« EdellinenJatka »
British, French and Germin mail liners make Fremantle their first and last port of call in W. Australia En. between Rottnest Island and ma nland about 8 miles wide; several buoyed dangers, safe to approach; channel between breakwaters 450ft wide. D. Between breakwaters and harbour throughout, 30lt below lowest LW. Wharfage inside harbour nearly completed to same depth; 9,255 lineal ft. THW. f. and c. 8h 50m; R. of T. 2ft, influenced by winds, not regular, one high and one low in 24 hours. Three heavy moorings for mail and other steamers in inner harb. always a ailable. Vessels moor alongside wharves with ropes or wire, and are loaded and discharged by ship's gear or steam crane direct from and into railway trucks or shed. Stevedores rig cargo gear. Stean and sailing lighters used for cargo, hulks for coaling steaners. Tugs always in readiness when signalled (P.N. International Code flags). Coal of good quality supplied with despatch in any quantity either direct from trucks or from hulks. Patent slip for vessels to 850 dw; 6d to 9d per gross registered ton per diem. Good repairing places for boilers, engines, &c. Port rules furnished to all arrivals. Berth allotted by harb. master. No work allowed on Sundays. All rubbish must be deposited on shore. Ships must move when ordered by harb. master. Customs officer boards on arrival ant visits vessels during their stay. Stores released on due application. Manifest of cargo and stores, with crew list, must be carefully made out before arrival, and exact weights and quantities stated. Datiable stores are sealed up, and on being discharged an officer remains on board, and must be housed and fed in the cabin by the ship. Heavy fines inflicted for smuggling. Charges. Tonnage dues 3d per ton on n.r. if cargo in excess of net reg., otherwise tonnage of cargo, on all foreign going vessels with cargo. Berthing dues 2d. per ton on cargo landed and shipped ; maximum £20. Vessels calling for coal or supplies a fixed sum of £5 only. All vessels, except where otherwise provided by port regulations, pay light dues, 2d per ton in and 2d out; tonnage 3d per ton on cargo handled; berthing, 2d. Fresh water, 4 per 1,000 gals. for quantities less than 35,000 gals., scale to 2/0 for large quantities. Pilotage. C. except to Intercolonial ves els. Masters exempted on examination. Pilots board five miles east of Bathurst Point, Rottnest Island. Steam pilot boat. Charges. Pilot ground to Gage Roads, steamers 3d on net register, maximum £21; sailers 4d and £15; Gage Roads to or from inner harbour £2, removals inner harb. £2; between Gage Roads, Cockburn Sound, Owen's Anchorage and sea, 2d. on net register, minimum £4, maximum £8. Towage 2d. to 3d. on net register, with minimum 3 to £7 10s. according services. Officials. Chairman of Trust, R. Lawrie; Secretary, F. W. B. Stevens; Engineer, C. S. R. Palmer; Harb. Master, Captain C. J. Irvine; Deputy ditto, Surveyor and Chief Pilot, Capt. J. Tait; Foreign Consul, and Lloyd's Agent, Sir G. Shenton. There is a Chamber of Commerce, banks, hospitals, sailors' rest, shipping office, telephone and telegrams to all parts.
FRONTERA, Mexico. Lat. 19° N; long. 93" W. Near entrance of Tobasco River. Bar harb., with anchorage outside where the coast may be approached to 3 fms. 8ft water on bar. Very dangerous in northerly winds. Charges. Discharging merchandises and reloading them :-Combustible, inflammable goods, 30c per 100 lbs; dry goods, 25c per
100 lbs; groceries, 15c per 100 lbs; hardware, 15c. per 100 lbs; coal, 50c. per ton, discharging only; mahogany, rafting and stowing outside the bars, $2; do., stowing inside, no rafting is needed, 75c per ton; log wood, 75c per ton. Harb. master's fees, $7.50. Tonnage dues on vessels bringing merchandise, $1.50 per ton on vessel's register, no tonnage dues on ships coming in ballast. Pilotage. In and out, $5.00 per Mexican foot. Officials. British Vice-Consul, G. Abaunza; Collector of Customs, Senor Don Carlos del Rio.
FUGLEFJORD, N.E. of Osteroe Island, Faroe Isles. Accn. Good and safe harb., with 12 to 13 fms
water. See Thorshaven.
