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parties from being guilty of the same of whether they have been murdered or offence.
We have laws to punish any one “ Lord Althoor, who spoke in a who has the dead body of a hare in his “ very low tone, was understood to say possession, without being able to prove “ that the object of the parties in this that he came by it laufully; we have “ case, in agreeing to a compromise for laws for this purpose, and most severe
so large a penaliy, was perhaps chiefly laws too; but, for the life and soul of “ with the view of aroiding the addi. our enlightened legislators, they cannot " tional punishment of publication, put together a law for punishing those “otherwise he agreed with the right who have dead human bodies in their “ hon. Baronet in the principle, that possession, whether those bodies have "every publication ought to be given to been murdered, or stolen from the grave! "the circumstances of the case, since it I have not time for much on this subject “ was the object of the Government to to-day ; but I must insert the following "prevent the recurrence of such offences. (from a Police magistrate), addressed to,
Ah ! old George Rose, we thought and published by, the Morning Curothat we never should look upon thy like NICLE, of Monday, the 12th instant. again! Well, old George, thou art gone to be sure, and God knows whither; “ To the Editor of the Morning Chronicle. but thou hast left thy ... mantle, oh “SIR-Having dined yesterday with some no! but, as the Scotch call the skin of of my brother magistrates, I learned, upon the snake, thou hast cast thy slough, and information, which I have no reasou to distrust,
that beside the confessions published, another left it to this “ Corinthian pillar!” was made on Sunday last, which comprehended What! give 5,0001. of silk back to a catalogue of about sixty murders, and would the criminals! But I must return to have probably gone on to a much greater exthis scandalous transaction. In the
tent, but for the interfereoce of the ordinary.
When to this is added the large supply which, meanwbile, I want information as to the by the published coufessions, Bishop appears names of these robbers of poor silk-ma- to have furnished for dissection, the great nufacturers. Merciful Whigs! You number of persons employed in the same way,
the probable profligacy of such persons, and, did not, and do not, think of mercy to
as asserted, a great falling off' in the number of Mr. CARPENTER, who offended against burials, notwithstanding the increased populayour revenue laws, and who is now in tion of this metropolis, there is certainly but your jail for life, unless released by a too much reason to believe that this system of Reformed Parliament. And DENMAN
murder amongst the poor, which Bishop said he
resorted to as both less expensive and less hatook it upon himself, then, did he! But zardous than collectinr from cemeteries, is this affair must not drop here.
become extremely common, that it is in a state of progression, and that new and extraordinary modes, bowever inconvenient to the professors and students of anatomy, MUST BE HAD
RECOURSE TO, FOR THE PREVENTION HORRID ENGLISH MURDERS. OF SUCH ATROCIOUS CRIMES.
“ J. SEWELL. We have heard much of the “ march “ 21, Cumberland-street, of mind," of the " improvements of the
Portman-square, Dec. 8.” age,” and of the “ schoolmaster being
new and extraordinary mode" abroad;" we have endless accounts of ought to be to HANG those who have the brilliant exploits of the “School and dead bodies, or parts of dead bodies, in Bible Societies;"and we Protestants are their possession, unless able to prove the called upon to bless God for our libera- possession to have been sanctioned by tion from the superstition against which the sentence of a court of justice, or by the virtues of our barbarous forefathers the last will of the party whose dead had to struggle for existence! Base in-body is found in possession. This is the solence ! One of our improvenients is, mode, and the only mode. the causing to exist, openly and un- however, thinks Doctor Black, whose punished, receptacles for the receiving unfeeling, and, indeed, stupid, mind lets of dead human bodies, without any proof him see no remedy for these murders
but in another DEAD-BODY BILL." | Which verses, only changing Cholera Hear him, indignant reader.
