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LISBON, Portugal. Lat. 38° 42′ 24′′ N; long. 9° 5′ 50′′ W. Pop. 500,000. Tr.-I. Hemp, flax, corn, petroleum, and cloth from Russia, iron, steel, salt fish, timber, and pitch from the Baltic, linen, cloth, hardware, sugar, machinery, &c., from Holland and Germany, codfish from Newfoundland, corn and petroleum from the United States, silks, perfumery, and fancy goods from France, beans and sulphur from the Mediterranean, cotton and woollen goods, linen, hardware, tinplates, butter, tea, ale, porter, chemical manure, machinery, coal, iron, &c., from Great Britain, wax, coffee, cocoa, and rubber from the colonies; E. Wines, fruit, salt, oil, wool, leather, corkwood, pitwood, cattle, tinned fish, and colonial produce. Accn. The largest vessels can anchor in the river close to the city. The town has extensive quays for vessels of all sizes at all times to load and discharge, with hydraulic cranes to lift from 1 to 40 tons, two grav ng docks-590ft by 82ft and 328ft by 49ft respectively-a slipway, sheds, and warehouses, and lines of rails laid on the quays connected with the railway company's system. There is a Government dock and a private dock on the south side of the river. Loading and discharging, if effected in the stream by lighters; loading, rs. 800 per day for each man, night work rs. 1,000. Unloading, coals 7d per ton, beans 7d, wheat or maize 5d, sugar in bags, sulphur, iron, tin plates, 7d to 1od per ton, wood 2d per standard. Cranage: The charge for the use of hand or power cranes, whether fixed, movable or floating, will be calculated per hour, per half day or whole day, each fraction being reckoned as entire. LIFTING POWER OF CRANES.

One hoar
Half day


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1500 kilog. 3,000 kilog. 1,500 kilog. 3,000 kilog, 5,000 kilog. $0.750 $1.000 $1.200






8.000 ... 10'000

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$2.500 9'000 12.000 15'000


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Whole day 5'000 Hand cranes will be supplied with a man competent to work the brake; power cranes with a crane driver and floating cranes with their crews. All other necessary hands mast be supplied by the hirers of the cranes, who will also have to bear the cost of slinging and receiving the packages. Hydraulic cranes of 5 to 40 tons; hoisting goods from deck or hold to quay or lighters: to 5 tons, $1; 5 to 10, $14; 10 to 20, $14; 20 to 30, $18; 30 to 40, $2 per ton. Lighterage generally paid by receivers of cargo. Charges. Tonnage dues: No tonnage dues are levied on ships receiving any cargo at any Portuguese port. The only charge is a fixed sum of rs.5,000 on every ship loading cargo, whatever the quantity may be. If the steamer, however, has brought an inward cargo, and paid dues to the amount of or in excess of rs.5,000, even this charge is not made. Tonnage dues are levied on ships bringing cargo imported and discharged, at the rate of rs. 250 per ton weight of 1,000 kilog. of cargo manifested, rs. 100 per ton weight of 1,000 kilog. if the cargo manifested consists of coal, coke or sulphur. A fixed quay rate of $050 per n.r. ton on all vessels lying at quays, with 60% off for Portuguese vessels. 50% for regular liners, and 40% other vessels after three calls in one year, and $10 per metre per ann. for appropriated berths. Wharfage rates are levied on cargo loaded or discharged at the rate of rs. 120 per ton. passengers, rs. 100 for each landed, and rs. 100 for each embarked; children under 12 years gratis. Pilotage. For foreign or national vessels, in or out, up to 240 cub. met. rs. 30 per met.,


and on each in excess of 240 and up to 500 met. rs. 20 per met., on each met in excess of 500 rs. 5 per met. Minimum r. 4,000 and maximum rs. 13,500 for any vessel. River pilotage, up to 240 cub. met. rs. 1,200 per vessel, for every met. in excess of 240 rs. 5, maximum rs 3,000; for each succeeding day the pilot is on board rs. 800, besides his subsistence. The present rate of exchange varies between rs. 5,200 and rs. 5,600 per sterling. Officials. H. B.M.'s Consul, ———; Lloyd's Agents, James Rawes & Co.; English solicitor, G. J. C. Henriques.

LITTLE POPO, Africa, Lat. 6° 12′ N; long. 1° 32′ E, and about 8 miles east of Porto Seguro. Tr. I. Spirits, salt, cotton, powder, and general hardware; E. Palm oil and palm nut kernels. Accn. The anchorage is good, in 6fms water, sand and clay bottom. From the middle of July to end of October it is safer to anchor further out, in 8 or 9fms, on account of the heavy weather which generally prevails at that time, bad surf making landing difficult and dangerous. Charges. There are no import dues, but an export charge is made upon a puncheon of about 120 gallons of palm oil of 1/14d; on a cask of kernels of gd. These charges are paid by the shipper. Official. Lloyd's Agent, F. Richers.

