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The river Humber is under the jurisdiction of the Humber Conservancy.
Brokers.-Thos. & S. Oates.
GUARDBRIDGE, or Eden Water, Fifeshire, a creek of St. Andrews. D. HWST. 9ft.
GUERNSEY.-See Channel Islands.
GUNNEL, a creek of Padstow. D. HWST. 21ft, HWNT.12ft 6in. GWEEK, a creek of Port of Falmouth. D. HWST. 14ft,
HARRINGTON, Cumberland. Lat. 54 37′ N; long. 3° 34′ W. A small port 5 miles N. of Whitehaven. A station on the Whitehaven & Penrith Ry. Tr.-I. Iron ore, gannister, sand and coals. E. Rails, pig iron, tin bars. Auth. The Harbour Board. Accn. Area of inner Harbour 2 acres; quayage, 1250 ft. D. En. and quays. NT. 9 to 1oft; ST. 15 to 16ft. Used by vessels of up to 800 tons, ST. THW. f. and c. 11h 15m. Seven cranes, 2 to 10 tons.
on 50% of gross tonnage;
Charges.-Home trade: In, 2d.
HARTLAND. Devonshire. Lat. 51° 2' N; long. 4° 30′ W. A small harb., dry at LW., accommodating one vessel of 75 tons. Owned by Sir G. Stuckley, Bart., of Moreton, Bideford. Dry at LW, 18ft HWST. THW. f. and c. 5h 56m. HARTLEPOOL, West, and HARTLEPOOL, Durham. Lat. 54° 41' N ; long. 1° 11' W. Pop. 75,000. Auth. All the inner harb. and dock works in the Port of Hartlepool belong to the N. E. Ry. Co. The outer harb. is under the jurisdiction of the Harb. Commrs. at entrance to harb. about 12ft LWOST. THW 3h 28m; Sp. rise, 16ft; N. rise 12ft. W. prev. are W., but the most dangerous are from N. to E. Ry. N.E. Tr.-I. Timber, iron ore, grain, and general; E. Coal, iron, and general. Accn. :
There are three powerful shear legs, two lifting 80 tons each and one 100 tons. On the quays are electric, hydraulic and steam cranes up to 17 tons. Special facilities for shipment of coal in Jackson and Coal Docks, 12 coal spouts, two hydraulic hoists.
Six coal spouts and eight coal drops. Cranes discharge ballast, chalk, &c. Timber pond area, W. Hartlepool, 57 acres. A number of suitable cranes of various capacities for landing timber, &c. Locomotive cranes, up to 5 tons, are available about the quays and timber yards. 120 acres storage of wood goods.
W. Hartlepool is a very important shipbuilding centre, the firm of W. Gray & Co. having in the year 1898 built the largest tonnage of any firm in the United Kingdom. There are also extensive shipbuilding yards owned by Messrs. Furness, Withy & Co., Ltd., the Irvine Shipbuilding and Dry Docks Co., Ltd, and the large marine engineering establishments of Messrs. T. Richardson & Sons, Ltd., and the Central Marine Engine Works, Ltd.
Fleet of powerful tugs, owned by Dock Co.
At the various quays vessels can load and discharge at all times or the tide. Very extensive warehouses and every accn. of a first-class port. Graving Docks, &c., owned by N.E. Ry.:
Charges. Dock and harb. rates vary from 1d to 1/ per ton. Port Commissioners' tolls on cattle d. each, wood d. per load, and general goods id per ton. Wharfage. Harbourage.
