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In that thou seeft thy wretched brother die,
That which in mean men we entitle-patience,
Gaunt. Heaven's is the quarrel; for heaven's substitute,
Dutch. Where then, alas! may I complain myself??
Dutch. Why then, I will. Farewell, old Gaunt.
7 — nay I complain myself?] To complain is commonly a verb neuter, but it is here used as a verb active. Dryden employs the word in the same sense in his Fables. STEEVENS. So allo Fairfax and other contemporaries of our author. MALONI.
A caitiff recreant-] Caitiff originally signified a prisoner ; next a Nave, from the condition of prisoners; then a scoundrel, from the qualities of a Nave.
Ημισυ της αρές αποαιι7αι δείλιαν ήμαρ.
I do not believe that caitiff in our language ever signified a prisoner. I take it to be derived, not from caprif, but from chetif, Fr. poor miserable. TYRWHITT.
Gaunt. Sifter, farewell: I must to Coventry :
Gosford-Green near Coventry.
Enter the Lord Marshal? and AUMERLE.
"To jeek out forrow sbat dwells every where:] Perhaps the pointing might be reformed without injury to the sense :
let him not come there To seek out forrow :-that dwells every where. WHALLEY, 2 - Lord Marshal) Shakspeare has here committed a Night mistake. The office of Lord Marshal was executed on this occafion by Thomas Holland, Dukeof Surrey. Our author has inadvertently introduced that nobleman as a distinct person from the Marshal, in the prefent drama. MALONE.
Mar. The duke of Norfolk, sprightfully and bold, Stays but the summons of the appellant's trumpet.
Aum. Why then, the champions are prepar'd, and ita y For nothing but his majesty's approach. Flourish of trumpets. Enter King RICHARD, who takes
his feat on his throne; GAUNT, and several noblemen, who take their places. A trumpet is founded, and anfwered by another trumpet within. Then enter NorFOLK in armour, preceded by a herald.
K. Rich. Marshal, demand of yonder champion
Mar. In God's name, and the king's, say who thou art,
Nor. My name is Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk + ; Who hither come engaged by my oath, (Which, heaven defend, a knight should violate!) Both to defend my loyalty and truth, To God, my king, and my fucceeding islues, Against the duke of Hereford that appeals me ; And, by the grace of God, and this mine arm,
3 And fow] The old copies read-Asso. STEEVENS. Corrected by Mr. Rowe. MALONE. 4 - Norfolk,] Mr. Edwards, in his MS. notes, observes, both from Matthew Paris and Holinthed, that the duke of Hereford, appellant, entered the lists first; and this indeed must have been the regular method of the combat; for the natural order of things requires, that the accuser or challenger Mould be at the place of appointment first. STIEV,
5- and my fucceeding ifjue,] Thus the tirit quarto. The folio reads --- bis fucceeding itlue. The first quarto copy of this play, in 1997, being in general much more correct than the folio, and the quartos of 1603, and 1615, from the latter of which the folio appears to have been printed, I have preferred the elder reading. MALONE.
Mowbray's issue was, by this accusation in danger of an attainder, and therefore he might come among other reasons for their fake; but the reading of the folio is more just and grammatical. Johnson.
To prove him, in defending of myself,
ceded by a herald.
Boling. Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby,
Mar. On pain of death, no person be so bold,
Boling. Lord Marshal, let me kits my sovereign's hand,
Mar. The appellant in all duty greets your highness, And craves to kiss your hand, and take his leave.
K. Rich. We will descend, and fold him in our arms. Cousin of Hereford, as thy cause is right, So be thy fortune in this royal fight! Farewell, my blood; which if to-day thou shed, Lament we may, but not revenge thee dead.
Boling. Boling. 0, let no noble eye profane a tear For me, if I be gor'd with Mowbray's spear: As confident, as is the falcon's flight Againft a bird, do I with Mowbray fight.My loving lord, [to Lord Marsh.] I take my leave of you; Of you, my notle cousin, lord Aumerle ;Not sick, although I have to do with death; But lufty, young, and chearly drawing breath.Lo, as at English feasts, so I regreet The daintieit last, to make the end most sweet: O thou, the earthly authour of my blood, [to Gaunt. Whose youthful spirit, in me regenerate, Doth with a two-fold vigour lift me up To reach at victory above my head, Add proof unto mine armour with thy prayers ; And with thy blessings feel my lance's point, That it may enter Mowbray's waxen coat', And furbith new the name of John of Gaunt, Even in the lusty 'haviour of his son.
Gaunt. Heaven in thy good cause make thee prosperous ! Be swift like lightning in the execution ; And let thy blows, doubly redoubled, Fall like amazing thunder on the casque Of thy adverse pernicious enemy: Rouze up thy youthful blood, be valiant and live. Boling. Mine innocency?, and saint George to thrive!
He takes bis feat. Nor. [rising. ] However heaven, or fortune, cast my lot, There lives, or dies, true to king Richard's throne, A loyal, just, and upright gentleman : Never did captive with a freer heart Calt off his chains of bondage, and embrace
- waxen coat,] Waxen may mean either soft, and consequently penetrable, or flexible. The brigandines or coats of mail, then in use, were composed of small pieces of teel quilted over one another, and yet to flexible as to accommodate the dress they form, to every motion of the body. Of these many are to be seen in the Tower of London,
STEEVENS. - mine innocency-] Old Copies-innocence. Corrected by Mr. Steevens. MALONI.