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Unloading, cotton 10s per 100 bales of ton, rice 4d per ton, general 73d per ton; loading general, same as discharging, from Sod to 120d per ton weight or measurement. Pilotage. C. Official. H.B.M.'s Vice Consul, F. Oliver; Lloyd's Agents, Claussen & Wieting.
BREST, France. Lat. 48 23' ; long. 4 29' W. Pop. Brest and suburbs, 74,538. Tr.-I. Principally coal, cement, timber, and guano; E. strawberries, vegetables, barley, potatoes, and farm produce. Accn. Five basins or inner harbs. Railway alongside the Commercial Basins. The outer harb. has a uniform depth of 27ft at LT. The average depth of water in the basins is-No. 1, LT. deepest part, 7ft, HW. 19ft; No. 2, LT. 9ft. HW. 31ft; No. 3, the same as No. 2; No. 4, with gridiron, HW. between 10 and 12ft; No. 5, at LW. between 25 and 26ft, HW, in proportion. There are nine graving docks, owned by the Government, two gridirons, and one careening wharf. As a port of refuge Brest stands almost unrivalled in Europe. Travelling cranes to lift from 1 to 5 tons, also floating cranes. Charges. All goods landed pay Id per ton or fraction of a ton for each kind of merchandise. Quay dues 50c reg. ton. Sanitary dues id per reg. ton for coasting vessels, and id for long voyage vessels. For construction of new commercial graving dock 5d per reg. ton. Brokerage is 50c per ton delivered. Gridiron id per day per reg. ton. Pilotage. Inwards on a vessel of 300 reg. tons landing about 450 tons of cargo, and leaving in ballast £5 8s 6d; outwards 2 8s. There are no port dues or charges levied on vessels coming into Brest for shelter, or without landing or shipping cargo. Those taking in coal only pay 5d per H. P. brokerage. Towage. Roads to Commercial Port 3d per reg. ton. Brokers. MM. Jouve et Le Depensier, and MM. Descamps and Nicolas. Officials. Lloyd's Agent, M. Huau; Harbour Master, M. Trocmé; H.B.M.'s Consul, Capt. H. Gye, RN.; Vice-Consul, W. Sterling.
BREVIG, Norway. Tr.-I. Principally coals; E. Wood and ice. Accn. Depth of water to admit largest ships No dry docks, but good accommodation for repairing sh ps. Loading and unloading charges mo erate. Steam tugs on shortest notice. Land and steamer communication with E., W. and interior. Charges. No harbour dues. Pilotage. C. No reduction for towing by steam. All charges and rates same as in other Norwegian ports. Officials. Harb. Mast., R. Larsen; Comp. of Cust., C. F. Berg.
BRIDGEPORT, Connecticut, U.S. Lat. 41° 0′ 9′′ N. ; long. 73 14' 25 W. Pop. 82,128. Tr.-I. Lumber, lath, pig and scrap iron, wood and salt. Accn. LW. 15 to 16ft; R. of T. 6ft. Vessels of 21ft can cross outer bar at high water. Narrowest width of channel 300ft. Channel from inner basin to Naugatuck Dock 700ft. Pilotage. C. 6/2 ft. Towage. L1 to £5, according to size. Rys. New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad; Naugatuck and Housatonic Railroad. Officials. Harb. Master and Bailiff, C. H. Fleming; Collector of Customs, F. J. Naramore.
Lat. 13° 5' N; long. 59° 41′ W. Pop. of island about 182,000. Tr.-I. Coal, hardware, lumber, dry goods, food stuffs, &c. E. Sugar, molasses, tamarinds, aloes, and mineral oil. Accn. Carlisle
Bay is a fine large roadstead, where the largest ships may safely anchor. Vessels up to 17ft dft. can discharge or load inside the careenage, alongside the quay. Crane to lift 13 tons. The Barbadoes Screw Lifting Dock is now avail ble for vessels drawing up to 14ft. It is capable of lifting 1,200 tons dead weight, but being built inside the careen ge vessels drawing much over 14ft cannot cross the bar at the entrance. Extreme length of dock, 240ft ; breadth, 46ft. Steamers can be coaled at the rate of 40 to 50 tons per hour; a stock of best Welsh steam and American coal always on hand. There are two tugs be onging to the Government, the Ida and Lady Hay. They are also the Government water boats. Charges. Careenage dues, 1d a ton per day; d. if not working. Tonnage dues, on all loaded vessels, in or out, 24c reg. ton. Harb. Master's fee, $3. Customs, bond, $3. Harb. police fee $2 to $4. Pilotage. NC. From sea to any berth for anchorage, from $2 to $7. Vessels only calling for orders or provisions, and not coming to an entry at Customs, pay only $3, or 12s 6d. Officials. Harb. Master and Supt. Mercantile Marine, John K. Kirkham; Lloyd's Agent, M. Cavan & Co.