LJUSNE, Sweden. Lat. 6 10 N; long. 22 17′ E.


E. Timber, deals, battens, firewood, and iron; I. No imports except three or four cargoes, of coals for own use. Accn. Harb. has sufficient depth of water for vessels of 2,000 tons. Charges. Harb. dues, 12 to 16 ore per ton. Pilotage. Different taxes, one higher from Sept. 1 to May 1, 12ft to 24ft respectively, 16 to 44 kroners; and one lower from May I to Sept. 1, 12ft to 24't respectively, 14 to 38 kroners. Pilot required at the isle, Stugsund, or pilot cutter. Towage. For sailing ships, 15 to 25 kroners. The harb. is visited by about 200 steamers and sailing ships a year (about the half of each). Officials. Cust. House, M. Schultz; Harb. Master, A. F. Sjöborg; Correspondent of the Harb., Yugre Nordenfelt, Esq.

LOBOS ISLANDS, Peru. Lat. 6° 58′ S; long. 80° 50' W. There are large deposits of guano on these islands. D. in various parts for any size vessel, but many partially submerged rocks. Official. Captain of Port Eten, which see L'ORIENT, France. Lat. 47° 04' N; long. 3° 31' W. Pop. 37,812. Tr.-I. Grain, petroleum, ship-building materials, coal, iron, and provisions; E. Wheat, wine, brandy, liqueurs, sardines, cloth, iron, lead, silks, wax, &c. Accn. Floating dock for vessels up to 600 tons burthen and 15ft dft. at ST. The largest vessels can discharge in the harbour. Shipbuilding is carried on. There are two graving docks and a heaving-down pontoon for vessels up to 400 tons. Brokers. Civel, Kerlero du Crano. LOS ANGELES (PORT), Santa Monica Bay, California. Lat. 34° 1' 20" N; long. 118° 32′ 20′′ W. 22 miles from City of Los Angeles. Tr.-I. Coal and cement; E. Wheat. Accn. The wharf or pier runs out to sea 4,70oft, the outer 1,000ft being 132ft broad. It is surrounded by a system of moorings, and buoys with mushroom anchors. D. alongside 1,000ft of pier 30 to 33ft mean lowest low water, with rise and fall of tide


5 to 8ft. Good facilities for loading and discharging. cranage, and coal bunkers for 10,000 tons. There is a powerful steam tug always ready. Charges. (See San Francisco.) Officials. Port Captain; H.B. M.'s Vice-Consul, C. White Mortimer, M. A., Southern Pacific Company.

LOTA, Chile. Lat. 37° 1' S; long. 73° 12′ W. Nitrate port. Jetty with 20ft. Pilotage. $5 per 500 t.r., to $25 per 2,000 t. r. Official. British Vice-Consul, H. H. Maguire. LOURENCO MARQUES (Delagoa Bay). Lat. 26° S; long. 33° E. Pop. (White), 4,691; total, 9,849. Tr.—Important and increasing. I. Beer, wine, spirits, tobacco, firearms, hardware, and manufac ures; also timber from U.S.A., New Zealand, and Baltic; E. Relatively small, but gold and wool are coming forward as rys. develop the country. Hides also being exported from the Transvaal. Station of Eastern Telegraph Company. Accn. Entrance is sa'e, and there is 18′t of water in the river at LW. There are two piers available for boats and lighters only, also a wooden pile wharf 600 yds long, half of which is available already, with 24ft water alongside at LW. Vessels discharge there or into lighters. Harbour newly buoyed and surveyed. Cranage: On wharf, cranes of 20 and 10 tons, and 4 Temperley transporters; small cranes on piers. Sheds for gods on wharf. Works in view, which will give 4,000 yds wharf, besides slip and dock. Small dock and repairing shop on opposite side river. The estimated cost of the entire prop sed works is £1,100,000, and they should, when completed, render Lourenco Marques the principal port of the Transvaal. British gold and Portuguese silver legal tender, but British silver circulates.


of ex hange varies, averaging at present from 5,500 to 5,800 reis to sterling Rys. Ry. to the Transvaal. Charges. Tonnage dues 2d a ton. Pilotage. 7s 2d to 10s 9d a foot, in and out. Towage for sailing ves-els 1 5s to £1 15s per mile. Port Office 1 10s. Example:-Fees for a steamship of 4,000 tons, drawing 19 feet in and 18 feet out about £60. For sailing ship and towage. Age cy landing, receiving and forwarding charges about 7s 6d per ton of goods espatched. Officials. Lloyd's Agent; H.B. M.'s Consul-General, Major J. Baldwin; Vice-Consul, E. W. Ncel.