Morbus for La Gripe, would apply, with The three wretches concerned in the murder equal force, to this Whig Ministry. of the poor Italian boy bave been found guilty, They are not only wise generally; but and are ordered for execution on Monday next. Who knows how many other poor creatures
in every thing: no matter what it is, it is have been destroyed by them! 'The evidence all the same to them; whether it be as to one other case seems complete. If rich catching incendiaries by the legs, propeople were liable to be burked, the wants tecting the freedom of the press, imanatomical science would have been provided for long ago, without affording au incentive to partially enforcing the Revenue-Laws, murder. Had the child of a Lord been one of promoting emigration, no matter what, the victims of Burke, at Edinburgh, all other great they are in every thing, but in Lords would have taken the alarm, and an Act nothing, as will presently appear, greater of Parliament would have soon followed. But than in governing colonies. I beg the it is difficult, if not impossible, to carry off the children of Lords, and easy to deprive the reader's best attention to the following poor of their children; and, therefore, Lords, letter, and more especially to the curious knowing, of courses that the subjects must be and deeply-interesting MEMORIAL which provided, that the difficulty of procuring follows it. Let the merchants in Eng. causes high prices, and high prices iempt the worthless men employed to procure them by land especially, read these documents murder-which is easier aud safer than disid- with attention. Let them see what sort terment,-instead of providing against this of attention a governor pays to Colonists: monstrous evil, endeavoured to inflame the let them read his laconic answer to this prejudices of the poor. It is affirmed by phy: able and important memorial, which siologists, that life may be destroyed so as to leave no trace of the act. Anatomists may be answer, for God only knows why, he able to detect murder when violence has been calls “ an al'POINTMENT.” If the evil used, as in the case of the Italian boy; but were not of such serious consequences, when no violence has been used, how cun they tell that the subject has been un fairly obtained? one would find in this mode of govern
There is no ditřiculty in obtaining subjects in ing, everlasting food for laughter. Oh,
the frying-pan for the fire, go to no base feelosofer!} whose relations do not claim colony, go the United States, or stay them for burial, be MADE AVAILABLE for where you are. the purposes of anatomy. To this remedy we must come, or the schools of the anatomists
“ Berbice, 25th Sept. 1831. must be closed, or burking will be continued. So loug as ten guineas can be obtained, with “ In several of your late Registers, less danger by burking than by burglary,” Mr. Cobbett, you have, with your burking will be preferred by the criminal. “ unrivalled ability and zeal, clearly
It is useless to stamp and swear!“ pointed out to the people of England, The cold-blooded fellow would only " Scotland, and Ireland, the absurdity draw his high cheek bones awry and" of quitting their country at all; and sneer. I will in a week or two address“ more especially the very great folly of a letter to the chopsticks on the subject; "going to British colonies, governed by to them who are now paying part of " orders in council, through the agency their hard-earned pennies into clubs, to “ of superannuated General officers, or pay for watching the graves of their de- " such-like of the Ministers. As inconceased relations! I will make the Doc-" testable proof of the soundness of your tor, body and soul, over to them. " advice, i enclose you a memorial of
“ the people of Demerara to Sir B.
“ d'Urban, the Governor of the colony, OUR COLONIES.
“and his appointnient, or answer, there
on, and if, after reading this document When ADDINGTON was Prime Minis- " throughout, any sane man should for ter, I published some verses on him, in" one moment doubt the correctness of which was this:
your views on the subject of emigra“ The Doctor, in every thing, equally wise !" “ tion, there is then no such thing as
“demonstration. I send you
of To his Excellency Major-General Sir "Indian corn, the common corn of this
Benjamin d'Urban, Knight Commander
of the Most Honourable Military Order “country, which, I think, will ripen
of the Buth, of the Royal Guelphic “well and early in your climate. It is, Order, and of the Portuguese Royal “ however, very subject to worm; and Military Order of the Tower and Sword, “I doubt whether it will get to you in
Governor and Cammander-in-Chief in
and over the Colony of British Guiana, “ the perfect state which it now is; but
&c. &c. &c. “ some of it you might get to grow ; The memorial of the Committee appoioted " and it may prove a better sort than at a public meeting of the colonists of Deme“the one so successfully and beneficially rara and Essequebo, held at the Colony-house “ introduced by you into England, ani in Georgetown, Demerara, on the 29th July, “ which, had it been introduced into the Governor,
1831, by permission of his Excellency the “ country by the Peels, or any of that RESPECTFULLY SHOWETH, “gentry, the poor English tax-payers
That is approaching your Excellency upon “ would have been saddled with a pen- lierests of the colonists at large, your memo
a subject so vitally important to the best in“sion, to him and his brats to the tenth rialists firmly assert, that there exist put in the “ generation, of at least one thousand wide extent of his Majesty's doninions, sub" per annum. But verily you will have jects mure truly loyal and devoted to his Ma"your reward in the blessings of mil- jesty and his illustrious house, than the colo
nists of Demerara and Essequeho. “ lions of people to all posterity. I had That, imbued with every sense of loyalty to “almost forgot to state, that the time, his Majesty, and respect to your Excellency, “from the day the corn was planted to your memorialiets take leave to lay before “the day it was gathered, was ninety jesty, the grievances and sufferings under
your Excellency, as the representative of Ma“days. I have reckoned the number of which they peculiarly labour at the present “grains upon one of the ears, which moment.
