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This musick mads me, let it sound no more ";
K. Rich. Thanks, noble peer;
Groom. I was a poor groom of thy ftable, king,
6 This mufick mads me, let it sound no more ;] So, in our author's Rape of Lucrece:
“ The little birds that tune their morning throats,
" Make her moans mad with their sweet melody.” MALONE. 9 For, though it bave bolpe madmen to ebeir wits, ) The allufion is, perhaps, to the persons bit by the tarantula, who are said to be cured by musick. MALONE.
In what degree mufick was supposed to be useful in curing madness, the reader may receive information from Burton's Anatomy of Melancbody; Part II, Sect. 2.
REED. and love to Richard Is a strange brooch in this all-baring word.] i. e, as strange and uncommon as a broocb, which is now no longer worn. So, in All's Well that ends Well: “ Virginity, like an old courtier, wears her cap out of fashion, richly fuited, but unsuitable ; just like the broocb and the toothpick, wbicb wear net now.”
MALONE. 9- in this all- hating world.] I believe the meaning is, this world in which I am universally hated. JOHNSON.
1 but that sad dog] It should be remembered that the word fod was in the time of our author used for grave. The expreffion will then be the same as if he had said, that grave, that gloomy villain. So, in Holinihed, p. 730: “ With that, the recorder called Fitzwilliam, a sad man and an honest, &c." STEEVENS,
- sometimes--) was used for formerly, as well as sometime, which the modern editors have substituted. So in Speed's History of Great Britaine, 1611:" A catalogue of the religious houses, &c. sometimes in England and Wales.” MALONE. 5
, how it yern'd my heart, when I beheld,
K. Rich. Rode he on Barbary? Tell me, gentle friend,
Groom. So proudly, as if he disdain'd the ground.
yet I bear a burden like an ass,
Enter Keeper, with a dish.
(to the groom. K. Rich. If thou love me, 'tis time thou wert away. Groom. What my tongue dares not, that my heart
[Exit. Keep. My lord, will't please you to fall to? K. Rich. Taste of it firit, as thou art wont to do.
Keep. My lord, I dare not ; fir Pierce of Exton, who Lately came from the king, commands the contrary.
K. Rich. The devil take Henry of Lancaster, and thee!
Enter Exton, and Servants, armed.
“ I would I had a few more geances of it:
Villain, thy own hand yields thy death's instrument.
[Snatching a weapon, and killing one. Go thou, and fill another room in hell.
[He kills another; then Exton strikes him down. That hand shall burn in never-quenching fire, That staggers thus my person. Thy fierce hand Hath with the king's blood stain’d the king's own land. Mount, mount, my soul! thy seat is up on high ; Whilst my grofs flesh finks downward, here to die. [Dies.
Exton. As full of valour, as of royal blood: Both have I spilt; 0, would the deed were good! For now the devil, that told me -I did well, Says, that this deed is chronicled in hell. This dead king to the living king I'll bear;Take hence the rest, and give them burial here. [Exeunt.
Windsor. A Room in the Castle.
North. First to thy facred state with I all happiness. The next news is,- I have to London sent The heads of Salisbury, Spencer, Blunt, and Kent 3 : The manner of their taking may appear At large discoursed in this paper here. (presenting a paper.
Boling. We thank thee, gentle Percy, for thy pains ; And to thy worth will add right worthy gains.
3 — of Salisbury, Spencer, Blunt, and Kent :] So the folio. The firft quarto reads--of Oxford, Salisbury, Blunt and Kent. It appears from the histories of this reign that the reading of the folio is right. MALONE,
The heads of Brocas, and fir Bennet Seely ;
Boling Thy pains, Fitzwater, shall not be forgot ; Right noble is thy merit, well I wot.
Enter Percy, with the bishop of Carlisle.
Boling. Carlisle, this is your doom :
Enter Exton, with attendants bearing a coffin.
Boling. Exton, I thank thee not ; for thou hast wrought
Boling. They love not poison that do poison need,
I'll make a voyage to the Holy land,
4 This play is extracted from the Chronicle of Holinsbed, in which many passages may be found which Shakspeare has, with very little alteration, transplanted into his scenes; particularly a speech of the bishop of Carlisle in defence of king Richard's unalienable right, and immunity from human jurisdiction.
Jonson who, in his Catiline and Sejanus, has inserted many speeches from the Roman historians, was perhaps induced to that practice by the example of Shakspeare, who had condescended sometimes to copy more ignoble writers. But Shakspeare had more of his own than Jonson, and, if he sometimes was willing to spare his labour, thewed by what he performed at other times, that his extracts were made by choice or idleness rather than necefsity.
This play is one of those which Shakspeare has apparently revised; but as success in works of invention is not always proportionate to labour, it is not finished at last with the happy force of some other of his tragedies, nor can be said much to affect the paflions, or enlarge the understanding. JOHNSON.
The notion that Shakspeare revised this play, though it has long prevailed, appears to me extremely doubtful; or, to speak more plainly, I do not believe it. See further on this subject in Ar Attempt to afcertain ibe order of bis plays, Vol. I. MALONI.