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LOUVAIN, Belgium. Pop. 37,385. Tr.-E. Potatoes, baik, iron, coa's, phospate, tiles, &c. Accn. Depth 11ft 4in, and breadth of sluices 26ft 2in; length 173ft. Charges. On a vessel of 100 tons £7 10s 1od (coming and going with cargo); on a vessel of 100 tons only once loaded, £6 8s. Pilotage, about L1 os 7d. Towage, £2 7s 6d.

LUBECK, Germany. Lat. 53° 52′ N; long. 10° 41' E. Pop. 97,000. Tr.-I. Cotton, coal, iron, ironware, ore, colonial produce, grain, butter, tar, pitch, timber, timber-ware, fish, hides, lime and cement, machines, petroleum, and stone; E. Wine, spirits, coffee, sugar, chemicals, iron, ironware, machinery, cotton manufactures, salt, wooden goods, and general merchandise. Accn. Mean depth of water: Entrance from the sea into the harb. of Travemunde, 6'3 met. Vessels drawing not more than 6'0 met. of water can enter the harbour and reach the transit harbour (Umschlaghafen) on the right side of the river as far up as the Einsiedelferry at the entrance of Lübeck Harbour; drawing not more than 5.5 met,

can enter the inner and the outer harbour of Lübeck; drawing more than 5.5 met. will be allowed to pass the river between Travemunde and Lübeck only during daylight and with the assistance of a State pilot. Koch's floating dry dock in two compartments of 42.7 met. and 25 15 met., up to 1,500 tons. Koch's floating crane, 40 tons. On the north point of the Behn Quai two hydraulic cranes, to lift 4 to 40 tons; a 12-ton hand crane on right bank of the harb. On the warehouse: five hydraulic cranes to lift 15 tons, also three elevators to discharge grain. Pilotage. Sea pilotage, steamers, in and out, 6pf. up to 1,500 c. m,; 1,501 to 2,000, 3pf.; 2,001 to 2,500, 3pf.; over 2,500, ipf. per c. m.; for steamers of more than 200 cub, met., not taking a pilot, Ipf. cub. met. ; for sailing vessels above 100 cub. met., in and out, 5pf. cub. met. River pilotage (NC.), for steamers and sailing vessels of 300 cub. met. and under, 6 marks; above 300 cub. met., 2pf. cub. met. Harbour dues, in and out, for steamers above 150 cub. met. when laden, 15pf. cub. met., unladen or in ballast, 74pf. cub. met.; for sailing vessels above 150 cub. met., 12pf. cub. met. when laden; 64pf. unladen or in ballast. Officials. H. B.M.'s Vice-Consul, H.L. Behncke; Harb. Master, J. H. J. Bruning.

LULEA, Sweden. Lat. 63° 37 N; long. 22 11' E. Gulf of Bothnia. Pop. 10,200. Rys. Lulea Gellivara Ry. Auth. Harbour Commrs., Governor, Burgomaster, Magistrate. Tr.-I. Coals, rye, flour, soda; E. Iron and copper ore, phosphate, timber. Rail communication with ore mines, and Narvik, Norway. Accn. Entrance narrow, with strong current running outward; quays and berths 28, 27, 25, 19, and 16ft. Hydraulic lift to 150 tons. Two slipways, 600 ton dw. and 1,700 ton dw. D. of W. on bar 25ft. LV. 7,000 ton dw. Charges. Harb. dues, 15 ore = 2d per ton, for loading wood 2/ to 4 per standard, unloading coal 1 per ton, discharging rod. Pilotage. Compulsory. Officials. Governor, E. J. Beigström ; Harb. Master, A. Wolff; H.B. M 's Vice-Consul, A. J. Westerberg. LYNGOR, Norway. Lat. 58° 38′ N; long. 9° 15′ E. Tr.E. Block ice, lobsters, oysters and herrings. Accn. Harb. is small, but port is well sheltered, has three entrances, and a depth of water of 4 to 12 fms., accessible for vessels of any size, and is a fine harbour of refuge. All kind of supplies (coals included) can be obtained, and repairs executed at moderate cost. Charges. Loading 5d ton reg. ; clearing at Rusör about £1 for a vessel of 400 reg. tons; harb. dues on a vessel from 350 to 400 reg. tons about 3/10. Pilotage. For a vessel of 350 to 400 reg. tons, and drawing 1oft, summer, in, about 1 125 rod; out, about 12/8; loaded drawing 14t o 15ft, out, about £1 12s 7d ; winter, Loft dit. in, about £2 38 11d, out, about £1 35 8d; loaded and from 14 to 15ft dft., about 1 10s. Towage. Obtainable at a moderate cost. Depôt of the Norwegian Ice Company. Manager, A. E. Olsen.

