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this work professedly for the use of the la- By William Cobbett, Jur., Student of Linbouring and middling classes of the English coln's Ing. Price 3s. hd. boards. nation. I made myself acquainted with the best and simplest modes of making beer and
12. FRENCH GRAMMAR; or, Plain bread, and these I made it as plain as, I believe, Instructions for the Learning of Freuch. Price words could make it. Also of the keeping of bound in boards, 5s. Cows, Pigs, Bees, and Poultry, matters which To be had at No. 11, Bolt-court, Fleet-street. I understood as well as any body could, and in all their details. It includes my writings also on the Straw Plait. A Duodecimo Volume. Price 2s. 6d.
YHOLERA MORBUS, &c.—To those who
value their health, and seek relief from 4. YEAR'S RESIDENCE IN AME-pain, &c.—The annexed affidavit of the 13th RICA.-The Price of this book, in good print of October, 1831, referred to in a letter adand on fine paper, is 5s.
dressed to the Central Board of Health,
Whitehall, as stated in The Times of the 14th 5. The ENGLISH GARDENER; or, ipsl., is respectfully submitted to the public a Treatise on the situation, soil, eoclosing and by Mr. STROMBOM, who has the honour of anlaying out, of Kitchen Gardens ; on the mak. nouncing that he bas compounded av Einbroing and managing of Hot-beds and Green-cation called NE PLUS ULTRA, for the rehouses ; and on the propagation and cultiva: lief of various disorders, particularly Cholera tios of all sorts of Kitchen Gardeu Plants, and Morbus, or Bowel Complaints, Lumbago, of Fruit Trees, whether of the Garden or the Rheumatisın, Gout, Contusions, Sprains, Orchard. And also, on the formation of Bruises, Inflammation of the Chest or Lungs, Shrubberies and Flower Gardens. Price 6s. Tooth-ache, Sora Throats, Swelled Faces, Tic 6. THE WOODLANDS; or, a Trea
Douleureux, Erysipelas, Paralytic and Glan
dular Affections, Swelled Ancles, Chilblains, tise on the preparing of the ground for plant- Corus, &c., for which he has obtained bis ing; on the planting, on the cultivating, on Majesty's Royal Letters Patent, and is now the pruning, and on the cutting down, of Po; for sale at his Laboratory, 17, HATTON, rest Trees and Uoderwoods. Price 14s. bouud GARDEN, at the rate of 2s. 9d., 4s. 6d., and in boards.
10s. 6d. per botile. Also Mr. STROMBOM's 7. PAPER AGAINST GOLD; or, address to Earl Bathurst, 1825, about the the History and Mystery of the National Debt, Cape Currency, &c., and to the Marquis of the Bank of England, the Funds, and all the Wellesley, about the Commercial and FinanTrickery of Paper Money. The Price of this cial state of Great Britain and its Curreucy, book, very nicely printed, is 5s..
in 1831, 8vo. sewed at 2s. 6d. and 4s. in
boards, 9. TULL'S HORSE-HOEING
Mr. STROMBOM's Affidavit, respecting his HUSBANDRY; or, a Treatise on the Prin New Patent Medicine, the NÉ PLUS ULTRA ciples of Tillage and Vegetation. With an lo- and Incomparable Embrocation. — " Isaac troduction, by Wm. Cobbert. 8vo. Price 15s. Stronbom, of No. 65, ULD BROAD STREET,
in the City of London, Merchaut, maketh 19. PROTESTANT “ REFORMA- oath, and 'saith-That the Deponent (after TION” in England and Ireland, showing how having visited all the four quarters of the that event has impoverished and degraded the globe, and for about thirty years resided maio body of the people in those countries. priucipally in hot or more or less enervating Two volumes, bound in boards. The Price of climates, and consequently, through accithe first volume is 4s. 6d. The Price of the devtal occurrences, having been subject to secoud volume 3s. 6d.
severe illnesses, and often so situated, as
well as his family and a large establishment 8. SERMONS.—There are twelve of of servants, as to be without any good medithese, in one volume, on the following sub. cal assistance near at hand to have recourse jects : 1. Hypocrisy and Cruelty ; 2. Drunken- to) has been induced to attend a great deal ness ; 3. Bribery ; 4. Oppression ; 5. Uujust to the effects of different medicines, and parJudges ; 6. The sluggard; 7. The Murderer ;lticularly of late years, having studied some 8. The Game:ter; 9. Public Robbery; 10. The of the best medical and surgical authors, in Uunatural Mother ; 11. The Siu of Forbidding regard to several complaiuts which either Marriage ; 12. On ihe Duties of Parsons, and himself or any of his family or friends were on the institution and Object of Tithes. Price subject to :--'ibat, after a great many experi: 3s. 6d, bound in boards.
