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of large size may lie, is 550ft long by 8oft wide, and has 36ft of water, allowing margin for the largest draught merchant vessels afloat, and there is also extensive wharfage accn., and a large landing-stage upwards of 1,000ft long. These docks are in direct communication with all the different railways. In the Royal Victoria Dock are special accommodation for receiving and storing Australian and New Zealand sheep and American beef and mutton in refrigerating chambers capable of holding 568,400 carcases at a time, and facilities for landing and storing grain and tobacco. In the Albert Docks there are two dry docks, one 501ft in length, the other 408ft 6in. Both the Victoria and Albert Docks have extensive shed accn. and are lighted by the electric light. The Gallions Hotel and Central Buffet (Albert Dock) are the property of the Dock Co. The Railway Depôt, East Smithfield, is connected with the docks by frequent trains. Here goods are distributed for the warehouses, for London, and for all parts of the kingdom. There are cranes of the most approved type in the Albert Docks, and there are also two floating steam cranes capable of lifting 30 tons and 50 tons, available for service at any part of the docks, and a fixed hydraulic crane to lift about 15 tons. The charges of THE LONDON & INDIA DOCKS Co. include so many different classifications and special descriptions that space does not allow a record of them. Indeed the same remark applies equally to the charges of all the London companies. The Cutler-street warehouses occupy five acres in the centre of the City, and are largely used for the storage of valuable goods.

220

THE EAST AND WEST INDIA DOCK estate, now the property of the London and India Docks Company, comprises the East India Docks at Blackwall, the West India Docks and the South West India Docks at Poplar, the Tilbury Docks opposite Gravesend, the Depot in Commercial-road, and the warehouse in Crutched Friars. The East India Docks and West India Docks (154 acres of land and 128 acres of water, with warehouse accommodation for 212,000 tons), are in direct communication with all the principal railways. The cranage power consists of 213 hydraulic, 25 steam, and 25 electric travelling cranesalso of a floating derrick (lifting power 30 tons). In consequence of the increasing size of vessels, the Company have constructed at Blackwall, on the site of the old lock, a new and larger entrance 48oft long, 60ft wide, and 30ft over the sills. They have also enlarged the South West India Dock entrance lock, the length of which is now 480ft and the depth 29ft. The width of the cuts from the basin to the import and export docks has also been increased to 60ft, and the depth to 30ft over the sills. At the West India Docks there is extensive accommodation for the timber trade and frozen meat business, also a depôt for wines and spirits (storage capacity 40,000 puncheons). The docks at Tilbury, about 20 miles from London Bridge, in direct communication with all the principal railways, comprise :-The tidal basin, with a water area of 17 acres, has an average depth at LW. of 26ft, whilst at ordinary HW the depth of water is 45ft; the water on the outer sill of lock being 25ft and 44ft respectively. The tidal basin is provided with three quays, having upon them commodious sheds. Two of the quays are 60oft long each, and by previous arrangement with Dock Superintendent

passengers may land or embark thereon. They are provided with railway platforms (at which special trains to and from London and any part of the country may arrive or depart), baggage sheds, book. PARTICULARS OF LONDON & INDIA Docks.

SHIPPING WORLD

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ing offices, waiting-rooms, lavatories, and other conveniences for passenger traffic. The other quay referred to is 300ft long. All of these quays are provided with steam and hydraulic cranes, so that

transhipment and other goods may be landed from or delivered to steamers. There are also inner docks, and 511 acres of land. The quays of the tidal basin are fitted with sheds and cranes for the discharge and loading of baggage and cargo. At the NW. quay. there is a large business in transhipment and other goods to and from the Continent. The lock leading from the basin to the inner docks is 80ft wide and 700ft long. Parallel with the lock are two sets of dry docks, 846ft long, one being 70ft wide with a depth of 35ft on the sill; and the other 60ft wide with a depth of 30ft. These docks can be entered from either the basin or inner docks. Each set can be divided into two docks of either 526ft long and 296, or 476 and 346, or 426 and 396 by means of movable caissons. The inner docks (depth 38ft) consist of a main dock (1,800ft long, 600ft wide) and three branch docks each 1,600ft long. The quays of these docks (2 miles in length) are fitted with 26 sheds (each 300ft long and 120ft wide), with lines of rail in front and at the back of each shed. The cranage power consists of 67 movable hydraulic cranes and a floating derrick capable of lifting 50 All of the docks are lighted by the electric light. Officials.-London & India Docks Co.: Managers, F. Greenway and T. Hardy; Secretary, J. G. Broodbank; Engineer, C. E. Vernon; Superintendents: H. Norris (London and St. Katharine Docks), W. Wright (East and West India Docks), E. H. Baily (Royal Victoria Dock and Royal Albert Dock), J. Braithwaite (Tilbury Dock), H. I. Lefeaux (Town Warehouses); Dock Masters Capt. C. B. Ayerst (East India Dock), Capt. W. E. Dove (West India Docks), Capt. D. R. Buchan (Tilbury Dock), Capt. D. G. Thomson (London Dock), Capt. J. Finch (St. Katharine Dock), Capt. T. J. Uren (Royal Victoria and Albert Docks).

tons.