FUNCHAL, Madeira (the only port of entry). Lat. 32° 14' N ; long. 16° 39' 30". Pop. 40,000. Tr.-I. Coal, corn, salt, American lumber, staves, wheat, manures, &c.; E. Wine, fruits, eggs, vegetables, wickerwork. Accn. Anchorage near to town in 8 to 15fms. Sailing vessels arriving in the day are recommended to keep in the true wind when NE. till opposite town, and then to work into anchorage with counter sea-breeze, which usually sets in from W. to SW. in the afternoon. Steamships are bunkered with great rapidity. No tonnage dues till 1905, and probably not then. Charges. Port charges, pilotage, &c., nominal. Officials. Harb. Master, A. H. da Cunha. H. B.M.'s Consul, J. Bowring Spence; Lloyd's Agents, Blandy Brothers & Co., merchants, bankers, and coal contractors.
FUSAN, Korea. Treaty port. Pop. 11,000, of whom 6,000 are Japanese. Railway from Seoul. Fine deep harbour and considerale trade.
GABES, Egypt. Lat. 35° 53' N; long. about 10° 00' E. Pop.15,000. Tr.-I. Cotton goods, building materials; E. Esparto grass, dates, henna, &c. Accn. Vessels can anchor within a mile of shore. Loading and discharging by lighters at wooden jetty. Charges. Vessels under 1,000 tons pay £3 16s, which includes lighthouse dues.
GABOON, Africa. Lat. 0° 30' 11" N; long. 9° 19' 20" E. Pop. 20,000. Tr.-E. Ivory, ebony and other woods, copal, wax, &c. Accn. Vessels anchor 1 miles from shore in 4 fms. Harb. well sheltered. Charges. Port dues 3d per ton. June to September unhealthy. Official. Lloyd's Agent, H. Gebauer.
GAGE ROAD.-See Swan River.
GALATZ, Roumania. Lat. 45° 26' N; long. 28° 05' E. Pop. 60,000. Auth. The Government and Roumanian State Ry. Tr.-I. British manufactures, sugar, raisins, oil, coal, figs, iron, manufactured goods, bronze, zinc, lead, agricultural, electric, and gas engines; E. Corn, maize, barley, oats, rye, linseed, rape seed, hides, planks, staves, wine, flour, cattle, and salt. Accn. D. varies between 18 to 22ft under ordinary circumstances, but steamers must draw less water than marked in the lower river. Dry dock for steamers 1.500 to 2,400 tons. Two elevators
and a portable crane to 1,200 kgs, stationary crane Charges. Vessels loading or unloading pay the following commission dues, pilotage (C.) included, for each register ton :
Quay dues, river or dock, 20c per ton reg. net; trimming grain, 20/ per 1,000 qrs.; unloading from 60c to 1.20 fr. ; loading and discharging in dock, 50 fr to 100 fr per steamer; general cargo, 1.20 fr; coal 165fr. Lighterage, grain to Sulina about £32 per 1,000 qrs.; min. 1,500 qrs. LV. 2,510 tons net reg. Officials. British Consul-Gen., Lieut.-Col. Henry Trotter, R. E., C. B.; Vice-Consul, Hon. H. Dundas; Harb. Master, Major Poemaru; Port Auth., Capt. Ciudin; Lloyd's Agents, Watson & Youell. (See also Ibraila).
GALLIPOLI, Italy. Lat. 40° 3' 25" N; long. 17° 35′ E. Pop. About 11,755, and including the neighbouring surburbs 135,331. It is situated on an island united to the mainland by a bridge. Tr.-I. Wheat, rice, codfish, coffee, sugar, petroleum, sulphur, leather, coal, drugs, hardware, spirits, staves, iron, and silk; E. Olive oil, wine, grapes, casks, dried figs, olivehusks, woolskins, and lupines. Accn. The port of Gallipoli is situated on the E. side of the Gulf of Taranto, and is perfectly safe except at the entrance, where there is a blind rock, "Raffo," towards the north, at about 400 metres from the lighthouse situated on the north of the new quay. A bell-buoy is placed on the rock. D. on the bar LWST 2.50 metres, and at En. 12 metres, for 122 metres of length is 13 metres, and for 182 metres is 7.50 metres, in the road is 14 metres. Vessels of 100 to 150 tons can come up close to the quay, larger vessels are loaded by lighters. Quays now dredging to 16ft water. Crane, 5c per cask, 20c per ton. Charges. Harbour dues : anchorage-sailing vessels, foreign, 50c per ton to 100 tons; above, Soc, good for 12 months; steamers, $1.40 per ton, for 30 days, 12 months triple dues. Loading, 25c for every cask, other merchandise 10c per quintal; unloading, 30c per quintal, flour 25c per quintal. Pilotage. For vessels under 100 tons, 25 lire; 101 to 200 tons, 30 lire; 201 to 300 tons, 35 lire; 301 to 400 tons, 40 lire ; 401 to 500 tons, 45 lire; 501 to 600 tons, 50 lire; 601 to 700 tons, 55 lire; 701 to 800 tons, 60 lire; 801 to 900 tons, 65 lire; 901 and above, 70 lire. Officials. Pilot, Achille Consiglio; Lloyd's Agent, L. Starace.
