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ART. 25. In narrow channels every steam vessel shall, when it is safe and practicable, keep to that side of the fairway or mid channel which lies on the starboard side of such vessel.

Art. 26. Sailing vessels under way shall keep out of the way of sailing vessels or boats fishing with nets, or lines, or trawls. This Rule shall not give to any vessel or boat engaged in fishing the right or obstructing a fairway used by vessels other than fishing vessels or boats.

Art. 27. In obeying and construing these Rules, due regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision, and to any special circumstances which may render a departure from the above Rules necessary in order to avoid immediate danger.

SOUND-SIGNALS FOR Vessels IN SIGHT OF ONE ANOTHER. Art, 28. The words “short blast” used in this Article shall mean a blast of about one second's duration.

When vessels are in sight of one another, a steam vessel under way, in taking any course authorised or required by these Rules, shall indicate that course by the following signals on her whistle or siren, viz. :

Une short blast to mean, “I anı directing my course to starboard.” Two short blasts to mean, “I am directing my course to port." Three short blasts to mean, “My engines are going full speed astern." No VESSEL UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES TO NEGLECT PROPER

PRECAUTIONS. ART. 29. Nothing in these Rules shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner, or master, or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to carry lights or signals, or of any neglect to keep a proper look-out, or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the case. RESERVATION OF RULES FOR HARBOURS AND INLAND NAVIGATION.

Art. 30. Nothing in these Rules shall interlere with the operation of a special rule, du'y made by local authority, relative to the cavigation of any harbour, river, or inland waters.

SCHEDULE II.

Distress SIGNALS. ART. 31. When a vessel is in distress and requires assistance from o her vessels or from the shore, the following shall be the signals to be used or di-played by her, either together or separately, viz. :

In the daytime1. Gun or other explosive signal fired at intervals of about a minute; 2. The International Code signal of distress indicated by NC;

3. The distant signal, consisting of a square flag, having either above or below it a ball or anything resembling a ball; 4. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus.

At night- 6 1. Gun or other explosive signal fired at intervals of about a minute; 2. Flames on the vessel (as from burning tar-barrel, oil-barrel, &c.);

3 Rockets or shells, throwing stars of any colour or description, fured one at a time, at short intervals.

4. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus.

FISHING VESSELS' LIGHTS. Article 10 of Order in Council of uth August, 1884. ARTICLE 10.—Open boats and fishing vessels of less than 20 tons net registered tonnage, when under way and when not having their nets, trawls, dredges, or lines in the water, shall not be obliged to carry the coloured side lights; but every such boat and vessel shall in lieu thereof have ready at hand a lantern with a green glass on the one side and a red glass on the other side, and on approaching to or being approached by another vessel such lantern shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision, so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side nor the red light on the starboard side.

The following portion of this Article applies only to fishing vessels and boats when in the sea off the coast of Europe lying north of Cape Finisterre :

(a) All fishing vessels and fishing boats of 20 tons net registered tonnage, or upwards, when under way and when not required by the following regulations in this Article to carry and show the lights therein named, shall carry and show the same lights as other vessels under way.

(6) All vessels when engaged in fishing with drist nets shall exhibit two white lights from any part of the vessel where they can be best seen. Suca lights shall be placed so that the vertical distance between them shall be not less than 6 feet and not niore than 10 seet: and so that the horizontal distance between them measured in a line with the keel of the vessel shall be not less than 5 feet and not more than 10 feet. The lower of these two lights shall be the more forward, and both of them shall be of such a character, and contained in lanterns of such construction as to show all round the horizon, on a dark night with a clear atmosphere, for a distance of not less than three miles.

(c) A vessel employed in line fishing with her lines out shall carry the same lights as a vessel when engaged in fishing with drist nets.

(a) If a vessel when fishing becomes stationary in consequence of her gear getting fast to a rock or other obstruction, she shall show the light and make the fog signal for a vessel at anchor.

(e) Fishing vessels and open boats may at any time use a fare-up in addition to the lighis which they are by this Article required to carry and show. All Hare-up lights exhibited by a vessel when trawling, dredging, or fishing with any kind of drag net shall be shown at the after part of the vessel, excepting that if the vessel is hanging by the stern to her trawl, dredge, or drag net, they shall be exhibitei from the bow.

