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the labouring classes, go without shoes and stockings: even servants in genteel families go about without stockings, with their feet as clean as hands and water can make them. As I was walking yesterday, all the people turned out of a cotton factory, as in Manchester—the women barefooted. I could not help smiling at three, who took hold of each others' arms, walking barefooted, with good shoes in their hands :- I suppose out of economy.
“Tues. 20.—The District Meeting commenced. Dined at James Sword's, Esq. a member of the Church of Scotland, a venerable, holy, heavenly-minded man, seventyfive years
age. “ Thurs. 22.-Mr. Dunning preached in John street. Afterwards I met all the leaders,—about sixty. There had been some uneasiness for about two years about a division of the Leaders' Meeting. It was agreed to leave it till the President came:—that he should know nothing about it till laid before him in the meeting; and that his decision or advice should be acceded to. It was so; and it so happened that my opinion 'pleased the whole multitude,' who expressed it by a unanimous vote. We prayed. God heard and answered; and great peace and joy seemed to fill every
heart. “Frid. 23.—About sixty friends breakfasted together in the school-room at Tradestown Chapel. A Christian meal. At their request, I spoke at large on Methodism, its doctrines, discipline, rise, progress, success, and prospects,—and recommended various things to them for the good of the society. We parted with great affection. One old Methodist, brother-in-law to Mr. M‘Allum, said he would go a hundred miles for such a breakfast. expressed it in the Scotch way, 'I would not want such breakfast for a hundred miles' walk.'
“ Sat. 24.-I was introduced to Dr. M‘Gill, Professor of Theology in the University of Glasgow; and spent about half an hour with him in his study in very
interesting conversation. He is polite, learned, and pious.
“In the afternoon, I went to the Kirk to hear the Preparation sermons. Besides singing and prayer, one minister laboured hard for an hour and a half; then another a full hour; then a third gave an excellent charge for about twenty minutes. The church was
crowded to excess. The sermons had a strong tincture of Calvinism. But the exhortation by Mr. M ́Donald was most delightful. He wanted souls to be saved now, warned the people against resting in speculation, and urged the power of religion. I understand there has been a great work in his parish in the Highlands.
“Sun. 25.–At eleven o'clock I preached in John street Chapel, in the centre of the town, built by Mr. Pawson about forty years ago. It will hold more people than Belmont row Chapel, and was filled with attentive hearers. In the evening preached at Tradestown Chapel."
During the sittings of this District Meeting, Mr. Entwisle instituted a strict inquiry into the financial state and prospects of our chapels in Scotland, which at that time and long after were in a very unsatisfactory state. On this subject Mr. Watson remarks in a letter to him :
“I am glad that you have so serious an impression as to the necessity of looking into the Scotch affairs thoroughly, and bringing out the case. This will be a great public good; and if they can be put into circumstances to maintain their ground for a few years in the principal places, they will ultimately progress, but not rapidly. The good will be rather incidental and collateral in Scotland than direct. If you and Mr. Bunting examine these affairs, we shall get confidence, the thing wanted.” Dr. Bunting was to have accompanied Mr. E. both to Scotland and Ireland, but important business in Manchester and London, requiring his presence, prevented.
The business of the District Meeting being over, Mr. Entwisle, accompanied by the Rev. John Hobson, sailed down the river Clyde to Greenock, where he preached on the evening of Tuesday the 27th; and on the following day proceeded, by way of Belfast to Dublin, where, by the kind providence of God, he arrived in health and peace on Friday, June 30th. On Monday, July 3rd, at ten o'clock, the Irish Conference began : about seventy preachers were present. The Rev. Messrs. Jonathan Barker and George Morley assisted him.
The following morning he breakfasted at Mrs. Wolfenden's,—"an old disciple, a pattern of primitive Methodist simplicity and piety ;-a mother in Israel;—the
person referred to by Mr. Wesley in his Journal, when in a fever in Ireland. During his delirium, he constantly looked at a young lady who attended him, while he thought of the words, ‘She sat, like patience on a monument, smiling at grief.' There were about seventy persons at breakfast.
I was obliged to speak to all. God was with us."
July 5, he writes :—“Our Conference business goes on well: the work prospers; and there is a considerable increase of true religion in this dark country.” He adds, “My time is completely occupied. We meet at six. At eight a cup of coffee is brought to me in the chair. At nine we go to breakfast; and I cannot have a private breakfast; generally we have forty, fifty, sixty, or more present. At ten we go to Conference again. At one we have half an hour's respite. At four we break up. Dine at five, when crowds are gathered together. Yet I must say, at these public meals, the good friends seem most concerned to get good to their souls. In all these public and private exercises the Lord has favoured me with his special presence and blessing.”
