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PONTA DELGADA, St. Michaels, Azores. Lat. 37° 45

N; long. 25° 41' W. Pop. 18,000. Tr.-1. Coals, dry goods, hardware, paints, oils, iron, tin-plates, petroleum, deals, sugar, coffee, hats, codfish, wines, biscuits, &c.; E. Oranges, pineapples, Indian corn, alcohol, cattle, tobacco, beans, potatoes. Accn. Anchorage in 10 to 25fms. There is a mole, inside of which vessels of 10,000 tons can lie in comparative safety. Cranes to lift from 2 to 40 tons. Charges. All vessels anchoring in outer anchorage or inside breakwater pay for light dues I real per gross ton. It is customary to pay a gratuity not exceeding ter to the pilot statf on duty. Harb. dues, inside, of 10 reis per gross ton, decreasing if longer than one day to 2 reis. Cargo dues : For each ton of 1,000 kilos 6d, except vessels laden with coals, coke, or sulphur, which pay about 2}d ton. Vessels discharging coals 125 reis for every 1,016 kilos sanded. Vessels discharging any other cargo pay 3125 reis per 1,016 kilos. Each vessel not to pay less than 11/3. Vessels entering in ballast or with cargo, and not discharging, pay for the cargo received the fixed amount of 11/3, whatever the amount of cargo taken on board. For every passenger landed or embarked 1,250 reis is over 12 years of age, under 12 free. Vessels discharging or receiving cargo alongside the quays pay 3.75 reis per ton per day. Pilotage. Vessels seeking harb. through force majeure" or anchoring in Franquia Roads are not obliged to employ a pilot. Officials. Captain of the Port, an Officer of the Portuguese Navy ; H.B.M.'s Consul, W. Read. (see St. Michaels.)

PORSGRUND or SKIENFIORD), Norway. Lat. 59° 8'

N; long. 9° 40' E. Harb. with 19st kept open in winter by icebreakers. Charges. About ud ton reg. Official. British Vice-Consul, J. Franklin.

PORT ADELAIDE, South Australia. Lat. 34° 56' S;

long. 138° 36' E. Pop. (Port Adelaide only) 30,000. Auth. Marine Board of Dept. of Public Works. Tr.-E. Wool, wheat, bark, gold, copper and lead ores, four, salt, hay, salted hides, tallow, gums, wine, fruit, &c. Accn. 23ft at LWOST. Ordinary HWST. 31ft to 32ft from entrance of river to the wharves, with a minimum width of 250ft. Average rise and fall at ST. 8jft. The wharves at Port Adelaide are about two and a half miles long, the depth alongside varying from 18ft to 28ft at LW. Four patent slips capable of taking on vessels of from 300 to 1,500 tons. Dry docks contemplated. Five patent slips from 200 to 720ft long, 60 to 25ost broad, and 8 to 17ft dit. Two cranes to lift about 20 tons each. Charges. Light dues 3d reg. ton, in or out, coasting id; not to exceed 60 per ton in any six months. Tonnage dues 3d reg. ton. Vessels loading or discharging part cargo, sd dues.

Dst of water has nothing to do with these charges. Pilotage. C. Every vessel taking a pilot, not ex. 100 tons, in or out £2 ios, for every reg. ion above 100 tons, in or out 1d, provided that in any case the pilotage of any vessel does not exceed £9, reduced hy one-fourth with steam vessels or sailing vessels towed by steamtugs, or part of distance proportionate reduction. For vessels availing themselves of a pilot to or from the anchorage off the Semaphore or Lights Passage---sor any distance not ex, three miles-if anchored and afterwards proceed.




ing into harb. the usual charge. Not compulsory: For every vessel taking a pilot, and not above 100 tons, ki, of 100 and not above 300 tons, £ 105, above 300 and not above 500 tons, £2, above 500 tons, £3. Harb. pilotage, not compulsory : Under 200 tons, mooring or unmooring, ios, removal ios; of 200 and not above 300 tons, mooring or unmooring, 155, removal 155 ; 300 and not above 400 tons, mooring or unmooring £1, removal £ 1 55; 400 and not above 500 tons, mooring or unmooring ki, removal £1 10s. Every vessel above 500 tons, if moored at a wharf on arrival in harb., mooring or unmooring £i ios, removal £2 ; above 500 tons, if moored in stream on arrival in harb., inooring or uninooring £1, removal £2. Pilots if required by master or commander waiting for orders to remain on board shall be paid a fee of £r is per day in addition to the ordinary rates. Towage. From anchorage to wharves (or vice versa) for vessels over 200 tuns reg. if tug engaged both in and out £ 5 for first 200 tons, and sd per ton each additional ton each way, if tug employed ooly one way 6d per ton. For vessels under 200 tons £4 10; each way, or by special arrangement. When two

