« EdellinenJatka »
hold in ; such as will strike sooner than speak, and speak fooner than drink, and drink sooner than pray': And yet I lie; for they pray continually to their saint, the commonwealth ; or, rather, not pray to her, but prey on her; for they ride up and down on her, and make her their boots.
Cham. What, the common-wealth their boots ? will she hold out water in foul way?
Gads. She will, she will justice hath liquor'd her ?. coming down the hill; 'tis going to the king's Exchequer.” The first quarto has-oneyres, which the fecond and all the subsequent copies
The original reading gives great probability to Hanmer's conjecture. MALONE.
-- fucbas will frike sooner than speak; and speak fooner than drink; and drink sooner Iban pray :) According to the 1pecimen given us in this play, of this diffolute gang, we have no reason to think they were less ready to drink tban Speak. Besides, it is plain, a natural gradation was here intended to be given of their actions, relative to one another. . But what has speaking, drinking, and praying to do with one another? We should certainly read ibink in both places instead of drink; and then we have a very regular and humourous climax. Tbey will strike sooner tban f; eak; ard speak fooner than think; ard think sooner than pray. By which laft words is meant, that, “ though perhaps they may now and then reflect on their crimes, they will never repent of them." Warb.
Such as car bold in, may mean, sucb as can curb old-farber antic ibe law, or such as will not blab. STEEVENS.
I think a gradation was intended, as Dr. Warburton supposes. To bold in, I believe, meant to“ keep their fellows' counsel and their own;" not to discover their rogueries by talking about them. So in Twelftb Night: “-that you will not extort from me what I am willing to keep
Gads- hill therefore, I suppose, means to say, that he keeps com. paay with steady robbers ; such as will not impeach their comrades, or make any discovery by talking of what they have done ; men that will strike the traveller sooner than talk to him ; that yet would fooner speak to him than drink, which might intoxicate them, and put them off their guard ; and, notwithstanding, would prefer drinking, however dangerous, to prayer, which is the last thing they would think of.--The words however will admit a different interpretation. We have often in these plays, "jt were as good a deed as to drink.” Perhaps there. fore the meaning may be, Men who will knock the traveller down sooner than speak to him ; who yet will speak to him and bid him itand, sooner than drink; (to which they are sufficiently well inclined ;) and lastly, who will drink sooner than pray. Here indeed the climax is not regular. But perhaps our author did not intend it should be preserved. MALONE.
2 She will, she will ; justice karb liquor'd ber.) A satire on chicane in courts of justice; which supports ilí men in their violations of the law, under the very cover of it. WARBURTON,
We steal as in a castle, cock-fure ; we have the receipt of fern-feed“, we walk invisible.
Cham. Nay, by my faith ; I think, you are more be. holding to the night, than to fern-seed, for your walking invisible.
Gads. Give me thy hand : thou shalt have a share in our purchases, as I am a true man.
Cham. Nay, rather let me have it, as you are a false thief.:
Gads. Go to; Homo is a common name to all men , – Eid the oftler bring my gelding out of the stable. Fare . wel, you muddy knave.
[Exeunt. 3-as in a castle,] This was once a proverbial phrase. So, in the Little French Lawyer of Beaumont and Fletcher :
i 66 That noble courage we have seen, and we
« Shall fight as in a cafile." Perhaps Shakspeare means, we steal with as much security as the ancient inhabitants of castles, who had those strong holds to fly to for protection and defence against the laws. So, in King Henry Vi. Act. III. Pol. sc.i:
“ Yes, as an outlaw in a castle keeps,
“ And useth it to patronage his shifi." STEEVENS. 4-we bave tbe receipt of fern-seed,] Fern is one of those plants which have their feed on the back of the leaf so small as to escape the fight. Those who perceived that fern was propagated by semination, and yet could never see the feed, were much at a loss for a solution of the difficulty; and as wonder always endeavours to augment itself, they ascribed to fern-feed many strange properties, some of which the ruitick virgins have not yet forgotten or exploded. JOHNSO So in B. Jonson's New Inn :
• No medecine, fir, to go invisible,
in our purcbaje,] Purobase was anciently the cant term for stolen goods. So, in Henry V. Act III : “ They will steal any thing, and call it purcbafe.” Só, Chaucer :
“ And robbery is holde purcbase." STEEVENS. 6 Homo is a common name &c.] (ads-hill had promised as he was a true man; the Chamberlain wills him to promise rather as a false ibief; to which Gads-hill answers, that though he might have reason to change the word true, he might have spared man, for bomo is a name common to all men, and among others to thieves, JOHNSON.
This is a quotation from the Accidence, and I believe is not the only one from that book, which therefore Mr. Capell thould have added to his Sbaksperiana. L--.. See Vol. II. p. 254, n. 8; p. 268, n. 1; and Vol. III. p. 263, n. 1.
The Road by Gads-hill. Enter Prince Henry and Poins; BARDOLPH and
Pero, at some distance.
