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boarding officer at the Customs boarding station, viz., N. of an imaginary line formed by the following barings, magnetic-Fort Hill, NE. by E. three-quarter E.; Point Emery, NNW. quarter W. Lighthouse on Point Charles. The focal plane of the light is 120ft above HW., and is visible from a vessel's deck in ordinary weather 18 miles. The light is of first order, revolving every 30 seconds, and shows over an arc of 257°, viz., a green sector of 65° over the great Fish Reef and a ljacent dangers, from N. 22 E. to N. 82 E.; bright, 155°, from N. 82 E. to S. 57 W.; and a red sector, 42°, showing over the shoals to the W. of Port Darwin; entrance from S. 57 W. to N. 81 W.; the remaining arc of 103° to be observed. A fixed white light is exhibited from Point Emery 65ft above HW., visible from ordinary ship's deck 6 miles; the arc of illumination is from NW. by N. W. round by W. to SE. by S. S. Vessels coming from the eastwards, rounding the E. end of East Vernon, will sight a beacon fixed on the NW. extreme end of the Henry Ellis" Reef; W. S. from this beacon a large buoy will be sighted, moored off the NW. end of the Marsh Shoal. After passing this buoy a course can be steered so as to pass to the NW. of bank, extending from Lee Poict to abreast of East Point, care being taken not to bring Lee Point to the N. of E. until the hill on the Middle Point opens well clear of Poiat Emery, or until King's Table shuts in with Talc Head; a course can then be steered for the entrance of the harb. Sailing vessels coming from the westward in the SE. monsoons, when beating along the coast from Charles Point, should not stand closer in than three miles from the shore, and the lead should be kept going on the inshore tack. Banks. E. S. & A. Bank and Commercial Bank. Officials. Government Resident, His Honour Mr. Justice Dashwood; Sub.-Coll. of Customs and Harb. Master, W. G. Stretton; Lloyd's Agent, H. H. Adcock; Supt. Eastern and China Extension Telegraph Co., W. C. Langdon. Shipping Office, Custom House.

PORT DENISON (Bowen), Queensland. Lat. 20° 1' S; long. 148° 15' E. Tr.-E. Frozen meat, tallow, meat extract, hides, bone manure, horns, horses, cattle, silver ore, bismuth, gold, fruits, and farmers' produce, &c. I. General. Auth. Queensland Government. Accn. There are two channels leading into the harb.; neap rise 4 to 6ft, spring 8 to Iof; the south with 22ft at LWST.; the north with 13ft 6in; rise of tide 5 to 11ft. Inside the harb. the depth at LWST. is from 10 to 26ft. There is a Government jetty 2,800ft long, with length of wharf frontage at head on the SW side of 408ft, with depth of water 21ft; length of dredged berth 80oft, neap rise 4 to 6ft, spring 8 to 1oft. Small vessels may berth alongside jetty proper in depths gradually decreasing from 91ft. Railway trains with frozen meat, &c., run to jetty head, wharfage rate being 16 per ton; ordinary merchandise, weight or measurement, if by horse truck, 2/6 per ton; coal, 1 per ton. One small crane on truck equal for about 2 tons. LV. ss. Somerset, 4,481 tons reg., 7,010 tons gross. Charges. Harb. dues. Imports: 2 per ton, coastwise I per ton, Pilotage. 4d ton, minimum £1. Foreign-going vessels (not being inter-colonial trade vessels) whilst on a foreign voyage, but not carrying cargo coastwise, are allowed a remission of customary pilotage dues, except in respect of an amount equal to 1/6 per ton

on all cargo landed and shipped. Officials. Acting Harb, Master, F. E. Walker; Pilot, H. Gibson; Lloyd's Agent, H. Field.


PORT DUNEDIN.-See Otago Harbour.

PORT ELIZABETH, Africa.-See Algoa Bay.

PORT ELLIOTT.-See Port Victor.

PORT GREGORY, West Australia. Lat. 28° 12' S; long. 114° 14′ E. Commodious harbour 12 to

14ft. Important whaling station.