At the close of the Irish Conference, Mr. E. thus reviews the period that had elapsed since he left home.
“My work in Ireland is nearly done. I have reason to hope, that in conjunction with Messrs. Morley and Barker, I have been enabled to make such regulations as will be of permanent advantage to Methodism in Ireland.
“Since I left home, I have necessarily been in large companies almost at every meal,-more especially in Dublin. To make large parties profitable, I have been called to uncommon exertions in conversation and formal addresses to all at once present on the occasion. God has been remarkably present; and, I trust, good has been done. I must also record his goodness in preserving me in health amidst constant exercise in the business of Conference, large companies, short nights, and irregular meals, in this extremely hot weather. My mind is more and more confirmed in its purpose to live wholly to God; and also, in a persuasion that God will help me to
O Lord, I am thine; fully save me." The Irish Conference thus express their affection and esteem for him, in their annual address to the English Conference:
“Our hearts have been much united to our excellent President, the Rev. Joseph Entwisle. In the pulpit his labours have been highly acceptable, and much owned of God. In the chair of our Conference, he presided with the meekness of wisdom. He carries with him to his native land the sincere affection of his Irish brethren."
On the 12th of July, he returned home to Birmingham, and after one short week's repose, hastened to Liverpool, to attend the Stationing Committee and Conference. He was most affectionately and hospitably entertained by Mr. Sands.
When the time arrived for resigning the Conference seal, and the other insignia of office, it was a high gratification that he had to commit them to the Rev. Richard Watson, whom he had had the honour of re-introducing into the Connexion, twelve years before, when President for the first time; Mr. Watson being now by a very large majority elected to the same high and honourable office in the very town in which Mr. E. had received him again into society by a note on trial, a measure then deemed necessary under peculiar circumstances, and to which that truly great man humbly and cheerfully submitted. A firm friendship and mutual esteem had ever since subsisted between them. There was no man in the Connexion to whom Mr. E. could have resigned the ensigns of office with greater pleasure; there was no one from whose hands the President elect could so willingly have received them.
Above thirty preachers were received into full Connexion this Conference. It fell to Mr. E.'s lot as ExPresident to deliver the ordination charge. The following rough draught of it has been found among
papers, endorsed—“To be revised and improved"-a design which appears never to have been carried into execution. The subject of his address was 1 Tim. vi. 20.—“O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust.” After some introductory observations, he proceeds :
“I. Allow me to call your serious attention, in the first place, to 'that which is committed to your trust.' The sacred deposite committed to you includes several important particulars :
“1. Doctrines. —Abide in the truth. There is danger of degeneracy in doctrine. Facts, in former times, have
furnished awful proofs of it. I cannot on this occasion enter into a detail of all the doctrines of the Gospel which form that system of truth which you are called to maintain and defend,—to explain, illustrate and enforce. It may suffice to say,—they are comprehended under the following general heads:—the nature and perfections of God,—the persons in the Holy Trinity,—the Godhead and manhood of Christ,—his mediatorial character, offices, and work :—the primitive and present state of man,—the way in which man may obtain the divine favour, the pardon of sin, and adoption into the family of God;—inward and outward holiness,—the necessity of a steady perseverance in faith and holiness to the end, in order to final salvation ;-to which may be added, the important doctrines of the immortality of the soul, the resurrection of the body, the eternal happiness of the righteous, and the eternal misery of the wicked.
Though I cannot enter at large upon a discussion, proof, and illustration of these topics, nor do I deem it necessary; yet, my dear brethren, allow me to press on your attention the immense importance of dwelling chiefly on those leading truths, for which our fathers have been zealous to a proverb; and which, accompanied by a divine influence, have been so highly honoured of God. Those truths afford full scope for the exercise of your understandings and
zeal. You need not leave them for the sake of variety in your sermons; or dread the imputation of common-place preaching. The present awful state of fallen man -the full atonement for sin made by Christ—never forget Calvary)—the influences of the Holy Spirit-— A PRESENT SALVATION, —A FULL SALVATION IN THIS LIFE,—the witness of the Holy Spirit attainable by all ;—these subjects will never be exhausted. Without any new truth (for there is no such thing) you may have constant variety. Out of this treasury you may be well furnished. Let your minds intensely fix upon them, and your hearts will burn within you, while you meditate upon these things, and while you speak of them to the people. Luke xxiv. 32.
“ Another thing committed to your trust is Experimental Religion. Knowledge without experience,--practical proof of the truth and efficacy of Christian doctrines,
--will avail nothing. Remember, that ever since God