you will find to be six hundred and That on the 21st day of July just past, “ forty. No ear of your corn, I find by your Excellency was pleased to publish, or “your book, contained more than three by, amongst other things, it was declared,
cause to be published, a proclamation, where. “ hundred grains.
“ that you had received from his Majesty's “I have just had sent to me the De. Governinent the thereiu following order of his “merara Gazette, with the proclamation Majesty in Council, and that the same was “of Sir B. d'Urban, by which our law
thereby published for general information.”
'I hat for the purposes of this memorial, it is “ cou rts and laws secured to us by Act unecessary to set forth the whole of the said “ of Capitulation, have been at once set order in council; yet, vevertheless, the pas" aside, and up to this day no other sages to be transcribed, in consequence of their “ court established in their stead. We
importance, are such as to induce your me
morialists to crave, in the first instance, your “are literally without law or courts al. Excellency's patience and attentiou. “ together—a blessed state certainly ! That passing over that part of the preamble “What a state to place a colony! Have of the said order in council, by which is ob" the goodness, Sir, to show up these courts of criminal and civil justice in Deme,
taived the conclusion, that it was fit that the “ Whigs in their proper colours ; for you rara avd Essequebo (amougst others) should "are, beyond all doubt, the only man thenceforth be bolden by persons of competent "who can do the thing righı well.
legal education-" It was therelore ordered
by the King's most excellent Majesty, by aud “ I am, Sir,
with the advice of his Privy Council, that “ Your most obedient servant."
thenceforth the Court of Criminal and Civil Justice of Demerara and Esseqnebo, and the Court of Civil Justice and the Court of Criminal
Justice of Berbice, aud the Court for the Trial Memorial of the Committee appointed at a First lostanice of Civil Jurisdiction in the island
of Criminal Prosecutious, and the Court of Public Meeting of the Colonists of Demerara of Trividad, aud the Royal Court of Saint and Essequebo, held at the Colony-house, Lucia, should be respectively bolden by, and in Georgetown, Demerara, ou the 29th before three Judges, and no more-that is to of July, 1831, to his Excellency sir B. say, each of the said courts should be holden
by and before the President for the time being d'Urban, K. C. B., &c., Guveroor of British of the Court of Criminal and Civil Justice of Guiana, &c. &c. &c.
Demerara and Essequebu, and the Chief Jus.
tice for the time being for Trinidad, and the ! Judges and assessors should, in all criminal First President for the time being of the Royal cases, at any time depending in any of the Court of Saint Lucia, or by and hefure the said courts, be taken and adjudged to be, and persons who, during the vacancy of any such should be recorded as the judgment of ihe offices, or during :be absence or temporary in- whole court. capacity of any of the saint Judges, might nave “ And it was further ordered-That the received a provisional or tenporary appoint overuor of each of the said colonies should, ment to act as, und in the piace and stead oil by proclamatious to be by him, from time to any such Juuges or Judge
time, for that purpose issued within the saine, “ And it was furtier ordered–That for the make anii prescribe such rules and regulapurpuse of holding the respective courts tious as might be necessary tu deier mine the aforesaid, the said Judges should, from time qualifications of such assessors, the mode of tu time,repair to the sail respectie colonies of couveping them, the penalties to he inflicted Tiiudad, Demerara, Berbice, and Saiut Lucia. on personis r«fusiug 1o act as such assessors
“ And it was further ordered—That iwo when thereunto lawfully required, and the sessivne, at the least, should be holdeu in each mode of challenging such assessors, and what year oi each of the said courts ; aud that the should be the lawful ground of challenge, and times of holding such sessions in such respec- how the validity of any such challenge should tive colonies, and the duration thereof in each, he determined, together with every other matshould be determined by proclamativus tu be, ter and thing which might be vecessary to fruin time to lime, for that purpose issued in the etlective discharge by such assessors ofthe the said respective colonies by the respective duty thereby committed to them ; and every governors thereof.