vessels towed subject to arrangement. Officials. President Marine Board, A. Gearing; Secretary, J. Darby ; Lloyd's Agents, Elder, Smith & Co., Ltd. PORT ALBANY, King George's Sound, W Australia.

Lat. 35° 02' S; long. 117° 54' E. Tr.-E. Wool, sandalwood, pearls, jarrah timber, horses, sheep, fish, Aour, gum, hides, leather, oil, ore, tallow, guano, tortoiseshell. Accn. Harb. is one of the finest on the Australian coast, and well protected from winds. Entrance 3oft, inner harb. anchorage for vessels up to 27ft. The town jetty of some length affords facilities for the loading and discharge to 23ft at the end. Railway jetty 1,650 ft with 34ft at end ; four lines connected with Great Southern Rly. One 10-ton (hand), one 3-ton steam travelling crane, and one 5-ton steam winch. Mooring, screw pilts with buoys on both sides of jetty. The White Star line steamers Afric, Persic and Medic trading to Australia ports now berth alongside railway jetty. Coaling station. Charges. Boats calling for coals and supplies & 5, which covers all dues, pilotage, &c., landing or embarking passages an extra charge of £l per head, cargo boals 3d per ton on cargo landed, and 4d per net reg. ton, also pilotage in and out. Boats calling at Albany on their way to South African poris or vice versa, and requiring to land or take in cargo pay a lump sum of £30, which covers all dues, loading (wharfage) 2) per ton, berthing 3d per ton on goods landed, &c. Oiricials. Sub. Coll. of Cust., E. Troode ; Lloyd's Agents, J. McKail & Co. PORT ALBERT, and PORT ALFRED, South Australia.

In Gulf of St. Vincent. Charges as Port Adelaide. Anchorage in Bay, 15ft ; bar, Port Albert, 9 to 13ft ; Port Alfred, 12 to 13ft. PORT ALFRED, Africa. Lat. 33° 36' 9" S; long. 26° 54' 10"

E. Accn. A bar barb. entered between two piers, with average depth of oft at LWOst. D. at En. varies from 4ft Win to 8ft at LWOS., with deeper water inside. Wharf accn., with 12 to 14ft water alongside at LT. Vessels disch urge with their own gear. There is a slip capable of taking up vessels of 100 tons burden ; larger vessels can be hove down. A rocket and lifeboat station. Anchorage outside bar 10 fms. Charges. Wharfage. Wool shipped or landed 6d per 100lbs, other goods 10/ per £100 value. Exemptions : Public stores, naval and military baggage, and personal baggage of passengers, ship's stores outwards; all goods shipped upon which dues have been paid in importation, and those shipped to or landed from any place within the colony, bullion and coin. Supplies at reasonable rates. Officials. Harb. ster, J. L. Dryden ; Lloyd's Agent, C. A. Bryant. PORT ANTONIO, Jamaica. Lat. 18° 10' N; long. 76° 27' W.

Tr.-I. Machinery, general merchandise, beer, spirits, wines, lumber; E. Chiefly fruit and logwood. Accn. Anchorage in the E. harb. 5 to nisms, and in the W. harb. 9 to 13fms, good swinging room, and the W. harb. is safe against any kind of storm. Charges. Harb. dues 20/ per ship. Light dues, for Folly Point, id per ton on each entry of vessel ; for general lights, id, payable quarterly on steamers ; sailers, 3d yearly. Pilotage. Steamers, inwards, 151 for first 7ft, 2/ for every additional foot; outwards, 1216 for first 7ft, and 1/6 for each additional foot. Sailing vessels double the amount charged for

Official. Collector of Customs and Harbour Master, W. B. Isaacs.


PORT ARTHUR, Manchuria. Extreme end of Liaotung

Peninsula. Leased by China to Russia. Fine harbour, but bad entrance. Arsenal and naval docks with facilities for repairs. Two dry docks, one 325ft by Soft by 34ft. Besieged and blockaded by the Japanese from August to December, 1904, and entrance obstructed by sunken vessels. Surrendered by Russia to Japan on January 1st, 1905.

