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It shall be the duty of the owner, master, or officer in charge of a ship to comply with Part II. of these Regulations.

It shall be the duty of the owner of machinery or plant used in the processes, and in the case of machinery or plant carried on board a ship not being a ship registered in the United Kingdom it shall also be the duty of the master of such ship, to comply with Part III. of these Regulations.

It shall be the duty of every person who by himself, his agents, or workmen carries on the processes, and of all agents, workmen, and persons employed by him in the processes, to comply with Part IV. of these Regulations.

It shall be the duty of all persons, whether owners, occupiers, or persons employed, to comply with Part V. of these Regulations.

Part VI. of these Regulations shall be complied with by the persons on whom the duty is placed in that Part.

PART I.

The following parts of every dock, wharf, or quay shall, as far as is practicable, having regard to the traffic and working, be securely fenced so that the height of the fence shall be in no place less than two feet six inches, and the fencing shall be maintained in good condition ready for use. (a) All breaks, dangerous corners, and other dangerous parts of edges of

a dock, wharf, or quay. (6) Both sides of such footways over bridges, caissons, and dock gates

as are in general use by persons employed, and each side of the entrance at each end of such footway for a sufficient distance not

exceeding five yards. 2. Provision for the rescue from drowning of persons employed shall be made and maintained, and shall include :(a) A supply of life-saving appliances, kept in readiness on the whart

or quay, which shall be reasonably adequate having regard to all the

circumstances. (6) Means at or near the surface of the water at reasonable intervals,

for enabling a person immersed to support himself or escape from the water, which shall be reasonably adequate having regard to all

the circumstances. 3. All places in which persons employed are employed at night, and any dangerous parts of the regular road or way over a dock, wharf, or quay, forming the approach to any such place from the nearest highway, shall be efficiently lighted

Provided that the towing path of a canal or canalised river shall not be deemed to be an approach,” for the purpose of this Regulation.

PART II.

4. If a ship is lying at a wharf or quay for the purpose of loading or un. loading or coaling there shall be means of access for the use of persons employed at such times as they have to pass from the ship to the shore or from the shore to the ship as follows :-(1) Where a gangway is reasonably practicable a gangway not less than

22 inches wide, properly secured, and fenced throughout on each side to a clear height of two feet nine inches by means of upper and lower rails, taut ropes or chains, or by other equally safe means.

(6) In other cases a secure ladder of adequate length.

Provided that nothing in this Regulation shall be held to apply to cargo stages or cargo gang ways, if other proper means of access is provided in conformity with these Regulations.

Provided that as regards any sailing vessel not exceeding 250 tons net registered tonnage and any steam vessel not exceeding 150 tons gross registered tonnage this Regulation shall not apply if and while the conditions are such that it is possible without undue risk to pass to and from

the ship without the aid of any special appliances. 5. If a ship is alongside any other ship, vessel, or boat, and persons employed have to pass from one to the other, safe means of access shall be provided for their use, unless the conditions are such that it is possible to pass from one to the other without undue risk without the aid of any special appliance.

If one of such ships, vessels, or boats is a sailing barge, flat keel, lighter, or other similer vessel of relatively low freeboard, the means of access shall be provided by the ship which has the higher freeboard.

6. If the depth from the top of the coamings to the bottom of the hold exceeds six feet there shall be maintained safe means of access by ladder or steps from the deck to the hold in which work is being carried on, with secure hand-hold and foot-hold continued to the top of the coamings. In particular such access shall not be deemed to be safe :(a) Unless the ladders between the lower decks are in the same line as

the ladder from the main deck, if the same is practicable having

regard to the position of the lower hatchway or hatchways. (6) Unless the cargo is stowed sufficiently far from the ladder to leave

at each rung of the ladder sufficient room for a man's feet. (c) If there is not room to pass between a winch and the coamings at

the place where the ladder leaves the deck. (d) If the ladder is recessed under the deck more than is reasonably

necessary to keep the ladder clear of the hatchway. 7. When the processes are being carried on between one hour after sunset and one hour before sunrise (a) the places in the hold and on the decks where work is being carried on, and (b) the means of access provided in pursuance of Regulations 4 and 5 shall be efficiently lighted, due regard being had to the safety of the ship and cargo, of all persons employed and of the naviga. tion of other vessels and to the duly approved Bye-laws or Regulations of any authority having power by statute to make Bye-laws or Regulations subject to approval by some other authority.