ments, by adding such proportions of several A Thirteenth Sermon, entitled “Good ingredients as miglit ameliorate the sharpness FRIDAY; or, The Murder of Jesus Christ and remove the evil of some without detracting by the Jews." Price 6d.
from their good qualities, hebas at last formed
a composition of several medical ingredients, 10. POOR MAN'S FRIEND. A new which the deponent firmly believes, by neuedition. Price od.
tralizing or absorbing or removing the crudia
ties and bad humours under and in the proximity of the skin, as well as for its efficacy (if not in many instances almost instautaneous, though gentle effects, is equallud, not surpassed by any hitherto-known compouvd) is, for its stimulating, anodyne, and many other benefi. cial qualities, both by Deutralizing or easing, subduing and removing, several external as well as internal complaints, by the external application of the said composition, which, in ACHARIAH PARKES, 279, Hiru Hol
BORN, LONDON, Manfarturer of STEEL bighly successful; amung these are, in parti. MILLS, for Grinding Malt, Beaus, Peas, cular, severe bowel complaints, or what is Oats, Barley, Coffee, Pepper, Rice, and Drags hitherto termed the English Cholera Mor- in general, begs particularly to call the attenbus, spasms in the stomach, cramp, beadtion of the Public to his improved HAND aud face-ache, gout, rheumatism, chilblains, CORN-MILLS and FLOUR DRESSING contusions and sprains, pains in the side MACHINES, by the using of wbich private from discase the liver and juternal Families may ensure Pure and Wholesome abscesses, besides many other ivflammatory Bread.— Vide the Register for December 29, complaints and eruptions, &c. Further, the 1827, Vol. 64, No. 14. deponent verily believes that the said composition, by absorbing or neutralizing bad ibat they may bave Hand Malt-Mills that will
BREwers and CORN-DEALERS are iuformed, humours, acts greatly as a preventive to many serious illnesses. And the deponent grind from One to Two Quarters and upwards
in the Hour. saith that, as he verily believes that the circulation and extensive use of bis said composi Persons who emigrate to Van Dieman's tion would be greatly beneficial to the public Land, Swan River, or any other new Settleand mankind in general, as well as to his own ment, would find the Coro-Mill and Flouradvantage, heintends to introduce it by a patent dressing Machine well worth their notice, uoder the name and appellation of STROM. The cost is trifling, and the Mill and Mactine BOM'S NE PLUS ULTRA, and INCOMPA- may be packed in a case containing less than RABLE EMBROCATION. And the deponent eight cubic feet. further saith, that the saill Embrocation, while consisting of the most efficient ingredi. ents, all of which have been occasionally given individually by the Medical Profession intervally, and from its pot containing any
CHEAP CLOTHING!! Mercury; the Deponent verily believes that it is less liable to produce any pernicious effects
SWAIN AND CO., Tailors, &c., tbronigh its application than most if not any
93, FLEET-STREET, other hitherto-kuown compound.
J. STROM BOM.” (Near the new opening to St. Bride's Church,) Sworn before me at the Mansion House, Londun, Oct. 13, 1831.
EQUEST the attention of the public to J. KEY, Mayor.
the following list of prices (fer cash only) which they charge for :
Gentlemeu's Dress Coats of Meilley I. s. d. THE CHURCH REFORMERS' MAGA
Colours.... for March, Price Is. 6d., will be published on
Saxony Kerşeymere Trousers.. Wednesday uext, 'aud' will contain amongst
Ditto ditto Waistcoats... other things,-An Inquiry into the Voluntary Figured Silk ditto...
180 Nature and Character of the Payment of Venetian Leather Shooting Jackets.. 1 100 Tithes, and the Legal Cousequences of Re- Barogan
ditto... fusing or Declining to pay Tithes ; with Ob- A Plain Suit of Livery.... servativus on Combinations against Tithes,
Ladies' Habits and Pelisses, and every deEffingham Wilson, 88, Royal Exchange; scription of Clothing for young gentlemen, (to whom all communications respecting this equally cheap. The whole made from good publication are requested to be addressed).
of the finest quality, and the cut and workSold by W. F. Wakeman, 9, D'Olier street, MANSHIP not to be surpassed. Dublin ; Simith, and G. and J. Robinson, Li
I recommend Messrs. Swain and Co. verpool; Lewis; and James and Joseph as very good and punctual tradesmen, Th.mson, Manchester; Butterworth, Bir- whom I have long employed with great mingham ; Baines and Co., Lerds, Davey and Muskeit, Bristol; Tinims, Bath; Brooke,
WM. COBBSTT. Deshury; Werton, Egham; Bacon and Co., Norwich; Thurnam, Carlisle; and all Book- Printed by William Cobhett, Johnson's-courteetal seilers.
published by him, at 11. Bolt-court, Fleel-strert.