PORT ARTHUR, Texas, near Galveston ; loading place for

oil, Vessels enter at Sabine, passing up canal. D. 221t, to pipe line terminus and tanks Auth. Port Arthur Channel and Dock Co. Charges. No toll or anchorage or other fees ; $10 to Harb. Master. Officials. Customs officer, J. B. Sargent ; H.B.M.'s Vice-Consul, J. R. Adams. PORT AU PRINCE, Hayti. Lat. 18° 33' 0"N; long, 72°

19' 46'W. Pop. Over 30,000. Tr.I. General; E. Coffee, cocoa, logwood, and mahogany. Accn. A small basin running north, end of city, called Inner Harb., with 4 to 5fms of water. From Auzust to November to he approached with caution. Only small sailers can now enter inner harbour. Charges. Signal $2, sanitary visit paid to doctor of port $12 5cc, sanitary dues $22 920, tonnage dues 500 ton cargo landed, light dues 6c on gross tonnage of vessel in gold. Pilotage. Currency $15. Official. H.B.M.'s Consul-General, A. G. Van. sittart ; Vice-Consul, G. E. Duncombe. PORT AUGUSTA, Spencer Gulf, South Australia. Lat.

32° 29' 42" S ; long. 137° 45' 46" E; 240 miles NW. from Adelaide. Railways to Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane. Pop. about 3,000. Auth. Marine Board.

Tri-1. General ; E. Wheat, four, copper, wool, tallow, bark, silver, lead ores, bullion, oats, bran, hay, &c. Accn. A natural harb., land-locked, capacious, safe, and deep. Good anchorage can be found in any part of the Gulf, the approaches well marked with buoys and beacons. Lowest depth in channel, 17ft 6in LW. ; Wharves (Govt.) 1,200ft long, with 221* at LW., berthing 5 large ships, and 4 stage berths. There are 4 jetties, with 8 10 16ft LW. Harb. deepened to 20ft LW. Moorings 22 to 28f1 LW. HW. f. and c. 8h 30m ; OS. rise from 9 to izst. Travelling railway cranes. No dry docks, but good beach to clean ships' bottoms. LV. 2,555 tons, 24st sia dft. Charges. Light dues on vessels from beyond the Australasian Colonies 3d ton in or out ; vessels calling for orders, or en route to and from Australasian Colonies ifd ton in or out ; vessels from ports within Australasian Colonies 1d ton in or out ; no vessel shall pay more than 6d per ton for light dues in any six months. Tonnage dues on sailing vessels 3d ton, steamers Iļd ton. Loading and unloading : General and ballast Il to 1/6 per ton, grain 1/10 1/3 per ton, wool 1/2 to 1/3 per bale. Pilotage. C. Pilots can be obtained off Eastern Shoal.' Rates, 100 tons £3; every ton above, 2fd ; maximum £16 16s in or out,

deducted if towed or propelled by steam. Towage. As agreed. Officials. Sub-Collector of Customs, Wm. Little ; Harb. Master and Surveyor to Adelaide Underwriters' Assoc., Ltd., Wm. Ellis. PORT BALTIC, Gulf of Finland. Lat. 59° 23' N ; long.

24° 2' E. 18ft in harbouir. Used when Revel is frozen. Charges as Revel. PORT BARRIER, between St. Brieuc and St. Malo. Auth.

Private. D. Vessels drawing 10 to 12ft. Accn. A quay 250st, with crane, and a jetty 28oft. Charges. Vessels 200 to 300 tons, about £4; 300 to 500, £5; 500 to 1,000, £6. Pilotage at very low rate. Official, R. A. Wilson. PORT CAROLINE, or KINGSTON, Lacepede Bay. South

