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we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him. When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, 3

have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. of thy rising. Is. Ix. 3. Thou (John) shalt Ps. ii. 6. Unto us a child is born, unto us a go before the face of the Lord, to prepare his son is given : and the government shall be ways; to give knowledge of salvation unto his upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called people by the remission of their sins. Through Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The the tender mercy of our God, whereby the everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of day-spring from on high hath visited us; to the increase of his government and peace there give light to them that sit in darkness, and in shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish way of peace. Lu. i. 76–78. I, Jesus, have it with judgment and with justice from hence- sent mine angel to testify unto you these forth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of things in the churches ; I am the root and hosts will perform this. Is. ix. 6, 7. Behold, the offspring of David, and the bright and a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes morning star. Re. xxii. 16. shall rule in judgment; and a man shall be as Worship him.] See verse 10, 11. So shall a hiding place from the wind, and a covert the king greatly desire thy beauty; for he is from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry thy Lord, and worship thou him. Ps. xlv. 11. place, as the shadow of a great rock in a All men should honour the Son even as they wearyland. Is. xxxii. 1, 2. Behold, the honour the Father; he that honoureth not days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise the Son, honoureth not the Father which hath unto David a righteous Branch, and a King sent him. John v. 23. “ He” (the blind shall reign and prosper, and shall execute man" whom Jesus restored to sight) said, Lord, judgment and justice in the earth. Je. xxiii. 5. I believe, and he worshipped him. John ix. 38. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion : shout 0 And Thomas (when his doubts were satisfied) daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King answered and said unto him (Jesus), My Lord, cometh unto thee ; he is just and having sal- and my God. John xx. 28.

When he (God) vation; lowly and riding upon an ass, and bringeth in the first-begotten into the world, upon a colt the foal of an ass. Zec. ix. 9. he saith, And let all the angels of God worUnto you is born this day in the city of David ship him. He. i. 6. a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. Lu. ii. 3 He was troubled, &c.] And behold 11. Blessed be the King (said the multitude “they” (the evil spirits”) cried out, saying, of the disciples) that cometh in the name of What have we to do with thee Jesus, thou the Lord; peace in heaven and glory in the Son of God ? Art thou come hither to torhighest. Lu. xix. 38. And Pilate asked him ment us before the time? Mat. viii. 29. (Jesus), saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the And he answered him and said, Thou sayest prophets, and stonest them which are sent it. And a superscription was written over unto thee, how often would I have gathered him (on the cross) in letters of Greek, and thy children together, even as a hen gathereth Latin, and Hebrew, This is the King of the her chickens under her wings, and ye would Jews. Lu. xxiii. 3. 38. Nathanael answered Mat. xxiii. 37. Ahab said unto him and saith unto him (Jesus), Rabbi, thou art the (Elijah), Art thou he that troubleth Israel ? Son of God; thou art the King of Israel. I have not troubled Israel; but thou, and thy John i. 49. Much people took branches of father's house, in that ye have forsaken the palm trees, and went forth to meet him commandments of the Lord, and thou hast (Jesus), and cried, Hosanna: blessed is the followed Baalim. 1 Ki. xviii. 17, 18. Then King of Israel, that cometh in the name of the gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a Lord. John xii. 13. Pilate said unto him council, and said, What do we? For this (Jesus), Art thou a king then? Jesus an- man doeth many miracles ; if we let him thus swered, Thou sayest that I am a king; to alone, all men will believe on him; and the this end was I born; and for this cause came Romans shall come and take away both our I into the world, that I should bear witness place and our nation. John xi. 47, 48. The unto the truth. John xviii. 37. If thou let Sadducees being grieved, that “they” (Peter this man go (cried the Jews to Pilate) thou and John") taught the people, and preached art not Cæsar's friend; whosoever maketh through Jesus, the resurrection from the dead, himself a king, speaketh against Cæsar. John laid hands on them, and put them in bold unto xix. 12. See xxi. 5. and xxvi. 63.

the next day. Ac. iv. 2. And when they His star in the east.] There shall come a (the company of the disciples) heard that (how Star out of Jacob (said Balaam), and a Sceptre Peter and John were let go from prison), they shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the lifted up their voice to God with one accord, corners of Moab, and destroy all the children and said, Lord thou art God, which hast made of Sheth. Nu. xxiv. 17. The Gentiles shall heaven and earth, and the sea and all that in come to thy light, and kings to the brightness them is ; who by the mouth of thy servant VOL. II.