BRIDGEWATER, N.S. Lat. 44° 14' N; long. 64° 19' W. Pop. About 3,000. Situated near the navigable head of the La-Have River, about 15 miles from Mosher's Head. Tr.-E. Deals, boards, scantling, shingles, lathes, woodpulp, bark, and wood. En. The main entrance to La-Have River is between Mosher's Head and Ironbound Island, lat. 44° 14' N ; long. 64° 18′ W. Accn. The br, about 1 mile inside Mosher's Head, has a depth of 14ft at LW. and 19ft at HWNT., and, say, about 21ft at HWST. Loading Vessels usually load to 15ft at the wharfs, and then move down the river about 24 miles, where their loading is completed. Western Channel: By using the western channel, which is narrow and crooked, vessels drawing 24ft can load 2 miles from the wharves, always afloat. Charges. Stevedores for loading boards, deals, and scantling, 35c to 45c per 1,000 superficial feet; ordinary labourers, $1.25 per day. Harb. master, from 50c to $5, as per size of vessel. Hospital dues, 2c per ton reg. Towage. According to size of vessel and distance towed, from $50 to $75 inwards and outwards for vessels of about 600 tons. Pilotage. No licensed pilots, but by flying the usual signal off the entrance a fisherman can be obtained as pilot. $10 to $15, as pr agreement, is about the usual charges for piloti g inwards. Vessels towing to sea do not take pilots. As a port of ca'l, the La-Have is convenient, being easy of access and good anchorage between the Bar and Spectacle Island. Telephone and telegraph communications here.
BRINDISI, Italy. Lat. 40° 39′ 27′′ N; long. 17° 58′ 45′′ E Pop. About 23,000. Tr.-I. Coal, sugar, coffee, wheat, and flour; E. Olive oil, wine, and country produce. Accn. Vessels drawing 26 to 27ft, there being a depth of 10 metres both in inner and outer harbs., can lie alongside quays; no dry dock accommodation, but the harb. is safe and large. The outer harb. has over 10 metres depth in the fairway and at anchorage. The greater part of the inner harb. has been dredged to 10 metres. A new quay wall is under construction on the western side of the harbour channel; when completed, the channel will be 100 metres wide and 10 metres deep, with quay accommodation on both sides. There are
two small cranes lifting up to 5 tons. Discharge. As a rule the rate of discharge is fixed by charterparties at 500 tons per diem, and certain consignees, the railways, for instance, limit the discharge to that quantity; a larger discharge, say, 1,000 to 1,400 tons per diem is arranged for when chartering. Charges. Expenses of a steamer of 1,400 tons net reg., with a cargo of 2,600 to 2,700 tons of coal inwards, empty outwards, 3 to 4 days in port, about £220 Harb. dues, 140 lira per net ton reg. Pilotage depends on where pilot is embarked, if from outside, including pilotage outwards, a little more than 11c per net reg. ton, besides a small charge for moving, &c. There are mail steamer departures. Officials. Port Officer, from the Capt. of Port at Taranto; H.B.M.'s Consul, S. G. Cocote; Lloyd's Agents, Nervegna Bros.
BRISBANE, Australia. Lat. 27° 28′ S; long. 153° 6' E. Pop. 51,680. Tr.-I. General merchandise; E. Coal, sheep, wool. Accn. Vessels of 25ft come to wharves with good tides. See Moreton Bay and Cooktown.
BROUWERSHAVEN, Holland. Lat. 51° 44′ N; long. 3° 55'E. A port of call. Accn. Brouwershaven is accessible from sea for ships of any size or draught at any tide. Good leading lights. There is a large anchor road with the best holding ground. Since the new waterway for Rotterdam has improved, navigation is lessened a good deal here. Charges. No harb. dues or charges, except the usual pilotage; tariff fixed by Government. Tonnage as in Rotterdam. Official. British Consular Agent, G. A. de Kater, and the only ship agent, under the firm of J. de Kater, Jr.