LYTTELTON.-See Port Lyttelton.

MAASLUYS, Holland. Lat. 51° 55′ N; long. 4° 30' E. Maasluys is on the new waterway between the Hook of Holland and Rotterdam, about 9 miles from the latter. Charges. As at Rotterdami. Officials. H.B.M.'s Consular Agent, also Lloyd's Agent, G. Dirkzwager,

MACABI ISLANDS. Lat. 7° 50' S; long. 79° 28′ W. These two islands, called respectively North and South, are of the same character as the Guanape Islands. Tr.The shipment of guano, the sole trade, has now been abandoned. Accn. Vessels lie close to the north shore, in from 9 to 10fms. Good holding ground.

MACAO, Fort San Paulo, China. Lat. 22° 11′ 23′′ N; long. 113° 34' 13" E. Light, Fort N Sra Guia, lat. 22° 11' 0" N; long 113° 33′ o" E. Pop. 68,086. Tr.-I. Manufactured goods, coals, rice, and opium; E. tea, raw silk, &c. Accn. 12ft at LW. close to Fort San Jago, thence the soundings are 12 to 18ft along the eastern shore to the town. Macao is a Portuguese settlement in China. Charges. Harb. dues, sailing ships, $234188 per 1,000 tons; steam ships, $78188 per 1,000 tons. Pilotage. $5. Officials. Harb. Master, Capt. A. A. Branco; Br. Vice-Consul, F.O. Seaton.

MACASSAR, Celebes, Dutch East Indies. Lat. 5° 8' 8" S.; long. 119° 24' 2" E. Tr.-I. Cotton, woollen and silk goods, hardware, iron, tobacco, wines and spirits; E. Coffee, gum, copal, shells, spices, rattans, tortoisehells, cajooputi oil, hides, horns, and copra. Accn. Anchorage close to the shore in 5 to 10 fms. Government Wharf in course of construction, 500 m. long. D. alongside will be 32ft; to be completed end of 1905. D. at En. 8 to 10 fms.; well buoyed, two lighthouses, six piers. Well sheltered in SE. monsoons. Free port with coolies. Pilotage. C. Dues: nett tonnage from 500 to 1,500, f. 5; from 1,500 to 2,500, f. 10; and so on. These There are as yet no Customs charges or anchorage, but by January dues are to be paid twice, once for coming in, once for going out. 1st, 1906, customs and anchorage duties will be introduced as in other parts of the Dutch East Indies. Auth. and Officials. Harbour Master, E. A. Kuchlin ; Br. Vice-Consul, S. P. Stephens. MACEIO, Brazil. Lat. 9° 35′ S; long. 35° 41′ W. Tr.I. General merchandise; E. Sugar, cotton, hides. cotton and castor seeds, rubber, maize. Accn. Roadstead 25 to 35 ft depth. Cranes to 2 tons on railway and private wharves. Charges. Including pilotage, about 10/ per ton. Loading sugar 100rs per bag, cotton 320rs per bale, for stevedore. Unloading general merchandise $7 per man per diem, or as contracted by package or ton. The Royal Mail Steam Packet Co.'s, Messrs. T. & J. Harrison's, and the Hamburg-Sud-Americanische Dampf. schifffahrts Gesellschaft's steamers call regularly here. Officials. Harbour Master, Saddock de Sá; H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, C. Gotle. MADRAS, India. Lat. 13° 5' 10" N; long. 80° 16′ 29′′ E. Pop. 460,000. Auth. Madras Harbour Trust Board Chairman, F. J. E. Spring, C.I.E.; Traffic Manager, W. Lambert; Secretary, C. Pinsent. Tr.-I. Cotton, hardware, manufactured metals, wines, provisions, railway materials, spirits, apparel, timber, horses, &c.; E. Cotton, rice, indigo, hides, jaggery, cocoanut oil, oil seeds, pepper, &c. Accn. D. at En. 34ft below India Spring LW mark. Range OS 3ft 5in mean. One 30-ton, two 10, thirty-three to 5 ton cranes. Nine berths for vessels 16 to 30ft. Ail landing and shipping by boats. No docks. Pier, and another being constructed. Horses landed by gangway. Charges. 30rs per day for berth. Port dues on vessels from and

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