Pilotage. District. The Bay of Hartlepool, inside an imaginary line drawn from Black Hall Rocks, about three miles north of Hartlepool, to a point about two miles south of the mouth of the river Tees. Rates, per foot. For every British ship or other vessel piloted and conducted within the Hartlepool Pilotage District 1/6, except coasting vessels and vessels trading between the Elbe and Brest, both inclusive, which from April 1 to October 1, pay at the rate of 1/3. The Commrs. may charge vessels above 400 tons reg. d ton on such excess of reg. ton. over and above that number of tons both inwards and outwards, but this excess does not apply to vessels simply changing ports within the district. Vessels moving from harb. to docks or vice verså: Dock and harb. towage, under 200 tons reg, 5; under 500 tons reg., 7/6. From and to each harb. within the port of Hartlepool :-When any vessel requires to change harbours in the port, the pilotage dues from and after April 1 to October 1, both inclusive, out of Hartlepool docks or harb. at the rate of 74d foot, and into West Hartlepool docks or harb. the same rate; from and after October 1 to April 1 in the following year, both inclusive, out of Hartlepool docks or harb. 9d foot; into West Hartlepool Docks or harb. the same rate, and these dues are payable by vessels changing from the docks or harb. of West Hartlepool to the docks or harb. of Hartlepool. Towage. (East or West). I'd per ton.
Officials.-Man. for N. E. Ry. Co.. G. Nicholson; Colls., J. N. Taylor and J. Edmundson; Goods Agents, J. Thompson and J. Porritt; Dock Masters, Capt. W. Watson and J. B. Millard ; Staith and Ballast Masters, I. G. Wilkinson and F. H. Battersby; Coll. of H. M. Cust., W. Eddy; Lloyd's Agents, Robt. Irvine & Co.
Four miles N. of N. Shields.
This harbour is not used now,
the main entrance being blocked, and the north entrance only used by a few small yachts and fishing boats.
HARWICH, Essex. At the SE. extremity of the estuary of the river Stour. Lat. 51° 56′ N; long. 1° 17' E. Pop. 7,842. Auth. Harbour Conservancy Board, incorporated under Harwich Harbour Act, 1863. Owners of quays and piers, G. E. Rv. Co. P. NC. THW. 12h. 6m; Sp. rise 12ft; N. rise 10ft; D. There is no bar; the depth of LW. at harb. entrance is variable, but vessels of 17ft draught enter at LW. W. prev. E. to SE. in winter; SW. to NW. in summer. Ry. G. E. Coastguard District, Guard Ship, H.M.S. Andromachi Tr.-I. Coal, timber, grain, eggs, butter, cheese, fruit, vegetables, cattle, horses, and every description of general merchandise; E. Cement, stone, general goods, and horses. LV. Norham Castle (s.s.) of 2,667 tons register, and both H.M.S. and Troopers drawing 25ft. Accn. The harb. is formed by the broad estuaries of the Örwell and the Stour. The entrance is between a stone breakwater which runs about 1,500ft out, and a groyn and wooden breakwater at Landguard Point, on the Suffolk shore. Depth of water in harb. 30ft LWST., 27ft NT. Parkeston Quay, erected by the G.E. Ry. Co., is a free quay within the port of Harwich. By discharging at this quay vessels altogether escape the payment of any dock landing or quay dues. The quay is 1,800ft long, with a depth of water at LT. of 16ft, and HT. 27ft 6in. It can be approached at all times. Hook of Holland daily (including Sundays), and Antwerp daily (Sundays excepted), also Rotterdam (cargo only) daily (Sundays included), by G. E. Ry. Co.'s fast steamers, bi-weekly ditto to Hamburg by G.S.N. Co.'s steamers, also four times weekly to and from Esbjerg, Denmark, by steamers of the United S.S. Co. of Copenhagen. Railway trucks run alongside berths. Berthage space for seven steamers, well fitted with hydraulic cranes, capstans, and machinery of the most approved modern type. Extensive warehouse and cattle accn. The quay, &c., is lighted by electric light. Large hotel on quay. There is a patent slip (McLearon's) 140ft long, 35ft wide, with 12ft at OST. and oft at NT. At the entrance of the harb., just opposite Harwich, is the Felixstowe dock (see Felixstowe Dock). Loading and discharging are done by steam cranes of from 1 to 6 tons. Dock dues about 6d per ton cranage extra.
Charges.-Harb. dues id per reg. ton. on all steamers and vessels (but vessels making 10 payments, and steamers making 30 payments per annum are afterwards exempt) and on all other vessels, and cargo vessels, not being steamers in ballast 3d per ton. Quay dues. Felixstowe Dock dues, 3d to 1/, according to distance, and Id for ballast.
