Sivut kuvina

vessels of over 16 feet. A breakwater protects Pilotage. C. up to 500 tons pay 5065 milreis in, and same amount out; 500 to 1,000 tons from 60/76 milreis, according to draft of water. One small tug only for hire. Expenses for lighterage 2.500 to 3000 per ton, and are rising as the port becomes worse every month. Discharging the lighters, '600 to 2 500 per ton according to weight of packages. Official. H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, Dr. W. Studart.

CETTE, France. Lat. 43° 24' N; long. 3° 42' E. Pop. 33,246. Tr.-I. Principally coal tar, pitch, staves, wheat, oats, beans, coal, tallow, petroleum, oranges, citrons, wood, iron ore, and also large quantities of Spanish and African wines, sand, phosphate, manure, sulphur; E. Superphosphate for manure, salt, wine, spirits, fruits, brandy, and French coal from the mining districts of the departments of Hirault, Gard, and the Centre. Accn. D. in the outer harb. 7.50 met., inner harb, 7 met., new basin 6'40 met., old basin 6.50 met. The harb. is protected by a breakwater running E. to W., forming two entrances. There are five pontoons for heaving down vessels of 1,200 tons. In the new basin the ships or steamers can enter; the depth of water being 24ft English, they can go alongside the quays, partly, with this draught of water, they can also pass the bridges of the canal of the new basin and come alongside the quays, with this draught of water, in places specially deepened for this purpose. One fixed crane to 15 tons in the new basin. The basin at the Station du Midi has only 16ft English. Charges. On a steamer of 1,144 net reg. tons from Newcastle with coals leaving for Spain in ballast, in nd out, £68. Discharging coals Ifr to Ifr 25c; pitch, Ifr 10c to Ifr 50c per ton. Disembarkment of grain, Ifr per ton; dressed stone, 75c per ton; wood from the Baltic, 2fr 50c per standard. Pilotage. 25c per ton for a distance of at least 6 miles from the entance of the port, 15c 3 to 6 miles; 8c 3 miles inside entrance of port; 6c inside of the entrance; 4fr per vessel only, if the vessel is boarded inside of the entrance at the height of Mole St. Louis. For every change of position 3/2 to the pil t who superintends, and the same amount in getting out of the basin. On vessel of 254 reg. tons from Carnarvon, with pitch, leaving for Huelva in ballast, in and out £4 19s 10d; shifting a d boat hire 11/10. Towage. On same vessel, in 1 75 8d, out 11/10. Brokers. H. Doumet, G. Frisch. Officials. Commandant of Port, Lieutenant of Port, &c.; H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, G. Espitalier; Lloyd's Agent, A. Busck.

CHAMPERICO, Guatemala. Lat. 14° 17 N; long. 91° 47′ W. Tr.-I. General. E. Coffee, sugar, hides, rubber, mahogany Accn. Open roadstead. Anchorage from 6 to 7 fms of water, about half-a-mile from the shore. Iron pier 1,200ft long. (Weather conditions, see San José.) No light in this port which can be depended upon. One 14-ton and two small cranes. There is a railway from here running 45 miles inland in which is the second principal city in Guatemala. No British Consular Officer in this port.

CHANAK KALEH, or DARDANELLES. Lat. 40° 04' N ; long. 26° 14' E. Auth. Port Captain. Pop. 16,000. Tr.-I. Colonial; E. Valonia, timber, wine, pottery, wood, grain, and skins. Accn. Anchorage in front of town from

48ft to 13 fms. Charges. Only payable here when vessel stops short of Constantinople or does not call in Marmora. Vessels up to 500 tons reg., 20 paras; from 500 tons reg. to 1,000 12 paras; 1,000 and upwards 8 paras per ton. Health Office guards placed on board, 4/2 each per day. Light dues 60 paras (3d) per ton reg. Loading and unloading goods is by the piece, I to 10 piastres per case; this covers the goods to the Custom House. Export and import duty 8 per cent. Pilotage. No regular pilots holding certificates. Towage and Salvage. The British Salvage and Towage Co. (Vincent Grech). No fixed prices. Contract, according to circumstances, and Lloyd's form of agreement. The Dardanelles are strongly guarded by forts, redoubts, and torpedoes. En. Cape Hellas, 10 to 60 fms. Officials. Austria-Hungary, Vice-Consul M. Xanthopoulo; Russia, Vice-Consul, M. J. de Fonton; Greece, Vice-Consul, M. Speranza; France, Vice-Consul, M. Bouliesch; Great Britain, H. B. M.'s Vice-Consul, J. F. Jones; Lloyd's Agent, Richard Grech.