BRUGES, Belgium. Lat 51° 12/ N; long. 3° 14' E. Pop. 54,961. Tr.-I. Wool, cotton, dye-wood, wine, grain, coal, salt, wood, metals, &c.; E. Lace, cattle, chicory, oak bark, rags. bones, marble, fruits, and hay. Accn. Length of dock, 820ft; width, 393ft; quayage, 1,213ft. W. of E. 40ft. Depth of water in dock. 14ft. The port is reached by a canal from Ostend ; depth in canal, 14ft; width of bridges. 40ft. Besides the dock there is 7.000ft of the canal suitable for ships' berths. An extensive modern dock is in course of construction, communicating through a large canal 26't deep with Zeebrugge, and is expected to be opened in 1905. One fixed crane lifting 10 tons. Charges. On a vessel of 92 tons, about £975 (via Ostend). Dock dues, 1d. per r.t.; no canal dues. Towage. By horses. 2 horses cost 16/ to 20/; 3, 20/ to 24; and rod to conductor. Officials. Capt. of the Port, A. Ferdinande; British Vice-Consul, W. G. E. Hervey. Brokers. W. Thooris, E. Minne and Co., and L. Vande Pitte; Lloyd's Agent, W. Neuts, Ostend.
BRUNEI, Borneo. Lat. 4° 52' 40" N; long. 114° 55′ 20′′ E. Pop. 6,000. Tr.-I. (almost entirely from Singapore) Cotton cloths, gold thread, brassware, iron, rice, opium, tobacco, salt, earthenware, &c.; E. Cutch, sago flour, indiarubber, gutta percha, bees' wax, hides, and rattans. Accn. 15ft is the greatest depth on the inner bar at high water Charges. By treaty with Great Britain a duty of $1 ton is leviable on British shipping in lieu of all other charges. Pilotage. No pilots obtainable. Officials. Port Auth., H.H. the Sultan H.B.M.'s Consul, G, Hewett,
Lat. 31° 15' N; long. BRUNSWICK, Georgia, U.S. 81° 30' W. Pop. 12,000. Tr.-E. Pitch-pine, timber and lumber, and other hard woods, naval stores, cotton, staves, shingles, cross ties, phosphate, pig iron, and provisions. Accn. Vessels can cross the bar with 22ft water NT., and 24ft ST. Distance from bar to Brunswick 13 miles. This port has the advantage of having National Quarantine station in the harbour, where vessels subject to Quarantine Rules are unloaded and disinfected free of charge. Good for vessels seeking charters for lumber or naval stores ports. Repairing shops and gridirons. Charges. Loading, 85c per M ft lumber, 6c barrel of turpentine of 40 gallons, and 3c per barrel of rosin of 310 lbs. Wharfage 10c per reg. ton of ship free on lumber and timber, and on turpentine, rosin, &c.; but vessels with ballast not subject to the quarantine regulations have to pay 15c per ton for wharfage and wheeling away said ballast at the city docks. Pilotage. For St. Simon's Bar and Turtle River, 94ft $27.75, 1oft $31.75, 12ft $43.75, 13ft $49.25, 16ft $79, 19ft $105, 21ft $129, 23ft $195, others at corresponding rates. Varies from £2 10s 9d (bar) and 1 5s 44d (river) to £27 98 9§d (bar) and £13 148 103d (river), according to actual dft in and out. Towage. From sea to Brunswick, and to sea 25c per ton, but when there is competition between tug boats lower rates are sometimes obtainable. Rly. The Brunswick and Birmingham Railway is fast being built, has already in operation 160 miles of track, and is greatly contributing to increase the business of the port, as it goes through a vast area of virgin timber lands, and when reaching Birmingham will have its share in transporting to this coast the mineral wealth of that territory. Officials. H. B.M.'s Vice-Consul, R. Torras; Lloyd's Agent, W. M. Tupper.