4 and all Jerusalem with him. And when he had gathered all the

chief priests and Scribes of the people together, he demanded of

David, hast said, Why do the heathen rage Mat. xxvii. 1. And there were more chief and the people imagine a vain thing? the kings men found of the sons of Eleazar than of the of the earth stood up, and the rulers were sons of Ithamar; and thus were they divided. gathered together against the Lord, and against Among the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen his Christ. For of a truth, against thy holy chief men of the house of their fathers, and child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both eight among the sons of Ithamar, according to Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, the house of their fathers, &c. 1 Ch. xxiv. and the people of Israel, were gathered toge. 4, &c. Moreover (besides the rebellion of Ze. ther. Ac. iv. 24–27. When the high priest dekiah), all the chief of the priests, and the and the captain of the temple, and the chief people, transgressed very much after all the priests, heard these things (how the apostles abominations of the heathen, and polluted the had been released from prison by an angel), house of the Lord, which he had hallowed in they doubted of them whereunto this would Jerusalem. 2 Ch. xxxvi. 14. Then arose grow. Then came one and told them, saying, Ezra, and made the chief priests, the Levites, Behold, the men whom ye put in prison are and all Israel, to swear that they should do standing in the temple and teaching the according to his word (to form the abuse of people; then went the captain with the officers the strange marriages). Ezr. x. 5. These and brought them without violence. And (above mentioned) were the chief of the priests the high priest asked them, saying, Did we and of their brethren in the days of Jeshua. not straitly command you that ye should not Moreover the Levites (which came up with teach in this name? And, behold, ye have Zerubbabel), Jeshua, Binnui, Kadmiel, Sherefilled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend biah, Judah, and Mattaniah, which was over the to bring this man's blood upon us. Ac. V. thanksgiving (i.e. psalms of thanksgiving); he 24—28. And (the masters of her out of whom and his brethren. Ne. xii. 7, 8. The kings of came the spirit of divination at the word of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take Paul) brought “them” (Paul and Silas") to counsel together, against the Lord, and against the magistrates, saying, These men, being his anointed. Ps. ii. 2. The Pharisees heard Jews, do exceedingly trouble our city, and that the people murmured such things concernteach customs which are not lawful for us to ing him (asking, When Christ cometh, will he do receive, neither to observe, being Romans. more miracles than these which this man hath Ac. xvi. 20, 21. These (said the unbelieving done?), and the Pharisees, and chief priests, sent Jews) that have turned the world upside down officers to take him. John vii. 32. Judas, are come "hither” also (to " Thessalonica"); having received a band of men and officers from whom Jason hath received: and these all do the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither contrary to the decrees of Cæsar, saying, that (to Gethsemane) with lanterns and torches and there is another king, one Jesus. Ac. xvii. 6,7. weapons (seeking Jesus). John xviii. 3.

4 The chief priests.] When the chief priests Scribes.] He (Jesus) taught them as one and scribes saw the wonderful things that he having authority, and not as the Scribes. did, and the children crying in the temple, Mat. vii. 29. Every scribe (said Jesus to his and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David, disciples) which is instructed unto the kingdom they were sore displeased. And when he of heaven, is like unto a man that is an housewas come into the temple, the chief priests holder, which bringeth forth out of his treaand elders of the people came unto him as sure things new and old. Mat. xiii. 52. Of he was teaching, and said, By what authority the Levites there were scribes, and officers, doest thou these things ? and who gave thee and porters. And Hilkiah the priest found a this authority ? Mat. xxi. 15. 23. Then as- book of the law of the Lord, given by Moses ; sembled together the chief priests, and the and said to Shaphan the scribe, I have found scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the the book of the law in the house of the Lord. palace of the high priest, who was called Caia And Hilkiah delivered the book to Shaphan. phas, and consulted that they might take 2 Ch. xxxiv. 13–15. Ezra went up from Jesus by subtilty, and kill him. Now the Babylon, and he was a ready scribe in the chief priests and elders, and all the council, law of Moses. Now this is the copy of the sought false witness against Jesus, to put bim letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto to death. Mat. xxvi. 3, 4. 59. And while he Ezra the priest, the scribe, even a scribe of the yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, words of the commandments of the Lord, and and with him a great multitude, with swords of his statutes to Israel. Ezr. vii. 6. 11, 12. and staves, from the chief priests and elders How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of of the people. Mat. xxvi. 47. When the the Lord is with us? Lo, certainly in vain morning was come (after Peter denied Christ), made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain. all the chief priests and elders of the people Je. viii. 8. And he (Jesus) began to teach took counsel against Jesus to put him to death. them (his disciples) that the Son of man must