CHANARAL, Chili. Lat. 26° 21' S; long. 70° 42′ W. Tr.— I. Machinery, bricks, iron, and coal; E. Regulus, copper, copper and silver ores. Accn. Anchorage, with sand and mud bottom, is in 6 to 8 fms water. As rollers frequently set in this bay, vessels should not lie with less than 45 fms of cable out. W. prev. SW. Charges, Mole dues 17c ton, or 1c per package, Custom House clearing despatch $25, Custom House paper, including roll, $4'40. British Consular Agent, W. Sheriff.

CHARLESTON, South Carolina, U.S. Lat. 32° 41' N ; long. 79° 52′ W. Pop. About 59,000. Tr.-I. Cottons and woollens, linens and silk, fertilizers, iron and steel, sugar, tea, wine, spices, salt, slate, ale, fruit from W.I., and crockery; E. Cotton, rice, hams, bacon, phosphate, rock, naval stores, grain, flour, and wheat. Accn. After passing the bar, which has 29ft OT., and 31ft OST., there is deep water up to wharves. Vessels of 31ft can cross the bar at high water OST., and 29ft at high water, and 15ft to 16ft low water. Dredging operations hope to deepen 2 or 3ft. Railway facilities improving. South Carolina Railway own two new docks and grain elevator to terminal facilities. Cranes suitable for unloading cargoes of pyrites, kainit, nitrate muriates, &c., at South Carolina Railway Docks and also at the Virginia Carolina Company's fertilser docks. The United States Government are expected to give contracts this winter for building of two naval station dry docks of about 620ft and 550ft in length each. Charges. On steamer of 455 tons reg., loading 827 tons of phosphate rock, about £100. Pilotage. C. 6ft or under $15; 7ft or under $16.50; 8ft or under $18.50; 9ft or under $21; 1oft or under $28; 11ft or under $33; 12ft or under $40; 12ft or under $44; 13ft or under $45; 13ft or under $50; 14ft or under $54; 14ft or under $60; 15ft or under $66; 15 ft or under $69; 16ft or under $81; 164ft or under $87; 17ft or under $92; 173ft or under $98; 18ft or under $103; 18ft or under $108; 19ft or under $115; 194ft or under $120; 20ft or under $125; 20ft or under $132; 21ft or under $140; 214ft or under $150; 22ft or under $160; 224ft or under $170; 23ft or under $182; 231ft or under $195; 24ft or under $210. Piloting around Ashley River $8; detention, per day $4. Master required by law


to give 24 hours' notice to pilot. Towage. On a brig of 218 reg. tons, ballast in and cargo out, outwards £6 6s 10d. Officials. British Vice-Consul, A. Harkness; Harbour Master, Col. James Armstrong; Lloyd's Agent, J. H. Small; Shipping Agents, Street Bros., Jas. Adger & Co.

CHARLOTTETOWN, P.E.I. Lat. 45° 13′ 55′′ N ; long. 63° 70' 23" W. Pop. About 12,000. Tr. -I. All kinds of general merchandise, coals, lumber, West Indian products, lime, stone, bricks, fertilizers, kerosene oil, apples; E. Oats, potatoes, pork, cattle, horses, sheep, canned goods, cheese, hay, turnips, fish, and oysters. W. of E. Half-mile. Accn. Harb. capacious, well-buoyed and lighted. Vessels drawing 27ft 6in can enter, vessels ascend Hillsboro river 10 to 18 miles ; vessels can anchor close alongside the wharves; Sp. rise 7ft 6in to oft 6in, N. 5ft to 6ft. The usual anchorage ranges in 30, 40, and 58ft of water between three tides and the wharves, of which there are 11. Ry. comes alongside vessels for loading and unloading. Railway wharf, LW. 24ft, other wharves range from 12ft to 20ft. On two wharves hoisting capacity from 5 to 10 tons; 3 public wharves, 8 wharves private property, but governed by public law. L.V. H.M.S. Blake, dft. 27ft 6in. Charges. On a vessel of 400 reg. tons, har bour dues 168; docking, about 12/6; Custom fees 38. Shipping when at the railway wharves is free; when landing to or receiving from the railway in other cases, that is, when receiving cargo from the towns, they are liable to the Dominion tariff, and the goods are levied on also at all the other wharves, except in Charlottetown, shipping and goods are liable for wharfage. In Charlottetown shipping is free at the private wharves, when landing or receiving cargo, wharfage being levied on the goods. Labour from $150 to $2.00 per diem (10 hours). Pilotage. N.C., $1 foot dft. Towage $300 to $2000 as to distance and size of vessel; Customs charge $5.00 to $10.00. Officials. Collector of Customs, James Currie ; Assistant Collector of Customs, Geo. Brunner; Harb. Master, D. Small; Shipping Master, Henry Mutch.