TERRENG BANORMERS EMAGO, Dildo, vieto, Best Saxony Cloth....
2 130 3 00
Vol.75.-- No. 10.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 3RD, 1832.
(Price Is. 2d.
that tribe was to have no private possessions in the lanıl'; was to inherit nothing; and was, therefore, to share with the poor in the enjoyment of the tithe. Of this tithe they were to give a tenth to the priests, that is to say, lo Aaron and his successors; so that, according to
that law, the priests were to have a tenth of the lenih, and not a lenth of the
whyle. IRISH TITHES.
Under the Christian religion, after TO THE READERS OF THE REGISTER. the first ages, the priests were invested
with the two capacities, and acted as
York, 29th Feb. 1832. Levites and priests at the same time. MY FRIENDS,
But in no case whatsoever was ever I might have entitled this article tithe granted or instituted : in no case "Churcu REVOLUTION ;" for as sure as whatsoever was church or monastery you and I are alive, this, which we see built or founded, but in the name of bow taking place, is the first step towards charity: every thing that was granted, a change in the affairs of the church, as
was granted in trust to the priesthood, that change which took place 260 years for the honour of God, and for the reago under the name of “ PROTESTANT lief of the poor. In accordance with this REFORMATION.” Then, as now, it was
principle, existed the Saxon church of at first pretended, and indeed intended, England, and the English cliurch which that only a slight change should be succeeded that; and thus, for the space made ; but the change was, at last, a of 900 vears, the whole of the laws of complete overthrow of the church as it England contained enactments or custhen existed. Let us now, when we toms, all founded on this one and the we are just beginning this great new
same principle : that every particle of change, take a short view of the steps that property which is called churchby which we have been led to it. You, property, had no foundation, other than wbo bave been readers of my writings this, that it was property granted in for the last twenty years, will find nothing new in what I am now going to public worship of God, and especially
trust to the clergy for the purposes of say; those, who were not ten years old for the purpose of giving relief to the twenty years ago, will find it to be
necessitous. A geitleman in Spain, new matter, while to most of you even, who had read my “ History of the it will be useful to have the matter Protestant Reformation” in Spanish, brought together in a short compass, and has sent me a work in Spanish, being adapted to our present purpose. Before
an examination into the origin of tithes the “ Protestant REFORMATION," and of other church-property. At the there never had existed in the world
same time he sent me the following even an idea that the tithes or other pro letter, which you will hardly be able to perty called church-property, were the read without exclaiming, Wondrous are property of the clergy. No man living thy effects, O printing-press. had ever, until then, entertained a thought of the kind. Tithes, under the
“ Madrid, 2nd Nov. 1831. Mosaic law, were placed in the hands of " Sir, the tribe of Levi,' that they might
I have read with great pleasure, therewith provide for the wants of the" in your Reyister of ine 6th August poor; and I beg you to observe, that " last, the letter addressed by Dr. Doyle
“to Lord Farnham, upon the subject of was unable to read it in Spanish ; and “ tithes; and, as this question begins I therefore got a Spanish gentleman in “ to attract public attention, it may not London to translate it. The translation “be amiss to send you a book which, was not finished when I caine away: “ in the year 1828, was published here it now is finished, and it has been sent
upon the same subject. The title is, to me into the North. I shall have it “ The History and Origin of the Rents published the moment that I get to
or Recennes of the Spanish Church, London, and it will make a little book " from its first foundation. This kind to sell for about three shillings. Here
of property must have been originally will be found an answer to all the El“ of precisely the same nature in other sons and all the WYNFORDS (Serjeant
countries also, and therefore you will Bests) and all the HORNBYs and Stan“ find this book very convenient, as one lays and Pluncurs. Let it be observed “ of reference, whenever you may have that this book was written and pub
occasion again to touch upon this lished in Spain, under the eye of that 6
question ; for its authority must be “ monstrous tyrant" FERDINAND. And " allowed to be quite unexceptionable, the reader will find that as the loins of “having been written and published in Jeroboam were light, as compared with “the most Catholic country in Europe, the little-finger of Rehoboam " and that, too, with the license, if not tithes in England and Ireland, but par“ by the express order, of Govern- ticularly in England, compared with the
A translation of part of it tithes in Spain. The Cortes were to "might be advantageous ai this mo- give to Spain an English constitution
ment; nor can there be any harm in and married priests: no wonder that “ taking what may prove useful from the the people of Spain were resolved to enemy's stores,
have none of the Cortes; and none of “ It cannot be denied, Mr. Cobbett, their Jews and Spanish bonds. “ that even here, church income has Leaving this subject, however, for “ been greatly diverted from its original future discussion, let me return to the “ destination, but in many cases certainly manner in which the tithes and other “ with the utmost propriety : for ex. church-property were applied, previous
ample, more than one-half the amount to the event called the Protestant Re“ of the tithes in this country goes into the formation. I have stated that the grants “ Royal Treasury, thus contributing to were all made for purposes of re“ the exigences of the state; whereas, ligion, and particularly for purposes of " if I understand you right, those im- charity; I have stated that the property, “mense revenues are wholly absorbed whether tithes or lands, " by your Protestant clergy in England, else, was not property bestowed upon “ entirely for their own benefit, or that any person, or any body of persons, for " of their families, whilst the poor, for their own possession, or their own use, " whose support they were chiefly in any way whatsoever ; but merely in “ founded, you inform us, are actually trust for the upholding of religion, and "starving, and, at the same time, the the relieving of the poor, exactly in the “ nation is overwhelmed with debt. same manner that lands or bouses are be“ You see, Mr. Cobbett, that we order queathed by individuals for the purpose “ these things much better even in of distributing bread, or of taking care Spain.