them where Christ should be born. And they said unto him, In 5 Bethlehem of Judea: for thus it is written by the prophet, And thou, Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among 6 the princes of Juda : for out of thee shall come a Governor, that

suffer many things, and be rejected of the (Elimelech) of Bethlehem-Judah went to soelders and of the chief priests and Scribes, and journ in the country of Moab, he and his wife be killed, and after three days rise again. (Naomi), and his two sons (Mahlon and Chilion). Mar. viii. 31. And the chief priests and the They two (Naomi, and Ruth, the wife of ChiScribes sought to lay hands on him; and they lion) went (after the death of Elimelech and feared the people, for they perceived that he his sons) until they came to Beth-lehem ; and had spoken the parable (of the wicked hus- it came to pass, when they were come to bandmen) against them. And they watched Beth-lehem, that all the city was moved about him, and sent forth spies, which should feign them, and they said, is not this Naomi? themselves just men, that they might take Ru. i. 1. 19. And, behold, Boaz came from hold of his words. And they asked him, Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers (in the saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and field where Ruth was gleaning), The Lord be teachest rightly; neither acceptest thou the with you, &c. Ru. ii. 4. The Lord make person of any, but teachest the way of God the woman that is come into thine house (said truly. Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto the elders of the people to Boaz, who took Ruth Cæsar or no? but he perceived their crafti- to wife) like Rachel and like Leah, which two ness, and said unto them, Why tempt ye me? did build the house of Israel; and do thou And in the audience of the people he said worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethunto his disciples, Beware of the Scribes, lehem. Ru. iv. ll. Fill thine horn with oil which desire to walk in long robes, and love (sqid the Lord to Samuel), and go, and I will greetings in the markets, and the highest send thee to Jesse, the Beth-lehemite ; for I seats in the synagogues, which devour widows' have provided me a king among his sons. houses, and for a shew make long prayers; 1 Sa. 16. 1. the same shall receive greater damnation. 6 Thou Beth-lehem.] See verse 1. Lu. XX. 19-23. 46, 47. And the chief A Governor.] All power is given unto me priests and Scribes stood and vehemently ac- in heaven and earth (said Jesus to his discused “him” (“ Jesus ")Lu. xxiii. 10. ciples). Mat. xxviii. 18. The sceptre shall And the Scribes and Pharisees brought unto not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from him a woman taken in adultery (tempting between his feet, until Shiloh come: and unto him). John viii. 3. And it came to pass on him shall the gathering of the people be. Ge. the morrow, that their rulers and elders and xlix. 10. Out of Jacob shall come he that Scribes were gathered together at Jerusalem shall have dominion, and shall destroy him (offended with the teaching of Peter and John). that remaineth of the city. Nu. xxiv. 19. Ac. iv. 5, 6. And they (certain of the syna- Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of gogue of the libertines, &c.) stirred up the him came the chief ruler ; but the birthright people and the elders and the Scribes, and was Joseph's. I Ch. v. 2. Why do the heathen came upon "him(Stephen''), and caught rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? him and brought him to the council, &c. Ac. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: vi. 12. The Scribes that were of the Pharisees' the Lord shall have them in derision : then part (opposed to the Sadducees) arose and shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and strove, saying, We find no evil in this man vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I (Paul); but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. Ps. ii. to him, let us not fight against God. Ac. 1. 4, 5, 6. Unto us a child is born, unto us a xxiii. 9.

son is given : and the government shall be He demanded of them, &c.] The priest's upon his shoulder : of the increase of his lips should keep knowledge, and they should government and peace there shall be no end, seek the law at his mouth; for he is the mes- and upon the throne of David, and upon his senger of the Lord of hosts. Mal. ii. 7. Art kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with thou a master of Israel (said Jesus to Nicode- judgment and with justice from henceforth mus) and knowest not these things ? John iii. even for ever. Is. ix. 6, 7. He (God) hath 10. viii. 19. and xiii. 52.

