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FLEKKEFJORD, Norway. Lat. 58° 18' N; long. 6° 39' E. No tides. Good harb. close to the town in 10 to 17fms. The outports offer safe harbs. for refuge, and have small lighthouses to show the way in. Tr.-I. Coals, salt, raw oxhides, cotton and woollen goods; E. Leather and staves. Pilotage. C., if arrived from a foreign port, and is charged according to Norwegian law. Hoist flag for pilot. Ring dues 4kr (4s 6d) each ship of any size. Port and light dues only charged, if vessels discharge and leave cargo here. Vessels can be repaired and hove down. No slip. Labourers' and carpenters' wages 25 6d to 3s per day; ballast, Ikr (Is Id) per ton; advancing money 2 per cent.; excellent fresh water free. Provisions of any kind to be had at moderate prices; coals always in stock at 15s to 17s a ton according to quality. Officials. H. B. M.'s Vice-Consul and Lloyd's Agent, J. P. M. Eyde; Ship Agent and Coal Merchant, Brodrene Eyde.

FLENSBURG, Germany. (Baltic.) Lat. 54° 47′ N.; long. 9° 26' E. Pop. About 56,000. Tr.-I. Coal, coke, iron, timber, grain, salt, rice, palm kernels, slates, bran, oilcake, petroleum; E. Bricks, draining tiles, oil, spirits, rice, beer. Accn. 22ft to 26ft in the harb., which is sometimes interfered with by ice during January and February. Vessels drawing 22ft lie alongside the quays. A large iron ship-building yard. Swim dock (system off shore), capable of lifting ships of 3,500 tons. Charges. Harb. dues 12 pfennig cub. met. in and out when loaded, and half each way when in ballast. Water 50 pf per cm. Railway to Hamburg, Eckernförde, Kiel Denmark, &c., and steamer lines kept up between Denmark, Stettin, Kiel, and several other ports in the Baltic. Discharging coal, 10d. per ton; rice, 50pf. per ton. Pilotage. 16 marks for vessels up to 400 cub. met.; from 400 to 1,600 cub. met. 4pf per cub. met.; above 1,600 cub. net. Imk per 100 cub. met. more. Harb. pilotage for vessels up to 400 cub. met. 4 marks; from 400 to 1,600 cub. met. I pf. per cub. met. ; above 1,600 cub. met. 25 pf. per 1,000 cub. met. more. Towage. As per agreement. Broker. H. Schuldt. Officials. H.B. M.'s Vice-Consul, T. Hollesen; Harb. Master, A. Hüser.

FLORES, Azores. Two anchorages with 20 to 25fms of water. All vessels are loaded and discharged by lighters. Tr.-I. General; E. cattle, hides, butter. Officials. H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul and Lloyd's Agent, J. McKay.

FLUSHING, Holland. The Port of Flushing, situated at the entrance of the river Scheldt, lat. 51° 26′ 30′′ N. long. 3° 34′ 13′′ E (Greenwich), is one of the finest and safest ports of Europe, available at any season, time, or tide. Pop. 18,600. Tr.-I. Petroleum, tin scrap, coals, iron, bronze, timber, meat, wheat; E. Oysters, mussels, shrimps, flour, agricultural produce, margarine. Tran-it: toys, baskets, smallware, hops, silk goods, woollens, cottons, ironware, earthenware, meat, margarine, game, poultry, fish, vegetables, petroleum, iron ore, raw wool, yeast, Accn. The outer harbour, bordered partly with quays and landing stages, has a surface of 33 acres, and a depth at LW. of 21ft; the difference between high and low water is 13ft. This harbour is separated from the two docks by large sluices, 481ft long, 65ft in width, and 27t on the sill with mean HW. These two docks, bordered with quays, have both a depth of 24ft,