GALLIPOLI, Turkey. Lat. 40° 24′ 27′′ N ; long. 26° 41′ 25′′ E. Pop. 10,574. Tr.-I. Sugar, coffee, rice, oil, petroleum, leather, iron, tobacco, calicoes, cloth, hardware, &c.; E. Cereals, canary seed, wine, aniseed, linseed, cheese, fish (salt and in tins), kid skins, goats' hair, onions, sponges, seeds, &c.
Accn. Vessels of any dft anchor in IIfms, well sheltered, about mile off shore. 12ft close to village. Loading safe except in southerly wind. Salvage steamer (British) stationed. Coals from small lighters. Charges on loading and unloading merchandise. For bags (full) the lighters charge 1d per bag; for cases, 6d to 10d each, according to size and weight. Pilotage. Not required. Officials. H B.M.'s Vice-Consul, and Lloyd's Agent, W. Ġrech; Capt. of Port, Shakir Effendi.
GALVESTON, U.S. Lat. 29° 16′ 37′′ N; long. 94° 49′ 41′′ W. Pop. 40,000. Tr.-I. Coal, salt, coffee, ale, earthenware, iron, lumber, sisal grass, cement, and general merchandise; E. are almost entirely cotton, cotton seed, oil, and cake, oak and walnut; timber, hides, wool, tallow, bones, wheat, maize flour, staves, spelter, cattle, &c. Accn. Depth of water 28 to 29ft on the bar, 25 to 30ft at berths. Jetties have been constructed. Charges. There are no port charges nor wharfage on vessel. Customs duty 1/3 per ton. Total expenses are about 1 12s 6d per reg. ton. Pilotage. 16/11 foot, in and out. Pilotage is usually paid inwards only, by vessels loading outside. Pilotage compulsory. Towage. 10 IIS 5d and 15 175 21d. Officials. Harb. Master; H.B.M.'s Con ul, H. Nugent; Lloyd's Agent, B. Adoue. GAMLA CARLEBY, Finland. Lat. 63° 50' N; long. 23° 9′ E Pop. About 4,000 Tr.-I. Coal, salt, E. Timber, deals, and tar. Accn. The harb. has D. 12 to 25ft; and is safe from all winds. The Railway Mole has 10 to 20ft, and vessels load from and discharge into trucks. Charges. Light dues, 44 penni per ton inward; same out; in ballast, half. Custom House 3 marks per day. Pilotage. According to distance, about 3 marks per ft dft.
GARRUCHA, Spain. Lat. 37° 10′ N; long. 1° 50' W. Any depth anchorage in roads, but unsafe. Official.
British Vice-Consul, F. F. Walker.
GASPE, Canada. Lat. 48° 51′ N; long. 64° 12' W. 760. Tr.-I. All kinds of general merchandise; E. Lumber. fish, and oil. Accn. Vessels drawing 28ft can safely enter. An anchorage in 6 to 7 fms. One of the safest harbs. in the Dominion of Canada. Charges. Harb. master's fees about 2/ for 50 reg. tons. Wharfage for vessel 300 tons 8/4 day. Pilotage. 4/2 foot, or according to agreement. Collector of Customs, J. J. Kavanagh; Harb. Master, E. G. Eden; Lloyd's Agents, J. & R. Lowndes.
