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COLUMBIA RIVER, U.S. Lat. 46° 10' 30" N; long. 124° 11'15" W. Ports. Poitiand and Astoria. Accn. After bar jetty was practically finished there was a straight channel across the bar of 30 to 31ft, since shoaled to 21ft at mean low water. Tide is about 8ft. Jetty is being extended, and the U.S Engineers expect finally to get 40ft. at mean low water. Vessels of 22 to 23ft dft can generally be loaded at Portland. Pilotage. Bar to Astoria 20/ per ft dft and Id per reg. ton; this is each way, in and out, and is compulsory. River pilotage from Astoria to Portland 8/ per ft dft and id per reg. ton each way, up and down, not compulsory. Towage. From the Pacific Ocean across the bar to Astoria or Portland and return :—

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Vessels towed from sea to Astoria only and return 70 per cent. of above rates. Vessels in ballast towed from sea to Astoria and return, when entering river as a port of call and departing without cargo pay only 25 per cent. of above rates. Signal station and telegraph on North Head, mouth of Columbia River. Officials. H.B. M.'s Consul, James Laidlaw (Portland); Vice-Consul, P. L. Cherry, Astoria. (See Portland, Oregon.)

CONAKRY, Africa. Lat. 9° 30' N; long. 13° 14′ W. Tr. -I. Manchester goods, salt, &c.; E. Rubber, hides, oil, kernels, &c. Accn. Anchorage in 3 to 4 fms 7 cables' length from shore. HW. f. and c. 6h 38m. R. of T. 14ft S, 7ft N. There is a pier with 18ft of water alongside at LW.

CONCEPCION BAY, Chili. Lat. 36° 42′ S; long. 73° 6' W. Pop. 40,000. Tr.-E. Wheat, hides, and tallow. Accn. The bay, in which there is everywhere good anchorage, has three ports, Talcahuano, Penco, and Tomé. Vessels anchor there in four to six fathoms at six to seven cable lengths from the shore. Discharging and loading are done by lighters. Repairing resources very limited; one large Government dry dock. Tomé has a jetty 50yds long. Pilotage. On a vessel of 750 reg. tons £2 18s 8d inwards. Official. H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, W. O. Borrowman.

CONSTANTINOPLE, Turkey. Lat. 41° 0′ 18′′ N ; long. 28° 59' 15" E. Pop. 750,000. Auth. The harbour is administered directly by the Prefecture of the Port. which is subordinate to the Admiralty. Tr.-I. Manufactures of every kind of colonial produce, coals, iron, lead, copper, tin, earthenware, glass, timber, &c.; small quantities of grain arrive from Black Sea for transhipment; E. Grain, wool, cotton, mohair, woods, silk, opium, tobacco, goatskins, rags, bones, drugs, otto of roses, carpets, &c. Accn. The harb. is deep enough to float vessels of the largest size; safe and commodious, and is buoyed. There is a quay on both sides of the harb. with sufficient water alongside to float the largest vessels ; on this there are several

cranes, fixed and portable, largest 10 tons. There are three graving docks, (1) 390ft, (2) 285ft, and (3) 505ft, a floating dry dock 245ft, and 4 slips 120 to 176ft in length. Shears to lift 50 tons, T.1 per ton; floating shears to lift 50 tons, T.135 per ton. Charges. Quay dues for steamers 20c. per reg. ton, this includes buoy dues and harbour towage. Charges on cargo by new tariff according to value of goods. Hospital dues id on every 4 tons. Floating dock, LT. 60 entrance and T.12 per diem. Graving docks (1) T.80 for entrance and T. 20 per diem, (2) £T.75 entrance, and

T.15 per diem; (3) T.120 entrance, and T.25 per diem. Sanitary dues, 20 paras per ton on the first 500 tons, 12 paras to 1,000 tons, and 8 paras per ton over; lighthouse dues, 40 paras per ton to 800 tons, 20 paras per ton over, payable both up and down Mediterranean to Constantinople; to or from Black Sea, 60 and 30 paras respectively, 10 per cent. reduction on all lighthouse dues; lightship and rocket service 7 paras per ton to or from Black Sea. 20 paras equal one penny. Firman and anchorage dues, Mediterranean to Constantinople and return, 5s. 4d, Constantinople to Black Sea and return to Mediterranean, Ios. 8d. Consular fees