such proclamation should forth wiih be trans. And it was further ordered–That the mitted by such governor for his Majesty's apgovernors of the said respective colonies probationi, and, should, in the mean time, and should, and they were thereby authorised to unless disallowed by his Majesty, aud until arrange with each other the limes of holding such disallowance should be made known to such sessivus as aforesaid, in such manner as such g vernur, be of the same force aud effect miglit besi prvenute the administration of jus as if the same had beco contained in that tice therein, and the common convenience of present order. the said respective colonies.
" And it was further ordered—That during “ And it was further ordered—That in each the absence of any of the said Judges from the of the said courts the said ibree Judyes should, coluny tu which he night belous for the purin all civil cases, have, possess, exercise, and pose of holding such sessions as aforesaid, enjoy such and the same jurisdiction, powers, the Suprenie Court of such colony should be and authority in the every respect as the then holten by a single Judge, tu be cailed the present Judges of the said courts then bad, or Vice-President of such court; and it should lawfully possessed, exercised, or enjoyed; be the duty of such the Vice-President to hear and that the decision of the majority of such aud determine all such interlocutory matters three Judges should, iu all civil cases at any urising ju or upon any civil or criminal suit, time depending in either of the said courts, action, or proceeding, depending in the said be taken and adjudged to be, aud should be court as miglot be brjught before him; and recorded as the judgment of the whole court. also to inquire iuto, and report to the said
“ That it was further ordered - That upon Judges in any such sessions as aforesaid, upon the trial of any persons or person. ju any ot'ile any questons which might, by such Judges at said courts for any crime or vffeuce with which suchiveir sessious, have been specially referred they, he, or she miglit be charged, three as- to any such Vice-President; and in the exercise sessors should be appoiuted to the said three of such jurisdiction, such Vice. President Judges, in the manner thereinafter provided should, and he was thereby required to cou. for-which asse-surs should be entitled to form bimself to, and observe such general deliberate and vote with such Judges upon the rules or orders of court as inigbt be made for fiual judgment to be pronounced iu every bis quidauce in the mauner thereiuafter mensuch criminal case; anii 110 person should be lioned. convicted us any crime or otkuce, or adjudged “ And it was further ordered and declared to suffer any puuissement, by any judginient -That it sliould be lawful for the said supreme or sentence of any of the said courts, unless a courts, respectively, to review, reverse, correct, majority of the tútal vumber of such Judges or coufirni, as occasiou might require, any and assessors should, in open couri, vule iu judy ment, sentence, ruie, or order, wbich favour of such judgment or sentence. inigbt be made, given or pronounced by any
“ And it was further ordered-Tbat in each such Vice-President as aforesaid, in the exerof the said couris, the said three Judyes .odcise of the jurisdictiou thereby vested in him ; assessors should, in all crinal cases, have, and that iu the exercise of such jurisdiction, possess, exercise, and enjoy sucb aud the same such Vice President should act alone, aud jurisdiction, powers, and authority in every without any colleague or assessor, and should respect as the then present Judges of the said have all such and the same powers and aucourts then had, or lawfully possessed, exer. thority in that behalf, as triell were or was cised, or enjoyed ; and that the decision of vested in the said courts respectively for the the majority of the total number of such said respective purposes.