8. All iron fore and aft beams and thwart ship beams used for hatchway covering shall have suitable gear for lifting them on and off without it being necessary for any person to go upon them to adjust such gear.

PART III.

9. All machinery and chains and other gear used in hoisting or lowering in connection with the processes shall have been tested, and shall be perodicially examined. All such chains shall be effectually sostened by annealing or firing when necessary, and all half-inch or smaller chains in general use shall be so annealed or fired once in every six months.

If the chains are part of the outfit carried by a seagoing ship it shall be a sufficient compliance with this Regulation as regards softening by annealing or firing of half-inch or smaller chains, that no such chains shall be used unless they have been so annealed or fired within six months preceding.

As regards chains, the safe loads indicated by the test, the date of last annealing and any other particulars prescribed by the Secretary of State, shall be entered in a register which shall be kept on the premises, unless some other place has been approved in writing by the Chief Inspector.

10. All motors, cog-wheels, chain and friction.gearing, shafting and live electric conductors used in the processes shall (unless it can be shown that by their position and construction they are equally safe to every person employed as they would be if securely fenced) be securely fenced so far as is practicable without impeding the safe working of the ship and without infringing any requirement of the Board of Trade.

II. The lever controlling the link motion reversing gear of a crane or winch used in the processes shall be provided with a suitable spring or other locking arrangement.

12. Every shore crane used in the processes shall have the safe-load plainly marked upon it, and if so constructed that the jib may be raised or lowered, either shall have attached to it an automatic indicator of safe-loads or shall have marked upon it a table showing the safe-loads at the corresponding inclinations of the jib.

13. The driver's platform on every crane or tip r’riven by mechanical power and used in the processes shall be securely fenced, and shall be provided with safe means of access.

14. Adequate measures shall be taken to prevent exhaust steam from any crane or winch obscuring any part of the decks, gangways, stages, wharf, or quay, where any person is employed.

PART IV.

15. No machinery or gear used in the processes, other than a crane, shall be loaded beyond the safe-load ; nor a crane, unless secured with the written per. mission of the owner by plates or chains or otherwise.

No load shall be left suspended from a crane, winch, or other machine unless there is a competent person actually in charge of the machine while the load is so left.

16. A boy under 16 shall not be employed as driver of a crane or winch, or to give signals to a driver, or to attend to cargo falls on winch-ends or winch. bodies.

17. Where in connection with the processes goods are placed on a wharf or quay other than a wharf or quay on a shallow canal :(a) A clear passage leading to the means of access to the ship required by

Regulation 4 shall be maintained on the wharf or quay; and () If any space is left along the edge of the wharf or quay it shall be at

least three feet wide, and clear of all obstructions other than fixed

structures, plant and appliances in use. 18. No deck-stage or cargo.stage shall be used in the processes unless it is substantially and firmly constructed, and adequately supported, and, where necessary, securely fastened.

No truck shall be used for carrying cargo between ship and shore on a stage so steep as to be unsafe.

Any stage which is slippery shall be made safe by the use of sand or other. wise.

19. Where there is more than one hatchway, if the hatchway of a hold exceeding seven feet six inches in depth measured from the top of the coamings to the bottom of the hold is not in use and the coamings are less than two seet six inches in height, it shall either be fenced to a height of three feet, or be securely covered.

Provided that this Regulation shall not apply during meal times or other temporary interruptions of work during the period of employment.

And provided that until the 1st of January, 1908, the fencing may be the best the circumstances will allow without making structural alteration.

Hatch coverings shall not be used in connection with the processes in the construction of deck or cargo stages, or for any other purpose which may expose them to damage.

20. No cargo shall be loaded by a fall or sling at any intermediate deck unless a secure landing platform has been placed across the hatchway at that deck.

PART V.

21. No person shall, unless duly authorised, or in case of necessity, remove or interfere with any fencing, gang way, gear, ladder, lise-saving means or appliances, lights, marks, stages, or other things whatsoever, required by these Regulations to be provided.