1 10s; buoy dues, for vessels moored to buoys only, stay of four days, 4 paras per ton on the first 800 tons, and 2 paras per ton over this; double the above for stay of over four days. Pilotage. There is no regular tariff. Bosphorus, up or down, usual fee 30/. Towage. The same agreed sum. Officials. Prefect of the Port, Vice-Admiral Mehmed Samy Pacha; Boarding Officer, Lieut. Calleya; British Harb. Master, W. A. Thompson; H.B.M.'s Consul, H. C. A. Eyres; Consul and Dragoman, A. T. Waugh ; Vice-Consuls, A. Ryan and G. Simmons. Brokers. S. & W. Hoffmann.

CONSTITUCION, Chili. Lat. 35° 19' 40" S; long. 72° 16' 20" W. Pop. 7,000. Tr.-E. Bread. stuffs are largely exported to Europe and Australia. Accn. The depth of water on the bar varies greatly; dry season 9ft; ordinary 11 to 13ft, and during the winter as high as 25ft. Pilotage. Inwards 8/4 each time for mooring and unmooring. Towage. By Government steamer 1/0 ton.

COOKTOWN, Queensland. Lat. 15° 28' S; long. 145 17' E. On Endeavour river. Channel through bar 13ft; r and f, 5 to 9ft. Mail steamers call. Charges, see Moreton Bay. COOSAW RIVER, U.S. Lat. 32° 41' N ; long. 80° 40′ W. Tr.-I. Manufactured goods, coals, &c. ; E. Cotton, lumber, &c. Accn. Bar at the mouth of the river 12ft depth. Wharves 15 to 20ft. Good facilities for coaling. Charges. Customs 1 Is. Pilotage. From £2 to £20, according to size, each way. Towage. From £6 to £10, according to size. See Beaufort.

COPENHAGEN, Denmark. Lat. 55° 50′ N; long. 12° 34′ E. Pop. including suburbs, 500,000. Tr.-I. Coals, iron, machinery, timber, manufactured goods, tar, flax, coffee, cement, rice, grain, wine, oil cakes, feeding stuffs; E. grain, butter, cheese, pork, bacon, horses, cattle, sheep, wool, hides. Accn. Several basins. The harb. is formed by a branch of the sound dividing the island of Amager from Zealand.


25 ft at the entrance to 18ft. On the W. side the quays have a depth alongside from 12ft to 25ft, and on the E. side from 12ft to 20ft. The inner harb. has a depth of from 17ft to 25 ft. Extensive improvements finished. The free port has a depth up to 30 ft. (Eng.). Three graving docks, seven slips, and one floating dry dock. Rice laden vessels will always discharge at the Dolphins in the Old Harbour, thus avoiding quay-money. Despatch: Grain in bags and in bulk in the Old Harbour and in the Free Port from 6 to 900 tons per day when on "berth terms"; general goods variable, depending on the size of the ship and description of the goods. Cost of discharging, per ton: Grain in bulk 50 kr, in bags 65 kr, rice in bags 45 kr, general goods from 65 kr, and upwards. On the middle mole at the silo granary a grain elevator of 120 tons capacity per hour was erected in August, 1900; there is another with 150 tons capacity, also on the Middle Mole, and a third on the west quay having a capacity of 200 tons. As far as possible all grain is discharged by means of these elevators, and thus quickly, at lowest rates. Copies of tariffs can be obtained at British Consulate The Free Port Company has come to an agreement with importer by which they can discharge without waiting consignee's orders. It it is necessary to work after the ordinary hours there is an additional 34d. per ton. Quay money from October 1, 1899, by the quays belonging to the harbour committee and in the freeport: 6 ore per net reg. ton, and 10 ore per ton of the quantity loaded or discharged, but not above the net reg. tonnage; by private quays 24 ore per ton loaded or discharged, but not for more than on the net reg. tonnage. Pilotage. For a steamer of 1,839 net. reg. tons, British rule; cargo about 4,000 tons d.w. :

Elsinore to Copenhagen (not compulsory) 22' 3".
Roads into harbour
Copenhagen to Elsinore...