CHATHAM, N. B.-See Miramichi.

CHE-FOO, or CHIFU, or TCHIFU, China. Lat. 37° 35′ 56′′ N.; long. 124° 22′ 33′′ E. Pop. 35,000. Tr.I. Cotton, paper, sugar, tobacco, shirtings, drills, sheetings, cotton yarn, iron (nail-rod and old), coal, matches, needles, kerosene oil, window glass; E. Straw braid, beans, bean-cake, dates, silk, pongees, and vermicelli. Accn. Commodious harb. with a depth of 18 to 30ft in its inner portion, and from 26 to 30ft. in outer. Discharging impossible in N., NE., and NW. gales, and good shelter under CheFoo Bluff. At Customs jetty, where lighters discharge, there is sometimes 8ft alongside, and at low water springs no water for two hours at a time, the discharge of vessels with full cargoes being necessarily somewhat slow. Charges. Tonnage over 150 tons, 4 mace = about Is per ton; under 150, I mace = about 3d. Coolie hire, about 10d per day per man. Cargo boats, 10d per ton. Ballast from Is 2d to Is 8d per ton. No pilotage. No tug. One or two launches. Officials. II.B.M.'s Consul, P. E. O'Brien-Butler; Commissioner of Customs, Smollett Campbell; Harb. Master, C. A. Meyer; Lloyd's Agent, F. J. Curtis."

CHEMULPO, Korea. Lat. 37° 28′ N.; long. 126° 35′ E. Pop. 20,000. Accn. Vessels of largest draught can come up to outer anchorage in river; 12ft at inner anchorage. A treaty port.

CHERBOURG, France. Lat. 49° 39'N; long. 1° 33′ W. Pop. About 62,000. Tr.-I. Coals, timber, cement, guano, wine, soda, wheat and oats; E. Potatoes, vegetables, milk, fruit, broken and cut stone, eggs, butter, and coal-tar. Accn. Harb. and commercial non-tidal harb. Vessels drawing 17ft can enter The roads receive the largest vessels afloat. There are eight graving docks owned by the Government (not usually accessible), one owned by the City of Cherbourg, and careening quay. Cranes to lift from 1 to 8 tons. Charges. On a vessel of 100 reg. tons 6. Pilotage. On a vessel of 100 tons, inwards £1 35 8d; outwards 11/10; steamers (laden) half sailing vessels, in ballast two-thirds of rates. Towage. On a vessel of 100 tons about 1 os 10d. Brokers. Langlois & Buhot, Lecerf & Menut. Officials. H.B.M.'s Consul, Montague Loftus ; Vice-Consul, S. P. H. Vereker; Harb. Master, M. Yoon, Officier de Port; Lloyd's Agents, E. Buhot & Son.

CHERIBON, N. Coast of Java. Lat. 6° 48′ S.; long. 108o 34' E. Pop. 10,000. Tr.-E. Coffee, teak, timber, sugar, &c. Accn. Anchorage in roadstead in 34 to 4 fms about 2 miles off, with good shelter from W. winds. Small vessels anchor in 24 to 4 fms, mile off shore.

CHICAGO, U.S. Lat. 41° 50' N ; long. 88° W. Pop. About 2,000,000. Tr.-I. Lumber, coal, iron, and general merchandise; E. Grain, flour, wool, beef, pork, timber, and hides. Accn. Vessels bound here from sea pass through St. Lawrence, the locks of which are about 43ft wide and 220ft long, with 9ft of water. The Illinois Michigan Canal, with locks 3024ft long and 48ft wide and 11ft deep, connects Chicago with the Mississippi. There are 14 to 17ft of water in Chicago river, and a vast ha b. of unlimited depth outside. Three marine railroads and a dry dock 428ft by 70ft, and 17ft on sill. Shears to 90 tons. Numer us elevators for grain of exceptional size. Charges. Tonnage duty on vessels arriving at a port of the United States from British ports, 6 cents (1/3) per ton, not collected more than five times in one year. Loading grain, 87 cents per 1,000 bushels; unloading, $3.23 per 1,000 bushels; coals, free; general goods, loading or unloading, 35 cents per ton; lumber, loading, 40 cents per 1,000ft; unloading, 30 cents per 1,000ft. All these charges are borne by owner of vessel. Towage. £2 os 114d to £21 Is 7d according to size of vessel and distance. The canal does not present a commercial feature, as the lake traffic and railroads take all trade. Grain boats go to lake ports, whence the cargo goes to sea-ports by rail. Officials. Harb. Master; H.B.M.'s Consul, Alexander Finn; Vice-Consul, Thos. Erskine; Lloyd's Agent, D. W. MacDonald.