BRUSSELS, Belgium. Lat. 50° 51′ N; long. 4° 20' E. Pop. 448,088. Tr.-I. Biscuits, preserved goods, cement, wine, timber, cheese, cotton goods, wood, &c.; E. Plate and window glass, iron, sugar, marble, glassware, candles, nails, &c. Accn. Is connected with Willebroek by a canal with sufficient depth of water to allow vessels and steamers drawing not more than 10ft to come up to the city. Crane to lift 15 tons. Charges. No dock, wharf, or light dues. For a vessel of 100 tons, ballast out, £5 4s 10d. Pilotage. From Antwerp to canal:
From entrance of canal to Brussels, 9/6. Hotel. "Grand."
BUCTOUCHE, Canada. Lat. 46° 27' N.; long. 64° 4′ W.
Timber. Accn. The river has two bars, inner 9 to 12ft, outer
BUDRUM, Turkey. Lat. 37° 1′ 52′′ N ; long. 27° 27′ 35′′ E. Accn. Harb. about a quarter of a mile wide, inside it is well sheltered. It can take vessels of 18ft dft. The anchorage in the outer bay is in 11 fms.
BUENAVENTURA, U.S. Columbia. Lat. 3° 49′ 28′′ N ; long. 77° 10' 40" W. Pop. About 1,100. Tr.-I. Salt, garlic, straw hats, hammocks; E. Cocoa, rum, sugar, hides, tobacco. Accn. Vessels of 24ft dft. can reach the town. Pilotage. Can be obtained at Basan Point, the N. point of entrance. British Consular Agent, T. J. Stannage.
BUENOS AYRES, Argentine Republic. Lat. 34° 36′ S. long. 58° 22′ W. Pop. 8co,000. Tr.I. Coal, iron, lumber, hardware, dry goods, wines, provisions, and manufactured goods; E. Wool, hides, tallow, horns, bones, wheat, maize, &c. Accn. The entrance canal has usually 19 to 20ft of water, and during the S. and SE. winds has sometimes as much as 23ft; but with a N. wind depth is reduced to 17ft and 16ft. D. of water in dock is 2ft to 3ft more than in the entrance channel. Vessels drawing too much water to enter Boca or Madero docks have to discharge at La Plata, 35 miles S. Hydraulic cranes and warehouses are available along the quays. Two dry docks capable of taking any light merchant vessel. Great improvements have been recently made, including 25 acres of water space, and a dock of 23 acres, over 8,000ft of quays, another dock of 27 acres, and basin of 40 acres. The north channel has been dredged to 23ft. Charges. Entrance dues. Steamers in the Boca del Riachuelo with packet privileges, which are granted on payment of $150 currency, and exempts them from many vexatious regulations and secures them quicker despatch, pay 15c. ton reg., and 2c. per day permanence dues for first 100 tons, and Ic. per day for each additional 100 tons. Sailers and steamers without packet privileges 35c. ton reg. All vessels pay 2c. per ton per day permanence dues at Madero floating dock (Darsena). Light dues 7c. per ton reg.; in ballast one-half Sanitary fees 2c. per ton reg if clean, and 4c. if with foul bill of health. All these charges are for gold, except the first. Towage. Including pilotage. Pilotage. From roads to different sections of harbour, and docks, sailers and steamers to 500 tons, $7 to $12; to 1,000 tons, $9 to $14: 1,500 tons, $12 to $17; 2,000 tons, $14 to $19; 2,500 tons, $16 to $21; 3,000 tons, $19 to $24; 3,500 tons, $22 to $27; 4,000 tons, $25 to $30. Shifting in port, $2.50 to $8, according to tonnage. Officials. Prefecto Gen. de Marina, Luis Garcia; H B.M.'s Consul, A. C. Ross, C. B.; Vice-Consul, W. H. M. Sinclair.
BULL'S RIVER, U,S. Lat. 32 20' N ; long. 80° 40′ W. Tr.E. Timber, spars, &c. Accn. 7 to 9ft depth. Anchorage I mile off 22ft. Charges. Customs, LIIS. Pilotage. In river, £5 5s in and out; to sea 7d ton in and out.
BUNBURY, W. Australia. Pop. 3,000. Auth. Govt. of W. Australia. Tr.-I. General goods; E. Tin, wool, coal, skins. Accn. Has a timber jetty 2,66cft long, with head 747ft long and 47ft wide. It is protected by a mole 3,200ft long, and there is now 747ft of berthage on the E. side, and 58oft on the W. side. The head of the new jetty is connected with the