Il' 10"

120 45 120 45

If shifting berth, payable by consignee, if ordered by him. In the winter months, i.e., October 1 to March 31, pilotage is 30% higher. Note. Since April 1, 1895, charges are levied on tonnage according to British rule (not Danish). Charges. Agency, as per agreement, from £5 to £10; sundries, stamps, &c., about £2 10s; discharging at 4 ore per bag (rice), kr. 1,641.72 (about £91 3s 1d) —

Tugboat in and out, if required, from £4 to £6.

Ferry boats for mooring about

Free Port. Old Harb kr. ore. kr. ore. 55 68 55 68 24 65 24 65 40 12 40 12

Overtime to Customs House officers, night watch, &c., about
Quay money on 1,839 tons

108 00 108 00

36 00 36 00

0 00 30 00 294 22 294 24

at 18 kr. =

Kr. 558 67 558 69 £30 12 6 £21 9 8 Loading General goods, about 83d per ton. Discharging: Grain in bulk 63d per ton, grain and oilcake in bags 83d, oilcake in bulk 1/4, general goods from 83d to 11d. According to above, Copenhagen is one of the cheapest ports of Europe; and, as there is no tide to detain vessels, and despatch is so quick, a voyage with rice to Copenhagen will be finished quicker than to most Continental ports included in the "o.c." range. Officials. H.B.M.'s Consul, Capt. J. Boyle: Vice-Consul, C. H. Funch; Port Captain, Capt. C. F. Drechsel, R.N.; Lloyd's Agents, Hecksher & Son. Brokers. Bjerre & Romer and C. K. Hansen.

COQUIMBO, Chili. Lat. 29° 56′ S; long. 71° 20′ W. Pop. 7,500. Tr.-I. Coals, iron, machinery; E. Copper ore, ingots, bars, manganese ore, algarrobito seed. Accn. D. at En. and berth, 8 fms. Ships discharged by lighters and small craft. A good mole belonging to State Rys. Provisions and labour good and cheap, say, 3/6 per day. New coal warehouses; capacity 23,000 tons. Charges. Hospital dues 2d ton. Lights and Buoys: Steamers, 10ld per t.r.; sailing vessels, 74d per t.r. Coasting vessels: Steamers, 54d per t.r.; sailing vessels, 3d per t.r. Loading, by State Rly., per ton: Manganese and other ore about 10d to 11d, general merchandise about 1/, bar copper about 1/4 discharging coal and general merchandise 1/, coke 1/3. Collecting freight 2 per cent; procuring ditto 5 per cent. Pilotage. Vessels 100 to 200 tons $9, 201 to 300 tons $11, 301 to 400 tons $13, 401 to 500 tons $15, over 500 tons 3c per ton. Exchange, $1 = about 1/3. Towage. Occasional; no steam-tug nearer than Guayacan, seldom available. Charge £7 to £10. Officials. Captain of the Port; H.B.M.'s Consul, G. L. Ansted; Lloyd's Agents, A. Steel & Co.

CORFU, Ionian Islands, Greece. Lat. 39° 37' 7" N; long. 19°56′50′′ E. Pop. 84,490. Tr.-I. Cotton, woollens, and mixed fabrics, cattle, wheat and cereals, codfish, coal, colonials, &c.; E. Oil, wine, soap, hides, fruits, &c. Accn. E. 18fms. Safe inner port for small vessels: D. 12ft of water. The harb. lies between the island of Vido and the town, where any depth of water from 15 to 17 fms is to be found. There is a crane on the Customs quay to lift 4 tons. There are no quays for vessels to moor alongside, all is done by lighters. Charges. Vessels that ship or discharge cargo pay I drh per ton; ves els that only discharge or take in cargo pay 50 lep.; vessels that do neither, and prolong their stay over 72 hours, and those that embark or land passengers pay 30 lep. Discharging coal rod per ton; ordinary goods, as many hands as required at 4 drh per day, overtime 6d per hour; loading oil and wine 3 drh per ton. Officials. Captain in the Greek Navy, assisted by a civilian; H.B.M.'s Consul, C. A. Blakeney; Vice-Consul, O. Alexander.

