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7thly. St. Paul, in all his Epistles except that to the Hebrews ; and St. John in his second Epistle, pray to Christ, in that noted request, in which also, Silas, Timothy, and Sosthenes united, that grace, mercy, and peace might be multiplied, or communicated, to those, to whom they wrote, from God our Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ. This is an express prayer to the Father and the Son, united, to grant grace, mercy, and peace to men. These are the highest of all blessings, and such as none, but JEHOVAH, can grant. Yet Christ can grant them, because the Spirit of Inspiration directed, that He should be prayed to for them.
8thly. The Baptismal service, directed by Christ himself, is an act of religious worship to Christ. Baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Whether this be interpreted to mean, Baptizing them into the name, or in the name, it makes no difference. If Christians are baptized into the name, they are baptized into the name of God only: for they are the children of God, only, by adoption; that adoption, by which they take his name upon them; and Christ is here declared to be the God, whose name they assume. If they are baptized in the name; they are baptized in the name, or authority, of God only : but Christ is this God.
9thly. The blessing, pronounced on Christian assemblies, is an act of religious worship, rendered to Christ. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. Eph. vi. 23. Or as it was more commonly, The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. The first of these is equivalent to the blessing, anciently pronounced by the High Priest on the children of Israel. Jehovah bless thee, and keep thee: Jehovah make his face to shine upon thee, and be gracious to thee: Jehovah lift up his countenance upon thee and give thee peace. It is the appropriate office of the Father to bless, and preserve; of the Son to give grace, and illumination ; and of the Spirit to communicate peace.
Finally; so universal was the custom of praying to Christ, that Christians were originally entitled, as their distinguishing appellation, “ Those who called on the name of Christ." Thus
Ananias. says to Christ, Acts ix. 14, Here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all those that call on thy name. ple of Damascus, also, when they heard Paul preach, were amazed, and said, Is not this he, who destroyed them that called on this name in Jerusalem ? 1 Cor. i. 1, Paul, called to be an Apostle of Jesus Christ, and Sosthenes the brother, unto the Church of God which is at Corinth, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord.—2 Tim. ii. 22, Follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord, out of a pure heart.-Romans x. 12, The same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. That Christ is here meant is evident from the preceding verse.
In all these instances, and in this universal manner, was Christ worshipped. In the greater part of the instances, the persons,
, who rendered the worship, were inspired; and, in the remaining instances, were plainly under divine direction ; because the worship was approved, and accepted.
But religious worship is lawfully rendered to God only. This we know from the mouth of Christ himself quoting Deuteronomy X. 20, in Matthew x. 12, It is written, thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. The Angel also forbade John to worship him; saying, See thou do it not; worship God. Isaiah also commands, Sanctify the Lord of Hosts himself; and let him be your fear and your dread. God also in Exodus xxxiv. 14, says to the Israelites, Thou shalt worship no other God : for JEHOVAH, whose name is Jealous, is a Jealous God.
Yet Christ is here directed to be worshipped, and is actually worshipped, by persons inspired. If, then, Christ be not God, God has commanded another to be worshipped; and persons, under the immediate direction of his Spirit, have worshipped another.
The whole Church, the Bride, is commanded, in Psalm xlv. by that God, who said unto him, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever, thus; Hearken, 0 Daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear : so shall the King greatly desire thy beauty : for he is thy Lord, and worship thou him. The Church has in all ages obeyed this command, and worshipped him. Prophets have worshipped him: Apostles have worshipped him. Men, full of faith, and of the Holy Ghost, have besought his guidance, aid, grace, and blessing, while they lived; and, when they died, have besought him to receive their Spirits into his own eternal Kingdom. If Christ is God; if he is JEHOVAH ; they have done their duty. If he is not God; if he is not JEHOVAH; they have violated through life, and in death, the first of Jehovah's commands in the Decalogue ; Thou shalt have no other God before me.
DIVINITY OF CHRIST.
TIIS THE ONLY GROUND OF CONSISTENCY IN THE SCHEME OF
REDEMPTION. THE JEWS OTHERWISE NOT CHARGEABLE WITH GUILT IN CRU
CIFYING CHRIST. THE APOSTLES OTHERWISE CHARGEABLE WITH LEADING MAN
KIND INTO IDOLATRY.
ROMANS viii. 3, 4.
For what the Law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God, sending his own Son, in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned Sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the Law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
For God, sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and
of a sin-offering, hath condemned sin in the flesh, (the thing impossible to the Law, because it was weak through the flesh :) That the righteousness of the Law may be fulfilled by us, who walk not according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
Dr. Macknight's Translation.
ACCORDING to the plan, originally proposed from these words, I have, in the three preceding discourses, considered, at length, the proofs of the Deity of Christ, arranged under the first general head: viz. That Christ is spoken of in the Scriptures as the true and perfect God.
I shall now proceed to consider the three following heads of discourse, originally proposed; viz.
II. That the Deity of Christ is the only ground of Consistency in the scheme of Redemption :
III. That the Jews, according to the opposite doctrine, are unjustly charged with Guilt in putting Christ to death:
IV. That the Propheis and Apostles, according to the same doctrine, cannot be vindicated from the sin of leading Mankind into Idolatry.
The last argument, then proposed, I shall omit to examine, until I have considered the divinity of the Holy Spirit ; and shall now proceed to the consideration of the
II. Viz. That the Deity of Christ is the only ground of consistency in the scheme of Redemption.
The truth of this assertion I shall attempt to evince by showing, that the Deity of Christ is the only ground of Consistency in the things, spoken of him, as
The Light of the World;
Christ is exhibited in the Scriptures as the light of the World, in two respects :
First, As Revealing the Will of God to mankind; and,
Secondly, As Communicating spiritual, or divine, Light to the soul.
In both respects, the things, said of Christ in the Scriptures, as the Light of the World, are consistent, only on the supposition, that Christ is the true God. That the Scriptures are the Word of Jehovah will not be questioned by any man, who believes in a Revelation ; since they are called by this title, and by others equivalent to it, in hundreds of instances, from Genesis to the Revelation of St. John. But the Scriptures are expressly declared to be the Word of Christ; Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom, teaching, and admonishing, one another in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs. In this passage, the Old Testament is in so many terms declared to be the Word of Vol. II.