and each a surface of about 16 acres. All round these docks are warehouses and sheds. Vessels when lying alongside the quays can load and discharge their cargo directly from or into the railway. A fixed crane up to 50 tons available also for coal, and several movable steam cranes of 3 tons. These docks have communication with the canal and river to Holland and Belgium, and with the wharves and with the dry dock of the Shipbuilding Company, "The Scheldt." Here ships (sailing and steam), and all sorts of machinery are constructed and repaired. This company is entrusted by the Dutch Government with the construction of several men-ofwar and other works. Tug-boats of different capacity are always at hand. The outer harbour and the two docks are constructed by and belong to the Dutch Government. Since 1883 these two docks and quays were given in lease to the Shipbuilding Company, "The Scheldt." Flushing docks communicate with a channel past Middelburg to Camp Veere; this channel has a depth of 24ft. Distance, Flushing to Middelburg, 4 miles. At Middleburg there is a large dry dock, length 413ft, width 65ft, dft. 15ft. Port Charges. 1,001 cub. met. and upwards, 5c. per cub. met. Vessels leaving dock within 60 hours, or entering the docks to repair, pay half these rates; vessels entering several voyages in the calendar year pay the two first voyages the above tariff; the third voyage three-fourths of the above tariff; the fourth voyage one-half of the above tariff; the fifth and following voyages two-fifths of the above tariff. Pilotage is compulsory. Tarift according to dft. of water. Official. H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul and Lloyd's Agent, P. L. de Bruyne, C.V.O.

FOOCHOWFOO, China. Lat. 26° 02′ 24′′ N ; long. 119° 25 E. Pop. 600,000. Tr.-I. Bêche-de-mer, cotton and woollen manufactures, metals, rice, sugar, opium, kerosine, &c.; E. Tea, tea-brick, paper, oranges, timber, poles, bamboos, shoots and splits, and olives. Accn. The anchorage used by vessels is about 9 miles below the city at Pagoda. A graving dock 365ft in length. Charges. Tonnage dues same as Canton. Pilotage. Between the limit of the outside pilotage ground, for all vessels $5 foot. Steamers from Pagoda anchorage to sea, and vice versâ, if drawing 18ft and under $6 foot; if drawing more than 18ft $7 foot. Between Sharp Peak and Pagoda anchorage, for all vessels, $3 foot. Between Pagoda anchorage and Foochow Bridge, for all vessels $2 50c foot. For vessels in tow of steamers inside pilotage $2 foot; outside $3 foot. Towage. For coast steamers the rate is fixed by arrangement, but there is a minimum rate of £83 6s 63 for towing from Pagoda anchorage to sea. Of course if the vessel is a large one the rate is higher. Officials. H.B.M.'s Consul at Foochow, G. M. H. Playfair; Consular Agent at Pagoda Anchorage, Dr. Myers; Commissioner of Customs, E. B. Drew; Lloyd's Agents, Gilman & Co.

FORCADOS.-See Benin.

FORT DAUPHIN, Hayti. Accn. The harb. is 3 miles long E. and W., and a mile broad; has a depth of water sufficient for largest vessels. Pilotage. To Fort Liberté and back £2 18s 4d; pilotage and signalling, double £2 18s 4d.


FORT DE FRANCE, Martinique. Chief Port of the Island since the destruction of St. Pierre May, 1902. Pop. About 20,000. Tr. I. Flour, fish, salted meat, butter, oils, dry goods, earthenware, hardware, lumber, cooperage, wine, fertilizers, rice; E. Sugar, rum, cocoa and cassia. All exports go to France. Accn. Good anchorage about quarter of a mile from shore. Goods landed in lighters. Dry dock 120 metres long, capable of receiving vessels of 8.50 metres draft. Coal depot with 7 metres water alongside coal wharf. Charges. Passport foreign vessels, 6fr; sanitary dues, o'15fr per ton; foreign vessels permit to load and discharge 5fr; light dues, 20fr; water dues, under 200 tons, 30fr.; from 200 to 300, 45fr; over 300, 60fr. Lighterage: loading goods, 175 to 250fr per ton (hardware, 4fr per ton); shipping goods, sugar 120fr per hogshead, bags 2'50frs per 1,000 kilos, rum 0.75fr per cask. Broker's Fees (compulsory): 100 to 150 tons, 35fr; 150 to 200, 40fr; 200 to 300, 50fr; 300 to 400, 60fr; 400 to 500, 70fr; 500 to 700, 80fr; over 700, Sofr plus 5fr per 100 tons or fraction in excess. Stevedores' charges: rum, per ton of 900 litres, 100fr; sugar, per hogshead, o 50fr; lumber, rafting and loading, per M, 2'00fr. Pilotage. C. Vessels under 30 tons, 12fr; 30 to 60, 18fr; 60 to 100, 43fr; 100 to 150, 65fr; 150 to 200, 82fr; 200 to 250, 100fr; 250 to 300, 118fr; 300 to 350, 135fr; 350 to 500, 153fr; above 500, 153fr plus 25c per ton or fraction in excess. Brokers. B. T. Labat, E. Fabre. Officials. Capt. of Port, T. Charvein (acting). H B.M.'s Consul, H. J. Meagher.