CORINGA, India. See Coconada.

CORINTH CANAL. Auth. Corinth Canal Society. Accn. Depth of the canal 8'00 m.; width at the bottom, 2100 m.; width at the sea surface, 24'60 m.: Total length, 6,300 00 m. Charges. For vessels sailing to or from the Adriatic:

Mail Steamers,

War Vessels.

fcs. 0.75 per ton.


0.50 0.40

Net Tonnage.

100 to 199
200 to 499
500 to 799
800 and more

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500 to 799
800 and more

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If seven mail steamers or steamers that carry habitually passengers belonging to the same owner pass through the canal in a week,

performing a regular service, a reduction of 25% is made on the above dues. The charge for pilotage is fixed at 1c per ton, the minimum charge to be 10 fr. The Society accepts in payment drafts at sight drawn by the captains on the owners, accepted by the Society. Payment in cash at the entry of the canal must be in gold coins of the type of coins of the Latin Union or in sterling pounds at the fixed change of 25 fr., or in coins of 20 marcs at the fixed change of 24'70 fr., or in Turkish pounds at the fixed change of 22.75 fr, or in Egyptian pounds at the fixed change of 25.75 fr. Silver coins having legal course in Greece are accepted in payment as odd money up to 10 fr. Towage and Pilotage. The transit throughout the Corinth Canal is open to ships of all nationalities, provided that their draught of water does not exceed 7 m. and 20 cms., and their width does not exceed 20 m. Sailing vessels are bound to be towed through. Steam vessels may pass through the canal by means of their own steam power or be towed. The captain of every ship intending to proceed through the canal must pay at the entrance of the canal all dues for passage, and, when there is occasion, for towage and pilotage, and give the following intimation :-Designation of the ship, name and nationality of the ship, name of the captain, names and addresses of the owners, port of sailing, port of destination, draught of water, number of passengers ascertained by the pissage list, statement of crew, tonnage and nature of the cargo, net tonnage ascertained by the ship's official papers and established in conformity with the Rules of the International Tonnage Commission, assembled at Constantinople in 1873. All ships towed must furnish their own warps. The steamers must use their propelling power or keep it in readiness for assisting the tug. Towage in the canal by the Society's tug service is fixed as follows: 0 to 10 net tons, 5 fcs per vessel; II to 20, 10 fcs; 21 to 50, 15 fcs; 51 to 150, 25 fcs; 151 to 500, 50 fcs; 501 and more, 0.10c. Steamers of Soo tons and more pay no towage. Pilots are placed at the disposition of captains intending to pass through the canal, and may be consulted by them on their own responsibility, against payment of 1 centimes per ton. The minimum charge to be 10 fcs. Official. The President, An. Simopoulos.

CORINTHO, Nicaragua. Lat. 12° 36' N; long. 87° 05′ W. Lowest water in harbour 30ft. Charges. Tonnage dues 3d per ton. Pilotage. 12s per foot in, same out. Official. British Acting Consular Agent, H. Palazio.

CORONEL, Chili. Pop. 10,000. Tr. E. Bunker coal; I. General. Accn. Good anchorage in 6 to 12 fins. Two piers with tramways and wagons. Vessels discharge at their anchorage into launches of 16 to 25 tons in 5fms. Officials. Br. Vice-Consul, E. Cooper; Lloyd's Agent, F. G. Turner.

CORRALIES, Mexico. Lat. 20° 25′ N; long. 105° 39′ 2′′ W. Pop. 8,000. Accn. A small but very deep harb. Depth of water in middle of basin or inner harb. is about 30 fms.

CORUNNA, Spain. Lat. 43° 22′ N; long. 8° 22′ W. Pop. 45,000. THW. 3h; Sp. rise 15ft. Tr.-I. Coal, iron, dried cod, rails, maize, sugar, tobacco, &c.; E. Oxen, potatoes, onions, fish, eggs, &c. Accn. It is a safe and well sheltered harb., and capable of receiving vessels to 22ft. Five cranes. Dry

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