Chief Office, Dock House, 109, Leadenhall Street, E.C.

THE SURREY COMMERCIAL DOCKS occupy nearly the whole of a peninsula in the Thames, between the Lower Pool and Limehouse Reach. The principal trade of these docks is in timber, grain, and seed. The total area of the dock premises is 453 acres; the total water area 167 acres, of which 104 acres are deep water docks; 63

SURREY COMMERCIAL DOCKS.

Albion
Surrey Basin.

Canada.

Island.

Stave

Russia.

South

acres.

11

2

15

There are fourriver entrances to these Docks, viz.

Depth

jon sill

21

Name.

The South Lock.
Lavender Lock..

Length. Width.

ft.

220

320

250

ft.

ft.

48

27

34

18

50 271

Greenland.

Norway

8 Surrey Lock.

Greenland Lock*

Lady.. Timber Ponds. 63 A new Dock has been constructed upon the site of the old Greenland Dock, extended so as to communicate with the Canada Dock. This new dock is 2,350ft in length by 370ft in breadth, covering an area of about 21 acres, with a new entrance lock 550ft in length, 8oft in width, and a depth of 33ft below THW.

The New Greenland Lock, now nearing completion, is 550ft long and Soft oroad, with 33ft water on sill below THW.

acres timber ponds, &c. Lock and communication acres. There are sheds for the storage of prepared wood goods covering about 50 The area of acres, and granary accommodation for 270,000 qrs.

N

The

piling ground for the storage of wood cargoes is 205 acres.
length of the quayage available for use by vessels is about 5 miles.
The Surrey Canal-the property of the Dock Company-which is
over 4 miles in extent, and has a total area (land and water) of about
81 acres, runs from the docks at Rotherhithe to Camberwell, with a
branch to Peckham. The docks are in communication with the
L.B. & S.C. Ry., on the south of the Thames, and with the various
railways on the north of the river. Charges.-Tonnage rates on
steamers and sailing vessels vary from 44d to 1/ reg. ton. for dues,
and id per ton gross for rent per week.

Officials.-Sec., T. H. Cullis; Supts., C. J. Thompson and G. H. Monk; Engineer, J. S. Gaskell; Dock Masters, Capt. Welch, Capt. T. L. Salmon and Capt. T. Metham.

Chief Office, Dock House, 106, Fenchurch Street, E.C.

THE MILLWALL DOCKS are situate on the Isle of Dogs, immeRailway entrance from River diately south of the West India Docks. the Millwall Junction Station of the N.L. & B. Rys. entrance from Limehouse Reach, just opposite the Deptford Victualling Yard, and about two-thirds of a mile south of the The entrance lock entrance to the South West India Dock. is 450ft long and 80ft wide, depth on sill, 28ft below Trinity H.W.M. It is crossed by the West Ferry-road, opening on to the outer dock, which occupies the whole of the shorter, and about a third of the longer limb. The docks are in the form of the rather narrow gnomon of a parallelogram, about 800yds x 60cyds. The The longer arm, running north and south, is 350ft wide, and the shorter arm, which runs east and west, also 350ft wide. length of the dock quays is 3,040 yards. There are 71 hydraulic cranes ranging from 30 cwt to 15 tons capacity, and a steam The whole system covers about 233 power sheers of 80 tons. acres-36 of water and 197 of land. The docks are in communication with all the principal railway systems N. and S. of the Thames. The principal business is with steamers, chiefly to and from European and American ports. During the past four years considerable improvements have been made in appliances for handling and storing both grain and timber, which represent the chief Extensive granary accommodation, elevaimports at these docks. tors 500 tons per hour, sheds for storage of wood goods under cover. Within the Millwall Dock is a dry dock, 450ft by 65ft by 20ft over the blocks.

Officials.-Chairman, John Trotter; Gen. Man. and Engineer, F. E. Duckham, M. Inst.C.E.; Sec., W. S. T. Biggs; Supt., G. Hazlehurst; Dock Master, Capt. G. Belton.

