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His golden uncontroll's enfranchisement,
K. Rich. Farewel, my lord: securely I efpy
[The king and the lords return to their seats. Mar. Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby, Receive thy lance; and God defend the right!
Beling. (rifing.] Strong as a tower in hope, I cry-amen. Mar. Go bear this lance [10 an officer.] to Thomas duke
of Norfolk. 1. Her. Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby, Stands here for God, his sovereign, and himself, On pain to be found false and recreant, To prove the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray, A traitor to his God, his king, and him, And dares him to set forward to the fight. 2. Her. Here standeth Thomas Mowbray, duke of
Norfolk, On pain to be found false and recreant, Both to defend himself, and to approve Henry of Hereford, Lancaster, and Derby, To God, his sovereign, and to him, disloyal; Courageously, and with a free desire, Attending but the fignal to begin. Mar. Sound, trumpets; and set forward, combatants.
[ A charge founded. Stay, the king hath thrown his warder down'.
* This feast of barilo] “War is death's feasi," is a proverbial saying. See Ray's Collection. STEEVENS.
9- as to jeft, ] To jest sometimes signifies in old language, to play a fari iz a mask. FARMER.
1- berb: brown bis warder down.) A warder appears to have been à kind of truncheon carried by the person who prefided at thele combats. STELVENS. VOL. V.
K. Rich. Let them lay by their helmets and their spears, And both return back to their chairs again :Withdraw with us :--and let the trumpets sound, While we return these dukes what we decree.
[4 long flourish. Draw near,
[to the Combatants. And list, what with our council we have done. For that our kingdom's earth should not be foil'd With that dear blood which it hath fostered; And for our eyes do hate the dire aspect Of cruel wounds plough'd up with neighbours' swords; [And for we think the eagle-winged pride 2 Of sky-aspiring and ambitious thoughts, With rival-hating envy, set you on To wake our peace 4, which in our country's cradle Draws the sweet infant breath of gentle sleep;] Which so rouz'd up with boisterous untun'd drums, With harih-resounding trumpets' dreadful bray, And grating Thock of wrathful iron arms, Might from our quiet confines fright fair peace, And make us wade even in our kindred's blood; Therefore, we banish you our territories :You, cousin Hereford, upon pain of death, Till twice five summers have enrich'd our fields, Shall not regreet our fair dominions, But tread the stranger paths of banishment.
Boling. Your will be done: This must my comfort be, That sun, that warms you here, shall shine on me;
2 And for we ibink tbe eagle-winged pride &c.] These five verses are omitted in the other editions, and restored from the first of 1598. Pope.
Dr. Warburton thinks with some probability that these lines were rejected by Shakspeare himself. His idle cavil, that “ peace awake is till peace, as well as when alleep", is refuted by Mr. Steevens in the sube quent note.
MALONE. 3 - set you on] The old copy reads-on you. Corrected by Mr. Pope. MALONE,
4 Towake our peace,] It is true, that peace awake is still peace, as well as when asleep; but peace awakened by the tumults of there jarring nobles, and peace indulging in profound tranquillity, convey images fufficiently opposed to each other for the poet's purpose. To wake peace is to introduce discord. Peace asleep, is peace exerting its natural influence, from which it would be frighted by the clamours of war. STIEVENS.
And those his golden beams, to you here lent,
K. Rich. Norfolk, for thee remains a heavier doom,
Nor. A heavy sentence, my moft sovereign liege,
K. Rich. It boots thee not to be compassionate ?;
Nor. Then thus f turn me from my country's light, Todwell in solemn shades of endless night. [retiring.
K. Rich. Return again, and take an oath with thee.
s The fly. Now hours ] Mr. Pope reads---fly-low. The former word appears to me more intelligible :-" the thieviih minutes as they pass." MALONE. 6 A dearer merit-] Merit is, here used for meed or reward. MALONE. compofiorate; ] for plaintive. WARUBURTON.
(Our part therein we banish with yourselves ,)
To keep the oath that we adminifter:
Boling. I swear.
Boling. Norfolk, so far as to mine enemy';-
Nor. No, Bolingbroke; if ever I were traitor,
(Our part &c.] It is a question much debated amongst the writers of the law of nations, whether a banith'd man may be ftill tied in allegiance to the state which sent him into exile. Tully and lord chancellor Clarendon declare for the affirmative : Hobbes and Puffendorf hold the negative. Our author, by this line, seems to be of the same opinion. WARBURTON.
9 Norfolk, so far &c.] I do not clearly see what is the sense of this abrupt line, but suppose the meaning to be this : Norfolk, so far I have addressed myself to thee as 10 mine enemy, I now utter my last words with kindness and tenderness, Confess tby treasons. JOHNSON.
All the old copies read : so fare. STEEVENS.
Surely fare was a misprint for forre, the old spelling of the word now placed in the text-Perhaps the author intended that Hereford in speaking this line should shew some courtesy to Mowbray;--and the meaning may be, So much civility as an enemy has a right to, I am willing to offer to thee. MALONE.
Save back to England, all the world's my way'. [Exit,
K. Rich. Uncle, even in the glasses of thine eyes I see thy grieved heart: thy fad aspect Hath from the number of his banish'd years Pluck'd four away ;-Six frozen winters spent, Return [to Bol.) with welcome home from banishment.
Boling. How long a time lies in one little word!
Gaunt. I thank my liege, that, in regard of me,
K. Rich. Why, uncle, thou haft many years to live.
Gaunt. But not a minute, king, that thou canst give : Shorten my days thou canst with
all the world's my way. ] Perhaps Milton had this in his mind when he wrote these lines :
" The world was all before them, where to choose
" Their place of reft, and Providence their guide." Johnson. The Duke of Norfolk after his banishment went to Venice, where, says Holinihed, “ for thought and melancholy he deceased.” MALONE. I lould point the passage thus :
Now no way can I ftray Save back to England :-all the world's my way. There's no way for me to go wrong, except back to England. Mason,
? And pluck nights from me, but not lend a morrow :] It is matter of very melancholy consideration, that all human advantages confer more power of doing evil than good. JOHNSON.
- upon good advice,] Upon great confideration, Sce Vol. I. p. 137, to Si MALONE.