CHILTEPEC, Tobasco. Lat. 18° 10' N; long. 94 W. Tr.-E. Mahogany. Accn. Bar harb. D. 11ft on bar in winter, 9ft in summer. Very dangerous in northerly winds, called "Northers." Charges. Inside the bar $1 20c, outside $2 per


ton. Port dues, $30 to $40 per vessel according to size. Pilotage. $1 per ft. All business transacted at Tobasco.

CHINDE, Portuguese East Africa. Port of British Central Africa (Nyassaland). At the mouth of the Zambesi river. From Chinde, goods go up by river steamers to Chiromo. Tr.-I. All descriptions of general goods; E. Coffee, sugar, ivory, oil seeds, strophanthus, indiarubber, &c. Accn. Vessels discharge into lighters. Good anchorage for about 10 steamers. D. about 18ft on bar ST., 12ft NT. W. of En. 100 to 150ft. W. SE. to E. LV. Bucknals Brothers, steamers, 4,500 tons. Charges. Goods landed on British Concession, being in transit to B.C.A., pay wharfage, 1/ per ton, lighterage 5/, loading and unloading, ship to shore, 76. Portuguese harbour dues-Sailers 150r, steamers 50r, ditto, if calling regularly at any port in Portugal, 25r. In addition to above, which are payable only at first Portuguese port of call on the coast, at each port Customs charges of 8,000r, B/H 12,000r, doctor 3,000r, Portuguese guards, per day each, 80or, port captain 8,000r, sundry other charges, stamps, &c., 3,000r. Government exchange, 6,000r to 1. No pilots, but half dues are paid by all steamers entering port for pilot dues. Officials. Portuguese Captain of Port, Sir P. da C. e. S. P. Cardose; British Vice-Consul residing on the British Concession, Mr. Stanley Hewitt-Fletcher.

CHINKIANG, Province of Kiangsu, China. Situated at the mouth of the River Yangtsze, 150 miles from Shanghai, between that port and Hankow. Tr.-I. Similar to all other Yangtsze poits; E. Brancake, beans, peas, ground nuts, lily flowers, and ground nut oil. Accn. Is accessible at all times of the year, and at any state of the tide, for vessels of the largest tonnage. No cranage accommodation. No dry dock. Vessels either discharge into hulks connected with the shore, or into cargo boa's in mid stream. No direct trade with Europe. Charges. The only harb. dues are those fixed by treaty. Pilotage. Rates of pilotage and towage are fixed at Shanghai. No puots or tugs in port. Officials. H.B.M.'s Consul, J. N. Tratman; Commissioner of Customs, L. Rocher.

CHIOGGA, Italy. Lat. 45° 13′ 36′′ N.; long. 12° 18′ 50′′ E. Pop. 28,015. Accn. Vessels of 12ft dft. can enter. Depth inside from 4 to 7 fms. Entrance is narrow and currents strong; advisable to take a pilot. Shipbuilding is carried on.

CHIROMO, on the Shire River, which is the Customs port for B.C.A. Charges. Imports into B C.A. pay 10 per cent. ad valorem. Wharfage % ad valorem, road and river dues / cwt. Alcohol 12/ per proof gallon, arms and ammunition 10 per cent. ad valorem; ivory exported 9d. per lb., gold exported 1/ per oz. Officials. H. B.M.'s Commissioner, Sir Alfred Sharpe, K.C.B.; Director of Customs, R. McDonald. (See also Chinde.)

CHITTAGONG, Eastern Bengal. Lat. 22° 14′ 24′′ N ; long. 91° 50' E. Pop. 22,962. Daily railway service to Calcutta and Tinsukia, Upper Assam. Weekly steamers to Calcutta and Burmah ports. Monthly steamers direct to United Kingdom, Tr.-I. Salt, mineral oil, machinery, tea

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