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THE WORLD'S FASTEST SHIPS.
(Vessels of 20 Knots and over). British (32 Ships,
Date. Tons, gross. Anglia
1900 1,862 Arundel
1,057 Banshee (pad. ).....
1884 1,250 Brighton (turbine)
1903 1,129 Britannia (pad.)
1896 459 Cambria
1897 1,842 Cambria (pad.)
1895 420 Campania ...
2,632 Empress Queen (pad.)
1897 2,140 Etruria
1884 8,120 Hibernia
1898 King Edward (turbine)
1901 562 La Marguerite (pad.)..
1894 2,205 Leinster
1897 2,632 Lucania.......
1893 12,952 Majestic
1889 9,965 Munster
1897 2,641 Oceanic...
1899 17,274 Osiris
1898 1,728 Prince of Wales (pad.)
1,657 Queen Alexandra (turbine)
1902 Queen Victoria (pad.)
1887 1,657 Royal Sovereign (pad.)
1893 891 Scotia
1902 1,872 Sussex
1896 1,117 Teutonic
1889 9,984 The Queen (turbine)
1903 1,648 Ulster
1884 8,128 Westward-Ho (pad.)
21 20-5 20-5 235
21 21 20
THE WORLL'S FASTEST SHIPS- continued.
Speed GERMAN (5 ships) :
Date. Tons, gross. knots, Deutschland
1900 16,502 23 Kaiser Wilhelm II.
231 Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse
1897 14,349 Kaiserin Maria Theresia
1890 8,278 Kronprinz Wilhelm......
IGOI 14,908 23 DUTCH (3 ships) :Koningin Wilhelmina..
1895 1,887 Koningin Regentes....
1,888 Prins Hendrik...
1895 1,887 RUSSIAN (2 ships) :Moskva
1898 7,297 Smolensk
1901 7,270 AMERICAN (5 ships) :Asbury Park
1903 2,250 New York
1888 10,798 Philadelphia
10,786 St. Louis
11,629 St. Paul
1895 11,629 Of the 32 ships of 20 knots and over belonging to British owners, 16 may be classed as ocean-going steamers. Of this class Germany possesses five, America four, and France and Russia two each.
FASTEST TRANSATLANTIC VOYAGES.
D. H. M. Deutschland
5 7 38 Sandy Ilook to Plymouth. Kronprinz Wilhelm
5 7 23 Westward Passage. Campania
5 9 Teutonic
Tons (Gross) White Star Line
353,801 American and Red Star Lines
170,943 Atlantic Transport Line..
19 138,220 Leyland Line
277,454 Dominion Line
FLEETS HAVING A WORKING AGREEMENT WITH
Tons (Gross) Holland-America Line
79, 121 *Norddeutscher Lloyd Line
1 22 583,000 *Hamburg-American Line
125 651,151 * Only the ships of these lines employed in the Atlantic trade are in the combine, and it is not praciicable to give the number and tonnage of these, as they vary.
SUBSIDIES AND PAYMENTS TO SHIPPING. Allowing for the increased payment to the Cunard Company of £150,000 a year instead of £26,256, it may be said that the British Government pays, or will pay, k1,127,145 per annum for services rendered by our shipping companies, as against £1,787,271 paid by France, £440,470 by Germany, £374.590 by Russia, and £346,266 paid by the United States. In consideration of the £150,000 a year, the Cunard Company, while holding their fleet subject to Government service, are also building two 241-knot (in moderate weather) ships under Admiralty supervision ; and receiving a Government loan up to £2,600,000 ai 2 per cent. interest for the purpose of building.
How these sums are apportioned, in the case of the three firstnamed countries, is shown in the accompanying table :
French, German. Mail Service........
£859,588 61,067,271 372,970 Admiralty Subvention......
77,813 Jamaica Fruit Trade
40,000 Canada and West Indies, half
Imperial, half Colonial...... 26,000 Bounty on Construction.......
232,000 Bounty on Navigation
488,000 Other Services.....
67.500 41,127,145 £1,787,271 4440,470 “Other Services," in the case of this c uniry, represents the difference between the former Admiralty subvention, £,26,256 to the Cunard Company, and the proposed payment of £150,000 per annum to that company. In the case of Germany the £67,500 goes to the East African Steair ship Company. But in the case of the German Steamship Companies it should be borne in mind that, while the German Government pays no postal subvention for Transatlantic services (aput from £ 69,917 and £10,000 in 1901 at ordinary mail matter rates), it pays the North German Lloyd Company £293,053 for carry ng the mails to India and China. On the other hand, the United States Government paid the North German Lloyd Company £20,116, and the Hamburg-American Company £7,000 for Transatlantic postal services, the White Star and Cunard Companies receiving between them £46,850 for similar services from the same source.
LLOYD'S SIGNAL STATIONS.
The Society of Lloyd's, incorporated by Act of the British Par. liament and the Royal Assent of Her late Majesty Queen Victoria has, with the sanction of Parliament, the control and working of Signal Stations in Great Britain and Ireland and in various places abroad. Many foreign Governments have also recognised the advantage of reports from Signal Stations and Semaphores being universally collected and forwarded on identical conditions. These have arranged that reports from or to their Semaphores can be obtained or forwarded through Lloyd's.