Every fishing vessel and every open boat when at anchor between sunset and sunrise shall exhibit a white light visible all round the horizon at a distance of at least one mile.

(g) In fog, mist, or falling snow, a drift net vessel atta hed her nets, and a vessel when trawling, dredging, or fishing with any kind of drag net, and a vessel employed in line fishing with her lines out, shall at intervals of not more than two minutes, make a blast with her fog horn and ring her bell alternately.

Order in Council of 30th December, 1884. Alternate Lights for Trawlers when engaged in Trawling, having their Trawls in the water and not being Stationary, in lieu of those required by Articles 2 and 5 of the ahove Regulations respeitively

SCHEDULE. Part I.-Steam Trawlers of 20 tons gross register tonnage or

upwards. (I) On or in front of the foremast head, and in the same position as the white light which other steamships are required to carry, a lanthorn showing a white light ahead, a green light on the starboard side, and a red light on the port side, such lanthorn shall be so constructed, fitted, and arranged as to show an uniform and unbroken white light over an arc of the horizon of four points of the compass, an uniform and unbroken green light over an arc of the horizon of 10 points of the compass, and an uniform and unbroken red light over an arc of the horizon of 10 points of the compass, and it shall be so fixed as to show the white light from right ahead to two points on the bow on each side of the ship, the green light from two points on the starboard bow to four points abast the beam on the starboard side and the red light from two points on the port bow to four points abast the beam on the port side ; and (2) a white light in a globular lanthorn of not less than eight inches in diameter, and so constructed as to show a clear, uniform, and unbroken light all round the horizon, the lanthorn containing such white light shall be carried lower than the lanthorn showing the green, white, and red lights, as aforesaid, so, however, that the vertical distance between them shall not be less than 6 feet nor more than 12 feet. Part II.-Sailing Trawlers of 20 tons net register tonnage or

upwards. (1) On or in front of the foremast head a lanthorn having a green glass on the starboard side and a red glass on the port side, so constructed, fitted, and arranged that the red and green do not converge, and so as to show an uniform and unbroken green light over an arc of the horizon of 12 points of the compass, and an uniform and unbroken red light over an arc of the horizon of 12 points of the compass, and it shall be so fixed as to show the green light from right ahead to four points abast the beam on the starbjard side, and the red light from right ahead to four points abaft the beam on the port side ; and (2) a white light on a globular lantborn of not less than eight inches in diameter, and so constructed as to show a clear uniform and unbroken light all round the horizon, the lanthorn containing such white light shall be carried lower than the lanthorn showing the green and red lights as aforesaid, so, however, that the vertical distance between them shall not be less than 6 feet and not more than 12 feet.

Order in Council of 24th June, 1885.

SCHEDULE.

Sailing Trawlers of any tonnage. As regards sailing vessels engaged in trawling, such vessels having their trawls in the water, and not being stationary in consequence of their gear getting fast to a rock or other obstruction, if they do not carry and stow the lights required by Article 5 of the Regulations, or the other lights of the description set forth in Part 2 of the Schedule to the Order in Council of the 30th December, 1884, shall carry and show in lieu of the lights required by Article 5 of the Regulations, or the other lights of the description set forth in

paragrapa 2 of the Schedule to the said recited Order, other lights as follows, that is to say :

A white light in a globular lanthorn of not less than eight inches in diameter, and so constructed as to show a clear uniform and unbroken light all round the horizon, and visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere for a distance of at least two miles ; and also a sufficient supply of red pyrotechnic lights which shall each burn for at least 30 seconds, and shall when so burning be visible for the same distance under the same conditions as the white light. The white light shall be shown from sunset to sunrise, and one of the red pyrotechnic lights shall be shown on approaching, or on b:ing approached by, another ship or vessel in sufficient time to prevent collision.

Order in Council of 7th July, 1897.

SCHEDULE. Lights to be carried by steam pilot vessels. A steam pilot vessel exclusively employed for the service of pilots licensed or certified by any pilotage autbority, or the committee of any pilotage district in the United Kingdom, when engaged on her ziation on pilotage duty and in British waters and nui al anchor, shall, in addition to the lights required for all pilot boats, carry at a distance of eight feet below her white masthead light a red light visible all round the horizon, and of such a character as to be visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere at a d stance of at least two miles, and also the coloured side lights required to be carried by vessels when under way.”