FRAY BENTOS (Independencia), Uruguay. Tr. − I Machinery, hardware, tinware, coal, salt, bags, shook boxes, timber; E. Salted and dried hides, animal guano, bones, bone ash, hair, extract of meat, refined fat, tallow, jerked beef, tinned meats. Accn. Wharves at Liebig's Works; vessels load up to 18ft, not over, to avoid detention in the Canal Inglés. D. at wharves 18 to 20ft. Private cranes at Liebig's Works. The Martin Garcia Bar, which all vessels from the Plate and exterior have to pass, has lately been dredged, and the Canal Inglés has also been dredged to 17ft at lowest river known, but the water is usually at least 2 or 3ft higher. D. of W. on bar is usually from 164 to 17ft, but vessels can always cut through I foot of the soft mud which forms the bar. Charges. Light dues, 8c per reg. ton for vessels leaving for the Argentine Republic, and 6c for vessels leaving for any other country. Custom duties on vessels entering and leaving with cargo under 100 tons reg., about $25; 100 to 200, $31; 200 to 300, $37: 300 to 400, $43; over 400, $49. Pilotage. C. $80 to $150. Officials. Br. Vice-Consul, L. Meyer; Liebig's Extract of Meat Company, Limited; Harb. Master and Collector of Customs, Juan L. Bayeto.

FREDERICIA, Denmark. Little Belt. Lat. 55° 35' N; long. 9° 45' E. Pop. 14,000. Tr.-E. Corn, cattle, butter, eggs. Accn. Harb. close to entrance of the Little Belt is very safe, also the road. The port has a very good chance of being the principal import place for the South of Jutland and Fyan, especially for coals from England and Scotland. D. 20ft. Rys. Central station from N., S., E., and W. Charges. Harb.

16 ore per ton, discharging 6d to 7d per ton. Pilotage. From sea to harb., summer 9d, winter 1/ foot. Official. H.B.M.'s ViceConsul, H. M. E. Rasmussen.

FREDERIKSHALD, Norway. Lat. 59° 7' N; long. 11° 24′ E. Pop. 12,000. Auth. Harb. Commissioner Tr.-I. Coal, grain, and cotton; E. Planed and sawn woods, timber, joinery works, iron, wood pulp, pit props, grain, &c., and granite. Accn. Inner and outer harbs. Ent. 24ft. Can enter outer harb. alongside quay up to 20ft. Two entrances to inner harb., respectively 40ft and about 24ft. Shipbuilding yard, where vessels of any size can be overhauled. Charges. Tonnage and light dues about 10d ton in, 64d ton out. Ballast free. Quay dues, in (cargo) 74d and 3d out per net reg. ton. Total for a ship of 300 reg. tons, with cargo in and out, about £45. Pilotage. According to tonnage and dft of water combined. Winter rates, Oct. 1 to March 31, about 25 per cent. higher than summer rates. On vessel of 300 reg. tons, cargo in and out :-In, 14ft to 15ft £3; out £2 2s. Towage. As per agreement. On vessel of 300 reg. tons, cargo in and out, both ways, about £3 5s. Officials. Harb. Master, Capt. Anonsen; H.B. M.'s Vice-Consul, W. Klein.

FREDERIKSHAVN, Denmark. Lat. 57° 27′ 3′′ N; long. 10° 33′ 15′′ E. Pop. about 7,000. Tr.-I. Coals, grain, wood, iron, and salt; E. Hay, straw, butter, beef, and fish. Accn. The harb. consists of an outer harb., expanse of water 45 acres, is covered by two long stone piers, in which are fixed mooring-rings and posts, and an inner harb., expanse of water 50 acres, in which are quays, 3,300 running ft in all, alongside of which vessels discharge and load. Railway lines, whih are connected with the railways of the country, run direct to the quays. Fresh water supplied through hoses at all quays of harb. Electric light. D. at En. and in outer harb. 231ft, inner harb. and alongside quays 22.7ft and 17ft. The harb. is approachable in any sort of weather. S. of harb. is an excellent anchorage in deep water. A regular coaling station for steamers trading with the Baltic, on account of its advantageous situation just inside the Scaw. Steamers having put back from the North Sea owing to stress of weather, call here to replenish bunkers. In 1900, bunkered here 284 steamers; in 1901, 343. Main importer of coals M. Lauritzen, who also supplies almost all the steamers bunkering here. Bunkers supplied at any time, and with despatch. LV. ever entered here were of abt. 2,500 net reg., and largest quantity of coals supplied to one steamer abt. 350 tons. Charges. Steamers bunkering are free of harb. dues, 343 did so in 1902. For loading and discharging 2d per reg. ton; when ballast taken abt. 1/4 extra per reg. ton. Pilotage. NC. Summer (1st April to 30th September) for vessels with cargo (according draft): 300 to 400 gross register tons (British) in, 1150 to 12'50kr; out, 8'50 to 9 80kr; 600 to 70ɔ, 14'50 to 17kr in; 11 to 13kr out; 1,000 to 1,150, 18 to 21kr in; 14 to 16.50kr out; 1,900 to 2,100 (draft up to 19ft 8in), 27 to 31kr in; 21 to24kr out. Winter taxes, Oct. Ist to March 31st, one-third higher. From November 1st, 1903, pilotage on vessels bunkering only have been further reduced, and are now for tonnage and drafts as above


