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were made by Moses " according to the pattern shewed to him in the Mount'." Nothing can be more explicit to this purpose than the Epistle to the Hebrews, chapters viii. ix. x.

It remains to consider the typical signification of the Mosaic priesthood. Here it will be enough to examine the character of the high-priest, as in him all the qualities of the inferior priests were included.

1. The high-priest was taken from among men, of the tribe of Levi.

2. He was anointed with holy oil.

3. He offered sacrifices for sin.

4. In particular on the day of Atonement, he entered into the holy of holies, and made atonement with blood for the sins of all the people.

Corresponding to these particulars are the following characters of Jesus.

1. He was "made of a woman, made under the Law 2"

2. He was acknowledged by His disciples and others, even by evil spirits, to be the Christ, or Anointed of God. And this He declared Himself.

3. He offered the sacrifice of Himself. pears from His voluntary giving up of life.

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Son of Man is come to give His life a ransom for

1 Heb. viii. 5. This subject is fully discussed by Dr. Magee, on Atonement.

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many." "I have power to lay down my life, and I have power to take it again.'


4. On the day when His blood was shed, and His life yielded up, the vail of the temple was rent in twain.

For the proof that this correspondence was designed, have we any warrant of prophecy for the priestly character of the Redeemer ?

In the Psalm by which Jesus silenced the Pharisees, we read, "The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent. Thou art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchizedek."

In the prophet Zechariah, "Thus speaketh the Lord of Hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is the BRANCH and He shall be a priest

upon His throne 2."

It will be remarked above, that the correspondence is wanting in one particular: Jesus was not of the tribe of Levi, but "sprang out of Judah, of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood." This is explained by the two prophecies just quoted the Redeemer was to be a priest, not of the Levitical order. He was also to be a king, which office was confined to the tribe of Judah from the time of David.

Melchizedek was the king of Salem, the priest

1 Ps. cx.; Matt. xx. 41.

2 Zech. vi. 12, 13.

3 Heb. vii. 14.

of the Most High God'. Of his order was the Messiah ordained a priest. It was a more excellent order than the Levitical, for Abram, from whom Levi descended, paid tithes to Melchizedek. And thus the difficulty which would arise as to the priestly character of Jesus, from His not belonging to the tribe of Levi, becomes a testimony by the intervention of prophecy; we recognize both Melchizedek and the Levitical priest as types of " our great High-Priest;" we argue, following the Apostle, "the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the Law 2"

The priestly and kingly character of the Redeemer are further declared by prophecy in the many passages which speak of anointing, and apply the name "Messiah" to Him. For the consecration of persons to both these offices was performed by the anointing with holy oil.

Who then shall gainsay us when we assert the fulness and reality of the priesthood of Christ? Who shall take away from us the hope of our belief in His mediation? He is "entered not into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures

1 Gen. xiv. 17. The full typical correspondence is drawn out in Heb. vii.

2 Heb. vii. 12.


See Ps. ii. 2; xlv. 7; particularly Dan. ix. 26: “ Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself."

41 Sam. x. 1; xvi. 13. Exod xxx. 30.

of the true; but into Heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: having put away sin by the one full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice of Himself, He hath for ever sat down at the right hand of God, where He ever liveth in unchangeable priesthood to make intercession for the souls of men 2.


The history of the wonderful deliverance of Jonah is found in a book, which does not relate to the people of Israel. It stands unconnected and alone in the Scriptures of the Old Testament. The men that were sailing with Jonah to Tarshish took him up, "and cast him forth into the sea. Now the Lord had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights "." And after this" the Lord spake unto the fish, and it vomited out Jonah upon the dry land 4."

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This wonderful event, like that of the brazen serpent, remained unnoticed till the coming of Jesus. In both these cases we find a remarkable event recorded, a prophecy of a second corresponding event, and in both a miraculous fulfilment.


2 Ibid. vii. 24.

4 Ibid. ii. 10.

Frequently did the unbelieving Jews tempt Jesus, seeking of Him "a sign from heaven." He refused their desire, but gave them such a sign as would by its fulfilment convince all but "the evil heart of unbelief." "An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign, and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth 1."

It is not part of our purpose to examine here the truth of our Lord's resurrection; our plan is to shew, that the fact recorded in the Gospels, corresponded with and fulfilled the ancient typical shadow. One thing we may remark, that it is completely certain, that this event was the foundation of the preaching of the disciples 2; and the body of the Lord was not produced against them by their adversaries 3.

With regard to the correspondence of time, a few words are necessary. "The Son of Man shall be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." Our Lord rose on the third day, and was not actually in the grave so much as two whole days, according to our sense of the word day, a space of twenty-four hours. But by the Jewish

Matt. xii. 39.


1 Cor. xv. 14.

3 See Paley's Evidences, p. 360.

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