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66

66

97 66

Offices, Dock House, 1, Railway Place, Fenchurch Street, E.C. Hotels. Bedford,' "Grand," "Victoria," "Metropole,' "Carlton,' Savoy,' Cecil," &c. LONDONDERRY, Ulster. On the river Foyle, 23 miles from the sea. Lat. 55° 1' N ; long. 7° 18′ W. Pop. 39,873. Auth. Port and Harbour Commissioners, under Acts 17 and 18 Vict., c.177; 37 and 38 Vict. c. 49, and 45 and 46 Vict., c. 142. P. C. THW. f. and c. 8h Im; Sp. The channel winds towards Derry, rise 7ft; N. rise 6ft. D. with a depth of about 16ft at LWST., deeping as the town is neared from 3 and 4 to 6 and 7 fathoms Rys. B. & N.C., G.N.R., L. & L.S.R. & D. R. Tr.-I. Timber, grain, iron, coal, flax,

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seed, flour, and guano; E. Principally agricultural produce.
Accn. Harbour is large and commodious; the quay-side extends
for about two miles along the river; vessels may anchor
anywhere in front of the town ready for hauling alongside
the quays.
There is a graving dock 304ft long (on floor),
50ft wide at entrance, depth of water HWST. 15ft 9in; NT.
13ft. A shipbuilding yard adjoins the graving dock. One 60-ton,
with 10-ton quick lift, one 3-ton, four 2-*on, and one I-ton cranes.
Charges.-Tonnage rates vary from 4d to 9d ton.

Pilotage. District. From one mile outside or seaward of the North-east Buoy on the Tuns Bank to Bridge at Londonderry. Rates per vessel. Inwards: -7ft and under, 14/, 7ft and under 8ft, 2/, 8ft and under 9ft, 2/2, 9ft and under 1oft, 2/4, 1oft and under 11ft, 2/8, 11ft and under 12ft, 3/, 12ft and under 13ft, 3/4, 13ft and under 14ft, 3/8, 14ft and under 15ft, 4, 15ft and upwards 4/4 foot, and inches in proportion. Outwards :-7ft and under, 10/6, 7ft and under 8ft, 1/6, 8ft and under 9ft, 1/9, 9ft and under 1oft, 2/, 10ft and under 11ft, 2/3,

Ift and under 12ft, 2/6, 12ft and under 13ft, 2/9, 13ft and
under 14ft, 3, 14ft and under 15ft 3/3, 15ft and upwards 3/6
foot, and inches in proportion. Vessels of 75 tons register and
under and colliers outwards, when sailing in ballast, free. Vessels
of 30 tons burthen per register and under, pay 15/6 inward, and
10/6 outward; windbound vessels half pilotage in and half pilotage
out, to or from Moville or Quigley's Point. All vessels laden with
bark under 120 tons, pay 6d foot extra pilotage; 120 tons and
not ex. 150 tons 9d; exceeding 150 tons 1/ foot extra.
All ships
from, or if bound to, foreign ports having on board half their
reg. tonnage of cargo, or with passengers to pay 4d foot pilotage,
in addition to the above rates. Vessels trading to and from this port
and harbour, and not proceeding further up the river than
Carickarory Pier or Moville, pay one-half pilotage inwards and
one-half pilotage outwards; not proceeding further than Quigley's
Point, two-thirds pilotage inwards and two-thirds pilotage
outwards. Vessels which have cleared the lough and by stress of
weather obliged to return pay one-third in and one-third out,
provided they do not anchor above Quigley's Point. If above
that, or at the ship quay, half pilotage. Pilots detained on board

vessels, or in Derry, are entitled to 7/6 per day.

Towage. As per agreement.

Officials.-Sec. to Commrs. Jas. Dawson; Harb. Master, William Hamilton; Coll. H.M. Cust., J. T. Saunders; Lloyd's Agent, J. W. Corbett & Son.

Hotels. "Ulster," "Imperial,"

"City," "Roddy's,"

"Northern Counties," &c.

LONG HOPE, Orkney, port of Kirkwall. D. 3 to 6 fms LW.
Official.-Pier Master, R. Foubister.

LONG ISLAND CHANNEL, Co. Cork, creek of Skibbereen,
near entrance to Schull.

D.

of anchorage, 30 to 36ft. No dues.

LOOE, E. and W., Cornwall. Lat. 50° 42' N; long. 4° 27' W; situated on both sides of the river Looe. Direct rail communicaTr.-I. Coal, manure, &c. Used by colliers D. at LW. 2ít and at A lifeboat station.

Auth. Commissioners, under Act, 1848. tion; junction at Liskeard. W. prev. SE. timber, stone, &c.; E. Granite, grain, fish, drawing up to 12ft. THW. f. and c. 5h 26m. HWST. 13ft. Crane power to 15 tons.

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