of the sick; the clergy have no more “ I have the honour to be, right to apply the revenues of the church
to their own private use, than the “ Your most obedient servant, trustees of St. Thomas's Hospital, for
instance, have a right to apply the lands “ William Cobbett, Esq.”
belonging to that huspital to their own
private use. This book I have found to be one of Catholic priests, like every thing that the most interesting that lever read. I is mortal, were liable to error and mis:
conduct : they might neglect their daty providing for the wants of the poor ; in this respect : they might betray their though, and I beg you to observe this trust: they might misapply the revenues well, no law has ever been passed, from committed to their charge. Therefore that day to this, to exonerate them from the law interfered : though granted to the performance of the trust, as far as the custody of the clergy, the law took related to the poor. care to superintend the management of At first, those who had divided the these important resources: the law church-property among themselves, in compelled the clergy to relieve the poor the manner that I have just described, out of the proceeds of the tithes, which did relieve the poor in some degree, in soon became a great deal more than the manner that they had before been sufficient for the purpose, especially in relieved; but, little by little, they England, which was in all ages famed ceased to do this; and, at last, England for the munificence of its charity : the was upon the point of open rebellion, law, in fact, was this : that the incum- and destruction was threatened to the bent of every parish should relieve the Government from this monstrous injuspoor, and build, rebuild, repair, or beau- tice and cruelty on the part of those tify his church from the same source ; who had taken the church-property to and have the other part, wherewith to themselves, and who had thus robbed live constantly in his parsonage house, the poor of their inheritance. The in order to keep hospitality. That was struggle between these greedy spoliathe law, and that was the practice in tors and the people, continued for the England for 900 years. It was while space of about fifty years. As a remedy, that law was in existence that all the Act of Parliament after Act of Parliachurches arose, and, amongst other of ment was passed, in order to obtain those edifices, such as are to be seen in relief for the poor by voluntary contrino other part of the world, that magni-butions; but, at last, it was found that ficent cathedral within the sight of there was no security for the Governwhich I am now writing this Register ; ment, unless a legal and permanent proand which edifices seem to remain for vision were made for the maintenance the express purpose of reminding us of of the poor, founded on funds arising the height from which we have fallen, from a compulsory assessment or conand of the rights which have been laken tribution. Therefore, in the 43d year from us by this Protestant clergy. of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the
From this state of things we have poor-law was passed; and at the same been brought down to our present state time a provision was made by law for in the following manner, and from the keeping the churches in repair by comfollowing motives. During the reigns pulsory assessment. of King Henry VIII. and his son Edward Hence arose poor-rates and churchVI. the whole of this ancient church rates ; things wholly unknown and unwas abolished. The aristocracy took dreamed of iu England until that time. to themselves the whole of the tithes, Here you see, then, my friends, that we and all the other property which had are paying poor-rates and church-rates been granted in trust to the clergy for while the aristocracy hold the land and the purposes of religion, and the poor. the tithes which were formerly applied They gave a part of the tithes, and only to the relieving of the poor and the rea part, to a new sort of bishops and pairing of the churches. I say the parsons, which sort have now. These aristocracy, because they do hold the new bishops and parsons being per- lands; they do themselves receive a
mitted to have wives, which the Catho- very large part of the tithes, as, for in• lie clergy were not, they wanted the stance, the Duke of Devonshire the
tithes and other revenues for their own great tithes of twenTY PARISHES ir. og families, and had, therefore, no means Ireland; they do receive a great part of
of fulfilling their trust before-men- the tithes themselves; and if you look tioned, of keenino un the churches, and at the list of thin fono.foron highone. if