PORT JACKSON, Sydney, N.S.W. Lat. 33° 51′ 41′′ S; long. 151° 12′ 42′′ E. Pop. 488,000. Tr.-I. Agricultural implements, ale and beer, live animals, bags and sacks, bicycles, boots and shoes, gold coin, copra, drapery, drugs, &c., fancy goods, fish, fruit, furniture, gold, oats, flour, hats and caps, hay and chaff, manufactured and wrought iron, black and galvanised wire, galvanised sheets and bars, jewellery, machinery, malt, kerosene, potatoes, printing paper, railway plant, silk, skins and hides, tallow, timber, tobacco, wool, wines, spirits, manufactured goods, wearing apparel, hardware, earthenware, saddlery, books, stationery, tea, and sugar; E. Wool, tallow, skins and hides, horns, hoofs, bones, leather, gold, silver, gold coin, copper, copper ore, tin, tin ore, lead, coal, coke, kerosene, shale, live animals, biscuits, boots and shoes, butter, cordage and rope, drugs, fruit, furniture, barley, flour, maize, wheat, galvanised wire netting, jewellery, machinery, manures, meat, bacon and hams, oils, potatoes. Accn. Vessels 28ft LWOT. can cross in. Sydney is about 4 miles from the Heads. Four graving docks, five floating docks, and three patent slips. (For Harbours, Docks, &c., see pages 687 and 688.) Charges. Harb. and light rates 4d ton half-yearly. Tonnage dues, Sundays and public holidays excepted: 2 free lay days are allowed vessels of under 100 reg. tons, 4 days 100 to 200 tons, I day extra being allowed for every additional 100 tons. At the expiration of free lay days d reg. ton per day is leviable. Wharfage rates : goods landed are subject to inward wharfage rates only, which are mostly 2s. 6d. per ton. dw. or mt. Pilotage. 2d ton each way. Towage. To or from sea,'under 150 tons £2 10s, removals 15/; 150 to 200 tons, £3, removals £1 Is; 200 to 250, £3 10s, removals £1 Is; 250 to 300, 4 4s, removals £1 10s; 300 to 400, £4 10s, removals I 10s; above 400 8d ton, one way 6d ton. These rates are 30 to 40 per cent. less if an agreement or contract for three years has been made with the tugboat proprietors. For one removal in or out from wharf, in addition to each sea towage, no extra charge is made. Vessels can tow from Sydney to Newcastle by special arrangement -say, from £25 for a vessel of 250 tons up to £60 for vessels of 1,200 tons to 2,000 tons. The lump sum in these cases includes all removals and outward sea towages when laden. Officials. Sydney Harbour Trust: President, R. R. P. Hickson; Sec., H. F. Norrie; Harbour Master, Captain C. E. Bird; Deputy, Captain A. T. Pritchard; Supt. Dept. Navigation, Capt. James Edie; Shipping Master, Sydney, G. S. Lindeman; Newcastle, C. H. Hannell ; Deputy Collector Customs and Reg. of Shipping, N. Lockyer.

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I crane, 15 tons; 4 cargo-sheds each 200 ft.; enclosed with iron railing. Large wooddumping plants have been erected at 3 of the sheds. Lit with electric light. These berths are now only in course of construction. Water taps are fixed on the end of this jetty.

*This jetty is undergoing repairs and alterations; when completed there will be ample room to berth (one on each side) 2 of the largest class of seagoing vessels. 28 No. 7 Berth is now completed and is quite equal to all requirements for the accommodation of the large vessels of the German Australian Line.




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Ample room to berth 2 of the largest seagoing vessels. 2 large covered-in sheds, with a capacity of 4,000 tons of cargo.

These wharves may be said to be exactly suited to the purpose for which they are required and now used. There is plenty of space for the receiving and discharg ing of general cargo, added to which each berth and wharf has covered-in sheds with a storage capacity of at least 2,500 tous each. At present the wharves are under lease to the companies whose names they bear, but the Government collect the wharfage rates as they accrue.

4 steam cranes, each to tons; railway on all jetties. Lit with electric light.

1 steam crane, 10 tons. with electric light.


Suitable for landing timber, stone, coal, &c.

