANT Besr, lamented “of the boozing-ken of Beilamy, even