When engaged on her station on pilotage duty and in British waters and at anchor she shall carry, in addition to the lights required for all pilot boats, the red light above mentioned, but not the coloured side lights.

Wren not engaged on her station on pilotage duty she shall carry the same lights as other steam vessels.

THE RULE OF THE ROAD. Aids to memory in four verses, by the late Mr. THOMAS GRAY, C.B. 1.-Two Steamships meeting.

When both side lights you see ahead

Port your helm, and show your Red. 2.- Two Steamships passing.

Green to Green-or, Red to Red

Perfect safety-Go ahead 3.-T700 Steamships crossing. [NOTE.- This is the position of

the grea'est danger ; there is nothing for it but good look-out,
caution, and judgment.]

If to your starboard Red appear,
It is your duty to keep clear ;
To act as judgment says is proper ;
To Port-or Starboard-Back- -or Stop her!
But when upon your Port is seen
A Steamer's Starboard Light of Green,
There's not so much for you to do,

For Green to Port keeps clear of you. 4.-All Ships must keep a good look-out, and Steamships must stop and go astern, if necessary.

Both in safety and in doubt
Always keep a good look-out;
In danger, with no room to turn,
Ease her! Stop her! Go astern

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MEDICAL SCALE FOR MERCHANT SHIPS. The annexed scale of medicines and medical stores and instruments for merchant ships issued by the Board of Trade, in pursuance of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, supersedes the scale hitherto in force. It came into operation on the 1st December, 1899.

For voyages of six months and under half the quantity of the following medicines may be carried. There is a separate scale for voyages of less than five days from port to port. Preparations from British

! Proportion for Pharmacopæia, 1898. Names of Medicines, Medicaments, Ships carrying the

following number This column is added for the use

of Men and Boys of Druggists supplying the All Medicines bearing a Red Poison

for 12 months. Medicines indicated.

Label must be used with caution, All bottles to be stoppered, and and, if given internally, should be

the official dose for an adult to carefully measured. be stated on the label.

Alum Sp. amm n. aromat.

Aromatic spirits of ammonia
Copaiba

Balsam of copaiba
Bicarbonate of potash...

Bicarbonate of soda
Mist. senne co.

Black draught

pints Lotio hydrarg. nigra

Black wash Liq. epispasticus

* Blistering Auid

Bromide of ammonium
Hyl. subchloridum

Calomiel
Camphor...

8 Acidum carbolicum liquefactum *Carbolic acid, liquefied

4 A liquid containing not less than +Carbolic acid or other disinfectant 80 per cent. of free carbolic or of approved quality... galls.

4 4 cresvlic acid. Linimentum calcis

Carron oil

pints Castor oil

lbs.

8 Argenti nitras induratus...

Caustic
Tinct. chlorof, et morph. comp. Compound tincture of chloroform

and morphine (to be used in place
of chlorodyne)

3 4 Creosotum ...

Creosote ... Liq. potass. permang.

Crimson fluid

pints Acid, sulph, arom.

Elixir of vitriol
Epsom salts

lbs.

6 1 TO Tr. zingib, fortior, B.P. '85 Essence of ginger

3 Ess, menth, pip., B.P. '85

Essence of peppermint
Tr. benzoin. comp.
Friars' balsam

4 Liq. plumbi subacet, fort.

Goulard's extract
Potass. iodid.
Iodide of potassium

3 4 L'q. iodi fortis. Plodine, strong solution of

2 lodoform

drs. 6 8 Tinct, npii Laudanum

6

8 Add 2 drs, of powdered camphor Linseed meal

lbs.

7 to each pound. Charta sinapis Mustard leaves (in tins)

| 12 24 24 24 Nitrate of potash ! Olive oil

*Opodeldoc Tinct, camph. comp. *Paregoric

8 10 Pil, hydrarg. 14 grs.) Pills, blue

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6 8
cough
„ ipecac.c. scillâl 4 grs)

8

4
sapon coinp. (2 grs.) opium

3
coloc. comp. (4 grs)
purging

16
Pulv. ipecac. comp.
* Powder, Dovur's

4 (to be supplied in tins)

ipecac. * All medicines indicated thus (*) to be marked with a red poison label.

+ As antiseptic and deodorising agents for common use. Samples of the disinfectants supplied will be occasionally taken for analysis, to determine whether they fulfil the requirements of the Board of Trade.

* For purifying drinking water when necessary.

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