in summer: 8.50 to 9.80kr in, 6'10 to 7kr out; II to 13'50kr in, 790 to 9 50kr out; 14 to 16 50kr in, 10 to 12kr out; 21 to 24kr in, 15 to 17kr out. One-third more in winter. All pilotage from Hirtsholmene to Frederikshavn, one third higher than from sea to harbour. By the Scaw is stationed a larger pilot steamer, which keeps the sea all the year round, and from which can be had a pilot, at any time, to any Danish and other waters, at fixed taxes. A salvage steamer and a smaller tug-steamer are always stationed here. A large engine works, employing abt. 100 men, undertake large repairs on engines and boilers, and on ships' hulls. Officials. Great Britain, Germany, Norway, Russia, France, Portugal, Holland, Belgium, &c., represented by Consulates and Vice Consulates here; H. B. M.'s Vice - Consul, S. Korup; Lloyd's Agent, P. J. Kall; Harb. Auth., J. Ollendorff.

FREDERIKSTAD, Norway. Lat. 59° 12' N; long. 10° 58' E. Pop. 14,500. Tr.-I. Coals; E. All sorts of planed and sawn wood and timber, and granite. Accn. River runs out into two arms forming two ports; only 23ft water in both ports in spring. Cranes to lift 25 tons. Charges. Tonnage and light dues 11d per ton. Cargo in and out 1/5 per ton. Pilotage. According to tonnage and dft of water combined. Winter rates, October 1 to March 31, about 25% higher than summer rates. On vessel of 399 reg. tons, ballast in, cargo out :-In, Ioft to 11ft (summer tariff) £2 8s 9d; out, 15ft to 16ft (summer tariff) £2; harbour pilot 13/. Towage. As per agreement. On vessel of 399 reg. tons, ballast in, cargo out, in and out £7 12s. Officials.H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, Carsten Thiis, shipbroker; Harb. Master, Bjolstad; Pilot, L. Pettersen.

FREDERICKSTED, St. Croix, W.I. Situate on extreme W. coast of St. Croix, about 14 miles from Christiansted. Tr.-Same as Christiansted. Accn. Harb. is open roadstead, free from shoals and reefs, safe for vessels of any size, except during S W. or N. gale. D. varies from 1 fms. to 7 fms. m. off, to 28 fms. Landing by lighters to wharves, where D. is about 8 to Ioft. Official. H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, R. L. Merwin.

FREMANTLE, Western Australia. Lat. 32° 3' 4" S; long. 115° 44′ 23′′ E. Pop. 21,000. Secure in all winds but N and NW. Auth. Trust formed under "The Fremantle Harbour Trusts Act, 1902." Principal port of Western Australia ani western terminus of State Railways. The port, which is easy of access and safe in all winds, consists of Gage Road, Owen's Anchorage, Cockburn Sound, and inner harb. Latter now completed, with the estuary of Swan River, is formed by two extensive breakwaters 4,835 and 2,040ft long, and is situated about 10 miles E by SS from Rottnest Island. No bar, well lighted, and fit for the largest ships. Extensive trade. Accn. Length of wharves, 8,728ft; depth, 30ft. Cattle jetty for 17ft dit. New explosives jetty. Cold storage for dairy produce, &c. Steam cranes and all appliances for rapid despatch, and an extensive system of electric cranes is decided on. Bad weather signal. Railways on all wharves and breakwaters, and to all Southern parts of the colony. Steam communication with all parts of Australasia.

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