put all things under his (Christ's) feet, and 5 In Bethlehem of Judea.] Rachel died, gave him to be the head over all things to the and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which Church. Ep. i. 22. And he is the head of is Bethlehem. Ge. xxxv. 19. The outgoings the body, the Church: who is the beginning, thereof (of the border of the lot of Zebulun) are the firstborn from the dead; that in all things in the valley of Jiphthah-el; and Kattath, and he might have the pre-eminence. Col. i. 18. Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Beth- He shall rule them with a rod of iron. Re. ii. Ichem. Jos. xix. 14, 15. A certain man 27. The kingdoms of this world (said the

7 shall rule my people Israel. Then Herod, when he had privily

called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the 8 star appeared. And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and

great voices in heaven) are become the king- him. 1 Sa. xviii. 18. He (the wicked man) doms of our Lord, and of his Christ, and he lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he shall reign for ever and ever. Re. xi. 15. lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch

Rule my people Israel.] From following the poor, when he draweth him into his net : the ewes great with young, he brought him he croucheth, and humbleth himself, that the (David) to feed Jacob his people, and Israel poor may fall by his strong ones. Ps. x. 9, 10. his inheritance : so he fed them according to The words of his mouth were smoother than the integrity of his heart; and guided them by butter, but war was in his heart; his words the skilfulness of his hands. Ps. Ixxviii. 71, were softer than oil, yet were they drawn 72. With whom took "he" (" the Lord") swords. Ps. lv. 21. Hide me from the secret counsel, and who instructed him in the path counsel of the wicked ; who bend their bows to of judgment, and taught him knowledge, and shoot their arrows; that they may shoot in shewed to him the way of understanding ? secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot Is. xl. 14. I will set up shepherds over them at him, and fear not. They encouraged themwhich shall feed them: and they shall fear no selves in an evil matter: they commune of more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be laying snares privily ; they say, Who shall see lacking, saith the Lord. Behold, the days them ? they search out iniquities; they accomcome, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto plish a diligent search. Ps. lxiv. 2 6. David a righteous Branch, and a King shall They have taken crafty counsel against thy reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment people, and consulted against thy hidden ones : and justice in the earth: in his days Judah shall They have said, Come, and let us cast them off be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and from being a nation; that the name of Israel this is his name whereby he shall be called, may be no more in remembrance. Ps. Ixxxiii. The Lord our Righteousness. Je. xxiii. 4, 5, 3, 4. Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son 6. And I will set up one shepherd over them, of Remaliah, have taken evil counsel against and he shall feed them, even my servant thee, saying, Let us go up against Judah, and David : he shall feed them, and he shall be their vex it, and let us make a breach therein for shepherd: and I the Lord will be their God, us, and set a king in the midst of it, even the and my servant David a prince among them : son of Tabeal. Thus saith the Lord God, It and I will make with them a covenant of shall not stand, neither shall it came to pass. peace. Ez. xxxiv. 23, 24, 25. And David Is, vii. 5, 6, 7. Thus saith the Lord God, It my servant shall be king over them, and they shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk shall things come into thy mind, and thou in my judgments, and observe my statutes, shalt think an evil thought: and thou shalt and do them : my servant David shall be their say, I will go up to the land of unwalled prince. Moreover, I will make a covenant of villages; I will go to them that are at rest, and peace with them; it shall be an everlasting dwell safely, all of them dwelling without covenant with them : and I will place them, walls, and having neither bars nor gates. Ez. and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary xxxviii. 10, 11. And there appeared a great in the midst of them for evermore. Ex. xxxvii. wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the 24-26.

sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon 7 When he had privily called, &c.] Then her head a crown of twelve stars : and she, assembled together the chief priests, and the being with child, cried, travailing in birth, and Scribes, and the elders of the people unto the pained to be delivered. And there appeared palace of the high priest, who was called another wonder in heaven; and, behold, a Caiaphas, and consulted that they might take great red dragon having seven heads, and ten Jesus by subtilty, and kill him: but they said, horns, and seven crowns upon his heads : and Not on the feast-day, lest there be an uproar his tail drew the third part of the stars of among the people. Mat. xxvi. 3, 4, 5. Come heaven, and did cast them to the earth : and on (said the king of Egypt, which knew not the dragon stood before the woman, which Joseph, to his people), let us deal wisely with was ready to be delivered, for to devour her " them" (" the children of Israel"); lest they child as soon as it was born. And she brought multiply, and it come to pass, that when there forth a man child, who was to rule all nations falleth out any war, they join also unto our with a rod of iron : and her child was caught enemies, and fight against us. Ex. i. 10. up unto God, and to his throne. And the And Saul said (to those who told him that his serpent cast out of his mouth water, as a flood, daughter Michal loved David), I will give him after the woman, that he might cause her to her, that she may be a snare to him, and that be carried away of the flood. Re. xii. 1–5. the hand of the Philistines may be against 15.

search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also.