“And it was further ordered–That it ! of any crime, panishalle by death, transportashould, and might be, lawful for the Judges lion, or banishmeut; and that it should not of the said courts respectively, and they were be lawful for any such criininal court to infict thereby authorised and required, to make and any greater or other punishment than impriestablish such rules, orders, and regulations, sonment, with or without bard labour, for a as to them should seem meet, concerning the term not exceeding three months, or a fine form and manner of proceeding to be observed nui exceeding twenty pounds, or whipping out in the saill courts respectively, and the prac- exceeding thirty-nine stripes, or any iwo or tice and pleadings in all actious, suits, and more such punishments within the limits other matters, both civil and crimiual 1o be aforesaid. therein bro'ght, and couceruing the duties “ Ard it was further ordered–That the and jurisdiction of the said respective Vice. Judges of the said supreme courts, of the said Presidents, and concerning the duties and ju- colonies respectively, should, and they were risdiction of the executive and ministerial thereby authorised to make, orlain, and esofficers of the said courts respectively, and tablish, all necessary rules, orders, or regu. concerning the process of the said couris, lations respecting the mariner and forin of and the inode of executing the same, and proceeding to be observed in the said petty concerning the admission of advocates, har. courts, and respecting the manner and form risters, aftorneys, solicitors, potaries, and of carrying the judgments and orders of such proctors, in the said courts respectively, and courts into execution, with all such other conceruing all other matters and things which rules, orders, and regulations, as might be perelate to the conduct and dispatch of business cessary for the giving full and perfect effect in the said respective courts, and all such tu the jurisdiction of such courts respectively, rules, orders, and regulations, from time to and such rules, orders, and regulations, from time, to revuke, alter, ameori, or revew, as time to time, to revoke, aiter, aud renew, as occasion might require : Provided always, that occasiou should reqnire. no such rules, orders, or regulations should “ Aud it ihereby was further ordered–That be repugnant to that present order, and that all orders iberetofore made by his Majesty, or the same should be formed as to promote, as by any of his royal predecessors, io bis, or far as might be, economy and expedition in their Privy Council, and all laws, customs, the dispatch of the business of the courts re- and usages, they, or at any time theretofore, spectively; and that the same should be eatablished or in force in any of the said colodrawn up in plain, succinct, and compendious wies so far as such orders, laws, or usages, terus, avoiding all wonecessary repetitions were ju anywise repugnant irl, or at variance and obscurity, and be promulgated in the with, that present order, should be, and the most public and authentic manuer in the same were thereby revoked, abrogated, reculonies to which the saine might respec. sciwded, and annulied." tively refer, for fuurleen days at least, betire That tedious and prolix as the preceding the same should be binding and take effect recital may appear, it was nevertheless been therein ; and provided also that all such rules, cousidered necessary, in order to draw your orders, and regulations, should fortbwith be Excelleucy's at:eution to the peculiar situatransmitted to bis Majesty, under the seal of|tion in which the colonists are placed. the court, by the governor for the time being That protesting most solemuly against this of such culouy, for his approbation or disal-memorial, or any of the matters, or things, lowance.
herein contained, being construeil into an “And it was therefore further ordered - abandonment or waiver of the rights of the That it should be lawful for the governor of colonists, to use all lawful ways and means to each of the said colonies respectively, with the combat the doctrine, that an order in council, advice of the Court of Policy of the said colony published and proclaimed iu this colouy by of British Guiaua, and with the advice of the the sole authority of your Excellency, has the said conucil of Guvernment iu the said colo-force and effect of law herein, your memorialpies of Trinidad and St. Lucia, by any laws ists, uevertheless, yield to the urgent necessity and ordinances tu be from time to tiine made of the case, and under the benefit of such for tbat purpose, to ercct, constitute, and esta protest proceedblish courts, having jurisdiction in civil and At the time, and immediately preceding the criminal cases withis the said respective culo publication of said order in council, there nies, provided that the jurisdiction of such existed in the united colony of Demerara and civil courts should not be extended to any ease Essequelo a court of criminal justice, baving wherein the sum, ur matter in dispute, should jurisdiccion over all crimes and otfeuces exceed tbe amount or value of twenty puuuds, there also existed a court of Civil Justice of a sterling money, or wherziu the title to any wide jurisdiction, extending over all possible lauds or tenements, or the title of any persou cases arisiug between subject and subject, exto bis, or her freedom, or ouy fee, duty, or cepi those peculiarly belonging to the Comoffice, might be in question, or whereby rights wissary Court, a court of inferior jurisdiction in future might exist aud he bound; and pro- having authority w determine, in the first vided also that the jurisdiction of such courts instance, all causes under six hundred guilin criminal cases, should not be extended to ders, and exclusive jurisdiction in all mattecs any case wherein any person wight be accused of trausport and traus!er of landed property,