PORT LOS ANGELES.-See Los Angeles (Port).

PORT LOUIS, Mauritius. Lat. 20° 10' o" S; long. 57° 30'0" E. Pop. 52,573; Mauritius, 376,000. Tr.-I. Provisions, cotton stuffs, iron, rice, grain, hardware, cutlery, machinery, copper, linens, wine, brandy, whisky, liqueurs, coals, guano, &c.; E. Sugar, rum, molasses, aloe fibre, vanilla, and transit goods. Accn. Harb. under Govt. control, entered by largest ships. D. at En. 70fms; D. alongside quays and berths 12ft to 28ft. Three dry docks. Stevenson Dry Dock-On top, 430ft long; breadth at the dock's gate, 6oft; depth, FT., 20ft; LW., 17ft. For the two other docks-Length, 324ft; breadth, 46ft; DLW, IIft; out of the blocks, 13ft. The length of the largest slip is 140ft, and 27ft breadth; can take ships of 250 to 300 tons. The other slip is only used for small vessels of 50 to 100 tons. There is also

a careening hulk. Charges. Docking, first 48 hours 2rs per reg. ton and for each day in excess or 60cts per ton; slips, first 48 hours Ir 50cts per ton reg. and for each day in excess, or 40cts per reg. ton. Crane accommodation, 15, 12 and 5 tons respectively; loading and unloading 1'50 to 2rs per 1,000 kilos, when landing machinery upon which duty has been paid ir per ton, Hire of chains and anchors, for every vessel not above 150 tons per diem 0.50rs; above, 1.25rs. For use of a launch (manned) per diem 15rs. For use of boats, for 4 hours 15rs, for any additional or part of hour 5rs. Lighterage, 2rs per ton. Anchorage. 38c per r.t.; 23c for coals. Pilotage. Vessels taking a pilot to the Bell Buoy but not entering the harbour, up to 500 tons 15rs, over 500 and under 1,500 tons 20rs, above 1,500 tons 25rs; vessels entering the harb., pilotage inwards, and mooring, and outwards and unmooring, 4c per reg. ton; if for provisions, water, or coals, 4cts; minimum 20rs. Towage. Under 100 tons 20rs; 100 to 200, 25rs; 200 to 400, 15c; 400, 6ors, and 10c per ton above in addition; towage beyond roadstead to or from it, 5c per mile of r.t. ; minimum, 20rs. Officials. Coll. of Cust. and Reg. of Shipping, Hon. F. A. Gibson, I.S.O., Hon. S. Graves, acting; Harb. Mast., Lt. H. C. Scroggs, R.N. PORT LYTTELTON (Canterbury), New Zealand. Lat. 43° 35' 32" S; Long. 172° 49′ 30′′ E. Pop. 4,500 (Christchurch and suburbs 59,000, Canterbury 146,000). Auth. Lyttelton Harbour Board. Tr.-I. General merchandise, &c.; E. Wool, grain, frozen meat, &c. Accn. Channel leading to the inner harbour 400 feet wide, with average depth of 25 feet LW, rise of tide 64 ft springs, 5 ft neaps. Vessels of 27ft dft of water can moor alongside the jetties and discharge direct into the railway trucks. Inside breakwaters mooring chains, 2in, laid down. D. at En. 26ft LW; SP 6ft 6in; NT 5ft. Water area 106 acres; wharves and jetties aggregate 12,437ft. 25-ton railway crane; also railway steam cranes from 2 to 3 tons. Graving dock, 23ft of water on sill, 450ft long on floor, can accommodate 8,000 ton vessels. Patent slip to 300 tons; freezing chambers (Linde and Hercules process) to 1,000 tons. Special provision made for berthing men-of-war. LV. ss. Afric, (11,816 tons), Athenic, Delphic. Charges. Light dues 4d ton steamers, 6d sailing ships; wharfage dues from 6d to Is 9d ton weight or measurement. Loading and unloading 1/6 per hour and 2/ an hour overtime. Pilotage. C. 3d reg. ton in or out on sailing vessels, and 24d each way on steamers; berthage

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