Pilotage.-District. To and from the Wallet, Hoseley Bay, or the Sunk Light, into and out of Harwich Harb., and up the river Stour to Manningtree, and vice versa. Rates. From sea or Orfordness to Harwich Harb., under 10ft 42, 10 to 13ft 63, 13ft and upwards 84/; from the Rolling Grounds to Harwich Harb., under 10ft 21/, 10 to 13ft 31,6, 13ft and upwards 42/; from Harwich Harb. to sea or Orfordness, under 10ft 31/6, 10 to 13ft 42/; 13ft and upwards 63/; from Harwich Harb. to the Rolling Grounds, twothirds of the above. For the river Stour:-From an imaginary straight line, drawn from Shotley Point Martello Tower to the tall chimney of the Harwich Cement Works, to Wrabness, and vice verså 1/3 per keel; from Wrabness to Mistley and back, inclusive, 3/ per keel; from Mistley to Manningtree, and vice verså 1] per keel,
Towage. As per agreement.
Officials.-Gen. Man. G. E. Ry., J. F. S. Gooday; Continental Traffic Man., C. Busk; Clerk to Harb. Board, R. S. Barnes; Harb. Master, A. A. Muter; Marine Supt. G. E. Ry., D. Howard; Coll. and Surv. H.M. Cust., T. P. Major; Lloyd's Agents, Groom & Sons.
Hotels. "Great Eastern," "Three Cups," 66 Pier," and "White Hart." HASTINGS, Sussex. An Act to construct a harbour at Hastings was passed August 4th, 1890. The work of construction commenced May, 1896, has been discontinued, but the Corporation have obtained powers from Parliament to assist Commissioners, and it is hoped to resume the work of construction shortly.
Official.-Clerk to the Commissioners, Arthur F. Watson. HAVERFORD WEST, on the Cleddy, near Milford. D. HWST. 1oft, N. 4ft. Charges.-Harb. dues, id per reg. ton. Officials.-Harb. Master, R. A. G. James; Deputy II. M., W. G. Skinner.
HAUXLEY, Northumberland. Lat. 55° 19' N; long. 1° 35′ W. No harb. auth. Dry LW, when the rocks with a gutway between them offer slight protection. THW. f. and c. 3h 5m. Coast Guard Station.
HAYLE, Cornwall. Lat. 50° 11′ 30′′ N ; long. 5° 26' W ; 3 miles SE. of St. Ives. Auth. Owners, Messrs. Harvey & Co., Ltd., of Hayle. THW. f. and C. 4h 58m, same as Cork. D. Dry at LW. Ent. 92 yds. apart, 12ft water. Depth of water alongside quay same as at old dock sill at Liverpool. Tr.-I. Coal, timber, sulphur, ore, culm, iron, bricks, wheat &c.; E. Copper ore, slag, tin, flour. Accn. Length of quays about a mile. Steam cranes 7d per ton, including labour. If vessel provides labour, use of crane 4d per ton. Discharging coal without steam, Id per ton per man employed. Fixed cranes capable of lifting 30 tons. There is a gridiron for ships 150ft x 40ft. A lifeboat station. Ry. The G. W. main line passes through the town with branches to the quays.
Charges.-Harb. dues, Is. 6d. per vessel; buoyage, 35. per vessel; no tonnage dues. Ballast from river 1/1 per ton on board;
water, 6d. coasters; Is. foreign.
Pilotage.-Foreign: Less than 1oft, 2/ per foot; 10 to 12ft. 2/6; 12 to 14ft, 3/; 14 to 16ft, 3/6; 16ft and upwards 4/. Coasting : under 50 tons 6s in and 4s out; 50-75, 7s 6d in, 5s out; 75-100, 10s in, 6s out; above 100 1d per ton in, 3d out; steam, whatever register, Id per ton in, and d out. Boats and hobblers: inside St. Ires harb., 3s hob. and 35 boat; outside 35 6d and 35 6d foreign; coastwise the same. Inside Chapel Anjou pt., 3s and 38 foreign, and 2s and 2s coastwise; outside 3s 6d and 3s 6d, and 2s 6d and 25 6d coastwise. Inside Port Reath harb., 35 and 35 foreign, and 25 6d and 25 6d coast. Pilots detained 6s for day of 24 hours. The limits are from Cape Cornwall to Trevose Head.