P. Henry. Peace, ye fat-kidney'd rascal ; What a brawling dost thou keep?
Fal. Where's Poins, Hal ?
P. Hen. He is walk'd up to the top of the hill ; I'll go seek him.
[pretends to seek Poins. Fal. I am accurft to rob in that thief's company : the rascal hath removed my horse, aud tied him I know not where. If I travel but four foot by the squire 8 further afoot, I shall break my wind. Well, I doubt not but to die a fair death for all this, if I 'scape hanging for killing that rogue. I have forsworn his company hourly any time this two and twenty years, and yet I am bewitch'd with the rogue's company. If the rascal have not given me medicines to make me love him”, I'll be hang'd; it could not be else; I have drunk medicines.—Poins ! Hal!-a plague upon you both!--Bardolph !--Peto !I'll starve, ere I'll rob a foot further'. An 'twere not as good a deed as drink, to turn true man, and to leave these rogues, I am the veriest varlet that ever chew'd
7-like a gumm'd velvet.] This allufion we often meet with in the old comedies. STEEVENS.
8 - four foot by obe squire] i. e. four feet by a foot rule. JOHNSON. See Vol. Il. p.417, n. 1. MALONE.
The same phrase occurs in the Winter's Tale: “ not the worst of the three but jumps twelve foot and a half by the squire." STEEVENS.
9 - medicines to make me love bim,] Alluding to the vulgar notion of love-powder. JOHNSON. rob a foor furtber.] I will not go a foot furober to robo STELV.
with a tooth. Eight yards of uneven ground, is threescore and ten miles afoot with me; and the stony-hearted villains know it well enough: A plague upon't, when thieves cannot be true to one another! [They whistle.] Whew !-A plague upon you all! Give me my horse, you rogues ; give me my horse, and be hang’d.
P. Hen. Peace, ye fat-guts ! lie down; lay thine ear close to the ground, and list if thou canst hear the tread of travellers.
Fal. Have you any levers to lift me up again, being down? 'Sblood, I'll not bear mine own Aesh fo far afoot again, for all the coin in thy father's exchequer. What a plague mean ye, to colt 2 me thus ?
P. Hin. Thou liest, thou art not colted, thou art un. colted.
Fal. I pr’ythee, good prince Hal, help me to my horse; good king's fon.
P. Hen. Out, you rogue! mall I be your oftler ?
Fal. Go, hang thyself in thy own heir-apparent garters 3! If I be ta’en, I'll peach for this. An I have not ballads made on you all, and sung to filthy tunes, let a cup of sack be my poison +: When a jeit is so forward, and afoot too,-I hate it.
1 - to coll] is to fool, to trick; but the prince taking it in another fense, opposes it by uncolt, that is, unborse. JOHNSON.
In the first of these senses it is used by Naihe, in Have with you to Safron Walden, &c. 1596: "His master fretring and chaffing to be thus colted of both of them, &c." STEEVENS.
3 - beir-apparent garters ! ] “ He may hang himself in his own garters," is a proverb in Ray's Collection. STEEVENS.
4 An I have not ballads made on you all, and sung to file by i unes, let a cup of jack be my poison :] Soin the Rape of Lucrece:
ic Shall have thy trespass cited up in thimes,
“ And sung by children in succeeding times." Again in Anthony and Cleopatra :
Poins. O, tis our setter: I know his voice.
Gads. Cafe ye, case ye; on with your visors ; there's money of the king's coming down the hill, 'tis going to the king's exchequer.
Fal. You lie, you rogue; 'tis going to the king's tavern.
P. Hen. Sirs, you four Mall front them in the narrow lane ; Ned Poins and I will walk lower: if they 'scape from your encounter, then they light on us.
Peto. How many be there of them ?
Fal. Indeed, I am not John of Gaunt, your grandfather; but yet no coward, Hal.
P. Hen. Well, we leave that to the proof.
Poins. Sirrah Jack, thy horse stands behind the hedge; when thou need'it him, there thou shalt find him. Fare: wel, and Itand fast.
Fal. Now cannot I strike him, if I should be hang'd.
(Exeunt P. Henry and POINS. Fal. Now, my masters, happy man be his dole', say I; every man to his business.
5 Bardolph. Ibat nesus?-) In all the copies that I have seen Poins is made to tpeak upon the entrance of Gads-hill thus:
O, ris our ferter ; I know bis voice.- Bardolph, wbat news? This is absurd; he knows Gads-hill to be the setter, and asks Bardolph wbat
To countenance this impropriety, the latter editions have made Gads-hill and Bardolph enter together, but the old copies bring in Gads-hill alone, and we find that Falstaff, who knew their stations, calls to Bardolph among others for his horse, but not to Gads-hill, who was posted at a distance. We should therefore read :
Poins. 0, "ris our setter, &c.
Gads. Caje ye, &c. JOHNSON.
The portion of alms distributed at Lambeth palace gate is at this day called the dole. Sir J. HAWKINS.