Thus one universal system of receiving and transmitting reports extends over a wide area. The organisation of Signal Stati'ns is madle favourable for shipowners and merchants, and the commerce of the world in general. II, for instance, a shipowner, charterer, or consignee wishes to transmit an order to any vessel at any point where she may appear, one communication to Lloyd's is sufficient to ensure the message being given at any or all of these Stations.
The charges for forwarding information from or transmitting advices by means of Signal Stations are moderate. Shipowners, cha terers, merchants or consignees can obtain telegraphic intelligence with regard to any vessel in which they may be interested, or postal advices, is so preferred, or can transmit orders to such vessels by communication with Lloyd's.
Harbour and Dock authorities, Chambers of Commerce, Exchanges, and such Institutions that may require a large number of reports, can arrange with Lloyd's for receiving full and regular advices from Lloyd's Signal Stations on moderate terms. When a number of reports are taken a substantial reduction is made in the fees. Shipowners or oihers who wish to be supplied with reports of vessels from any Signal Stations are requested to communicate with the Secretary of Lloyd's, London, E.C.
The following is a list of Signal Stations from which reports can be obtained, or through which orders for vessels can be transmitted :
UNITED KINGDOM. SOUTHEND.
*FASTNET (Wireless Telegraphy, DEAL (temporarily suspended).
Marconi System). *DOVER.
TORY ISLAND. SANDGATE.
MALIN HEAD graphy, MarBEACHY HEAD,
Iconi System *No MAN's Fort (Spithead).
RATHLIN ISLAND (Co. Antrim). Sr. CATHERINE'S POINT (1.W.)
(temporarily suspended). NEEDLES (I.W.)
TORR HEAD. PORTLAND BILL.
KILDONAN (mouth of the Clyde). BRIXHAM (for Torbay) (remporarily LAMLASH (temporarily suspended suspended).
STORNAWAY. *PRAWLE POINT.
BUTT OF LEWIS (Hebrides). *Tue LIZARD.
DUNNETT HEAD (Pentland Firth). PENZANCE.
PETERHEAD (temporarily suspended) SCILLY ISLANDS.
ST. ABB's HEAD. LUNDY ISLANI),
TYNEMOUTH. BARRY ISLAND.
River TEES (South GareBreakwater) MUMBLES HEAD,
(temporarily suspended). ST. ANN's Head (Milford Haven) FLAMBOROUGH HEAD. Roche's POINT (Queenstown).
SPURN HEAD. *OLD HEAD OF KINSALE.
ALDEBURGH. *BROW HEAD.
HAMMERSHUS. Vinga (Gothenburg).
HANSTHOLM. This Station is the property of, and is These Stations are the property of the managed by, the Government of His Danish Government. Majesty the King of Sweden.
ELSINORE (J. T. Lund, Reporter). HELSINGBORG.
HELIGOLAND. KRASNAJA GORKA(Gulf of Finland). CUXHAVEN (Government Station).
PONTA FERRARIA SKAW.
PONTA DO ARNEL
CAPELLINHOS Point (Fayal).
LAS PALMAS (Grand Canary).
Wilhelm Canal).-Messrs. Sartori and ST. HELENA.
to Kaiser Wilhelm Capal). - Messrs.
CAPE ST. FRANCIS
| CAPE RECIFE
| CAPE HERMES Weser. HOHEWEG
BLUFF (Port Natal). (Government Stations).
FORT SAN SEBASTIAN(Mozambique).
BUTTE AUX SABLES
Mauriwager, Ship Agent and Reporter, BUTTE AUX PAPAYES
Port Louis MOUNTAIN Heyst (Bruges Port de Mer).
FALSE POINT (Bay of Bengal). GRIZ NEZ,
SAUGOR ISLAND (R. Hooghly).
SANDHEADS (River Hooghly).
the Government of the French Republic. ties for delivering orders. CAPE FINISTERRE.
DIAMOND ISLAND (Burmab). TARIFA.
* POINT DE GALLE. These Stations are the property of the
MOUNT FABER Government of His Majesty the King of Spain.
Fort CANNING /
SABANG BAY, PULO WEH
ANJER (Sunda Straits). POMEGUES (Marseilles).
Messrs. Sem & Co., Ship Agents and
Point CURAUMILLA (Valparaiso).
Point TUMBES (Talcahuano).
CAPE DUNGENESS (St. of Magellan).
The above three Stations are the
the Government of the Capo TESTA (Straits of Bonifacio).
Republic of Chile,
CUBA (Morro Castle, Havana).
This Station is the property of the
BARBADOES (Needham's Point).
BERMUDA. (The Zea Coaling Company, Reporters.
*CAPE LEEUWIN. MEX
*CAPE NATURALISTE. PORT SAID.
*POINT MOORE. Suez.
*BREAKSEA ISLAND. Perim.
The above four Stations are the property ADEN.
of the Government of Western Australia, CAPE SPARTEL.
and are controlled by the Harbour and TENERIFFE.