Officials.-Harb. Master, J. Hampton; Harb. Official and Coll. of Dues, Henry Thomas, Harb. Office; Lloyd's Agent, John Vivian ; Customs Officer, R. Graham
Hotel." White Hart," proprietor, W. H. Trevena.
HEACHAM, a creek of King's Lynn, in the Wash, for colliers and small craft.
HEBRIDES, or Western Islands, W. coast Scotland. Lat. between 55° 20′ and 58° 30′ N; long. between 5° o' and 8° o' W. Pop. about 100,000. The extent of the group (comprising about 300 islands) covers an area of about 180 miles by 30. Principal islands are Lewis and the small adjacent islands belonging to Ross-shire. Harris (S. part of Lewis) N & S Uist, Benbecula, Skye, Barra, Eig, and the small adjacent islands belonging to Inverness-shire. Rum, Muck, Canna, Tiree, Mull, Lismore, Staffa, Luing, Scarba, Colonsay, Oransay, Jura, Isla, Gigha, Cara, &c., belonging to the Co. of Argyle. Bute, Arran, Cumbraes, Inchmarnock, and the Islands lying within the Frith of Clyde, belonging to Buteshire. Total area about 3,000 square miles. HEDON HAVEN, Yorkshire. A small harb. Humber, 4 miles below Hull. Auth. Commissioners, by statute 20th May, 1774. W. prev. SW. Used by vessels of up to 100 tons.
Official. Clerk, James Watson.
HELFORD RIVER, Cornwall. About I mile from the sea. The river discharges into a haven deep
enough or vessels of 200 tons-and about a mile wide.
Official. Station Officer.
HELIERS, ST., Jersey.-See Channel Islands.
HELMSDALE, Sutherland, Scotland. Lat. 58° 6' N; long. 3° 39′ W. Auth. Duke of Sutherland (per D. McLean, Factor). D. Sp. 12 ft to 13ft, N. 9ft to 10ft. THW. at f. and c. 11h 32m. W. prev. W. to SW., dangerous SE. to SW. Tr. -I. and E. chiefly coals, staves, salt, hoops, and cured herrings. Charges. — Harb, dues, vessels coasting 4d per reg. ton, to or from any port in Europe 6d per ton. Outside Europe 8d per ton. Vessels windbound half dues. Receiving ballast, 1/; discharging, 8d per ton. LV. 435 tons reg. Pilotage.-Outwards and inwards 3d per reg. ton; for one tide on board inside harb. 5s per man; for every 24 hours on board outside harb. 10s.
Official. Harb. Master and Coll., Donald Mackay.
HERM ISLAND, Channel Islands (opposite Guernsey). HERNE BAY, Kent, an open beach and watering place. A pier about mile long.
HESKETH BANK, a creek of Fleetwood.
HEYSHAM, Lancashire. Lat. 54 2′ N; long. 2 55 W. Opened in Sept., 1904, for the Heysham-to-Belfast route to Ireland. Auth. The Midland Ry. Co. D. at En. 17ft, at first stage 14ft. Accn. A large quay with passenger station alongside. Two large goods sheds. Seven electric 5-ton cranes, four steam 5-ton and one 20-ton cranes; gridiron under construction. Tr.-I. and E. General goods, pig iron, iron ore, cattle, horses, &c. Charges.--Harb. dues, foreign 3d per reg. ton, coastal Id; light dues 3d per ton per voyage.
Official.-Harb. Master, Capt. M. Beasley.
HOLLAND, NEW, Lincolnshire. Opposite Hull. (See Grimsby.)