8 Go and search diligently, &c.] Go, I pray all the people together, and said unto them, you (said Saul to the Ziphites, who came to Ahab served Baal a little ; but Jehu shall discover David to him), prepare yet, and know serve him much : now therefore call unto me and see his place where his haunt is, and who all the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and hath seen him there : for it is told me that he all his priests ; let none be wanting: for I have dealeth very subtilely: see therefore, and take a great sacrifice to do to Baal: whosoever shall knowledge of all the lurking places where he be wanting, he shall not live. But Jehu did hideth himself; and come ye again to me with it in subtilty, to the intent that he might dethe certainty, and I will go with you: and it stroy the worshippers of Baal. 2 Ki. x. 18, shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I 19. Now when the adversaries of Judah and will search him out throughout all the thou- Benjamin heard that the children of the capsands of Judah. 1 Sa. xxiii. 22, 23. And tivity builded the temple unto the Lord God Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The of Israel; then they came to Zerubbabel, and counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, the counsel of Ahithophel: for the Lord had Let us build with you: for we seek your God, appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahitho- as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him, since phel, to the intent that the Lord might bring the days of Esar-haddon king of Assur, which evil upon Absalom. 2 Sa. xvii. 14. Jezebel brought us up hither, &c. Ezr. iv. 1, 2. sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let They (the children of men) speak vanity every the gods do to me, and more also, if I make one with his neighbour: with flattering lips, not thy life as the life of one of “them" (the and with a double heart do they speak. The "prophets of Baalwhom Elijah had slain). Lord shall cut off all flattering lips, and the 1 Ki. xix. 2. “He” (God") disappointeth tongue that speaketh proud things. Ps. xii. 2, the devices of the crafty, so that their hands 3. It was not an enemy that reproached me cannot perform their enterprise: he taketh the (said David); then I could have borne it: wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel neither was it he that hated me, that did magof the froward is carried headlong. Job v. 12, nify himself against me; then I would have 13. The Lord bringeth the counsel of th hid myself from him : but it was thou, a man, heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance. the people of none effect. The counsel of the We took sweet counsel together, and walked Lord standeth for ever, the thoughts of his unto the house of God in company. Ps. lv. heart to all generations. Ps. xxxiii. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. He that hateth, dissembleth with There is no wisdom, nor understanding, nor his lips, and layeth up deceit within him: counsel against the Lord. Pr. xxi. 30. Who when he speaketh fair, believe him not : for is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when there are seven abominations in his heart. the Lord commandeth it not? La. iii. 37. Pr. xxvi. 24, 25. The second day after he For the wisdom of this world is foolishness (Ishmael) had slain Gedaliah, there came cerwith God : for it is written, He taketh the tain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from wise in their own craftiness. And again, the Samaria, even fourscore men, having their Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that beards shaven, and their clothes rent, and they are vain. 1 Co. iii. 19, 20.

having cut themselves, with offerings and inThat I may come and worship, &c.] He cense in their hand, to bring them to the house that betrayed him (Jesus) gave them a sign, of the Lord : and Ishmael the son of Nethasaying, Whosoever I shall kiss, the same is niah went forth from Mizpah to meet them, he: hold him fast : and forthwith he came to weeping all along as he went: and it came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master, and kissed him. pass, as he met them, he said unto them, Mat. xxvi. 48, 49. And it came to pass after Come to Gedaliah. And it was so, when they forty years (i. e. from the time that David was came into the midst of the city, that Ishmael anointed king), that Absalom said unto the slew them, and cast them into the midst of the king, I pray thee, let me go in and pay my pit, he and the men that were with him. vow which I have vowed unto the Lord in xli. 5, 6, 7. And they (the chief priests) Hebron: and the king (David) said, Go in watched him (Jesus), and sent forth spies, peace. But Absalom sent spies through all which should feign themselves just men, that the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye they might take hold of his words, so that hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall they might deliver him unto the power and say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron. And Ab- authority of the governor. And they asked salom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's him, saying, Master, we know that thou counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest while he offered sacrifices : and the conspiracy thou the person of any, but teachest the way was strong. 2 Sa. xv. 7–12. Jehu gathered of God truly. Lu. xx. 20, 21.


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