22. The fencing required by Regulation i shall not be removed except to the extent and for the period reasonably necessary for carrying on the work of the dock or ship or for repairing any fencing. If removed it shall be restored forthwith at the end of that period by the persons engaged in the work that necessitated its removal.

PART VI.

23. No employer of persons in the processes shall allow machinery or gear to be used by such persons in the processes that does not comply with Part III. of these Regulations.

24. If the persons whose duty it is to comply with Regulations 4, 5, and 7, fail so to do, then it shall also be the duty of the employers of the persons employed for whose use the means of access and the lights are required to comply with the said regulation within the shortest time reasonably practicable after such failure.

25. The certificate of the ship's register and any other certificate or register referred to in these Regulations shall be produced by the person in charge thereof on the application of any of H.M. Inspectors of Factories.

BRITISH NAVAL SERVICE. ADMIRALTY OFFICE, Whitehall. Hours 10.30 to 5.30. Lords COMMISSIONERS, First Lord, Right Ilon. Earl of Selborne

(with house), £4,500; Admiral Lord Walter T. Kerr, K.C.B., £1,500 (with house); Rear-Admiral Sir Chas. Carter Drury, K.C.S.I., £1,200; Rear-Admiral Wm. H. May, m.v.0., t. 1,700, and Rear-Admiral John Durnford, C.B., D.s.o., £1,200. Civil LORD, A. H. Lee, M.P., £1,000. The Sea Lords receive

professional pay in addition to the above salaries. PARLIAMENTARY AND FINANCIAL SECRETARY, E. G. Pretyman,

M.P., £2,000. PERMANENT SECRETARY, Sir Evan MacGregor, K.C.B., £2,000. Private Secretary To First Lord, Capt. Hon. Hugh

Tyrwhitt, M.v.O., R.N., £1,000.

ASSISTANT SECRETARY, Charles J. Thomas, C.B., £1,200. CONTROLLER OF Navy, Rear - Admiral W. H. May, M.V.O.,

£1,700 (in addition to professional pay). HYDROGRAPHER, £1,000. DIRECTOR OF TRANSPORTS, Rear-Admiral G. T. H. Boyes, £1,200 DIRECTOR OF VICTUALLING DEPARTMENT, Sir Henry F. R.

Yorke, K.C.B., £1,200. DIRECTOR OF NAVAL CONSTRUCTION, Philip Watts, F.R.S.,

£3,000. ENGINEER-IN-CHIEF, Sir A. John Durston, K.C.B., R. N., £1,800. DIRECTOR OF DOCKYARDS, Sir J. Williamson, £2,000. ACCOUNTANT-GENERAL OF THE Navy, Sir Richard D. Awdry,

K.C.B., £1,500. DIRECTOR OF CONTRACTS, Gordon W. Miller, C.B., £1,200. MEDICAL DIRECTOR-GENERAL, Sir Henry F. Norbury, M.D.,

K.C.B., R.N., £1,700. ADMIRAL COMMANDING COASTGUARD AND RESERVES, Vice

Admiral Ernest Rice,

THE BOARD OF TRADE.
President, Rt. Hon. GERALD BALFOUR, M.P.

Private Secretary, H. F. CARLILL.
Parliamentary Secretary, A. Bonar Law, M.P.

Private Secretary, G. E. BAKER.
Permanent Secretary, Sir F. J. S. HopWOOD, K.C.B., C.M.G.
Private Secretaries, Hon. N. M. FARRER & J. K. GREBBY.

ORGANISATION AND DIVISION OF LABOUR. In the Civil Service, the Board of Trade, over which Rt. Hon. Gerald Balfour, M.P., at present presides, is usually termed the “Big Board," more because of the numerous matters dealt with by the Board than from the large number of members-nominal for the most part-of which it really consists. The Board practically consists of the president, the Parliamentary secretary, the permanent secretary (Sir F. J. S. Hopwood), and an assistant secretary attached to the Marine Department, Finance De. partment, Harbour Department and Railway Department respectively, together with the Comptroller-General of Commercial, Labour, and Statistical Department.

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