GEELONG, Victoria. Lat. 38° 8′ 52′′ S; long. 144° 21′ 47′′ E. Pop. 26,500. Auth. Under direct Govt. control. Tr.-I. Manufactured goods of all descriptions, machinery, railway materials, liquors, wine and spirits, coal, iron, and lumber; E. Potatoes, hides, tallow, grain, preserved meats, and wool. Accn. Entrance through Hopetoun Channel, width 130ft, will admit vessels to 23ft at LW.; Yarra St. pier 810ft long, 24ft; Moorabool St. pier, 300ft long, 20ft; Railway pier, 840ft long, 224ft; Custom jetty 150ft long, 14ft; freezing works 47oft long, 29ft. Channel is now easily worked at night, being quite straight and well lighted. D. of W. in Hopetoun Channel at OLW is 23 ft. AST. 2ft 6in. HW. 3 hours full and change; NT. 1ft 2in,
OT. 1ft 10in (during easterly winds tides take off to 15in below zero). Three-ton crane on Yarra St. pier, two 2-ton cranes on Custom jetty for small craft only. LV. 9,000 gross tonnage. Charges. Light dues 6d per ton; stevedoring 1/3 per ton. Pilotage. C. on foreign vessels (see Melbourne). Officials. Engineer-in-Charge, C. W. Maclean; Sub Collector of Customs, S. W. Judd; Harb. Master, Geo. A. Molland.
GEESTEMUNDE. See Bremerhaven.
GEFLE, Sweden. (Gulf of Bothnia). Lat. 60° 40′ N; long. 17° 7' E. Pop. 25,200. Tr.-I. Salt, grain, coal, &c.; E. Planks, iron, and wood pulp. Accn. The outer harb. (4 English miles from the town) will admit vessels drawing 19 to 22ft., the inner harb. vessels of 13ft. Dredging operations in progress to deepen to 24ft ; now 22 ft. Vessels above 20ft have to anchor at Bonan, about 8 miles from Gefle. Two patent slips nearly 900ft in length are available. 40-ton shears. Charges. On a vessel of 250 tons 17. Pilotage. On a vessel of 250 reg. tons, from a foreign port in ballast, and bound to a foreign port with cargo, from sea, 12ft 1 4s 24d; to sea, 15ft £1 10s 4d; on the river, mooring vessel 3/2. Official. H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul and Lloyd's Agent, Robert Carrick.
GHEMLIK, Turkey. Pop. 10,000. Tr.-I. Coals, salt, &c. ; E. Olive oil, olives, chromate ore, wheat, antimony, ore, barley, salted fish barrels, sardines, &c. Accn. Harb. has about 15ft water alongside wharf. Ghemlik is a safe port.
GENOA, Italy. Lat. 44° 24′ 18′′ N; long. 8° 54' 24' E. Pop resident, 234,244. Tr.-I. Cotton and woollen goods, chemicals, machinery, cochineal, indigo, grain, seeds, hides, sugar, coal and coke, wines, spirits, coffee, and iron; E. Olive oil, hemp, flax, rice, fruits, wine, hats, vermicelli, cheese, steel, velvets, silk damask, gloves, flowers, paper, soap, marble, and jewellery in silver and coral. Accn. Genoa is the chief commercial seaport of Italy, and the largest vessel can enter harb., area 519 acres; there are three piers and ten jetties, 34,000ft in_all. D. alongside "Lucedio" quay from 49 to 72ft, and D. at En. from 52 to 69ft. There is a graving dock 285ft long, and a floating dry dock 320ft long; dry dock No. 1, 587ft long, No. 2, 720ft long. Bonded warehouses and cold storage. There are 12 jetties from quays. Cranes-4 steam, 51 hydraulic, and 14 hand-to lift 2 to 10 tons, floating pontoon with crane to 120 tons, floating crane to 30 tons, and sheers to 20 tons. Repairing establishment in port. Charges. Anchorage dues fr 1.40 per ton on steamers, 50c to 8oc on sailing vessels; for a year, 4'20 lire per reg. ton, plus extra dues o'05 lire per ton. Other disbursements light. Pilotage. Optional: 8c per ton net reg. on first 1,000 tons, 5c on second 1,000, over 2,000 tons 3 ctms. Minimum, 32 lire; maximum, 160 lire. Italian measurement. Certificates of measurement (Italian) required; no deductions allowed. Towage. As per agreement. Officials. The chief is now the Port Authority, Consorzio Autonomo; H.B.M.'s ConsulGeneral, Wm. Keene; Vice-Consul, R. G. Macbean; Lloyd's Agent, G. Mingotti.