East Coast. Lat., 36° 50'S; long. 139° 51' E. “Tr.-E. Wool, wattle bark, wheat, hides, skins of sheep, rabbit, and kangaroo. Accn. The port is 160 miles S.E. of Adelaide, 10 miles from Granite rocks, and 11 from Cape Jaffa. Exposed from N. to S.W. Sea goes down inside from 9 fathom line, and comparatively smooth in 5 fathoms. The safest and most commodious anchorage between Adelaide and Melbourne. The coast is very low, but the Aag. staff at the Custom House is a good landmark by day, and at night a fixed white light is exhibited on the jetty. Ships requiring lighters should bring up in a line with the jetty (on no account to the north of it), and, if loaded, should have 4ft of water under them at LWST. The water increases before foul weather. A vessel can anchor, according to her draught, anywhere between the jetty and Cape Jaffa inside the 5 fathom line. There is an iron screw p.le jetty of a mile long, bearing N. 58 W. with 10£ft of water at LWST., for sailing vessels under 100 tons on the north side, where there are moorings. Steamers can come alongside, water permitting. Travelling cranes on jetty to 30 cwt. Excellent water is procurable. A railway runs from Kingston to Adelaide and Melbourne. Pilotage. Not required, but can be

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had. Charges. Same as Port Adelaide. Officials. Harb. Master,
Sub. Coll. of Cust., and Underwriters' Surveyor, George H. Styles;
Lloyd's Agents, Dalgety & Co., who now, by means of steam lighters,
deliver cargo to the ships at the anchorage faster than they can take
it; nothing but a severe gale stops the loading.

PORT CHALMERS, New Zealand. - See Otago.
PORT CURTIS, Queensland, Australia. Lat. 23° 52' S.

long. 151° 27' E. Port of call for mail steamers. Auth. Under control of Marine Department of Queensland. Accn. No cranage accommodation or docks. D, at En. LS, 5fins ; at Auckland Point Jetty, 2oft ; at Meat Works Jetiy, minimum 20t: at Caule Wharf, 143ft ; at Victoria Wharf, iofr. Pilotage. Pilotage rates, 5d in and 5d out. Vessels in ballast, hall pilotage. Vessels whose original port of clearance and final port of discharge are beyond the colony pay 1/6 per ton on all cargo landed and shipped, instead of pilotage rates. Crane on Auckland Point jetty to 5 tons. Charges. No other charges, except for removal. Loading and unloading at ship's expense by putting on hands. Officials. Harb. Master, E. T. Curtis ; Pilot, J. J. Baillie. PORT DARWIN, Northern Territory, S. Australia. Lat.

12° 28' 22" S; long. 130° 50' 26" E. Port Signal, BQRT. Auth. The Port Authority is under the Marine Board of South Australia, but sub sections I to 7 of clause 26 of Marine Board and Navigation Act, 1881, are vested in the Govern. ment Resident of the Northern Territory. Tr.-E. Gold, silver, tin, copper, hides and horns (buffalo), mother-of-pearl shell, beche de mer (tripang), mica, cattle, wool, sheep, fish (dried). Accn. The finest and safest harb, on the North Coast of Australia, easy of access, no bar at the entrance. D. at En. 10 to 12 sms. ; entrance I} miles wide, and is the junction point of the land lines from the Southern Colonies with ihe telegraph cables to Europe and the East. Telephone from Port Darwin to look out station at Fannie Bay, 3 miles; telegraph land line to Adelaide, Eastern and China telegraph system joining Australian land line at Port Darwin. Regular stea mer É. & A. Co. and China Navigation Co. every week. The first section of the Trans-continental Railway terminates on a jetty ; depth of water at the inner end, 22it LWST., outer end, 3oft LWST. Fresh water laid on, 10/ per 1,000 gallons. Tra elliog crane, listing power 20 tons. ST. rise 22ft 4in, max. 23ft join ; NT. rise 15ft tin, max. 171t. There are no dry docks, but owing to the range of tide and the favourable nature and con: sistency of the fats (sand and mud), large steamers have been placed on them wi hout the necessity of shifting cargo and all damages sucressiully repaired. W. SE., Apr. to Oct. Ñ W., Nov. to March. Charges. Light dues, 1 įd ton of reg. tonnage, for vessels arriving and departing foreign, and id ton for vessels arriving or departing inter-colonial. Jetty 6/ ton, from ship to Customs sorting shed; special facilities on railway and jetty for embarking live cattle, Noting protest, 21/; entering and clearing, 21/ each ; com, on dis. bursement, 24 per cent. 10 5 per cent. ; obtaining freights, from 2} per cent. to 5 per cent. Lighterage 5/ per ton until completion of jetty, when this charge will be abolished. Pilotage. NC. The Harb. Master boarding sailing vessels off East Point, or with the

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